Many-sorted logic and its applications

Author: Karl Meinke,John V. Tucker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471934851

Category: Computers

Page: 397

View: 4994

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Prominent experts present papers which discuss problems regarding this subject. Coverage includes case studies in the translation of logics for second-order and propositional dynamic logic; many-sorted algebras and equational logic; logical foundations of artificial intelligence along with a variety of methods that exist to encode information; program verification techniques such as Floyd-Hoare, intermittent assertion and temporal logic of programs.
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Logic and the Organization of Information

Author: Martin Frické

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461430887

Category: Computers

Page: 312

View: 1841

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Logic and the Organization of Information closely examines the historical and contemporary methodologies used to catalogue information objects—books, ebooks, journals, articles, web pages, images, emails, podcasts and more—in the digital era. This book provides an in-depth technical background for digital librarianship, and covers a broad range of theoretical and practical topics including: classification theory, topic annotation, automatic clustering, generalized synonymy and concept indexing, distributed libraries, semantic web ontologies and Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS). It also analyzes the challenges facing today’s information architects, and outlines a series of techniques for overcoming them. Logic and the Organization of Information is intended for practitioners and professionals working at a design level as a reference book for digital librarianship. Advanced-level students, researchers and academics studying information science, library science, digital libraries and computer science will also find this book invaluable.
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Logic Programming

Proceedings of the 1999 International Conference on Logic Programming

Author: Danny De Schreye

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262541046

Category: Computers

Page: 450

View: 5683

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Includes tutorials, lectures, and refereed papers on all aspects of logic programming, including theoretical foundations, constraints, concurrency and parallelism, deductive databases, language design and implementation, nonmonotonic reasoning, and logic programming and the Internet.The International Conference on Logic Programming, sponsored by the Association for Logic Programming, includes tutorials, lectures, and refereed papers on all aspects of logic programming, including theoretical foundations, constraints, concurrency and parallelism, deductive databases, language design and implementation, nonmonotonic reasoning, and logic programming and the Internet.
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The Logic in Philosophy of Science

Author: Hans Halvorson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108601545

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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Major figures of twentieth-century philosophy were enthralled by the revolution in formal logic, and many of their arguments are based on novel mathematical discoveries. Hilary Putnam claimed that the Löwenheim-Skølem theorem refutes the existence of an objective, observer-independent world; Bas van Fraassen claimed that arguments against empiricism in philosophy of science are ineffective against a semantic approach to scientific theories; W. V. O. Quine claimed that the distinction between analytic and synthetic truths is trivialized by the fact that any theory can be reduced to one in which all truths are analytic. This book dissects these and other arguments through in-depth investigation of the mathematical facts undergirding them. It presents a systematic, mathematically rigorous account of the key notions arising from such debates, including theory, equivalence, translation, reduction, and model. The result is a far-reaching reconceptualization of the role of formal methods in answering philosophical questions.
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Advances in Logic Programming and Automated Reasoning

Author: Ralph W. Wilkerson

Publisher: Intellect Books

ISBN: 9780893916831

Category: Computers

Page: 270

View: 3347

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This series reviews research contributions in logic programming and automated reasoning and is desinged to stimulate and sustain new, productive lines of investigation into symbolic and algebraic computing techniques as they relate to logic programming and automate reasoning. Topics covered include equational reasoning, parallel programming in logic, term rewriting systems, control of logic programs, completion procedures, unification and matching algorithms, design and implementation of deduction systems, logical methods of knowledge representation, logic-based inference techniques, and programs synthesis and verification.
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The Gödel Programming Language

Author: Patricia Hill,John Wylie Lloyd

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262082297

Category: Computers

Page: 348

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Godel is a new, general-purpose, declarative programming language that is based on the paradigm of logic programming and can be regarded as a successor to Prolog. This book gives a tutorial overview of Godel, presents example programs, provides a formal definition of the syntax and semantics of the language, and covers background material on logic. The Godel language supports types and modules. It has a rich collection of system modules and provides constraint solving in several domains. It also offers metalogical facilities that provide significant support for metaprograms that do analysis, transformation, compilation, verification, debugging, and the like. The declarative nature of Godel makes it well suited for use as a teaching language, narrows the gap that currently exists between theory and practice in logic programming, makes possible advanced software engineering tools such as declarative debuggers and compiler generators, reduces the effort involved in providing a parallel implementation of the language, and offers substantial scope for parallelization in such implementations. Logic Programming series
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Theoretical Advances and Applications of Fuzzy Logic and Soft Computing

Author: Oscar Castillo,Patricia Melin,Oscar Montiel Ross,Roberto Sepúlveda Cruz,Witold Pedrycz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540724346

Category: Mathematics

Page: 626

View: 9667

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This book comprises a selection of papers on theoretical advances and applications of fuzzy logic and soft computing from the IFSA 2007 World Congress, held in Cancun, Mexico, June 2007. These papers constitute an important contribution to the theory and applications of fuzzy logic and soft computing methodologies.
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Graph Structure and Monadic Second-Order Logic

A Language-Theoretic Approach

Author: Bruno Courcelle,Joost Engelfriet

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521898331

Category: Mathematics

Page: 728

View: 3439

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The study of graph structure has advanced in recent years with great strides: finite graphs can be described algebraically, enabling them to be constructed out of more basic elements. Separately the properties of graphs can be studied in a logical language called monadic second-order logic. In this book, these two features of graph structure are brought together for the first time in a presentation that unifies and synthesizes research over the last 25 years. The authors not only provide a thorough description of the theory, but also detail its applications, on the one hand to the construction of graph algorithms, and, on the other to the extension of formal language theory to finite graphs. Consequently the book will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in graph theory, finite model theory, formal language theory, and complexity theory.
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Sorts and Types in Artificial Intelligence

Workshop, Eringerfeld, FRG, April 24-26, 1989. Proceedings

Author: Ulrich Hedtstück

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540523376

Category: Computers

Page: 307

View: 8037

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This book reflects substantial research done in AI on sorts and types. It is of great importance for researchers interested in natural language understanding and knowledge representation.
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