Mandarin Chinese Words and Parts of Speech

Mandarin Chinese Words and Parts of Speech

This new translation represents and develops the principles and theories originating from these pioneering works.

Author: Chu-Ren Huang

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317362845

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 288

View: 552

This monograph is a translation of two seminal works on corpus-based studies of Mandarin Chinese words and parts of speech. The original books were published as two pioneering technical reports by Chinese Knowledge and Information Processing group (CKIP) at Academia Sinica in 1993 and 1996, respectively. Since then, the standard and PoS tagset proposed in the CKIP report have become the de facto standard in Chinese corpora and computational linguistics, in particular in the context of traditional Chinese texts. This new translation represents and develops the principles and theories originating from these pioneering works. The results can be applied to numerous fields; Chinese syntax and semantics, lexicography, machine translation and other language engineering bound applications. Suitable for graduate and scholars in the fields of linguistics and Chinese, Mandarin Chinese Words and Parts of Speech provides a comprehensive survey of the issues around wordhood and PoS.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

A Frequency Dictionary of Mandarin Chinese

A Frequency Dictionary of Mandarin Chinese

This section gives a frequency index which shows, for each part of speech
category, commonly used members in that group, covering all of the top 5,004
words in the main frequency and alphabetical indexes. For each entry in this part
of ...

Author: Richard Xiao

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134049875

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 390

View: 455

A Frequency Dictionary of Mandarin Chinese is an invaluable tool for all learners of Mandarin Chinese, providing a list of the 5,000 words and the 2,000 Chinese characters (simplified) most commonly used in the language. Based on a fifty-million-word corpus composed of spoken, fiction, non-fiction and news texts in current use, the dictionary provides the user with a detailed frequency-based list, as well as alphabetical and part-of-speech indexes. All entries in the frequency list feature the English equivalent and a sample sentence with English translation. The Dictionary also contains thirty thematically organized lists of frequently used words on a variety of topics such as food, weather, travel and time expressions. A Frequency Dictionary of Mandarin Chinese enables students of all levels to maximize their study of Mandarin vocabulary in an efficient and engaging way. It is also an excellent resource for teachers of the language. A CD version is available to purchase separately. Designed for use by corpus and computational linguists it provides the full text in a format that researchers can process and turn into suitable lists for their own research work.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

Linguistics An Introduction

Linguistics  An Introduction

One is whether we should be satisfied with defining parts-of-speech in a
language-specific way, or whether we should be seeking ... By contrast, in
Mandarin Chinese words translating into English as adjectives usually belong
with verbs.

Author: William B. McGregor

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780567488688

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 416

View: 410

This is the new edition of Linguistics: An Introduction. It is a bestselling introductory textbook for all students of linguistics and language studies. This reworked edition features: -new chapters on sign languages, writing, and text and discourse -coverage of writing in electronic media -revised and updated chapters on languages of the world and psycholinguistics Firmly based around taught courses and catering to student needs, it addresses all the topics that a student will need in their study of language. With key terms, further reading, questions at the end of each chapter, exercises and key paragraphs in stand-out boxes, this is a firmly pedagogic text that takes difficult concepts and explains them in an easy to understand way. It features examples taken from a range of languages across the world. Global in its scope and comprehensive in its coverage, this is the textbook of choice for linguistics students. The book comes with a large Companion Website, also extensively revised and expanded. For lecturers and instructors, a comprehensive Answer Book is also available to go along with the questions throughout the chapters.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Parts of Speech in Mandarin

Parts of Speech in Mandarin

Pǔtōnghuà hé Yuèyǔ de nèi、wài xiūshìyǔ [Inner and outer modifiers in
Mandarin and Cantonese]. Yǔyán Kēxué [Linguistic Sciences] 14(5): 449–458.
Duanmu, San. 1998. Wordhood in Chinese. In New approaches to Chinese word
 ...

Author: Candice Chi-Hang Cheung

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811003981

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 146

View: 253

This book offers a comprehensive survey of the major parts of speech in Mandarin. Seeking to identify the sets of universal and language-specific categories, it compares the range of categories available in Mandarin and the Indo-European languages and establishes six universal categories – nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions and conjunctions – and three language-specific ones, namely classifiers, localizers and sentence-final particles. Incorporating insights from recent research findings and the diachronic development of the language, the book sheds new light on the factors that contribute to the long-standing debate on the categorical status of adjectives, prepositions and localizers in the extant literature. Bringing together the earlier general descriptions and the latest advances, it is broadly accessible to non-native and native speakers of the language and offers an ideal reference source for all students and scholars who are interested in studying the parts of speech in Mandarin.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

A Grammar of the Chinese Colloquial Language Commonly Called the Mandarin Dialect

A Grammar of the Chinese Colloquial Language  Commonly Called the Mandarin Dialect

To place such a word as hiau ' , in any one of these three parts of speech would
be inconvenient , for it belongs equally to all . In the phrase **** , chung hiau “
tsièh i ' , fidelity , filial piety , temperance and uprightness , it is a substantive ; in *
F ...

Author: Joseph Edkins

Publisher:

ISBN: OSU:32435017880063

Category: Chinese language

Page: 264

View: 353

Categories: Chinese language

Intensification and Modal Necessity in Mandarin Chinese

Intensification and Modal Necessity in Mandarin Chinese

5 Determining the syntactic categories of Chinese words is an extremely difficult
task, as noted in Guo (2002), L. Liu (2014), etc. For example, it has been a hot
debate whether adjective is a valid part of speech in Chinese, as discussed in
Her ...

Author: Jiun-Shiung Wu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351660952

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 190

View: 175

This book addresses intensification and modal necessity in Mandarin Chinese. Intensification is used in this book to describe the speaker’s emphasis on a proposition, because, by emphasizing on a proposition, the speaker intensifies the degree of his/her confidence and affirmativeness toward the truth of a proposition, cf. the distinction between ‘weaker’ and ‘stronger’. Modal necessity discussed in this book refers either to the speaker’s certainty regarding the truth of an inference, judgment or stipulation, that is, epistemic necessity or to the speaker’s certainty concerning the obligatoriness of a proposition, based on rules or regulations, i.e., deontic necessity. This book examines a series of lexical items in Mandarin Chinese that express either intensification or modal necessity, provides a unified semantics and also presents how these lexical items are semantically distinct. Intensification and Modal Necessity in Mandarin Chinese is aimed at instructors, researchers and post-graduate students of Chinese Linguistics.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

Journal of Chinese Linguistics

Journal of Chinese Linguistics

JUSTIFYING PART - OF - SPEECH ASSIGNMENTS IN MANDARIN CHINESE
James D . McCawley University of Chicago ... Some classes of Mandarin
Chinese words whose assignment to particular parts of speech is controversial
are ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X002275068

Category: Chinese philology

Page:

View: 471

Categories: Chinese philology

New Perspectives on Chinese Syntax

New Perspectives on Chinese Syntax

There Chinese is often presented as an “exotic” language radically different from
the Indo-European languages most linguists are familiar with. For example, does
Mandarin Chinese, an isolating language, have the full array of parts of speech ...

Author: Waltraud Paul

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110338775

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 373

View: 287

Mandarin Chinese has become indispensable for crosslinguistic comparison and syntactic theorizing. It is nevertheless still difficult to obtain comprehensive answers to research questions, because Chinese is often presented as an "exotic" language defying the analytical tools standardly used for other languages. This book sets out to demystify Chinese. It places controversial issues in the context of current syntactic theories and offers precise analyses based on a large array of representative data. Although the focus is on Modern Mandarin, earlier stages of Chinese are occasionally referred to in order to highlight striking continuities in its history. VO order is one such constant factor, thus invalidating the idea that Chinese went through a major word order change from OV to VO and back to OV. Another claim often made for Chinese as an isolating language, viz. the existence of an impoverished inventory of parts of speech, is likewise refuted. Other long debated issues addressed here include the relevance of the dichotomy topic vs subject prominence and the role of Chinese as a recurring exception to crosscategorial harmonies posited in typological studies.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Mandarin Chinese

Mandarin Chinese

Productivity of Word Formation Processes In English , there are many
morphological processes that are nearly 100 ... Parts of Speech Since for most
Chinese words one cannot ascertain their category ( parts of speech such as
nouns , verbs ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822001900224

Category: Chinese language

Page:

View: 748

Categories: Chinese language

Francisco Varo s Grammar of the Mandarin Language 1703

Francisco Varo s Grammar of the Mandarin Language  1703

Chapter VII On the Interjection , Conjunction , Negation , Interrogative , and
Conditional Even though we are dealing with the parts of speech according to the
order which I have drawn from the grammar of Nebrixa , this is not the proper
place ...

Author: Francisco Varo

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 1556196067

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 282

View: 526

Francisco Varo's "Arte de la Lengua Mandarina," completed ca. 1680, is the earliest published grammar of any spoken form of Chinese and the fullest known description of the standard language of the seventeenth century. It establishes beyond doubt that this "Language of the Mandarins" was not Pekingese or Peking-based but had instead a Jiang-Huai or Nankingese-like phonology. It also provides important information about the nature and formation of pre-modern standard forms of Chinese and will lead to revisions of currently held views on Chinese koines and their relationship with regional speech forms and the received vernacular literature. Finally, it provides a wealth ot information on stylistic speech levels, honorific usage, and social customs of the elite during the early Qing period.The book provides a full translation of the 1703 text of the "Arte," an extensive introduction to the life and work of Varo, an index of Chinese characters inserted into the translation, and an index of linguistic terms and concepts. It should be of interest to a diverse readership of Chinese historical, comparative, and descriptive linguists, students of Qing history and literature, historiographers of linguistics, and specialists in early Western religious and cultural contact with China.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts

Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts

... LL08066 Morphological Encoding in the Production of Compound Words in
Mandarin Chinese ; LL06671 Old Franco ... Morphology Induction for Part - of -
Speech Tagging ; LL07901 Scaling Large Margin Classifiers for Spoken
Language ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015079657345

Category: Language and languages

Page:

View: 557

Categories: Language and languages

CLIBOC Chinese Linguistics Bibliography

CLIBOC Chinese Linguistics Bibliography

H . H . 535 GAO , MING - KAI , THE SENTENCE IN THE CHINESE LANGUAGE A
CHINESE ... 1 ) CHINESE WORDS CO NCT SHOW FOR MAL DIFFERENCES
ACCORDING TO THE PARTS OF SPEECH . ( CONSIDER THE ENGLISH
SUFFIX ...

Author:

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 1001324854

Category:

Page:

View: 928

Categories:

A Grammar of Mandarin Chinese

A Grammar of Mandarin Chinese

Author: Hua Lin

Publisher: Muenchen : Lincom Europa

ISBN: UOM:39015050730723

Category: Chinese language

Page: 201

View: 736

Categories: Chinese language

McGraw Hill s Chinese Dictionary and Guide to 20 000 Essential Words

McGraw Hill s Chinese Dictionary and Guide to 20 000 Essential Words

A New Method for Non-Native Speakers to Look Up the 2,000 Most Commonly
Used Characters in Chinese Quanyu Huang ... Dictionary and Guide to 20,000
Essential Words comprises 2,000 of the most commonly used characters in
modern Mandarin Chinese. ... counterpart in English; alhough the basic meaning
is the same, the English expression may not match the original Chinese part of
speech.

Author: Quanyu Huang

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 9780071701679

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 688

View: 777

No other dictionary is available on the market with this unique look-up system Contains indices that allows look-up by all other approaches: pinyin, radicals and strokes, and English meanings Contains 2,000 commonly used characters, which then allows the user to create 20,000 words with those characters and numerous example sentences
Categories: Foreign Language Study

A Course of Mandarin Lessons Based on Idiom

A Course of Mandarin Lessons  Based on Idiom

知是好强話、 20 The language here is easier to speak than the language 道在 0
比 there . ... It is a very common thing for Chinese words and entirely to the latter ,
phrases to be used as several parts of speech . Such transi . 18 “ Half a day ” is ...

Author: Calvin Wilson Mateer

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105005921163

Category: Chinese language

Page: 714

View: 608

Categories: Chinese language

Tuttle Concise Chinese Dictionary

Tuttle Concise Chinese Dictionary

This is the most up-to-date Mandarin Chinese Dictionary available today. Tuttle Concise Chinese Dictionary has both Chinese to English and English to Chinese sections. Its compact size allows for easy transport without limiting the content.

Author: Li Dong

Publisher: Tuttle Publishing

ISBN: 9781462910854

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 704

View: 290

This is the most up-to-date Mandarin Chinese Dictionary available today. Tuttle Concise Chinese Dictionary has both Chinese to English and English to Chinese sections. It's compact size allows for easy transport without limiting the content. This Mandarin dictionary is perfect for Chinese language students, or business people and tourists traveling to China who wish to learn Chinese. It contains over 25,000 words and expressions (including all the required words for the official HSK Chinese Proficiency Examination), carefully selected to cover all important aspects of life and commerce in China. In addition, extensive information on Chinese grammar and Mandarin pronunciation are included. This Chinese dictionary contains the following features: 25,000 Chinese words and expressions. Chinese–English and English–Chinese sections Up-to-date local Chinese slang and idioms. A guide to Mandarin pronunciation and Chinese Grammar. An explanation of Mandarin tones and syllables. An introduction to writing Chinese and stroke order. Radical and stroke indexes for easy reference. All the Chinese vocabulary included in the HSK language examinations. Romanized forms (hanyu pinyin) including tones for accurate pronunciation. Extensive notes with detailed tips on usage and social context. Parts of speech, common phrases and idiomatic expressions. Other dictionaries in this bestselling series you might be interested in include: Concise Japanese Dictionary, Concise Korean Dictionary, and Concise Vietnamese Dictionary.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

Comparative Philology of the Old and New Worlds in Relation to Archaic Speech

Comparative Philology of the Old and New Worlds in Relation to Archaic Speech

Dealing with the Chinese language of to - day Professor Douglas said that in
Chinese the subject precedes the verb , the adjective ... the grammatical value of
a word except its position in a sentence , since very few words belong absolutely
to any one part of speech . ... They vary considerably in different parts of the
empire , from 16 in some of the southern dialects to five in the Mandarin ; and
words are ...

Author: Robert Philips Greg

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:$C125650

Category: Grammar, Comparative and general

Page: 355

View: 369

Categories: Grammar, Comparative and general

Yu Yen Tzu Erh Chi a Progressive Course of Colloquial Chinese as Spoken in the Captical and the Metropolitan Department 2d Ed

Yu Yen Tzu Erh Chi  a Progressive Course of Colloquial Chinese as Spoken in the Captical and the Metropolitan Department  2d Ed

Still , our parts of speech must of course have their equivalents in Chinese ,
whether we are able to categorise them as parts of speech or not ... It does not
break off portions of its words or incorporate in them fragments of words , extant
or obsolete , for the purpose of indicating ... Now , for speculative purposes there
are various treatises on mandarin grammar which may be perused with profit by
the more ...

Author: Thomas Francis Wade

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:$C22250

Category:

Page:

View: 840

Categories:

Tz Erh Chi

Tz   Erh Chi

Still , our Parts of Speech must of course have their equivalents in Chinese ,
whether we are able to categorise them as Parts of Speech or ... It does not break
off portions of its words or incorporate in them fragments of words , extant or
obsolete , for the purpose of indicating ... Now , for speculative purposes there
are various treatises on Mandarin grammar , which may be perused with profit by
the more ...

Author: Wade (Thomas-Francis)

Publisher:

ISBN: RMS:RMS1LSO$000005805$$$O

Category:

Page: 310

View: 569

Categories:

Pronunciation

Pronunciation

Still , our Parts of Speech must of course have their equivalents in Chinese ,
whether we are able to categorise them as Parts of Speech or not ; nor could
Chinese be a language unless it possessed within itself the means of producing
... Now , for speculative purposes there are various treatises on Mandarin
grammar , which may be perused with profit by the more advanced student ; in
particular those by ...

Author: Thomas Francis Wade

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:HY46MG

Category: Chinese language

Page:

View: 173

Categories: Chinese language