Managing Maintenance Error

A Practical Guide

Author: J. T. Reason,Alan Hobbs

Publisher: Gower Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754615910

Category: Transportation

Page: 183

View: 3047

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Situations and systems are easier to change than the human condition - particularly when people are well-trained and well-motivated, as they usually are in maintenance organisations. This is a down-to-earth practitioner¿s guide to managing maintenance error, written in Dr. Reason¿s highly readable style. It deals with human risks generally and the special human performance problems arising in maintenance, as well as providing an engineer¿s guide for their understanding and the solution. After reviewing the types of error and violation and the conditions that provoke them, the author sets out the broader picture, illustrated by examples of three system failures. Central to the book is a comprehensive review of error management, followed by chapters on:- managing person, the task and the team; - the workplace and the organization; - creating a safe culture; It is then rounded off and brought together, in such a way as to be readily applicable for those who can make it work, to achieve a greater and more consistent level of safety in maintenance activities. The readership will include maintenance engineering staff and safety officers and all those in responsible roles in critical and systems-reliant environments, including transportation, nuclear and conventional power, extractive and other chemical processing and manufacturing industries and medicine.
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Managing Maintenance Error

A Practical Guide

Author: James Reason,Alan Hobbs

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351920510

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 200

View: 2740

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Situations and systems are easier to change than the human condition - particularly when people are well-trained and well-motivated, as they usually are in maintenance organisations. This is a down-to-earth practitioner’s guide to managing maintenance error, written in Dr. Reason’s highly readable style. It deals with human risks generally and the special human performance problems arising in maintenance, as well as providing an engineer’s guide for their understanding and the solution. After reviewing the types of error and violation and the conditions that provoke them, the author sets out the broader picture, illustrated by examples of three system failures. Central to the book is a comprehensive review of error management, followed by chapters on:- managing person, the task and the team; - the workplace and the organization; - creating a safe culture; It is then rounded off and brought together, in such a way as to be readily applicable for those who can make it work, to achieve a greater and more consistent level of safety in maintenance activities. The readership will include maintenance engineering staff and safety officers and all those in responsible roles in critical and systems-reliant environments, including transportation, nuclear and conventional power, extractive and other chemical processing and manufacturing industries and medicine.
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Individual Latent Error Detection (I-LED)

Making Systems Safer

Author: Justin R.E. Saward,Neville A. Stanton

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351056697

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 176

View: 8616

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Undetected human error in aircraft maintenance creates a latent error condition that can contribute to undesirable outcomes. Individual Latent Error Detection (I-LED) acts as an additional system safety control that helps an engineer recall past errors through environmental cues. This book addresses a gap in the human factors research and current safety strategies by exploring the nature and extent of I-LED and its benefit to safety resilience. The book will describe the I-LED concept using a systems perspective and propose practical interventions to be integrated within existing safety systems as an additional control to enhance resilience against human performance variability. Provides a new view of total safety based on enhanced resilience provided through the integration of I-LED interventions within existing safety systems Offers an in-depth exploration of the phenomenon of spontaneous recall of past event, leading to error detection and recovery of latent error conditions Discusses the application of Human Factors methods to conduct real-world observations in maintenance environments Describes the application of the systems view of human error to applied research Presents cost versus benefit analysis of safety interventions targeting latent error conditions
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Handbook of Aviation Human Factors, Second Edition

Author: John A. Wise,V. David Hopkin,Daniel J. Garland

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420063578

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 704

View: 7678

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A complete examination of issues and concepts relating to human factors in simulation, this book covers theory and application in space, ships, submarines, naval aviation, and commercial aviation. The authors examine issues of simulation and their effect on the validity and functionality of simulators as a training device. The chapters contain in depth discussions of these particular characteristics and issues. They also incorporate theories pertaining to the motivational aspects of training, simulation of social events, and PC based simulation.
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Handbook of Safety Principles

Author: Niklas Möller,Sven Ove Hansson,Jan-Erik Holmberg,Carl Rollenhagen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118950712

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 832

View: 4537

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Presents recent breakthroughs in the theory, methods, and applications of safety and risk analysis for safety engineers, risk analysts, and policy makers Safety principles are paramount to addressing structured handling of safety concerns in all technological systems. This handbook captures and discusses the multitude of safety principles in a practical and applicable manner. It is organized by five overarching categories of safety principles: Safety Reserves; Information and Control; Demonstrability; Optimization; and Organizational Principles and Practices. With a focus on the structured treatment of a large number of safety principles relevant to all related fields, each chapter defines the principle in question and discusses its application as well as how it relates to other principles and terms. This treatment includes the history, the underlying theory, and the limitations and criticism of the principle. Several chapters also problematize and critically discuss the very concept of a safety principle. The book treats issues such as: What are safety principles and what roles do they have? What kinds of safety principles are there? When, if ever, should rules and principles be disobeyed? How do safety principles relate to the law; what is the status of principles in different domains? The book also features: • Insights from leading international experts on safety and reliability • Real-world applications and case studies including systems usability, verification and validation, human reliability, and safety barriers • Different taxonomies for how safety principles are categorized • Breakthroughs in safety and risk science that can significantly change, improve, and inform important practical decisions • A structured treatment of safety principles relevant to numerous disciplines and application areas in industry and other sectors of society • Comprehensive and practical coverage of the multitude of safety principles including maintenance optimization, substitution, safety automation, risk communication, precautionary approaches, non-quantitative safety analysis, safety culture, and many others The Handbook of Safety Principles is an ideal reference and resource for professionals engaged in risk and safety analysis and research. This book is also appropriate as a graduate and PhD-level textbook for courses in risk and safety analysis, reliability, safety engineering, and risk management offered within mathematics, operations research, and engineering departments. NIKLAS MÖLLER, PhD, is Associate Professor at the Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden. The author of approximately 20 international journal articles, Dr. Möller's research interests include the philosophy of risk, metaethics, philosophy of science, and epistemology. SVEN OVE HANSSON, PhD, is Professor of Philosophy at the Royal Institute of Technology. He has authored over 300 articles in international journals and is a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences. Dr. Hansson is also a Topical Editor for the Wiley Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science. JAN-ERIK HOLMBERG, PhD, is Senior Consultant at Risk Pilot AB and Adjunct Professor of Probabilistic Riskand Safety Analysis at the Royal Institute of Technology. Dr. Holmberg received his PhD in Applied Mathematics from Helsinki University of Technology in 1997. CARL ROLLENHAGEN, PhD, is Adjunct Professor of Risk and Safety at the Royal Institute of Technology. Dr. Rollenhagen has performed extensive research in the field of human factors and MTO (Man, Technology, and Organization) with a specific emphasis on safety culture and climate, event investigation methods, and organizational safety assessment.
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Manual of Critical Care Nursing - E-Book

Nursing Interventions and Collaborative Management

Author: Marianne Saunorus Baird,Susan Bethel

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323065929

Category: Medical

Page: 1008

View: 840

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It's the ideal go-to reference for the clinical setting! Compact and easy to use, Manual of Critical Care Nursing, 6th Edition presents essential information on approximately 80 disorders and conditions, as well as concepts relevant to caring for all critically ill patients and functioning in the critical care environment. Award-winning clinical nurse specialists Marianne Baird and Sue Bethel separate the content first by body system and then by disorder, with each disorder including a brief description of pathophysiology, assessment, diagnostic testing, collaborative management, nursing diagnoses, desired outcomes, nursing interventions, and patient teaching and rehabilitation. A concise format presents the material in a way that reflects a practicing nurse's thought processes. Coverage of approximately 80 critical care conditions/disorders includes those most commonly seen in critical care units. Chapter outlines provide easy access to disorders. A portable size makes it ideal for use in the unit or bedside, and is also easy to carry on campus. Unique! Gerontology icon highlights considerations relating to the care of older adults. Unique! Research briefs in special boxes discuss selected research studies for evidence-based patient care. Unique! The latest NANDA-approved nursing diagnoses increase familiarity with NANDA terminology. Appendixes provide quick reference to information needed in the critical care setting. Revised format mirrors a practicing nurse's approach to patient care, making it easier to find information. Newly formatted care plans incorporate diagnoses, interventions, and desired outcomes in a consistent, logical organization. Patient safety alerts and high alerts call attention to issues important to a patient’s safety. Unique! Diagnostic Tests tables highlight the definition, purpose, and abnormal findings for each test. Unique! Collaborative Management tables concisely summarize key points while incorporating nationally recognized guidelines. Colored tabs mark the location of each body system, making topics easier to find. Smaller trim size increases portability for use in the unit or bedside, while enhancing readability.
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Error Reduction in Health Care

A Systems Approach to Improving Patient Safety

Author: Patrice L. Spath

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118001561

Category: Medical

Page: 416

View: 1091

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Error Reduction in Health Care Completely revised and updated, this second edition of Error Reduction in Health Care offers a step-by-step guide for implementing the recommendations of the Institute of Medicine to reduce the frequency of errors in health care services and to mitigate the impact of errors when they do occur. With contributions from noted leaders in health safety, Error Reduction in Health Care provides information on analyzing accidents and shows how systematic methods can be used to understand hazards before accidents occur. In the chapters, authors explore how to prioritize risks to accurately focus efforts in a systems redesign, including performance measures and human factors. This expanded edition covers contemporary material on innovative patient safety topics such as applying Lean principles to reduce mistakes, opportunity analysis, deductive adverse event investigation, improving safety through collaboration with patients and families, using technology for patient safety improvements, medication safety, and high reliability organizations. The Editor
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Human Reliability, Error, and Human Factors in Power Generation

Author: B. S. Dhillon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319040197

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 188

View: 8276

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Human reliability, error, and human factors in the area of power generation have been receiving increasing attention in recent years. Each year billions of dollars are spent in the area of power generation to design, construct/manufacture, operate, and maintain various types of power systems around the globe, and such systems often fail due to human error. This book compiles various recent results and data into one volume, and eliminates the need to consult many diverse sources to obtain vital information. It enables potential readers to delve deeper into a specific area, providing the source of most of the material presented in references at the end of each chapter. Examples along with solutions are also provided at appropriate places, and there are numerous problems for testing the reader’s comprehension. Chapters cover a broad range of topics, including general methods for performing human reliability and error analysis in power plants, specific human reliability analysis methods for nuclear power plants, human factors in control systems, and human error in power plant maintenance. They are written in such a manner that the potential reader requires no previous knowledge to understand their contents. “Human Reliability, Error, and Human Factors in Power Generation” will prove useful to many individuals, including engineering professionals working in the power generation industry, researchers, instructors, and undergraduate and graduate students in the field of power engineering.
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Managing the Risks of Organizational Accidents

Author: James Reason

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134855354

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 272

View: 4024

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Major accidents are rare events due to the many barriers, safeguards and defences developed by modern technologies. But they continue to happen with saddening regularity and their human and financial consequences are all too often unacceptably catastrophic. One of the greatest challenges we face is to develop more effective ways of both understanding and limiting their occurrence. This lucid book presents a set of common principles to further our knowledge of the causes of major accidents in a wide variety of high-technology systems. It also describes tools and techniques for managing the risks of such organizational accidents that go beyond those currently available to system managers and safety professionals. James Reason deals comprehensively with the prevention of major accidents arising from human and organizational causes. He argues that the same general principles and management techniques are appropriate for many different domains. These include banks and insurance companies just as much as nuclear power plants, oil exploration and production companies, chemical process installations and air, sea and rail transport. Its unique combination of principles and practicalities make this seminal book essential reading for all whose daily business is to manage, audit and regulate hazardous technologies of all kinds. It is relevant to those concerned with understanding and controlling human and organizational factors and will also interest academic readers and those working in industrial and government agencies.
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