It is a complete source of knowledge on the present status of this important field. This text is an essential guide for both academicians and those who wish to pursue this discipline further.
Author: Logan Bowman
Category: Health & Fitness
Malnutrition is a vast field of study. It analyzes in detail the impact of diet on human body and effect of no or low nutrients in the diet. This book provides significant information of this discipline to help develop a comprehensive understanding of the subject. It includes some of the vital pieces of work being conducted across the world, on various topics related to malnutrition. Different approaches, evaluations, methodologies and advanced studies on malnutrition have been included in this book. It is a complete source of knowledge on the present status of this important field. This text is an essential guide for both academicians and those who wish to pursue this discipline further.
The book is broken into several parts, covering defining food security food security, nutrition, and growth and development food security and mental and physical health food security and child obesity conclusion, with an information study ...
Author: Areej Hassan
Publisher: CRC Press
This title includes a number of Open Access chapters. Food security and child malnutrition are at the forefront of our attention, both nationally and internationally. The chapters contained in this compendium include a range of methodologies—literature review, cross-sectional study, longitudinal study, case-control, and even a focus group!—all of which examine this urgent issue, revealing new perspectives and facets of information. The international roster of contributors present a nuanced look at food security and child malnutrition with research into food security measures in many nations around the world. The Children's HealthWatch has been a leader in the work being done in this area, and some of their work is included here. The book is broken into several parts, covering defining food security food security, nutrition, and growth and development food security and mental and physical health food security and child obesity conclusion, with an information study from The Children's Healthwatch on household hardships, public programs, and their associations with the health and development of very young children The range of topics and information presented here will be valuable for those involved with food security advocacy, policymakers, researchers, social service professionals working children and families, and others.
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United NationsPublish On: 2018-11-02
This is a colossal human loss, given the association between undernutrition and poor cognitive development, with severe lifelong consequences for these children.
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Category: Social Science
During the last three years, progress at reducing undernourishment has slowed tremendously in Asia and the Pacific. After years of gains in combatting hunger, progress has stagnated in all parts of this vast region. Despite decades of economic growth, nearly half a billion people remain undernourished. Children, in particular, continue to face the burden of malnutrition – this region is home to more than half of the world’s malnourished children – with one child in every four below the age of five suffering from stunting. This is a colossal human loss, given the association between undernutrition and poor cognitive development, with severe lifelong consequences for these children. At the same time, and almost paradoxically, Asia and the Pacific has witnessed rapid growth in the number of overweight children and the serious consequences that entails for their future health and well-being. This double burden of malnutrition sees undernourished and overweight children living in the same communities and households and it can even occur within the same child. Efforts to fight hunger and malnutrition must go hand in hand with those to build and sustain peace and there is an urgent need to accelerate and scale up actions that strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity of people and their livelihoods to climate variability and extremes. As migration from rural to urban areas continues apace, particularly involving poorer families, urban malnutrition is another challenge facing many countries. In summary, what is becoming increasingly clear is that the world cannot meet the 2030 target of zero hunger if Asia and the Pacific – the world’s most populous region – is not leading the way. It is a hard reality but one that must be faced with a united determination to turn things around. For the first time, four UN agencies have come together to jointly assess the state of food security and nutrition in Asia and the Pacific. Together, we hope that the findings of this report will contribute to a more informed dialogue. Without doubt, all stakeholders must make much greater efforts to accelerate progress toward the goals of a healthy and hunger-free Asia and the Pacific. Action is needed now. The sense of urgency cannot be overstated.
Tackling issues such as nutrition, sexual health, disability and substance misuse, the book provides an in-depth examination of the key concepts and theoretical perspectives surrounding health and wellbeing.
Author: Colin Goble
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
Category: Health & Fitness
Ethical beliefs, direct personal experiences, and the knowledge we accumulate from sources such as TV dramas, magazines and social media all shape our ideas about health and wellbeing. In this highly engaging new book, Colin Goble and Natasha Bye-Brooks bring the focus to young people, particularly adolescents, and explore the main challenges in creating and maintaining a society where young people can thrive, both physically and mentally. Tackling issues such as nutrition, sexual health, disability and substance misuse, the book provides an in-depth examination of the key concepts and theoretical perspectives surrounding health and wellbeing. Topics covered include: • Adolescence as a life stage, with particular focus on psychological, behavioural, social and cultural development and the concept of the 'teenager' • The impact of environmental issues such as poverty, poor housing and lack of access to green spaces on young people's health and wellbeing • Acute mental health problems in young people, such as anorexia nervosa, schizophrenia and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder • The sexualisation of young people, and identifying sexually vulnerable young people • The impact of poor nutrition and low levels of physical activity, combined with the socially-influenced body image Clear, concise and highly accessible, Health and Wellbeing for Young People provides an invaluable introduction to the key issues and debates that relate to the health and wellbeing of young people, both in the UK and beyond.
This book illustrates the global fight against hunger by national governments and international organizations.
Author: H.K. Biesalski
Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Hidden hunger has long been an overlooked problem. Vitamin and mineral deficiencies have to be remedied and the availability of calories needs to be increased. As a matter of fact, the number of people who do not have access to a balanced diet has multiplied in rich and poor countries, with lasting consequences for health and well-being. Hidden hunger not only affects childhood growth and cognitive development, but also reduces productivity and well-being later in life, thus keeping the affected population trapped in a circle of poverty and malnutrition. This book illustrates the global fight against hunger by national governments and international organizations. Presented at the Third Hidden Hunger Conference held at the University of Hohenheim in Stuttgart, Germany, it presents a range of strategies being implemented in various regions of the world to improve nutrition quality and combat this international crisis.
This open access book not only describes the challenges of climate disruption, but also presents solutions.
Author: Wael Al-Delaimy
Publisher: Springer Nature
Category: Climate change
This open access book not only describes the challenges of climate disruption, but also presents solutions. The challenges described include air pollution, climate change, extreme weather, and related health impacts that range from heat stress, vector-borne diseases, food and water insecurity and chronic diseases to malnutrition and mental well-being. The influence of humans on climate change has been established through extensive published evidence and reports. However, the connections between climate change, the health of the planet and the impact on human health have not received the same level of attention. Therefore, the global focus on the public health impacts of climate change is a relatively recent area of interest. This focus is timely since scientists have concluded that changes in climate have led to new weather extremes such as floods, storms, heat waves, droughts and fires, in turn leading to more than 600,000 deaths and the displacement of nearly 4 billion people in the last 20 years. Previous work on the health impacts of climate change was limited mostly to epidemiologic approaches and outcomes and focused less on multidisciplinary, multi-faceted collaborations between physical scientists, public health researchers and policy makers. Further, there was little attention paid to faith-based and ethical approaches to the problem. The solutions and actions we explore in this book engage diverse sectors of civil society, faith leadership, and political leadership, all oriented by ethics, advocacy, and policy with a special focus on poor and vulnerable populations. The book highlights areas we think will resonate broadly with the public, faith leaders, researchers and students across disciplines including the humanities, and policy makers.
Included in the coverage: Food fortification and other innovations to address child malnutrition. Anti-trafficking innovations, urbanization, and global health. Innovations to address global climate change in cities.
Author: Roy Ahn
This powerful resource identifies wide-scale health challenges facing a rapidly urbanizing planet--including key concerns in nutrition, health status, health care, and safety--and strategies toward possible solutions. Theoretical and empirical analysis focuses on maximizing the benefits of urban living and minimizing negative outcomes across areas for improvement (health education, maternal and child health) and threats to well-being (noise pollution, drug counterfeiting). For each challenge, contributors discuss implications for health, specific practices that fuel them, and emerging ideas for solving them efficiently and effectively. Not only are these issues of immediate salience, they will become dangerously urgent in years to come. Included in the coverage: Food fortification and other innovations to address child malnutrition. Anti-trafficking innovations, urbanization, and global health. Innovations to address global climate change in cities. Innovations in disaster preparedness: implications for urbanization and health. Medical diagnostic innovations in urban developing settings. The case for comprehensive, integrated, and standardized measures of health in cities. Recent studies suggest that urban areas will be a large majority in both the developing and developed worlds. Innovations to Address Urbanization & Global Health is a proactive idea book to be read by undergraduates, graduate students and researchers in public and urban health.
Malnutrition has a broad range of direct and indirect impacts on human health and well-being. In addition to causing ill health, malnutrition undermines ...
Author: Bryan L. McDonald
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Political Science
Throughout history, human societies have struggled to ensure that all people have access to sufficient food to lead active and healthy lives. Despite great global effort, events of the early 21st century clearly demonstrate that food remains a pressing challenge which has significant implications for security. In this book, Bryan McDonald explores how processes of globalization and global change have reshaped food systems in ways that have significant impacts for the national security of states and the human of communities and individuals. Over the past few decades, local, regional, and national food systems have increasingly become intertwined in an emerging global food network. This complex web of relations includes the production, harvest, processing, transport, and consumption of food. While this global food network provides new opportunities for improving health and well-being, it also gives rise to new sources of security threats and vulnerabilities. This detailed and comprehensive introduction to the major issues impacting global food security will be essential reading for students and scholars in security studies, international politics, and environmental studies.
For instance, while there is broader consensus that workers encounter high levels of pollution in the work environment and experience poor living conditions, it is not exactly clear how these factors affect their health and overall ...
Author: Divya Ravindranath
Category: Electronic dissertations
Each year tens of thousands of families in India undertake rural to urban migration for short spells of time in search of work in the construction sector. For some households, family-based migration -- wherein the entire household including children migrate to the city - is predominantly a livelihood strategy but for most others it is a basic survival strategy, especially in the absence of employment opportunities in rural areas. While the prevalence of migration for construction work and its significance for employment generation have been well-documented, most discussion on this subject has been restricted to economic aspects of labor: mobility, supply and demand, employability, wages, recruitment practices etc. Little is known about other aspects of migration such as the subjective experience of mobility and urban living, and its implications for health. For instance, while there is broader consensus that workers encounter high levels of pollution in the work environment and experience poor living conditions, it is not exactly clear how these factors affect their health and overall wellbeing, or how children are impacted by migration. The purpose of this study is to: understand how migration for construction work affects maternal health experiences and access to healthcare services; 2) categorize child (under age five) anthropometry and examine the underlying causes of malnutrition; 3) investigate barriers to government run maternal health and nutrition programs. Using a mixed-methods framework, anthropometric measurements of mothers and children, in-depth interviews of various stake holders and extensive observation of the built environment on construction sites were undertaken. The findings suggest that the context of migration, wage patterns, living conditions and informal work environment as well as lack of access to government programs and services, have deep implications for maternal health as well as child malnutrition. Implications for future practice, research and policy are also discussed.
... mental health, and when populations are faced with malnutrition, the impact on subsequent generations' health and well-being increases (Devakumar et al.
Author: Paul Shackel
Publisher: Berghahn Books
Category: Social Science
The racialization of immigrant labor and the labor strife in the coal and textile communities in northeastern Pennsylvania appears to be an isolated incident in history. Rather this history can serve as a touchstone, connecting the history of the exploited laborers to today’s labor in the global economy. By drawing parallels between the past and present – for example, the coal mines of the nineteenth-century northeastern Pennsylvania and the sweatshops of the twenty-first century in Bangladesh – we can have difficult conversations about the past and advance our commitment to address social justice issues.
8.3.5 Malnutrition Malnutrition is defined as an impairment of health that is ... Impact. Health. and. Well-Being. Health interventions-whether they are ...
Author: Irma Eloff
Category: Social Science
This handbook reflects on quality-of-life in societies on the continent of Africa. It provides a widely interdisciplinary text with insights on quality-of-life from a variety of scientific perspectives. The handbook is structured into sections covering themes of social context, culture and community; the environment and technology; health; education; and family. It is aimed at scholars who are working towards sustainable development at the intersections of multiple scientific fields and it provides measures of both objective and subjective quality-of-life. The scholarly contributions in the text are based on original research and it spans fields of research such as cultures of positivity, wellbeing, literacy and multilinguism, digital and mobile technologies, economic growth, food and nutrition, health promotion, community development, teacher education and family life. Some chapters take a broad approach and report on research findings involving thousands, and in one case millions, of participants. Other chapters zoom in and illustrate the importance of specificity in quality-of-life studies. Collectively, the handbook illuminates the particularity of quality-of-life in Africa, the unique contextual challenges and the resourcefulness with which challenges are being mediated. This handbook provides empirically grounded conceptualizations about life in Africa that also encapsulate the dynamic, ingenious ways in which we, as Africans, enhance our quality-of-life.
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and MedicinePublish On: 2019-06-21
Beyond quantity estimates, however, less is known about the impacts on farmers, food prices, food availability, and environment of reducing food loss and waste.
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
Even as malnutrition in the form of hunger and obesity affect the health and well-being of millions of people worldwide, a significant amount of food is lost or wasted every day, in every country, and at every stage in the supply chain from the farm to the household. According to a 2011 estimate by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), about one-third of food produced is lost or wasted globally. Beyond quantity estimates, however, less is known about the impacts on farmers, food prices, food availability, and environment of reducing food loss and waste. On October 17, 2018, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine organized a workshop to examine key challenges that arise in reducing food loss and waste throughout the supply chain and discussed potential ways to address these challenges. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.
Malnutrition can be described as deficiency, excess or imbalance of nutrients that causes adverse effects on health and well-being.
Author: Elizabeth Rasheed
Publisher: Hachette UK
Category: Study Aids
This CACHE-endorsed textbook presents all the mandatory elements of the qualification, as well as three popular optional units, in an easy-to-understand format. It also extends learning with specially created features designed to encourage students to explore each topic further. In this book you'll find: - Clearly outlined specific learning outcomes for each unit with 'Check Your Understanding' short questions to test knowledge - 'Key Terms' that highlight and clarify relevant important terms - 'Command Words' included to give guidance on the what the command words in the mark scheme are asking for - 'Case Scenarios' that contextualise knowledge and ask further questionsActivities throughout asking students to explain, describe, evaluate and discuss - 'Read About It' suggestions for further topic-related reading The optional units covered in this book are: HSC O3: Creative activities in health and social care HSC O9: Mental health and well-being HSC O10: Nutrition for health and social care
The problem of low or excessive body weight concerns countries with different levels of socio-economic development. This is a medical, social, and economic issue. Every country in the world is affected by one or more forms of malnutrition.
Author: Jyoti Ratan Ghosh
Publisher: Nova Science Publishers
Malnutrition refers to deficiencies, excesses, or imbalances in a person''s intake of energy and/or nutrients. Child malnutrition, in all its forms, includes undernutrition, which includes wasting (low weight-for-height), stunting (low height-for-age) and underweight (low weight-for-age), micronutrient-related malnutrition (a lack of important vitamins and minerals) or micronutrient excess, overweight, obesity, and resulting diet-related non-communicable diseases. Malnutrition is one of the most important factors for improper physical and mental development of children. One in every five children in the developing world is malnourished, and poor nutrition is associated with half of all child deaths worldwide. The problem of low or excessive body weight concerns countries with different levels of socio-economic development. This is a medical, social, and economic issue. Every country in the world is affected by one or more forms of malnutrition. Combating malnutrition in all its forms is one of the greatest global health challenges. Infants, children and adolescents are at particular risk of malnutrition. In children, malnutrition has particularly significant health consequences during both early development and adulthood. Malnutrition endangers children''s survival, health, growth and development, slows national progress towards the developmental goals and thus diminishes the strength and capacity of nation. Malnutrition in terms of undernutrition is substantially higher in rural than in urban areas and children from indigenous populations often have the poorest nutritional status. The developmental, economic, social, and medical impacts of the global burden of malnutrition are serious and lasting for all involved including individuals and their families, communities and countries. Poor nutrition during the early years of life can also have severe consequences for subsequent skeletal and immunological development. Studies have demonstrated that undernutrition is not caused by food insecurity alone. Other factors range from the length of the breastfeeding period and the availability of milk oligosaccharides, pathogen exposure, and enteric dysfunction marked by villus atrophy and loss of gut barrier function. Differences in the succession of microbial establishment and maturity might contribute to family discordances in nutritional status. Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century. The problem is global and is steadily affecting many low- and middle-income countries, particularly in urban settings. Its prevalence has increased at an alarming rate. Globally, in 2016, the number of overweight children under the age of five is estimated to be over 41 million. Almost half of all overweight children under 5 lived in Asia. Overweight and obesity have been linked to adverse psychological and physical outcomes during childhood and continuing into adolescence and adulthood. The association between overweight and obesity with psychosocial problems (anxiety, depression and negative self-image), health problems (diabetes and cardiovascular events) and impaired social, educational and economic productivity has been well documented. Moreover, the negative impact of being underweight, overweight, or obese on the health and development of children and adolescents can also extend into adulthood, increasing the risk of chronic non-communicable diseases and disability. Overweight and obesity, as well as their related diseases, are largely preventable. Therefore prevention of childhood obesity is a high priority. The mechanism of development of obesity is not fully understood and it is believed to be a disorder with multiple causes. Environmental factors, lifestyle preferences, and cultural environment play pivotal roles in the rising prevalence of obesity worldwide. In general, overweight and obesity are assumed to be the result of an increase in caloric and fat intake. On the other hand, there are supporting evidence that excessive sugar intake by soft drink, increased portion size, and steady decline in physical activity have been playing major roles in the rising rates of obesity all around the world. Nutritional assessmentis the interpretation of anthropometric, biochemical, clinical and dietary data to determine whether a person or groups of people are well nourished or malnourished (over-nourished or under-nourished). Research can be aimed at identifying the various social, cultural, political, and economic factors of nutrition in order to fully understand the underlying causes of malnutrition. The social determinants of malnutrition can be explored through both qualitative and quantitative research methods. Furthermore, exploring the issues of food security, dietary diversity, and infant-feeding practices can provide a comprehensive understanding of a population''s nutritional status.
This book presents country-specific information on how diet, food security, and concepts of health critically impact the well-being of the world's population.
Author: Ken Albala
Category: Health & Fitness
The foods eaten by a nation's population play a key role in shaping the health of that society. This book presents country-specific information on how diet, food security, and concepts of health critically impact the well-being of the world's population. • Provides concise, accessible information in a ready-reference format that covers most major countries as well as a variety of non-country populations • Includes an introductory essay that creates a conceptual framework for students • Presents dozens of recipes that provide various real-world examples of the types of traditional foods eaten in other regions of the world • Supplies further readings at the end of each entry that guide readers to additional sources of information
Malnutrition in childhood can affect not only the individual's development as an adult but also the health and well - being of the affected individual's ...
Author: George Kent
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
Category: Political Science
There is, literally, a world of difference between the statements "Everyone should have adequate food," and "Everyone has the right to adequate food." In George Kent's view, the lofty rhetoric of the first statement will not be fulfilled until we take the second statement seriously. Kent sees hunger as a deeply political problem. Too many people do not have adequate control over local resources and cannot create the circumstances that would allow them to do meaningful, productive work and provide for themselves. The human right to an adequate livelihood, including the human right to adequate food, needs to be implemented worldwide in a systematic way. Freedom from Want makes it clear that feeding people will not solve the problem of hunger, for feeding programs can only be a short-term treatment of a symptom, not a cure. The real solution lies in empowering the poor. Governments, in particular, must ensure that their people face enabling conditions that allow citizens to provide for themselves. In a wider sense, Kent brings an understanding of human rights as a universal system, applicable to all nations on a global scale. If, as Kent argues, everyone has a human right to adequate food, it follows that those who can empower the poor have a duty to see that right implemented, and the obligation to be held morally and legally accountable, for seeing that that right is realized for everyone, everywhere.
CONSEQUENCES OF MICRONUTRIENT MALNUTRITION Micronutrient malnutrition not only affects the health, well being and livelihood of all those individuals and ...
Author: Hayden Wells
Publisher: Scientific e-Resources
Food science draws from many disciplines such as biology, chemical engineering, and biochemistry in an attempt to better understand food processes and ultimately improve food products for the general public. As the stewards of the field, food scientists study the physical, microbiological, and chemical makeup of food. Food Biotechnology can be used as a tool within many disciplines including food science nutrition dietetics and agriculture. Food biotechnology uses what is known about plant science and genetics to improve the food we eat and how it is produced. The topic of food biotechnology continues to be complex and confusing and it is therefore important to identify the key factual messages and to state them clearly and concisely. Providing one or more supporting facts can then reinforce this knowledge. Food biotechnology is a process scientists use to enhance the production, nutritional value, safety, and taste of foods. It can also benefit the environment by improving crops so that they need fewer pesticides. The concept is not new: For centuries farmers have selectively bred plants to pass on desirable qualities. For example, our ancestors began by replanting only corn seeds from the highest yielding and best tasting corn they grew each year. This process selected desirable genes and fixed them by growing the seeds of the selected crop year after year. The presentation of food science principles begins with an introduction to food components evaluation of quality factors in food and water. The book contain information useful to the food engineers, chemists, biologists, ingredient suppliers, and other professionals involved in the food chain.