Commonsense Constructivism Or The Making of World Affairs

Commonsense Constructivism  Or  The Making of World Affairs

World affairs theorists are not used to thinking in terms of such a shortcoming . For the last three or four hundred years , the protagonists of the modernist project have been making the world over into tightly governed , territorially ...

Author: Ralph Pettman

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 0765605783

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 230

This engaging book presents an intriguing new approach to understanding world affairs. "Constructivism" first found its way to IR -- the field of international relations -- in an exceptionally demanding form. This book is quite the opposite. In a highly readable and witty way, Commonsense Constructivism, or the Making of World Affairs, makes clear how everything around us (IR included) is constructed. In the process, it also shows how narrow the standard IR approaches are, and how much we miss as a consequence. Ralph Pettman's conceptual framework of state-making, wealth-making, self-making, and mind-making allows us to see such notions as "globalization" in a revealing new light. This work is intended to be fully accessible to students, but it will be welcomed by anyone who has been mystified by constructivism -- or who simply wants to better understand the ways we understand our world. CONTENTS INTRODUCTION: Commonsense Constructivism 1. Making World Affairs I. THE NEGLECTED ASPECTS OF THE DISCIPLINE 2. Making Modernity 3. Making Sovereign Selves, Social Collectives, and Nations II. THE DOMINANT ASPECTS OF THE DISCIPLINE 4. Making States and Making Markets CONCLUSION: A Constructed World
Categories: Political Science

Making the World Safe

Making the World Safe

It continued and continues to represent the United States in the world during moments of global disaster and disorder. After the Great War era, the organization's voluntary civilian assistance arguably became less essential to U.S. ...

Author: Julia F. Irwin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199990092

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 619

In Making the World Safe, historian Julia Irwin offers an insightful account of the American Red Cross, from its founding in 1881 by Clara Barton to its rise as the government's official voluntary aid agency. Equally important, Irwin shows that the story of the Red Cross is simultaneously a story of how Americans first began to see foreign aid as a key element in their relations with the world. As the American Century dawned, more and more Americans saw the need to engage in world affairs and to make the world a safer place--not by military action but through humanitarian aid. It was a time perfectly suited for the rise of the ARC. Irwin shows how the early and vigorous support of William H. Taft--who was honorary president of the ARC even as he served as President of the United States--gave the Red Cross invaluable connections with the federal government, eventually making it the official agency to administer aid both at home and abroad. Irwin describes how, during World War I, the ARC grew at an explosive rate and extended its relief work for European civilians into a humanitarian undertaking of massive proportions, an effort that was also a major propaganda coup. Irwin also shows how in the interwar years, the ARC's mission meshed well with presidential diplomatic styles, and how, with the coming of World War II, the ARC once again grew exponentially, becoming a powerful part of government efforts to bring aid to war-torn parts of the world. The belief in the value of foreign aid remains a central pillar of U.S. foreign relations. Making the World Safe reveals how this belief took hold in America and the role of the American Red Cross in promoting it.
Categories: History

The Art of City Making

The Art of City Making

It has retained a reputation since then, attracting the young the world over. Its degree-level art education of world renown, for instance, is regarded as being a foundation. It is far less rigid and formulaic than its continental or ...

Author: Charles Landry

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136554964

Category: Architecture

Page: 248

View: 536

City-making is an art, not a formula. The skills required to re-enchant the city are far wider than the conventional ones like architecture, engineering and land-use planning. There is no simplistic, ten-point plan, but strong principles can help send good city-making on its way. The vision for 21st century cities must be to be the most imaginative cities for the world rather than in the world. This one change of word - from 'in' to 'for' - gives city-making an ethical foundation and value base. It helps cities become places of solidarity where the relations between the individual, the group, outsiders to the city and the planet are in better alignment. Following the widespread success of The Creative City, this new book, aided by international case studies, explains how to reassess urban potential so that cities can strengthen their identity and adapt to the changing global terms of trade and mass migration. It explores the deeper fault-lines, paradoxes and strategic dilemmas that make creating the 'good city' so difficult.
Categories: Architecture

Brass Bands of the World Militarism Colonial Legacies and Local Music Making

Brass Bands of the World  Militarism  Colonial Legacies  and Local Music Making

Bands and the Making of Space and Place In [the] symbolizing kernels [of naming] three distinct (but connected) ... and for this reason they are frequently favoured in public events the world over; this was even more significant before ...

Author: Suzel Ana Reily

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317172666

Category: Music

Page: 268

View: 392

Bands structured around western wind instruments are among the most widespread instrumental ensembles in the world. Although these ensembles draw upon European military traditions that spread globally through colonialism, militarism and missionary work, local musicians have adapted the brass band prototype to their home settings, and today these ensembles are found in religious processions and funerals, military manoeuvres and parades, and popular music genres throughout the world. Based on their expertise in ethnographic and archival research, the contributors to this volume present a series of essays that examine wind band cultures from a range of disciplinary perspectives, allowing for a comparison of band cultures across geographic and historical fields. The themes addressed encompass the military heritage of band cultures; local appropriations of the military prototype; links between bands and their local communities; the spheres of local band activities and the modes of sociability within them; and the role of bands in trajectories toward professional musicianship. This book will appeal to readers with an interest in ethnomusicology, colonial and post-colonial studies, community music practices, as well as anyone who has played with or listened to their local band.
Categories: Music

Making Waves

Making Waves

Often they are questioning whether they are making a dent in our lost, hope-hungry world. Over the last two decades, doubt has grown in the western church concerning the effectiveness of the body of Christ in reaching the current and ...

Author: Doug Nuenke

Publisher: Tyndale House

ISBN: 9781612911984

Category: Religion

Page: 304

View: 528

Making Waves paints a clear picture of what a grace-filled life is: receiving God’s goodness and passing it along to others, like a ripple that grows into a wave. Over time, this wave of grace can flow to impact families and communities, even crossing oceans and national boundaries. No matter where you are on your spiritual journey, Making Waves will show you how to fully experience life by embracing the grace of God and passing along the reality of Jesus to others.
Categories: Religion

Heroin Organized Crime and the Making of Modern Turkey

Heroin  Organized Crime  and the Making of Modern Turkey

Kabadayıs of various stripes continued to assert control over many Istanbul neighborhoods. ... and patterns of criminal behavior cited earlier affirm more general trends seen in the making of modern day organized crime the world over.

Author: Ryan Gingeras

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192526212

Category: History

Page: 319

View: 736

Heroin, Organized Crime, and the Making of Modern Turkey explores the history of organized crime in Turkey and the roles which gangs and gangsters have played in the making of the Turkish state and Turkish politics. Turkey's underworld, which has been at the heart of several devastating scandals over the last several decades, is strongly tied to the country's long history of opium production and heroin trafficking. As an industry at the centre of the Ottoman Empire's long transition into the modern Turkish Republic, as important as the silk road had been in earlier centuries, the modern rise of the opium and heroin trade helped to solidify and complicate long-standing relationships between state officials and criminal syndicates. Such relationships produced not only ongoing patterns of corruption, but helped fuel and enable repeated acts of state violence. Drawing upon new archival sources from the United States and Turkey, including declassified documents from the Prime Minister's Archives of the Republic of Turkey and the Central Intelligence Agency, Heroin, Organized Crime, and the Making of Modern Turkey provides a critical window into how a handful of criminal syndicates played supporting roles in the making of national security politics in the contemporary Turkey. The rise of the 'Turkish mafia', from its origins in the late Ottoman period to its role in the 'deep state' revealed by the so-called Susurluk and Ergenekon scandals, is a story that mirrors troubling elements in the republic's establishment and emphasizes the transnational and comparative significance of narcotics and gangs in the country's past.
Categories: History

Making Parks Work

Making Parks Work

... areas , and other basic quantifiable features of protected areas the world over . It makes the information available in publications and on the Internet . What WCMC does not do is conduct systematic on - theground investigations of ...

Author: John Terborgh

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1559639059

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 511

View: 870

This text stems from an August 1999 gathering held at White Oak Plantation in northern Florida, attended by 30 conservationists from field sites, universities, and conservation organizations throughout the world, with a focus on success stories in tropical nature conservation. Coverage includes an overview of protected areas worldwide; case studies of conservation in Africa, Latin America, and Asia; challenges faced by parks at different hierarchical levels; and broad philosophical questions of conservation, and how protected areas might effectively deal with the pressures of an overcrowded planet.
Categories: Business & Economics

Forty Years War

Forty Years War

But Kristol and Kagan would have us arrogate to ourselves a hegemony for the purpose of making the world over in our image. Kristol and Kagan took pains, in their seminal article, to refute John Quincy Adams's 1823 admonition that the ...

Author: Len Colodny

Publisher: TrineDay

ISBN: 9781634240574

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 721

This groundbreaking book chronicles the little-understood evolution of the neoconservative movement—from its birth as a rogue insurgency in the Nixon White House through its ascent to full and controversial control of America's foreign policy in the Bush years. In eye-opening detail, The Forty Years War documents the neocons' four-decade campaign to seize the reins of American foreign policy: the undermining of Richard Nixon's outreach to the Communist bloc nations; the success at halting détente during the Ford and Carter years; the uneasy but effectual alliance with Ronald Reagan; and the determined, and ultimately successful, campaign to overthrow Saddam Hussein—no matter the cost.Drawing upon recently declassified documents, hundreds of hours of interviews, and long-obscured White House tapes, The Forty Years War delves into the political and intellectual development of some of the most fascinating political figures of the last four decades. It describes the complex, three-way relationship of Richard Nixon, Henry Kissinger, and Alexander Haig, and unravels the actions of Donald Rumsfeld, Dick Cheney, and Paul Wolfowitz over the course of seven presidencies. And it reveals the role of the mysterious Pentagon official Fritz Kraemer, a monocle-wearing German expatriate whose unshakable faith in military power, distrust of diplomacy, moralistic faith in American goodness, and warnings against "provocative weakness" made him the hidden geopolitical godfather of the neocon movement. The authors' insights into Kraemer's influence on the neocons—will change the public understanding of the conduct of government in our time.
Categories: History

Business Policy and Participative Decision Making

Business Policy and Participative Decision Making

The stability of the country's politics, let alone its currency, which is easily accepted all over the world with the same quality in Wall Street and Main Street. We, therefore, need no other evidence in declaring the country more ...

Author: Wilson Essien Ph.D.

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 9781546243496

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 562

View: 237

The glue between efficient productivity and profitability is great decision-making. I do not think that a farmer has ever sown rice and harvested corn. In computers, the most common language is GIGO, meaning garbage in, garbage out. Usually, the decisions we make are our personalities, and yet very few people accept responsibility for their actions, their failures in business, or in any endeavor in which they have failed. They desire to blame others without remembering GIGO. I have articulated the mystery that surrounds the lone decision-maker or the CEO who enjoys lonely decision-making and blaming his or her failures on the engineer or the accountant in his company. The new name for decision-making is participative decision-making. In this, the senior officers take part, but separately—the engineers, accountants, supervisors, workers and maintenance people form another group. Both platforms must have a dialogue format; there must be a writer or clerk, a vote taken on each discussion for its authenticity or viability, and in the end, the senior officers must compare their notes with the second group so that amendments can be made where necessary. The final product is now ready to be presented before the board of directors as a formal decision for the company. In a smaller company, this activity stops with the owner, but the owner must understand that two heads are usually better than one. The CEO and his group must not be taken over by egos; the only time for pride in business is when business is doing well financially. Even then, business needs a lot of careful activity because “pride goes before a fall.” It is good to entrust the CEO with the decision-making responsibility, but it is the biggest risk a business can take because business is a collection of ideas. Therefore, it a discipline of collective learning and inquiry. Any student, manager, or business owner who wants to use participative decision-making skills in his or her business or as a consultant in participative decision-making should attend a workshop at least twice and read about participative decision-making thoroughly and practice it from case studies.
Categories: Business & Economics

Making Jeans Green

Making Jeans Green

rebel reputation in the denim world. ... which daubed themselves in woad during battle.5 And they not only painted their bodies blue to scare or confuse their opponents, ... The world over, indigo's oddity led to superstitious beliefs.

Author: Paulina Szmydke-Cacciapalle

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351200530

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 174

View: 155

Consumers spend approximately $93 billion on denim products every year. This consumption comes at a great cost, with thousands of litres of fresh water, hazardous chemicals and energy contributing to just one pair of jeans, leaving the environment and the industry vulnerable to pollution and climate change. Using facts, figures, case studies and anecdotes, this book investigates why the industry has been so slow to adopt green technologies and offers practical solutions to designers and fashion executives who want to switch to cleaner manufacturing, including those working in the ‘fast fashion’ sector. It also offers advice to the eco-conscious consumer who wants to purchase denim more sustainably. Considering the full lifecycle of a pair of jeans from the cotton crop to disposal, it presents examples of how to go green at different stages. This book will be of great interest to fashion students and researchers, as well as designers, fashion executives, policy-makers and anyone who comes into contact with the world of denim.
Categories: Business & Economics

Record of Proceedings

Record of Proceedings

One hundred sessions is a mark of endurance, commitment, ownership and responsibility to make the world of work a decent place. ... social security and equality and equity at work during the boom in business activities are immense, ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105218456767

Category: Labor laws and legislation, International

Page:

View: 684

Categories: Labor laws and legislation, International

Speculation Money Making in Stock Market

Speculation   Money Making in Stock Market

Value of Currency The dollar is the world's premier currency, and its strength or weakness has an impact on our economy and the stock market. The dollar's strengths and weaknesses ... have a vital effect on the stock markets world over.

Author: Raj Chawla

Publisher: Prabhat Prakashan

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page:

View: 822

In financial markets, “Speculation is trading in shares or commodities or in any financial instrument involving high risk in expectation of substantial gains”.This is an act of trading in financial instruments or act of entering into any financial transaction that has a significant risk of losing most of or all of the initial investment in expectation of significant gains. Decision making based on anticipation of what the future can be, is speculating. What motivates speculating is the possibility to make huge gains out of the transaction by putting some money on risk. One looks for and expects big rewards as proportionate to the risk taken.
Categories: Business & Economics

Apartheid and the Making of a Black Psychologist

Apartheid and the Making of a Black Psychologist

... it continues to highlight the range of thinking and research that accompanied the prescribed, if not the academically sanctioned, racism practised against black people the world over through the practice of 'making strange'.

Author: N. Chabani Manganyi

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9781868148639

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 228

View: 473

This intriguing memoir details in a quiet and restrained manner with what it meant to be a committed black intellectual activist during the apartheid years and beyond. Few autobiographies exploring the ‘life of the mind’ and the ‘history of ideas’ have come out of South Africa, and N Chabani Manganyi’s reflections on a life engaged with ideas, the psychological and philosophical workings of the mind and the act of writing are a refreshing addition to the genre of life writing. Starting with his rural upbringing in Mavambe, Limpopo, in the 1940s, Manganyi’s life story unfolds at a gentle pace, tracing the twists and turns of his journey from humble beginnings to Yale University in the USA. The author details his work as a clinical practitioner and researcher, as a biographer, as an expert witness in defence of opponents of the apartheid regime and, finally, as a leading educationist in Mandela’s Cabinet and in the South African academy. Apartheid and the Making of a Black Psychologist is a book about relationships and the fruits of intellectual and creative labour. Manganyi describes how he used his skills as a clinical psychologist to explore lives – both those of the subjects of his biographies and those of the accused for whom he testified in mitigation; his aim always to find a higher purpose and a higher self.
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

Disciple Making Is

Disciple Making Is

Waylon Moore notes, “Disciple making has no prestige rating, no denominational category; but the results are consistently better than ... His plan to reach the whole world, over and over, generation after generation, was that simple.

Author: Dave Earley

Publisher: B&H Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781433677007

Category: Religion

Page: 320

View: 991

Disciple Making Is... stands as one of the most thorough books yet offered regarding how to make disciples. In thirty brief, hard-hitting but easily accessible chapters, the entire scope of disciple making is presented in a way that will inspire and inform the reader to obey the Great Commission with great passion. Grounded on a solid biblical foundation, authors Dave Earley and Rod Dempsey -- both veterans of one-on-one, collegiate, small group, and local church discipleship -- share their practical insights on how to best reproduce reproducers of Christ’s message. Each compelling entry is set up to finish the sentence that begins with the book’s title. For example, Disciple Making Is . . . "Embracing the Cross," "Forsaking All to Follow Jesus," "Living on Mission," "Launching an Unstoppable Force," "Mentoring Disciples as Jesus Did," "Multiplying Disciple-Makers as Paul Did," "Creating a Healthy Church," and more.
Categories: Religion

Southern Literature Cold War Culture and the Making of Modern America

Southern Literature  Cold War Culture  and the Making of Modern America

The most striking feature of “Buying a New World with Old Confederate Bills” is its treatment of racial tensions at home ... in the allied British imperial system and segregated America's claims of fighting for democracy the world over.

Author: Jordan J. Dominy

Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi

ISBN: 9781496826442

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 190

View: 433

During the Cold War, national discourse strove for unity through patriotism and political moderation to face a common enemy. Some authors and intellectuals supported that narrative by casting America’s complicated history with race and poverty as moral rather than merely political problems. Southern Literature, Cold War Culture, and the Making of Modern America examines southern literature and the culture within the United States from the period just before the Cold War through the civil rights movement to show how this literature won a significant place in Cold War culture and shaped the nation through the time of Hillbilly Elegy. Tackling cultural issues in the country through subtext and metaphor, the works of authors like William Faulkner, Lillian Smith, Robert Penn Warren, Eudora Welty, Ralph Ellison, Alice Walker, and Walker Percy redefined “South” as much more than a geographical identity within an empire. The “South” has become a racially coded sociopolitical and cultural identity associated with white populist conservatism that breaks geographical boundaries and, as it has in the past, continues to have a disproportionate influence on the nation’s future and values.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Managing Crises Making Peace

Managing Crises  Making Peace

Analysing trends since 1988, many observers underline how net support for joint national-EU decisionmaking in the ... Polls carried out in countries in other regions of the world in recent years mirror Europeans' confidence over the ...

Author: M. Galantino

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137442253

Category: Political Science

Page: 297

View: 293

In the face of emerging new threats, the EU's capacity to build a distinctive role in crisis management remains problematic. Analysing EU policies and actions, this collection sheds light on the EU's role in managing crises and peacekeeping, exploring avenues for a strategic EU vision for security and defense.
Categories: Political Science

Making Sense of the Global

Making Sense of the Global

Concerns about environmental degradation over the last forty years have led to an impressive array of scientific research, ... During the 1990s, much of this activism was directed at the disappearance of the world's tropical forests, ...

Author: Raúl Acosta

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781527554016

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 626

Anthropology is more relevant than ever before to making sense of the constant intercultural encounters taking place around the world. Even though the discipline was born out of the need to understand the way humans interact, it had for decades been trapped in a counter-cultural stance that effectively disarmed it of any direct influence on public affairs. Recent global trends, however, have brought this academic discipline to the attention of governments, agencies, and social entrepreneurs, because of its capacity to create bridges of understanding between people of contrasting cultures. This ability is today more necessary than ever before in facing the challenges posed by the shrinking of our world. This volume provides reflections on what anthropological research can offer through its “thick” analyses. We are convinced that ethnographic research can contribute to a better understanding of social phenomena in our global times.
Categories: Social Science

Foreign Assistance and Related Agencies Appropriations for 1963

Foreign Assistance and Related Agencies Appropriations for 1963

Unlike the Communists, we do not want to make the world over in our own precise image. We are equally determined that the world shall not be made over in the image of any dogmatic creed which denies human dignity.

Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Appropriations

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B3636585

Category: Economic assistance, American

Page: 830

View: 886

Categories: Economic assistance, American

Narrative and the Making of US National Security

Narrative and the Making of US National Security

... world over.194 If only the nation's elites had maintained their faith in America and the good Cold War fight, the Vietnam War could have been won. Whatever doubts conservatives had once harbored about the national-security state, ...

Author: Ronald R. Krebs

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107103955

Category: Political Science

Page: 410

View: 331

Shows how dominant narratives have shaped the national security policies of the United States.
Categories: Political Science

Social Democracy in the Making

Social Democracy in the Making

a bare authority claim, carved a third way between orthodox over-belief and secular disbelief, accepted the historical critical approach to the Bible, allowed science to explain the physical world, looked beyond the church for answers, ...

Author: Gary Dorrien

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300236026

Category: Christian socialism

Page: 578

View: 671

An expansive and ambitious intellectual history of democratic socialism from one of the world's leading intellectual historians and social ethicists The fallout from twenty years of neoliberal economic globalism has sparked a surge of interest in the old idea of democratic socialism--a democracy in which the people control the economy and government, no group dominates any other, and every citizen is free, equal, and included. With a focus on the intertwined legacies of Christian socialism and Social Democratic politics in Britain and Germany, this book traces the story of democratic socialism from its birth in the nineteenth century through the mid-1960s. Examining the tenets on which the movement was founded and how it adapted to different cultural, religious, and economic contexts from its beginnings through the social and political traumas of the twentieth century, Gary Dorrien reminds us that Christian socialism paved the way for all liberation theologies that make the struggles of oppressed peoples the subject of redemption. He argues for a decentralized economic democracy and anti-imperial internationalism.
Categories: Christian socialism