Making Sense, Making Worlds

Constructivism in Social Theory and International Relations

Author: Nicholas Onuf

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136219463

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 4654

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Nicholas Onuf is a leading scholar in international relations and introduced constructivism to international relations, coining the term constructivism in his book World of Our Making (1989). He was featured as one of twelve scholars featured in Iver B. Neumann and Ole Wæver, eds., The Future of International Relations: Masters in the Making? (1996); and featured in Martin Griffiths, Steven C. Roach and M. Scott Solomon, Fifty Key Thinkers in International Relations, 2nd ed. (2009). This powerful collection of essays clarifies Onuf’s approach to international relations and makes a decisive contribution to the debates in IR concerning theory. It embeds the theoretical project in the wider horizon of how we understand ourselves and the world. Onuf updates earlier themes and his general constructivist approach, and develops some newer lines of research, such as the work on metaphors and the re-grounding in much more Aristotle than before. A complement to the author’s groundbreaking book of 1989, World of Our Making, this tightly argued book draws extensively from philosophy and social theory to advance constructivism in International Relations. Making Sense, Making Worlds will be vital reading for students and scholars of international relations, international relations theory, social theory and law.
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The Art of World-Making

Nicholas Greenwood Onuf and His Critics

Author: Harry D. Gould

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351977539

Category: Political Science

Page: 294

View: 2319

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On its face, The Art of World-Making focuses on honouring the career of Nicholas Greenwood Onuf and his contributions to the study of international relations; of equal importance, however, while using Onuf’s work as their touchstone, the contributions to this volume range widely across IR theory, making important interventions in some of the most important topics in the field today. The volume considers the place of Constructivism and Republicanism in the field of international relations, and the contestation that accompanies the question of their place in the field, asking: • What explains the dominance of some forms of Constructivism and the relative lack of influence of other forms? • What can rule-oriented Constructivism, the focus here, provide our field that other forms of Constructivism have been unable to? • Into what new and productive directions can Constructivism be taken? • What are its gaps and what are the resources to remedy those gaps? • What can Republicanism tell us about ongoing issues in international law, global governance, liberalism, and crisis? Drawing together essays from some of the leading scholars in the field, space is given after each chapter for a detailed and highly personal response piece to each contribution, written by Onuf. This unique volume will be essential reading for students and scholars of international relations.
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Social Practices of Rule-Making in World Politics

Author: Mark Raymond

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190913126

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 7176

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Rule-based global order remains a central object of study in International Relations. Constructivists have identified a number of mechanisms by which actors accomplish both the continuous reproduction and transformation of the rules, institutions, and regimes that constitute their worlds. However, it is less clear how these mechanisms relate to each other--that is, the "rules for changing the rules". This book seeks to explain how political actors know which procedural rules to engage in a particular context, and how they know when to utilize one mechanism over another. It argues that actors in world politics are simultaneously engaged in an ongoing social practice of rule-making, interpretation, and application. By identifying and explaining the social practice of rule-making in the international system, this book clarifies why global norms change at particular moments and why particular attempts to change norms might succeed or fail at any given time. Mark Raymond looks at four cases: the social construction of great power management in the aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars; the creation of a rule against the use of force, except in cases of self-defense and collective security; contestation of the international system by al Qaeda in the period immediately following the 9/11 attacks; and United Nations efforts to establish norms for state conduct in the cyber domain. The book also shows that practices of global governance are centrally concerned with making, interpreting, and applying rules, and argues for placing global governance at the heart of the study of the international system and its dynamics. Finally, it demonstrates the utility of the book's approach for the study of global governance, the international system, and for emerging efforts to identify forms and sites of authority and hierarchy in world politics.
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Commonsense Constructivism, Or, The Making of World Affairs

Author: Ralph Pettman

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765605788

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 2755

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This engaging book presents an intriguing new approach to understanding world affairs. "Constructivism" first found its way to IR -- the field of international relations -- in an exceptionally demanding form. This book is quite the opposite. In a highly readable and witty way, Commonsense Constructivism, or the Making of World Affairs, makes clear how everything around us (IR included) is constructed. In the process, it also shows how narrow the standard IR approaches are, and how much we miss as a consequence. Ralph Pettman's conceptual framework of state-making, wealth-making, self-making, and mind-making allows us to see such notions as "globalization" in a revealing new light. This work is intended to be fully accessible to students, but it will be welcomed by anyone who has been mystified by constructivism -- or who simply wants to better understand the ways we understand our world. CONTENTS INTRODUCTION: Commonsense Constructivism 1. Making World Affairs I. THE NEGLECTED ASPECTS OF THE DISCIPLINE 2. Making Modernity 3. Making Sovereign Selves, Social Collectives, and Nations II. THE DOMINANT ASPECTS OF THE DISCIPLINE 4. Making States and Making Markets CONCLUSION: A Constructed World
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World of Our Making

Rules and Rule in Social Theory and International Relations

Author: Nicholas Greenwood Onuf

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415630398

Category: Political Science

Page: 340

View: 571

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World of our Making is a major contribution to contemporary social science. Now reissued in this volume, Onuf’s seminal text is key reading for anyone who wishes to study modern international relations. Onuf understands all of international relations to be a matter of rules and rule in foreign behaviour. The author draws together the rules of international relations, explains their source, and elaborates on their implications through a vast array of interdisciplinary thinkers such as Kenneth Arrow, J.L. Austin, Max Black, Michael Foucault, Anthony Giddens, Jurgen Habermas, Lawrence Kohlberg, Harold Lasswell, Talcott Parsons, Jean Piaget, J.G.A. Pocock, John Roemer, John Scarle and Sheldon Wolin.
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Making Sense of International Relations Theory

Author: Jennifer Anne Sterling-Folker

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub

ISBN: 9781588263544

Category: Political Science

Page: 421

View: 9755

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Does the plethora of "isms" have any relevance to the real world of global politics and policymaking? Making Sense of International Relations Theory addresses this and other questions by illustrating theories in action with each contributor presenting a particular framework for interpreting world affairs.
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Rethinking International Relations Theory

Author: Martin Griffiths

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137294140

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 6521

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International Relations (IR) theory has seen a proliferation of competing, and increasingly trenchant, worldviews with no consensus on how to evaluate their relative strengths and weakness. This innovative new text provides an original interpretation of how best to navigate the clash of perspectives in contemporary IR theory. The book provides a systematic overview of the main worldviews – such as realism, liberalism, and constructivism – and their associated theoretical underpinnings. Placing liberal internationalism at the heart of the debate, it argues that the main division in IR theory is between liberal internationalism and its critics. Griffiths examines both the strengths and weaknesses of liberal internationalism as a worldview, and also explores the competing worldviews that have been generated by the perceived flaws of this perspective. Examination of crucial policy issues is incorporated throughout the text, restoring the relevance of theory for those who wish to understand those policy issues. Moreover, this book revitalises the raison d'être of contemporary IR theory and shows the role it can play in making sense of the twenty-first century.
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Foreign Policy in a Constructed World

Author: Vendulka Kubalkova

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765637628

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 5627

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This volume demonstrates the application of the constructivist approach to the analysis of foreign policy (i.e. states' actions in a world of states). Part I introduce constructivism for foreign policy studies. Part II presents five model case studies -- the Cold War, Francoism, the two Chinas, inter-American relations, and Islam in U.S. foreign policy. Part III reviews their results.
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International Relations and World Politics

Security, Economy, Identity

Author: Paul R. Viotti,Mark V. Kauppi

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 570

View: 5056

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International Relations and World Politics introduces the issues in an organized and comprehensible way, examining them in relation to two trends; three broad, organizing themes or concepts; key actors; and three basic images or perspectives that provide structure for the pages that follow: • Two trends–increasing globalization and crises of authority–that characterize international relations and world politics • Key organizing themes or concepts–in particular, security, economy, and identity that structure the three major sections of the book • Key actors–states, international organizations, and transnational organizations and movements (such as nongovernmental organizations, multinational corporations, and terrorist groups) • Three basic images or perspectives on world politics–realism, liberalism (or pluralism as it is frequently called), and global economic structuralism (which includes Marxism, world-systems, and dependency theory) supplemented by references to other theoretical and conceptual understandings mentioned below Paul R. Viotti and Mark V. Kauppi wrote this book because they believe it is possible and essential to improve a student’s conceptual and theoretical thinking about international relations. If one does not think conceptually, a course in world politics threatens to become little more than current events. Hence, they structured the book in such a way that key concepts, themes, and trends are utilized throughout the discussion of various topics.
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