The Making of Fascism

Class, State, and Counter-revolution, Italy 1919-1922

Author: Dahlia S. Elazar

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275958640

Category: History

Page: 172

View: 1903

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Elazar provides a sociohistorical analysis of the development of Fascism in Italy. She focuses on their crucial political struggles, not only against the socialists and other political parties, but also among themselves through which "Fascism" was developed.
Release

Making the Fascist Self

The Political Culture of Interwar Italy

Author: Mabel Berezin

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 150172214X

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 1711

DOWNLOAD NOW »

In her examination of the culture of Italian fascism, Mabel Berezin focuses on how Mussolini's regime consciously constructed a nonliberal public sphere to support its political aims. Fascism stresses form over content, she believes, and the regime tried to build its political support through the careful construction and manipulation of public spectacles or rituals such as parades, commemoration ceremonies, and holiday festivities. The fascists believed they could rely on the motivating power of spectacle, and experiential symbols. In contrast with the liberal democratic notion of separable public and private selves, Italian fascism attempted to merge the public and private selves in political spectacles, creating communities of feeling in public piazzas. Such communities were only temporary, Berezin explains, and fascist identity was only formed to the extent that it could be articulated in a language of pre-existing cultural identities. In the Italian case, those identities meant the popular culture of Roman Catholicism and the cult of motherhood. Berezin hypothesizes that at particular historical moments certain social groups which perceive the division of public and private self as untenable on cultural grounds will gain political ascendance. Her hypothesis opens a new perspective on how fascism works.
Release

A History of Fascism, 1914–1945

Author: Stanley G. Payne

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 9780299148744

Category: History

Page: 613

View: 8408

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Looks at fascist movements around the world, focusing on Mussolini's dictatorship and Hitler's Nazi regime, and argues that Lenin's political model is responsible for fascist practices and institutions
Release

Our Enemies and US

America's Rivalries and the Making of Political Science

Author: Ido Oren

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801435669

Category: Education

Page: 234

View: 7201

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Oren reveals the fervently pro-German views of the founder of the discipline, John W. Burgess, who stated that the Teutonic race was politically superior to all others, and he presents evidence of a long-term, intimate relationship between the discipline and the national security agencies of the U.S. government."--BOOK JACKET.
Release

Fascism and Ideology

Italy, Britain, and Norway

Author: Salvatore Garau

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131790947X

Category: History

Page: 298

View: 5281

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book develops a number of new conceptual tools to tackle some of the most hotly debated issues concerning the nature of fascism, using three profoundly different national contexts in the inter-war years as case studies: Italy, Britain and Norway. It explores how fascist ideology was the result of a sustained struggle between competing internal factions, which created a precarious, but also highly dynamic, balance between revolutionary/totalitarian and conservative/authoritarian tendencies. Such a balance meant that these movements were hybrids with a surprising degree of internal diversity, which cannot be explained away as simple opportunism or lack of ideological substance. The book's focus on fascist ideology's internal variety and aggregative potential leads it to argue that when fascism "succeeded," this was less an effect of its revolutionary ideas, than of the opposite – namely, its power to integrate elements from other pre-existing ideologies. Given the prevailing opinion that fascism is revolutionary by definition, the book ultimately poses a challenge to the dominant view in the field of fascist studies.
Release

Avant-Garde Fascism

The Mobilization of Myth, Art, and Culture in France, 1909–1939

Author: Mark Antliff

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822390477

Category: Art

Page: 376

View: 9631

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Investigating the central role that theories of the visual arts and creativity played in the development of fascism in France, Mark Antliff examines the aesthetic dimension of fascist myth-making within the history of the avant-garde. Between 1909 and 1939, a surprising array of modernists were implicated in this project, including such well-known figures as the symbolist painter Maurice Denis, the architects Le Corbusier and Auguste Perret, the sculptors Charles Despiau and Aristide Maillol, the “New Vision” photographer Germaine Krull, and the fauve Maurice Vlaminck. Antliff considers three French fascists: Georges Valois, Philippe Lamour, and Thierry Maulnier, demonstrating how they appropriated the avant-garde aesthetics of cubism, futurism, surrealism, and the so-called Retour à l’Ordre (“Return to Order”), and, in one instance, even defined the “dynamism” of fascist ideology in terms of Soviet filmmaker Sergei Eisenstein’s theory of montage. For these fascists, modern art was the mythic harbinger of a regenerative revolution that would overthrow existing governmental institutions, inaugurate an anticapitalist new order, and awaken the creative and artistic potential of the fascist “new man.” In formulating the nexus of fascist ideology, aesthetics, and violence, Valois, Lamour, and Maulnier drew primarily on the writings of the French political theorist Georges Sorel, whose concept of revolutionary myth proved central to fascist theories of cultural and national regeneration in France. Antliff analyzes the impact of Sorel’s theory of myth on Valois, Lamour, and Maulnier. Valois created the first fascist movement in France; Lamour, a follower of Valois, established the short-lived Parti Fasciste Révolutionnaire in 1928 before founding two fascist-oriented journals; Maulnier forged a theory of fascism under the auspices of the journals Combat and Insurgé.
Release

Access to History: Britain 1900-51

Author: Michael Lynch

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1444150464

Category: Education

Page: 300

View: 8810

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The Access to History series is the most popular and trusted series for AS and A level history students. This title is written specifically for the 2008 AS specifications for OCR and AQA, covering the key economic, political and social issues of the period. It focuses on the changing fortunes of the political parties at the time and the ways in which they were affected by the impacts of the two world wars. The pressures for social reform throughout the period are also analysed.
Release

Fascists

Author: Michael Mann

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521538558

Category: History

Page: 429

View: 8810

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Anew study of fascism in Europe, focusing on the six countries in which it became most dominant: Italy, Germany, Austria, Hungary, Romania and Spain. Focusing on the beliefs and actions of people who became fascists, it attempts to see fascism through its own eyes. This leads to an original view of fascism as "violent, transcendent nation-statism", a perspective which is superior to all previous theories of fascism.
Release

The Fascist Party and Popular Opinion in Mussolini's Italy

Author: Paul Corner

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198730691

Category: History

Page: 302

View: 5030

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Contradicts the current orthodoxy that there was a generalised popular consensus for the fascist regime and for Mussolini's rule, at least until the disasters of the Second World War. Demonstrates that there was widespread and mounting hostility to the regime among large sections of the population, even in the 1930s.
Release