Making a Necessity of Virtue

Aristotle and Kant on Virtue

Author: Nancy Sherman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521564878

Category: Philosophy

Page: 387

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A detailed analysis of Aristotelian and Kantian ethics together, remaining faithful to the texts and responsive to contemporary debates.
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Kantian Ethics and Socialism

Author: Harry Van der Linden

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 9780872200272

Category: Philosophy

Page: 370

View: 9019

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"Raises a question of the very ffirst importance in political philosophy: can onen find an adequate moral foundation for democratic socialism that will preserve the (sometimes Kantian) insights of Marx without falling into the Marxist notion that moral philosophy is simply bourgeois 'ideology'? A distinquished contribution to the Kant renaissance in political thought . . ." -- Patrick Riley, University of Wisconsin, Madison
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Making a Virtue of Necessity

An Overview of the English Language in Nigeria

Author: L. Ayo Banjo

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 167

View: 7916

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The author is a prominent linguistics scholar. The study of sociolinguistics of the English language in Nigeria has assumed great importance in Nigerian universities. Against the background of key works from 1971 to 1991, and the growing debate over an optimal language policy for Nigeria, he looks at the perspectives of an individual writer, to provide an overview of the language since its earliest contacts with what is now known as Nigeria. One important gap which he identifies is the paucity of illustrative data even from the three main Nigerian languages.
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Kant's Ethics of Virtue

Author: Monika Betzler

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110209659

Category: Philosophy

Page: 308

View: 7991

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Die erheblichen inhaltlichen Erweiterungen und Präzisierungen, die Kant vor allem in der Tugendlehre gegenüber seinen früheren ethischen Schriften vornimmt, erweisen sich als aktuell in Bezug auf gegenwärtig diskutierte moraltheoretische Fragen. Die Beiträge dieses Sammelbandes analysieren Kants zentrale Überlegungen im Kontext seiner früheren ethischen Schriften und im Rahmen gegenwärtiger ethischer Debatten. Die aktuelle Relevanz und die Reichweite einer kantisch verstandenen Tugendethik werden so deutlich.
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The Intentional Spectrum and Intersubjectivity

Phenomenology and the Pittsburgh Neo-Hegelians

Author: Michael D. Barber

Publisher: Ohio University Press

ISBN: 0821443682

Category: Philosophy

Page: 326

View: 5979

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World-renowned analytic philosophers John McDowell and Robert Brandom, dubbed “Pittsburgh Neo-Hegelians,” recently engaged in an intriguing debate about perception. In The Intentional Spectrum and Intersubjectivity Michael D. Barber is the first to bring phenomenology to bear not just on the perspectives of McDowell or Brandom alone, but on their intersection. He argues that McDowell accounts better for the intelligibility of empirical content by defending holistically functioning, reflectively distinguishable sensory and intellectual intentional structures. He reconstructs dimensions implicit in the perception debate, favoring Brandom on knowledge’s intersubjective features that converge with the ethical characteristics of intersubjectivity Emmanuel Levinas illuminates. Phenomenology becomes the third partner in this debate between two analytic philosophers, critically mediating their discussion by unfolding the systematic interconnectionamong perception, intersubjectivity, metaphilosophy, and ethics.
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Kant's Theory of Virtue

The Value of Autocracy

Author: Anne Margaret Baxley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139493167

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 952

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Anne Margaret Baxley offers a systematic interpretation of Kant's theory of virtue, whose most distinctive features have not been properly understood. She explores the rich moral psychology in Kant's later and less widely read works on ethics, and argues that the key to understanding his account of virtue is the concept of autocracy, a form of moral self-government in which reason rules over sensibility. Although certain aspects of Kant's theory bear comparison to more familiar Aristotelian claims about virtue, Baxley contends that its most important aspects combine to produce something different - a distinctively modern, egalitarian conception of virtue which is an important and overlooked alternative to the more traditional Greek views which have dominated contemporary virtue ethics.
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Uneasy Virtue

Author: Julia Driver

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139430029

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 4413

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The predominant view of moral virtue can be traced back to Aristotle. He believed that moral virtue must involve intellectual excellence. To have moral virtue one must have practical wisdom - the ability to deliberate well and to see what is morally relevant in a given context. Julia Driver challenges this classical theory of virtue, arguing that it fails to take into account virtues which do seem to involve ignorance or epistemic defect. Some 'virtues of ignorance' are counterexamples to accounts of virtue which hold that moral virtue must involve practical wisdom. Modesty, for example, is generally considered to be a virtue even though the modest person may be making an inaccurate assessment of his or her accomplishments. Driver argues that we should abandon the highly intellectualist view of virtue and instead adopt a consequentialist perspective which holds that virtue is simply a character trait which systematically produces good consequences.
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Kant's Human Being

Essays on His Theory of Human Nature

Author: Robert B. Louden

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019991110X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 393

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In Kant's Human Being, Robert B. Louden continues and deepens avenues of research first initiated in his highly acclaimed book, Kant's Impure Ethics. Drawing on a wide variety of both published and unpublished works spanning all periods of Kant's extensive writing career, Louden here focuses on Kant's under-appreciated empirical work on human nature, with particular attention to the connections between this body of work and his much-discussed ethical theory. Kant repeatedly claimed that the question, "What is the human being" is philosophy's most fundamental question, one that encompasses all others. Louden analyzes and evaluates Kant's own answer to his question, showing how it differs from other accounts of human nature. This collection of twelve essays is divided into three parts. In Part One (Human Virtues), Louden explores the nature and role of virtue in Kant's ethical theory, showing how the conception of human nature behind Kant's virtue theory results in a virtue ethics that is decidedly different from more familiar Aristotelian virtue ethics programs. In Part Two (Ethics and Anthropology), he uncovers the dominant moral message in Kant's anthropological investigations, drawing new connections between Kant's work on human nature and his ethics. Finally, in Part Three (Extensions of Anthropology), Louden explores specific aspects of Kant's theory of human nature developed outside of his anthropology lectures, in his works on religion, geography, education ,and aesthetics, and shows how these writings substantially amplify his account of human beings. Kant's Human Being offers a detailed and multifaceted investigation of the question that Kant held to be the most important of all, and will be of interest not only to philosophers but also to all who are concerned with the study of human nature.
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The Reception and Rendition of Freud in China

China’s Freudian Slip

Author: Tao Jiang,Philip J. Ivanhoe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136208380

Category: Psychology

Page: 312

View: 9519

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Although Freud makes only occasional, brief references to China and Chinese culture in his works, for almost a hundred years many leading Chinese intellectuals have studied and appropriated various Freudian theories. However, whilst some features of Freud’s views have been warmly embraced from the start and appreciated for their various explanatory and therapeutic values, other aspects have been vigorously criticized as implausible or inapplicable to the Chinese context. This book explores the history, reception, and use of Freud and his theories in China, and makes an original and substantial contribution to our understanding of the Chinese people and their culture as well as to our appreciation of western attempts to understand the people and culture of China. The essays are organised around three key areas of research. First, it examines the historical background concerning the China-Freud connection in the 20th century, before going on to use reconstructed Freudian theories in order to provide a modernist critique of Chinese culture. Finally, the book deploys traditional Chinese thought in order to challenge various aspects of the Freudian project. Both Freudianism’s universal appeal and its cultural particularity are in full display throughout the book. At the same time, the allure of Chinese cultural and literary expressions, both in terms of their commonality with other cultures and their distinctive characteristics, are also scrutinized. This collection of essays will be welcomed by those interested in early modern and contemporary China, as well as the work and influence of Freud. It will also be of great interest to students and scholars of psychology, psychoanalysis, literature, philosophy, religion, and cultural studies more generally.
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Philosophical Foundations of Fiduciary Law

Author: Andrew S. Gold,Paul B. Miller

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191005290

Category: Law

Page: 450

View: 9763

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Fiduciary law is a critically important body of law. Fiduciary duties ensure the integrity of a remarkable variety of relationships, institutions, and organizations. They apply to relationships of great personal significance, including in some jurisdictions the relationship between parents and children. They structure a wide variety of commercial relationships, and they are essential to the regulation of relationships between professional service providers and their clients, including relationships between lawyer and client, doctor and patient, and investment manager and client. Fiduciary duties, perhaps uniquely in private law, challenge traditional ways of marking the boundaries between private and public law, inasmuch as they figure prominently in public governance. Indeed, there is even a storied tradition of thinking of the authority of the state in fiduciary terms. Notwithstanding its importance, fiduciary law has been woefully under-analysed by legal theorists. Filling this gap with a series of chapters by leading theorists, this book includes chapters on: the nature of fiduciary relationships, the connection between fiduciary duties and morality, the content and significance of fiduciary loyalty, the economic significance of fiduciary law, the application of fiduciary principles to public law and international law, the import of fiduciary relationships to theories of authority, and various other fundamental topics in the field. In many cases, new and important questions are raised by the book's chapters. Indeed, this book not only offers a much-needed theoretical assessment of fiduciary topics, it defines the field going forward, setting an agenda for future philosophical study of fiduciary law.
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