Losing the Nobel Prize A Story of Cosmology Ambition and the Perils of Science s Highest Honor

Losing the Nobel Prize  A Story of Cosmology  Ambition  and the Perils of Science s Highest Honor

"Riveting."—Science A Forbes, Physics Today, Science News, and Science Friday Best Science Book Of 2018 Cosmologist and inventor of the BICEP (Background Imaging of Cosmic Extragalactic Polarization) experiment, Brian Keating tells the ...

Author: Brian Keating

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9781324000921

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 341

A Forbes, Physics Today, Science News, and Science Friday Best Science Book Of 2018 The inside story of a quest to unlock one of cosmology’s biggest mysteries, derailed by the lure of the Nobel Prize. What would it have been like to be an eyewitness to the Big Bang? In 2014, astronomers wielding BICEP2, the most powerful cosmology telescope ever made, revealed that they’d glimpsed the spark that ignited the Big Bang. Millions around the world tuned in to the announcement broadcast live from Harvard University, immediately igniting rumors of an imminent Nobel Prize. But had these cosmologists truly read the cosmic prologue or, swept up in Nobel dreams, had they been deceived by a galactic mirage? In Losing the Nobel Prize, cosmologist and inventor of the BICEP (Background Imaging of Cosmic Extragalactic Polarization) experiment Brian Keating tells the inside story of BICEP2’s mesmerizing discovery and the scientific drama that ensued. In an adventure story that spans the globe from Rhode Island to the South Pole, from California to Chile, Keating takes us on a personal journey of revelation and discovery, bringing to vivid life the highly competitive, take-no-prisoners, publish-or-perish world of modern science. Along the way, he provocatively argues that the Nobel Prize, instead of advancing scientific progress, may actually hamper it, encouraging speed and greed while punishing collaboration and bold innovation. In a thoughtful reappraisal of the wishes of Alfred Nobel, Keating offers practical solutions for reforming the prize, providing a vision of a scientific future in which cosmologists may, finally, be able to see all the way back to the very beginning.
Categories: Science

Science Between Myth and History

Science Between Myth and History

This short memoir of the BICEP2 drama was adapted from Keating , Losing the Nobel Prize : A Story of Cosmology , Ambition , and the Perils of Science's Highest Honor ( New York : W.W. Norton & Co. , 2018 ) . 10.

Author: José G. Perillán

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198864967

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 501

Science Between Myth and History explores scientific storytelling and its implications on the teaching, practice, and public perception of science. In communicating their science, scientists tend to use historical narratives for important rhetorical purposes. This text explores the implications of doing this.
Categories: Science

Chasing The Ghost Nobelist Fred Reines And The Neutrino

Chasing The Ghost  Nobelist Fred Reines And The Neutrino

Einstein finally received the prize in 1922, but only for his explanation of the photoelectric effect. ... Brian Keating, Losing the Nobel Prize, A Story of Cosmology, Ambition, and the Perils of Science's Highest Honor.

Author: Leonard A Cole

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789811231070

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 921

A mixture of memoir and biography, Chasing the Ghost: Nobelist Fred Reines and the Neutrino tells a deeply human story that appeals both to scientists and non-scientists. Although the book relates to the important discovery of neutrinos, it is more intimately about Fred Reines than the technical details of neutrino physics. Narrated in a fashion to interest and excite the reader, the science presented here is accessible to a broad audience. Coursing through Reines' life, his various challenges and encounters, the book reveals constants of his persona. Reines displayed a sustained consistency as a respected leader, admired by students and colleagues as a fount of big ideas and ambition. A continuing source of inspiration and motivation to others, his most basic consistency was his passion for science. The quest for knowledge about the wondrous universe is a profoundly human endeavor. Fred Reines' life and his unremitting scientific curiosity are emblematic of that truth.'This book is a most welcome account about Frederick Reines and his great contributions to neutrino physics and astrophysics. The methods he designed in the 1950s to discover neutrinos in nuclear reactor experiments are still being used. His later work included the detection of atmospheric neutrinos which was a forerunner to the discovery of neutrino oscillations, the ability of neutrinos to change from one type to another. This finding was a significant step to other experiments that aim to answer profound questions about the nature of the universe including why it is composed of matter.'Takaaki KajitaNobel Laureate in PhysicsNeutrino Researcher, University of Tokyo 'Cole has provided a compelling personal and scientific account of a remarkable pioneer in Neutrino Physics.'Arthur B McDonaldNobel Laureate in PhysicsDirector of the Sudbury Neutrino ObservatoryProfessor, Queen's University, Ontario, Canada
Categories: Science

Flat Space Cosmology

Flat Space Cosmology

Astronomy & Astrophysics, A23: 1–48. https://doi. org/10.1015/0004-6361/201321534 [4] Keating, Brian. Losing the Nobel Prize: A Story of Cosmology, Ambition, and the Perils of Science's Highest Honor. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 2018.

Author: Eugene Terry Tatum

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 9781627343398

Category: Science

Page: 204

View: 740

This compilation based upon recent peer-reviewed journal publications encapsulates how the Flat Space Cosmology model (FSC) has become the primary competitor to the inflationary standard model of cosmology. New ideas concerning black holes, dark energy and dark matter are presented and shown to correlate extremely well with astronomical observations. Anyone who follows the fast-changing science of cosmology, has an interest in the latest developments, and would like to know how it is that our universe appears to follow equations one would ordinarily expect for a time-reversed black hole (!), may find this book to be fascinating. Cosmology is the study of how the universe has changed over the great span of time (roughly 14 billion years). Later centuries will look back upon the period from 1990-2030 as a ‘Golden Age’ of theoretical and observational cosmology. It is highly likely that we are on the verge of a deeper understanding of the most mysterious energy (‘dark energy’) and matter (‘dark matter’) comprising the majority of energy and matter in the universe. Some of the material presented in this book is on the cutting edge of dark energy and dark matter theoretical work. This book summarizes, for the first time, the groundbreaking publications of two cosmologists, one from the United States and the other from India, from 2015 thru 2020. During this highly productive period, the authors stealthily published their papers in six different peer-reviewed scientific journals, so that the model could be quietly explored in all aspects before bringing it all together in a single book. This is that book!
Categories: Science

Flashes of Creation

Flashes of Creation

Cosmology. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1981. Hawking, Stephen. A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes. ... Losing the Nobel Prize: A Story of Cosmology, Ambition, and the Perils of Science's Highest Honor.

Author: Paul Halpern

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781541673618

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 234

A respected physics professor and author breaks down the great debate over the Big Bang and the continuing quest to understand the fate of the universe. Today, the Big Bang is so entrenched in our understanding of the cosmos that to doubt it would seem crazy. But as Paul Halpern shows in Flashes of Creation, just decades ago its mere mention caused sparks to fly. At the center of the debate were Russian American physicist George Gamow and British astrophysicist Fred Hoyle. Gamow insisted that a fiery explosion explained how the elements of the universe were created. Attacking the idea as half-baked, Hoyle countered that the universe was engaged in a never-ending process of creation. The battle was fierce. In the end, Gamow turned out to be right -- mostly -- and Hoyle, along with his many achievements, is remembered for giving the theory the silliest possible name: "The Big Bang." Halpern captures the brilliance of both thinkers and reminds us that even those proved wrong have much to teach us about boldness, imagination, and the universe itself.
Categories: Science

Global Epistemologies and Philosophies of Science

Global Epistemologies and Philosophies of Science

Why Most Published Research Findings Are False. PLOS Medicine 2 (8), 696–701. Keating, B. (2018). Losing the Nobel Prize: A Story of Cosmology, Ambition, and the Perils of Science's Highest Honor. W. W. Norton.

Author: David Ludwig

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000413816

Category: Social Science

Page: 338

View: 330

In bringing together a global community of philosophers, Global Epistemologies and Philosophies of Science develops novel perspectives on epistemology and philosophy of science by demonstrating how frameworks from academic philosophy (e.g. standpoint theory, social epistemology, feminist philosophy of science) and related fields (e.g. decolonial studies, transdisciplinarity, global history of science) can contribute to critical engagement with global dimensions of knowledge and science. Global challenges such as climate change, food production, and infectious diseases raise complex questions about scientific knowledge production and its interactions with local knowledge systems and social realities. As academic philosophy provides relatively little reflection on global negotiations of knowledge, many pressing scientific and societal issues remain disconnected from core debates in epistemology and philosophy of science. This book is an invitation to broaden agendas of academic philosophy by presenting epistemology and philosophy of science as globally engaged fields that address heterogeneous forms of knowledge production and their interactions with local livelihoods, practices, and worldviews. This integrative ambition makes the book equally relevant for philosophers and interdisciplinary scholars who are concerned with methodological and political challenges at the intersection of science and society.
Categories: Social Science

Critical Thinking in Psychology

Critical Thinking in Psychology

Losing the Nobel Prize: A story of cosmology, ambition, and the perils of science's highest honor. New York: Norton. Klawans, H. L. (1996). Why Michael couldn't hit: And other tales of the neurology of sports. Basingstoke: Macmillan.

Author: Robert J. Sternberg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108497152

Category: Education

Page: 300

View: 209

Pinpoints exactly what critical thinking is and uses cutting-edge research to show how to teach and assess it.
Categories: Education

Gravity s Century

Gravity   s Century

Losing the Nobel Prize: A Story of Cosmology, Ambition, and the Perils of Science's Highest Honor. New York: Norton, 2018. DEEPER DIVE: GRAVITATIONAL WAVES LOST AND FOUND Hunt, Bruce. 2012. “Oliver Heaviside: A First-Rate Oddity.

Author: Ron Cowen

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674974968

Category: Science

Page: 176

View: 746

Ron Cowen offers a sweeping account of the century of experimentation that has consistently confirmed Einstein’s general theory of relativity. He shows how we got from Eddington’s pivotal observations of the 1919 eclipse to the Event Horizon Telescope, aimed at starlight wrapping around the black hole at our galaxy’s center.
Categories: Science

Determinism and Its Discontents

Determinism and Its Discontents

Losing the Nobel Prize: A story of cosmology, ambition, and the perils of science's highest honor. W. W. Norton. Koestler, A. (1963). The sleepwalkers. Grosset's Universal Library. (First published 1959) Kohlberg, L. (1973).

Author: Suresh Kanekar

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 9781627343626

Category: Philosophy

Page: 160

View: 304

The deterministic position is that all events are effects of previous events and causes of future events, in inexorable cause-effect sequences, which leave no room for intervention of anything outside of the stream of causal relationships, such as free will, thus rendering moral responsibility meaningless. Libertarians believe in freedom of will which is, for them, indispensable for moral responsibility. This controversy can be resolved only by making a clear distinction between two kinds of freedom. In common parlance, freedom means freedom from constraint or compulsion, which can be designated as contra-constraintual freedom. The second meaning of freedom is freedom from causation, which has been referred to as contra-causal freedom, and this is the meaning that is inherent in the concept of freedom of will. If we have contra-causal freedom, we can choose or decide to act irrespective of antecedent conditions including our own past. The distinction between contra-causal freedom and contra-constraintual freedom is the key to the resolution of the controversy between determinism and libertarianism. The absence of contra-causal freedom prevails at the theoretical, conceptual, objective, abstract, or as-is level, whereas contra-constraintual freedom functions at the practical, behavioral, subjective, concrete, or as-if level. All we need for moral responsibility is contra-constraintual freedom, and not contra-causal freedom. At the as-is level, there is neither freedom nor dignity, neither morality nor accountability, and neither purpose nor meaning for human existence. It is only at the as-if level that these terms make any sense at all. In theory there is no choice from alternative courses of action in light of the absence of contra-causal freedom; in practice there is, in direct proportion to contra-constraintual freedom. And that practice forms the foundation of criminal jurisprudence and moral behavior in general, without which human civilization would not survive.
Categories: Philosophy

The Man Who Solved the Market

The Man Who Solved the Market

How Jim Simons Launched the Quant Revolution SHORTLISTED FOR THE FT & MCKINSEY BUSINESS BOOK OF THE YEAR AWARD 2019 ... Brian Keating, Losing the Nobel Prize: A Story of Cosmology, Ambition, and the Perils of Science's Highest Honor ...

Author: Gregory Zuckerman

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 9780241981344

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 308

NEW YORK TIMES AND SUNDAY TIMES BUSINESS BESTSELLER THE GRIPPING STORY OF HOW A WORLD-CLASS MATHEMATICIAN AND FORMER CODE BREAKER MASTERED THE MARKET When Jim Simons hired physicists, mathematicians and computer scientists to form a hedge fund, experts scoffed. These people would become some of the richest in the world, amassing piles of data and building algorithms that would find the deeply hidden patterns in global markets. Taking the name Renaissance, the company's executives soon began exerting influence outside of the financial world. While Simons became a major figure in scientific research, education, and liberal politics, his senior executive Robert Mercer has been credited with Trump's victorious presidential candidacy and helping steer the UK towards Brexit. Drawing on unprecedented access to Simons and dozens of his employees, Zuckerman, a veteran Wall Street Journal investigative reporter, paints a portrait of a modern-day Midas who remade markets in his own image, but failed to anticipate how his success would impact his firm, his country and the world. SHORTLISTED FOR THE FT & MCKINSEY BUSINESS BOOK OF THE YEAR 'Reads more like a delicious page-turning novel' Bloomberg 'A compelling read' Economist 'Captivating' New York Times book review
Categories: Business & Economics