Logica Modernorum in Prague about 1400

Logica Modernorum in Prague about 1400

The edition is the basis of a partial reconstruction of Thomas of Cleves' Logica.

Author: Egbert P. Bos

Publisher: Brill Academic Pub

ISBN: STANFORD:36105112532358

Category: Architecture

Page: 481

View: 281

This anonymous source publication of a university discussion held in Prague about 1400 provides us with new information about medieval semantics after Peter of Spain and Richard Billingham. The edition is the basis of a partial reconstruction of Thomas of Cleves' Logica.
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Mediaeval and Renaissance Logic

Mediaeval and Renaissance Logic

Logica modernorum in Prague about 1400 : the sophistria disputation 'Quoniam quatuor (ms Cracow, Jagiellonian Library 686, ff. 1ra-79rb), with a partial reconstruction of Thomas of Cleve's Logica.

Author: Dov M. Gabbay

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080560857

Category: Mathematics

Page: 728

View: 723

Starting at the very beginning with Aristotle's founding contributions, logic has been graced by several periods in which the subject has flourished, attaining standards of rigour and conceptual sophistication underpinning a large and deserved reputation as a leading expression of human intellectual effort. It is widely recognized that the period from the mid-19th century until the three-quarter mark of the century just past marked one of these golden ages, a period of explosive creativity and transforming insights. It has been said that ignorance of our history is a kind of amnesia, concerning which it is wise to note that amnesia is an illness. It would be a matter for regret, if we lost contact with another of logic's golden ages, one that greatly exceeds in reach that enjoyed by mathematical symbolic logic. This is the period between the 11th and 16th centuries, loosely conceived of as the Middle Ages. The logic of this period does not have the expressive virtues afforded by the symbolic resources of uninterpreted calculi, but mediaeval logic rivals in range, originality and intellectual robustness a good deal of the modern record. The range of logic in this period is striking, extending from investigation of quantifiers and logic consequence to inquiries into logical truth; from theories of reference to accounts of identity; from work on the modalities to the stirrings of the logic of relations, from theories of meaning to analyses of the paradoxes, and more. While the scope of mediaeval logic is impressive, of greater importance is that nearly all of it can be read by the modern logician with at least some prospect of profit. The last thing that mediaeval logic is, is a museum piece. Mediaeval and Renaissance Logic is an indispensable research tool for anyone interested in the development of logic, including researchers, graduate and senior undergraduate students in logic, history of logic, mathematics, history of mathematics, computer science and AI, linguistics, cognitive science, argumentation theory, philosophy, and the history of ideas. - Provides detailed and comprehensive chapters covering the entire range of modal logic - Contains the latest scholarly discoveries and interpretative insights that answer many questions in the field of logic
Categories: Mathematics

The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Logic

The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Logic

Logica modernorum in Prague about 1400. Leiden: Brill, §§ 85 and 86. Aouad, Maroun. 2002. Averroès, Commentaire moyen à la 'Rhétorique' d'Aristote Édition critique du texte arabe et traduction française, three volumes.

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ISBN: 9781107062313

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Nicholas of Amsterdam

Nicholas of Amsterdam

Bos, E. P. (2004), Logica modernorum in Prague about 1400. The Sophistria-disputation 'Quoniam quatuor' (MS Cracow, Jagiellonian Library 686, ff. 1ra–79rb), with a Partial Reconstruction of Thomas of Cleves' Logica, Edition with an ...

Author: Egbert P. Bos

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027266477

Category: Philosophy

Page: 383

View: 537

Master Nicholas of Amsterdam was a prominent master of arts in Germany during the first half of the fifteenth century. He composed various commentaries on Aristotle’s works. One of these commentaries is on the logica vetus, the old logic, viz. on Porphyry’s Isagoge and on Aristotle’s Categories and On Interpretation. This commentary is edited and introduced here. Nicholas is a ‘modernus’ – as opposed to the ‘antiqui’, who were realists – which means that he is a conceptualist belonging to the university tradition that accepted John Buridan (ca. 1300-1360 or 1361) and Marsilius of Inghen (ca. 1340-1396) as its masters. In medieval philosophy, a parallel between thinking and reality is generally upheld. Nicholas makes a sharp distinction between the two; this may be interpreted as a step towards a separation between the two realms, as is common in philosophy in later centuries. Other characteristics of Nicholas are that he defends the position that science has its place in a proposition, and does not simply follow reality. Furthermore, he emphasizes the part played by individual things. Fifteenth-century philosophy has hardly been studied, mainly because that century has long been considered unoriginal. Nicholas of Amsterdam certainly deserves the historian’s interest in order to evaluate how medieval philosophy prepared the way for modern philosophy.
Categories: Philosophy

Intentionality Cognition and Mental Representation in Medieval Philosophy

Intentionality  Cognition  and Mental Representation in Medieval Philosophy

See E. P. Bos, Logica Modernorum in Prague about 1400 (Leiden: Brill, 2004), 438 (Appendix I.1). See also Albert of Saxony, Perutilis Logica, tr. 2 ch. 3, in C. Kann, Die Eigenschaften der Termini (Leiden: Brill, 1994), ...

Author: Gyula Klima

Publisher: Fordham Univ Press

ISBN: 9780823262762

Category: Philosophy

Page: 374

View: 547

It is commonly supposed that certain elements of medieval philosophy are uncharacteristically preserved in modern philosophical thought through the idea that mental phenomena are distinguished from physical phenomena by their intentionality, their intrinsic directedness toward some object. The many exceptions to this presumption, however, threaten its viability. This volume explores the intricacies and varieties of the conceptual relationships medieval thinkers developed among intentionality, cognition, and mental representation. Ranging from Aquinas, Scotus, Ockham, and Buridan through less-familiar writers, the collection sheds new light on the various strands that run between medieval and modern thought and bring us to a number of fundamental questions in the philosophy of mind as it is conceived today.
Categories: Philosophy

Giraldus Odonis O F M

Giraldus Odonis O  F  M

ISBN 90 04 13907 9 Bos, E.P. Logica modernorum in Prague about 1400. The Sophistria disputation 'Quoniam quatuor' (MS Cracow, Jagiellonian Library 686, ff. 1ra-79rb), With a Partial Reconstruction of Thomas of Cleve's Logica.

Author: Odonis Geraldus

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004111172

Category: Philosophy

Page: 898

View: 101

This volume contains the first critical edition of Girald Odonis (d. 1349), "De intentionibus." Girald discusses the problems of conceptualization that the philosophers and theologians around 1300 were faced with in their attempts to show that the various concepts ("intentiones") we use to describe the outside world reliably represent Reality. The text edition is prefaced by an extensive study of the intentionality debate around 1300. This debate is described in terms of what is nowadays called cognitive psychology and epistemology.
Categories: Philosophy

Philosophical Debates at Paris in the Early Fourteenth Century

Philosophical Debates at Paris in the Early Fourteenth Century

... E.P. Logica modernorum in Prague about 1400. The Sophistria disputation 'Quoniam quatuor' (MS Cracow, Jagiellonian Library 686, ff. 1ra-79rb), With a Partial Reconstruction of Thomas of Cleve's Logica. Edition with an Introduction ...

Author: Stephen Brown

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789047429104

Category: Philosophy

Page: 530

View: 557

Focusing on Meister Eckhart, John Duns Scotus, Hervaeus Natalis, Durandus of St.-Pourçain, Walter Burley and Petrus Aureoli, this volume investigates the nature of philosophical and theological issues and arguments at the University of Paris in the early fourteenth century.
Categories: Philosophy

Concepts

Concepts

A compilation of these references , which constitute a set of fragments illustrating its content , is forthcoming in Logica modernorum in Prague about 1400 , ed . E.P. Bos . 113 “ object ” interposing itself , literally , thrown in 68 ...

Author: Egbert P. Bos

Publisher: Peeters Pub & Booksellers

ISBN: STANFORD:36105110944449

Category: Philosophy

Page: 147

View: 111

Bos and Read present here two medieval treatises on concepts. These treatises were first unearthed by one of the editors in the course of a different project, namely the search for the origins of the notion of 'suppositio collectiva'. They appear to have attracted no attention since the middle of the fifteenth century. These are two of only three medieval treatises known to the editors explicitly devoted to discussion of concepts. That is not to deny that other works treat extensively of concepts among other matters. In the late fourteenth and fifteenth centuries it became increasingly common to devote single treatises to single matters-supposition, consequences, exponibles, obligations and so on. A more famous treatise on concepts is Peter of Ailly's Concepts, given a modern translation by Paul Spade. Peter's treatise was written in Paris in the early 1370s, and printed there and in Lyon several times in the 1490s. Thomas of Cleves' treatise was also written in Paris in the early 1370's, and that of Paul of Gelria some ten years later, if not in Paris then in Prague. Neither has been printed before. To preface the edition of the two texts, the editors provide an introduction discussing the origin of medieval conceptions of concepts and commenting in detail on the content of the two treatises. They also provide some biographical information on the authors and attempt to date and place their texts.
Categories: Philosophy