Linguistic Penalties and the Job Interview

Linguistic Penalties and the Job Interview

"Linguistic Penalties and the Job Interview looks at the role of language and interaction in constructing the job interview and how this role produces disadvantage in the linguistically diverse communities of the western world.

Author: Celia Roberts (Professor of Applied Linguistics)

Publisher:

ISBN: 1800500394

Category: Employment interviewing

Page:

View: 120

"Linguistic Penalties and the Job Interview looks at the role of language and interaction in constructing the job interview and how this role produces disadvantage in the linguistically diverse communities of the western world. It relates the specific activity of the job interview to the wider field of institutional discourse and discusses relevant social theories in the light of the data"--
Categories: Employment interviewing

Linguistic Penalties and the Job Interview

Linguistic Penalties and the Job Interview

This book examines the role of language and interaction in constructing the job interview and how this role produces disadvantage in the linguistically diverse communities of the Western world.

Author: Celia Roberts

Publisher: Equinox Publishing (UK)

ISBN: 1845537696

Category: Employment interviewing

Page: 290

View: 238

This book examines the role of language and interaction in constructing the job interview and how this role produces disadvantage in the linguistically diverse communities of the Western world.
Categories: Employment interviewing

Language Migration and Social Inequalities

Language  Migration and Social Inequalities

A Critical Sociolinguistic Perspective on Institutions and Work Alexandre Duchene, ... penalty, the interview creates a 'linguistic penalty' for this group.

Author: Alexandre Duchene

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781783091003

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 296

View: 108

Migration and the mobility of citizens around the globe pose important challenges to the linguistic and cultural homogeneity that nation-states rely on for defining their physical boundaries and identity, as well as the rights and obligations of their citizens. A new social order resulting from neoliberal economic practices, globalisation and outsourcing also challenges traditional ways the nation-state has organized its control over the people who have typically travelled to a new country looking for work or better life chances. This collection provides an account of the ways language addresses core questions concerning power and the place of migrants in various institutional and workplace settings. It brings together contributions from a range of geographical settings to understand better how linguistic inequality is (re)produced in this new economic order.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Introducing Language in the Workplace

Introducing Language in the Workplace

Enacting the institutional role of chairperson in upper management meetings: The ... The gatekeeping of Babel: Job interviews and the linguistic penalty.

Author: Bernadette Vine

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108585439

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page:

View: 470

Assuming no prior linguistics background, this introductory textbook summarises key topics and issues from workplace discourse research in a clear and accessible manner. The topics covered include how people issue directives, use humour and social talk, and how they manage conflict and disagreement. The role of language in the enactment of identity is also explored, in particular leadership, gender, and cultural identity, along with the implications and applications of workplace research for training and communications skills development. Over 160 international examples are provided as illustration, which come from a wide range of workplace settings, countries and languages. The examples focus on authentic spoken discourse, to demonstrate how theory captures the patterns found in everyday interaction. Introducing Language in the Workplace provides an excellent up-to-date resource for linguistics courses as well as other courses that cover workplace discourse, such as business communication or management studies.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language and Superdiversity

Language and Superdiversity

In promotion and junior management selection interviews, ... competency framework of these interviews, that creates a linguistic penalty for candidates from ...

Author: Karel Arnaut

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317548348

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 286

View: 957

A first synthesis of work done in sociolinguistic superdiversity, this volume offers a substantial introduction to the field and the issues and state-of-the-art research papers organized around three themes: Sketching the paradigm, Sociolinguistic complexity, Policing complexity. The focus is to show how complexity rather than plurality can serve as a lens through which an equally vast range of topics, sites, and issues can be tied together. Superdiversity captures the acceleration and intensification of processes of social ‘mixing’ and ‘fragmentation’ since the early 1990s, as an outcome of two different but related processes: new post-Cold War migration flows, and the advent and spread of the Internet and mobile technologies. The confluence of these forces have created entirely new sociolinguistic environments, leading to research in the past decade that has brought a mixture of new empirical terrain–extreme diversity in language and literacy resources, complex repertoires and practices of participants in interaction–and conceptual challenges. Language and Superdiversity is a landmark volume bringing together the work of the scholars and researchers who spearhead the development of the sociolinguistics of superdiversity.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

Language Investment and Employability

Language Investment and Employability

The gatekeeping of Babel: Job interviews and the linguistic penalty. In A. Duchêne, M. Moyer, & C. Roberts (Eds.), Language, migration and social ...

Author: Mi-Cha Flubacher

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319608730

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 119

View: 519

This book provides a unique insight into negotiations around language investment for employability in the context of public employment services. Drawing on extensive ethnographical research carried out in Regional Employment Offices in Switzerland, the authors follow the stories of various job seekers. In doing so, they challenge the currently dominant assumption that investment in language competences leads to better employability. Arguing for a political economic perspective on these issues, this book will be of interest to anyone concerned with the connections between language and social inequality, as well as students and scholars of sociolinguistics and applied linguistics.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Displaying Competence in Organizations

Displaying Competence in Organizations

However, microanalysis of these encounters shows that they produce a 'linguistic penalty' for those not socialized into the discourses of the interview.

Author: K. Pelsmaekers

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230307322

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 210

View: 302

Competence encompasses or overlaps with notions of efficiency, success, accountability, excellence and self-justification. This collection explores ways in which individuals, teams or groups in organizations discursively present themselves as competent to perform tasks or functions, possibly at a superior level.
Categories: Business & Economics

Handbook of Gendered Careers in Management

Handbook of Gendered Careers in Management

Getting In, Getting On, Getting Out Adelina M. Broadbridge, Sandra L. Fielden ... of Babel: job interviews and the linguistic penalty', in A. Duchêne, ...

Author: Adelina M. Broadbridge

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781782547709

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 560

View: 544

Handbook of Gendered Careers in Management provides an international overview of current practice and theory surrounding gendered employment in management, illustrating the impact of gender on key stages of career development.
Categories: Business & Economics

Language Immigration and Labor

Language  Immigration and Labor

Negotiating Work in the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands E. DuBord. Philadelphia: Temple UP. ... The gatekeeping of Babel: Job interviews and the linguistic penalty.

Author: E. DuBord

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137301024

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 184

View: 294

This book explores dominant ideologies about citizenship, nation, and language that frame the everyday lives of Spanish-speaking immigrant day laborers in Arizona. It examines the value of speaking English in this context and the dynamics of intercultural communication in fast-paced job negotiations.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Oxford Handbook of Language and Society

The Oxford Handbook of Language and Society

... job interview situation. The linguistic penalty proposed by Roberts and Campbell is imposed on those who do not meet the standards of language. In fact ...

Author: Ofelia García

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190212896

Category: Language and culture

Page: 562

View: 484

Contributors explore a range of sociolinguistic topics, including language variation, language ideologies, bi/multilingualism, language policy, linguistic landscapes, and multimodality. Each chapter provides a critical overview of the limitations of modernist positivist perspectives, replacing them with novel, up-to-date ways of theorizing and researching. [Publisher]
Categories: Language and culture

Handbook of Communication in Organisations and Professions

Handbook of Communication in Organisations and Professions

The analysis of 70 real job interviews, the majority for low paid work, established that there was an unfair linguistic penalty for candidates born abroad ...

Author: Christopher N. Candlin

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110214222

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 645

View: 732

This volume presents mayor contributions of Applied Linguistics to the understanding of communications in the professions. The first two parts of this book deal with the theoretical and methodological orientations of professional communication studies, the history and development of professional communication studies, highlighting the discursive turn of Applied Linguistic research that goes far beyond the established paradigm of Language for Specific Purposes. The third part - the core of this book - presents research into professional practices from various domains (e.g. law, healthcare, business and management, organizations), sites of engagement (as e.g. lawyer-client-conference, doctor-patient interaction) and with respect to different themes that are generalizable across domains and sites (as e.g. communicative aspects of action and practice, of assessment and appraisal). In the final part, professionals from various domains evaluate the contribution to their work so far made by Applied Linguistics.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Linguistic Diversity and Social Justice

Linguistic Diversity and Social Justice

An Introduction to Applied Sociolinguistics Ingrid Piller ... The Gatekeeping of Babel: Job Interviews and the Linguistic Penalty. In A. Duchêne, M. Moyer, ...

Author: Ingrid Piller

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190614065

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 958

Understanding and addressing linguistic disadvantage must be a central facet of the social justice agenda of our time. This book explores the ways in which linguistic diversity mediates social justice in liberal democracies undergoing rapid change due to high levels of migration and economic globalization. Focusing on the linguistic dimensions of economic inequality, cultural domination and imparity of political participation, Linguistic Diversity and Social Justice employs a case-study approach to real-world instances of linguistic injustice. Linguistic diversity is a universal characteristic of human language but linguistic diversity is rarely neutral; rather it is accompanied by linguistic stratification and linguistic subordination. Domains critical to social justice include employment, education, and community participation. The book offers a detailed examination of the connection between linguistic diversity and inequality in these specific contexts within nation states that are organized as liberal democracies. Inequalities exist not only between individuals and groups within a state but also between states. Therefore, the book also explores the role of linguistic diversity in global injustice with a particular focus on the spread of English as a global language. While much of the analysis in this book focuses on language as a means of exclusion, discrimination and disadvantage, the concluding chapter asks what the content of linguistic justice might be.
Categories: Social Science

The Routledge Handbook of Migration and Language

The Routledge Handbook of Migration and Language

These candidates are given a linguistic penalty. ... They argue that the communicative demands of job interviews, for instance, are often greater than those ...

Author: Suresh Canagarajah

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317624349

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 590

View: 450

The Routledge Handbook of Migration and Language is the first comprehensive survey of this area, exploring language and human mobility in today’s globalised world. This key reference brings together a range of interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary perspectives, drawing on subjects such as migration studies, geography, philosophy, sociology and anthropology. Featuring over 30 chapters written by leading experts from around the world, this book: Examines how basic constructs such as community, place, language, diversity, identity, nation-state, and social stratification are being retheorized in the context of human mobility; Analyses the impact of the ‘mobility turn’ on language use, including the parallel ‘multilingual turn’ and translanguaging; Discusses the migration of skilled and unskilled workers, different forms of displacement, and new superdiverse and diaspora communities; Explores new research orientations and methodologies, such as mobile and participatory research, multi-sited ethnography, and the mixing of research methods; Investigates the place of language in citizenship, educational policies, employment and social services. The Routledge Handbook of Migration and Language is essential reading for those with an interest in migration studies, language policy, sociolinguistic research and development studies.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Routledge Handbook of Language in the Workplace

The Routledge Handbook of Language in the Workplace

“The Gatekeeping of Babel: Job Interviews and the Linguistic Penalty.” In Language, Migration and Social Inequalities, edited by Alexandre Duchene, ...

Author: Bernadette Vine

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317425809

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 444

View: 996

The Routledge Handbook of Language in the Workplace provides a comprehensive survey of linguistic research on language in the workplace written by top scholars in the field from around the world. The Handbook covers theoretical and methodological approaches, explores research in different types of workplace settings, and examines some key areas of workplace talk that have been investigated by workplace researchers. Issues of identity have become a major focus in recent workplace research and the Handbook highlights some core issues of relevance in this area, such as gender, leadership, and intercultural communication. As the field has developed, applications of workplace research for both native and non-native speakers have emerged. Insights can inform and improve input from practitioners training workers in a range of fields and across a variety of contexts, and the Handbook foregrounds some of the ways workplace research can do this. This is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students interested in learning more about workplace discourse.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Negotiating Boundaries at Work

Negotiating Boundaries at Work

In addition, several extensive studies of job interviews in Great Britain ... Such candidates face 'a linguistic penalty' which, according to Roberts and ...

Author: Jo Angouri

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9781474418379

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 256

View: 727

Focuses on transition talk and boundary crossing discourse in the modern workplace Moving between linguistic, professional and national boundaries is part of the daily reality of modern workplaces, where the concept of a 'job for life' is now outdated. Employees move between jobs, countries and even professions during their working lives, but the multilayered process of redefining personal, social and professional identities is not reflected in current workplace research. This volume brings together a range of scholars from different disciplinary areas in the field, examining the challenges of transition into a (new) workplace, team or community, as well as transitions within different professional communities. By analyzing the strategies individuals adopt to navigate the boundaries they face (in languages, workplaces or countries), this book demonstrates that transitions are not linear but are negotiated and constructed in the situated ahere and now of workplace interaction, at the same time as they are positioned in the wider socioeconomic order.Key FeaturesFocuses on the urban workplace environment and workforce mobility Contributors approach transitions from a number of perspectives representing the range of work currently being undertaken in the areaA range of cases are discussed in each chapter
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Community Solidarity and Multilingualism in a Transnational Social Movement

Community  Solidarity and Multilingualism in a Transnational Social Movement

A Critical Sociolinguistic Ethnography of Emmaus Maria Rosa Garrido Sardà ... The Gatekeeping of Babel: Job Interviews and the Linguistic Penalty.

Author: Maria Rosa Garrido Sardà

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429631849

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 200

View: 458

Community, solidarity and multilingualism in a transnational social movement presents a critical sociolinguistic ethnography of the Emmaus movement that analyses linguistic and discursive practices in two local communities in order to provide insight into solidarity discourses and transnational communication more broadly. Integrating perspectives from a range of disciplines, the monograph seeks to understand the ways in which social movements are maintained across disparate communities grounded in shared cultural referents and communicative practices but not necessarily a shared language. The book focuses on Emmaus, the solidarity movement that emerged in post-war France which brings formerly marginalised people together with others looking for an alternative lifestyle into live-in communities dedicated to recycling work and social projects. The book first offers a historical overview of the Emmaus movement more generally, moving into an account of its development and spread across national and linguistic borders. The volume draws on data from two Emmaus communities in Barcelona and London to analyse the everyday communicative and discursive practices that appropriate and resignify the shared transnational movement ideas in different socio-political, economic, historical and linguistic contexts. Community, solidarity and multilingualism in a transnational social movement considers the social implications of local practices on the situated (re)production and evolution of transnational social movements more generally and will be of particular interest to students and researchers in sociolinguistics, linguistic anthropology, discourse studies, cultural studies, and sociology.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Routledge Handbook of Language Awareness

The Routledge Handbook of Language Awareness

Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. Roberts, C. (2013) The gatekeeping of Babel: Job interviews and the linguistic penalty. In A. Duchêne, M. Moyer and ...

Author: Peter Garrett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317385332

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 536

View: 853

The Routledge Handbook of Language Awareness is a comprehensive and informative overview of the broad field of language awareness. It contains a collection of state-of-the-art reviews of both established themes and new directions, authored and edited by experts in the field. The handbook is divided into three sections and reflects the engaging diversity of language awareness perspectives on language teaching and teachers, language learning and learners, and extending to additional areas of importance that are less directly concerned with language instruction. In their introductory chapter, the editors provide valuable background to the language awareness field along with their summary of the chapters and issues covered. A helpful section giving further reading suggestions for each of the chapters is included at the end of the book. This volume is essential reading for graduate students and researchers working in the sphere of language awareness within applied linguistics, sociolinguistics and across the wider spectrum of language and communication.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Researching Multilingualism

Researching Multilingualism

Roberts, C. (2013) 'The gatekeeping of Babel: job interviews and the linguistic penalty', in A. Duchêne, M. Moyer & C. Roberts (eds) Language, Migration and ...

Author: Marilyn Martin-Jones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315405322

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 284

View: 191

Researching Multilingualism expertly engages with a new sociolinguistics of multilingualism, taking account of this new communicative order and the particular cultural and social conditions of our times. Seventeen chapters are divided into four sections covering: researching discourses, policies and practices; contemporary mobilities; Researching multilingual communication on-line; Multilingualism in research practice. This state-of-the-art overview of research methodologies in multilingual settings will be of interest for all students and researchers working in the area of multilingualism within Linguistics, Applied Linguistics, Education and Communication Studies.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Routledge Handbook of Language and Superdiversity

The Routledge Handbook of Language and Superdiversity

To answer the interviewer's question about his favourite work task, ... this as the 'linguistic penalty' which those in less powerful positions often face.

Author: Angela Creese

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317444688

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 536

View: 458

The Routledge Handbook of Language and Superdiversity provides an accessible and authoritative overview of this growing area, the linguistic analysis of interaction in superdiverse cities. Developed as a descriptive term to account for the increasingly stratified processes and effects of migration in Western Europe, ‘superdiversity’ has the potential to contribute to an enhanced understanding of mobility, complexity, and change, with theoretical, practical, global, and methodological reach. With seven sections edited by leading names, the handbook includes 35 state-of-the art chapters from international authorities. The handbook adopts a truly interdisciplinary approach, covering: Cultural heritage Sport Law Education Business and entrepreneurship. The result is a truly comprehensive account of how people live, work and communicate in superdiverse spaces. This volume is key reading for all those engaged in the study and research of Language and Superdiversity within Applied Linguistics, Linguistic Anthropology and related areas.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Oxford Handbook of Language Policy and Planning

The Oxford Handbook of Language Policy and Planning

Allan, K. (2013). Sites of selection. The gatekeeping of Babel: Job interviews and the linguistic penalty. In A. Duchêne, M. Moyer, & C. Roberts (Eds.), ...

Author: James W. Tollefson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190458904

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 656

View: 619

This Handbook provides a state-of-the-art account of research in language policy and planning (LPP). Through a critical examination of LPP, the Handbook offers new direction for a field in theoretical and methodological turmoil as a result of the socio-economic, institutional, and discursive processes of change taking place under the conditions of Late Modernity. Late Modernity refers to the widespread processes of late capitalism leading to the selective privatization of services (including education), the information revolution associated with rapidly changing statuses and functions of languages, the weakening of the institutions of nation-states (along with the strengthening of non-state actors), and the fragmentation of overlapping and competing identities associated with new complexities of language-identity relations and new forms of multilingual language use. As an academic discipline in the social sciences, LPP is fraught with tensions between these processes of change and the still-powerful ideological framework of modern nationalism. It is an exciting and energizing time for LPP research. This Handbook propels the field forward, offering a dialogue between the two major historical trends in LPP associated with the processes of Modernity and Late Modernity: the focus on continuity behind the institutional policies of the modern nation-state, and the attention to local processes of uncertainty and instability across different settings resulting from processes of change. The Handbook takes great strides toward overcoming the long-standing division between "top-down" and "bottom-up" analysis in LPP research, setting the stage for theoretical and methodological innovation. Part I defines alternative theoretical and conceptual frameworks in LPP, emphasizing developments since the ethnographic turn, including: ethnography in LPP; historical-discursive approaches; ethics, normative theorizing, and transdisciplinary methods; and the renewed focus on socio-economic class. Part II examines LPP against the background of influential ideas about language shaped by the institutions of the nation-state, with close attention to the social position of minority languages and specific communities facing profound language policy challenges. Part III investigates the turmoil and tensions that currently characterize LPP research under conditions of Late Modernity. Finally, Part IV presents an integrative summary and directions for future LPP research.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines