Development of Linguistic Linked Open Data Resources for Collaborative Data Intensive Research in the Language Sciences

Development of Linguistic Linked Open Data Resources for Collaborative Data Intensive Research in the Language Sciences

This volume examines the challenges inherent in making diverse data in linguistics and the language sciences open, distributed, integrated, and accessible, thus fostering wide data sharing and collaboration.

Author: Antonio Pareja-Lora

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262536257

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 272

View: 793

Making diverse data in linguistics and the language sciences open, distributed, and accessible: perspectives from language/language acquistiion researchers and technical LOD (linked open data) researchers. This volume examines the challenges inherent in making diverse data in linguistics and the language sciences open, distributed, integrated, and accessible, thus fostering wide data sharing and collaboration. It is unique in integrating the perspectives of language researchers and technical LOD (linked open data) researchers. Reporting on both active research needs in the field of language acquisition and technical advances in the development of data interoperability, the book demonstrates the advantages of an international infrastructure for scholarship in the field of language sciences. With contributions by researchers who produce complex data content and scholars involved in both the technology and the conceptual foundations of LLOD (linguistics linked open data), the book focuses on the area of language acquisition because it involves complex and diverse data sets, cross-linguistic analyses, and urgent collaborative research. The contributors discuss a variety of research methods, resources, and infrastructures. Contributors Isabelle Barrière, Nan Bernstein Ratner, Steven Bird, Maria Blume, Ted Caldwell, Christian Chiarcos, Cristina Dye, Suzanne Flynn, Claire Foley, Nancy Ide, Carissa Kang, D. Terence Langendoen, Barbara Lust, Brian MacWhinney, Jonathan Masci, Steven Moran, Antonio Pareja-Lora, Jim Reidy, Oya Y. Rieger, Gary F. Simons, Thorsten Trippel, Kara Warburton, Sue Ellen Wright, Claus Zinn
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Linguistic Linked Data

Linguistic Linked Data

This is the first monograph on the emerging area of linguistic linked data.

Author: Philipp Cimiano

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030302252

Category: Computers

Page: 286

View: 808

This is the first monograph on the emerging area of linguistic linked data. Presenting a combination of background information on linguistic linked data and concrete implementation advice, it introduces and discusses the main benefits of applying linked data (LD) principles to the representation and publication of linguistic resources, arguing that LD does not look at a single resource in isolation but seeks to create a large network of resources that can be used together and uniformly, and so making more of the single resource. The book describes how the LD principles can be applied to modelling language resources. The first part provides the foundation for understanding the remainder of the book, introducing the data models, ontology and query languages used as the basis of the Semantic Web and LD and offering a more detailed overview of the Linguistic Linked Data Cloud. The second part of the book focuses on modelling language resources using LD principles, describing how to model lexical resources using Ontolex-lemon, the lexicon model for ontologies, and how to annotate and address elements of text represented in RDF. It also demonstrates how to model annotations, and how to capture the metadata of language resources. Further, it includes a chapter on representing linguistic categories. In the third part of the book, the authors describe how language resources can be transformed into LD and how links can be inferred and added to the data to increase connectivity and linking between different datasets. They also discuss using LD resources for natural language processing. The last part describes concrete applications of the technologies: representing and linking multilingual wordnets, applications in digital humanities and the discovery of language resources. Given its scope, the book is relevant for researchers and graduate students interested in topics at the crossroads of natural language processing / computational linguistics and the Semantic Web / linked data. It appeals to Semantic Web experts who are not proficient in applying the Semantic Web and LD principles to linguistic data, as well as to computational linguists who are used to working with lexical and linguistic resources wanting to learn about a new paradigm for modelling, publishing and exploiting linguistic resources.
Categories: Computers

Linguistic Linked Open Data

Linguistic Linked Open Data

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 12th EUROLAN Summer School on Linguistic Linked Open Data and its Satellite Workshop on Social Media and the Web of Linked Data, RUMOUR 2015, held in Sibiu, Romania, in July 2015.

Author: Diana Trandabăţ

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319329420

Category: Computers

Page: 155

View: 129

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 12th EUROLAN Summer School on Linguistic Linked Open Data and its Satellite Workshop on Social Media and the Web of Linked Data, RUMOUR 2015, held in Sibiu, Romania, in July 2015. The 10 revised full papers presented together with 12 abstracts of tutorials were carefully reviewed and selected from 21 submissions.
Categories: Computers

Linked Data in Linguistics

Linked Data in Linguistics

This volume accompanies the Workshop on Linked Data in Linguistics 2012 (LDL-2012) in Frankfurt/M., Germany, organized by the Open Linguistics Working Group (OWLG) of the Open Knowledge Foundation (OKFN).

Author: Christian Chiarcos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642282492

Category: Computers

Page: 218

View: 351

The explosion of information technology has led to substantial growth of web-accessible linguistic data in terms of quantity, diversity and complexity. These resources become even more useful when interlinked with each other to generate network effects. The general trend of providing data online is thus accompanied by newly developing methodologies to interconnect linguistic data and metadata. This includes linguistic data collections, general-purpose knowledge bases (e.g., the DBpedia, a machine-readable edition of the Wikipedia), and repositories with specific information about languages, linguistic categories and phenomena. The Linked Data paradigm provides a framework for interoperability and access management, and thereby allows to integrate information from such a diverse set of resources. The contributions assembled in this volume illustrate the band-width of applications of the Linked Data paradigm for representative types of language resources. They cover lexical-semantic resources, annotated corpora, typological databases as well as terminology and metadata repositories. The book includes representative applications from diverse fields, ranging from academic linguistics (e.g., typology and corpus linguistics) over applied linguistics (e.g., lexicography and translation studies) to technical applications (in computational linguistics, Natural Language Processing and information technology). This volume accompanies the Workshop on Linked Data in Linguistics 2012 (LDL-2012) in Frankfurt/M., Germany, organized by the Open Linguistics Working Group (OWLG) of the Open Knowledge Foundation (OKFN). It assembles contributions of the workshop participants and, beyond this, it summarizes initial steps in the formation of a Linked Open Data cloud of linguistic resources, the Linguistic Linked Open Data cloud (LLOD).
Categories: Computers

Mastering Structured Data on the Semantic Web

Mastering Structured Data on the Semantic Web

This book will familiarize you with the leading controlled vocabularies and ontologies and explain how to represent your own concepts.

Author: Leslie Sikos

Publisher: Apress

ISBN: 9781484210499

Category: Computers

Page: 256

View: 591

A major limitation of conventional web sites is their unorganized and isolated contents, which is created mainly for human consumption. This limitation can be addressed by organizing and publishing data, using powerful formats that add structure and meaning to the content of web pages and link related data to one another. Computers can "understand" such data better, which can be useful for task automation. The web sites that provide semantics (meaning) to software agents form the Semantic Web, the Artificial Intelligence extension of the World Wide Web. In contrast to the conventional Web (the "Web of Documents"), the Semantic Web includes the "Web of Data", which connects "things" (representing real-world humans and objects) rather than documents meaningless to computers. Mastering Structured Data on the Semantic Web explains the practical aspects and the theory behind the Semantic Web and how structured data, such as HTML5 Microdata and JSON-LD, can be used to improve your site’s performance on next-generation Search Engine Result Pages and be displayed on Google Knowledge Panels. You will learn how to represent arbitrary fields of human knowledge in a machine-interpretable form using the Resource Description Framework (RDF), the cornerstone of the Semantic Web. You will see how to store and manipulate RDF data in purpose-built graph databases such as triplestores and quadstores, that are exploited in Internet marketing, social media, and data mining, in the form of Big Data applications such as the Google Knowledge Graph, Wikidata, or Facebook’s Social Graph. With the constantly increasing user expectations in web services and applications, Semantic Web standards gain more popularity. This book will familiarize you with the leading controlled vocabularies and ontologies and explain how to represent your own concepts. After learning the principles of Linked Data, the five-star deployment scheme, and the Open Data concept, you will be able to create and interlink five-star Linked Open Data, and merge your RDF graphs to the LOD Cloud. The book also covers the most important tools for generating, storing, extracting, and visualizing RDF data, including, but not limited to, Protégé, TopBraid Composer, Sindice, Apache Marmotta, Callimachus, and Tabulator. You will learn to implement Apache Jena and Sesame in popular IDEs such as Eclipse and NetBeans, and use these APIs for rapid Semantic Web application development. Mastering Structured Data on the Semantic Web demonstrates how to represent and connect structured data to reach a wider audience, encourage data reuse, and provide content that can be automatically processed with full certainty. As a result, your web contents will be integral parts of the next revolution of the Web.
Categories: Computers

Linked Democracy

Linked Democracy

This open access book shows the factors linking information flow, social intelligence, rights management and modelling with epistemic democracy, offering licensed linked data along with information about the rights involved.

Author: Marta Poblet

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030133634

Category: Data structures (Computer scienc

Page: 130

View: 802

This open access book shows the factors linking information flow, social intelligence, rights management and modelling with epistemic democracy, offering licensed linked data along with information about the rights involved. This model of democracy for the web of data brings new challenges for the social organisation of knowledge, collective innovation, and the coordination of actions. Licensed linked data, licensed linguistic linked data, right expression languages, semantic web regulatory models, electronic institutions, artificial socio-cognitive systems are examples of regulatory and institutional design (regulations by design). The web has been massively populated with both data and services, and semantically structured data, the linked data cloud, facilitates and fosters human-machine interaction. Linked data aims to create ecosystems to make it possible to browse, discover, exploit and reuse data sets for applications. Rights Expression Languages semi-automatically regulate the use and reuse of content.
Categories: Data structures (Computer scienc

Knowledge Engineering and Semantic Web

Knowledge Engineering and Semantic Web

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and the Semantic Web, KESW 2017, held Szczecin, Poland, in November 2017.

Author: Przemysław Różewski

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319695488

Category: Computers

Page: 364

View: 727

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and the Semantic Web, KESW 2017, held Szczecin, Poland, in November 2017. The 16 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 58 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on natural language processing; knowledge representation and reasoning; ontologies and controlled vocabularies; scalable data access and storage solutions; semantic Web and education; linked data; semantic technologies in manufacturing and business.
Categories: Computers

The Semantic Web ISWC 2017

The Semantic Web     ISWC 2017

The total of 55 full and 21 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 300 submissions. They are organized according to the tracks that were held: Research Track; Resource Track; and In-Use Track.

Author: Claudia d'Amato

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319682884

Category: Computers

Page: 764

View: 950

The two-volume set LNCS 10587 + 10588 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 16th International Semantic Web Conference, ISWC 2017, held in Vienna, Austria, in October 2017. ISWC 2017 is the premier international forum, for the Semantic Web / Linked Data Community. The total of 55 full and 21 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 300 submissions. They are organized according to the tracks that were held: Research Track; Resource Track; and In-Use Track.
Categories: Computers

Knowledge Graphs and Language Technology

Knowledge Graphs and Language Technology

This book constitutes the combined refereed proceedings of ISWC Satellite Wor shops KEKIand NLP&DBpedia 2016 which were held in conjunction with ISWC 2016 in Kobe, Japan, inOctober 2016.

Author: Marieke van Erp

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319687230

Category: Computers

Page: 137

View: 153

This book constitutes the combined refereed proceedings of ISWC Satellite Wor shops KEKIand NLP&DBpedia 2016 which were held in conjunction with ISWC 2016 in Kobe, Japan, inOctober 2016. The 9 papers presented were carefully selected and reviewed from 20submissions. They focus on the use of linguistic linked open data, the linguistic aspectsof DBpedia, the improvement of of DBpedia through NLP applications, on increasing theNLP applications through integrating knowledge from DPpedia.
Categories: Computers

Engineering Background Knowledge for Social Robots

Engineering Background Knowledge for Social Robots

This book, Engineering Background Knowledge for Social Robots, introduces a component-based architecture for supporting the knowledge-intensive tasks performed by social robots.

Author: L. Asprino

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781643681092

Category: Computers

Page: 238

View: 630

Social robots are embodied agents that perform knowledge-intensive tasks involving several kinds of information from different heterogeneous sources. This book, Engineering Background Knowledge for Social Robots, introduces a component-based architecture for supporting the knowledge-intensive tasks performed by social robots. The design was based on the requirements of a real socially-assistive robotic application, and all the components contribute to and benefit from the knowledge base which is its cornerstone. The knowledge base is structured by a set of interconnected and modularized ontologies which model the information, and is initially populated with linguistic, ontological and factual knowledge retrieved from Linked Open Data. Access to the knowledge base is guaranteed by Lizard, a tool providing software components, with an API for accessing facts stored in the knowledge base in a programmatic and object-oriented way. The author introduces two methods for engineering the knowledge needed by robots, a novel method for automatically integrating knowledge from heterogeneous sources with a frame-driven approach, and a novel empirical method for assessing foundational distinctions over Linked Open Data entities from a common-sense perspective. These effectively enable the evolution of the robot’s knowledge by automatically integrating information derived from heterogeneous sources and the generation of common-sense knowledge using Linked Open Data as an empirical basis. The feasibility and benefits of the architecture have been assessed through a prototype deployed in a real socially-assistive scenario, and the book presents two applications and the results of a qualitative and quantitative evaluation.
Categories: Computers

The Semantic Web ISWC 2020

The Semantic Web     ISWC 2020

The papers included in this volume deal with the latest advances in fundamental research, innovative technology, and applications of the Semantic Web, linked data, knowledge graphs, and knowledge processing on the Web.

Author: Jeff Z. Pan

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030624668

Category:

Page:

View: 203

Categories:

Language Data and Knowledge

Language  Data  and Knowledge

This book constitutes the proceedings of the First International Conference on Language, Data and Knowledge, LDK 2017, held in Galway, Ireland, in June 2017.

Author: Jorge Gracia

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319598888

Category: Computers

Page: 396

View: 878

This book constitutes the proceedings of the First International Conference on Language, Data and Knowledge, LDK 2017, held in Galway, Ireland, in June 2017. The 14 full papers and 19 short papers included in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 68 initial submissions. They deal with language data; knowledge graphs; applications in NLP; and use cases in digital humanities, social sciences, and BioNLP.
Categories: Computers

The Genesis of Sri Lanka Malay

The Genesis of Sri Lanka Malay

Sri Lanka Malay shows extreme language contact: Malay phonology and lexicon are squared with clearly Indian morphosyntax and semantics.

Author: Sebastian Nordhoff

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004234130

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 312

View: 798

Sri Lanka Malay shows extreme language contact: Malay phonology and lexicon are squared with clearly Indian morphosyntax and semantics. Historical, anthropological, typological and structural approaches shed light on the complex genesis and rapid evolution of this language.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Linked Democracy

Linked Democracy

This open access book shows the factors linking information flow, social intelligence, rights management and modelling with epistemic democracy, offering licensed linked data along with information about the rights involved.

Author: Marta Poblet

Publisher:

ISBN: 3030133648

Category: Data structures (Computer scienc

Page: 130

View: 462

This open access book shows the factors linking information flow, social intelligence, rights management and modelling with epistemic democracy, offering licensed linked data along with information about the rights involved. This model of democracy for the web of data brings new challenges for the social organisation of knowledge, collective innovation, and the coordination of actions. Licensed linked data, licensed linguistic linked data, right expression languages, semantic web regulatory models, electronic institutions, artificial socio-cognitive systems are examples of regulatory and institutional design (regulations by design). The web has been massively populated with both data and services, and semantically structured data, the linked data cloud, facilitates and fosters human-machine interaction. Linked data aims to create ecosystems to make it possible to browse, discover, exploit and reuse data sets for applications. Rights Expression Languages semi-automatically regulate the use and reuse of content.--
Categories: Data structures (Computer scienc

Information Management and Big Data

Information Management and Big Data

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th Annual International Symposium on Information Management and Big Data, SIMBig 2017, held in Lima, Peru, in September 2017.

Author: Juan Antonio Lossio-Ventura

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319905969

Category: Computers

Page: 149

View: 164

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th Annual International Symposium on Information Management and Big Data, SIMBig 2017, held in Lima, Peru, in September 2017. The 10 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 71 submissions. The papers address issues such as Data Science, Big Data, Data Mining, Natural Language Processing, Text Mining, Information Retrieval, Machine Learning, Semantic Web, Ontologies, Web Mining, Knowledge Representation and Linked Open Data, Social Web and Web Science, Information Visualization.
Categories: Computers

Web Standards

Web Standards

This edition has been fully updated with the latest in web standards, including the finalized HTML5 vocabulary and the full list of CSS3 properties.

Author: Leslie Sikos

Publisher: Apress

ISBN: 9781484208830

Category: Computers

Page: 524

View: 426

Web Standards: Mastering HTML5, CSS3, and XML provides solutions to the most common web design problems, and gives you a deep understanding of web standards and how they can be implemented to improve your web sites. You will learn how to develop fully standards-compliant, mobile-friendly, and search engine-optimized web sites that are robust, fast, and easy to update while providing excellent user experience and interoperability. The book covers all major web standards for markup, style sheets, web typography, web syndication, semantic annotations, and accessibility. This edition has been fully updated with the latest in web standards, including the finalized HTML5 vocabulary and the full list of CSS3 properties. Web Standards: Mastering HTML5, CSS3, and XML is also a comprehensive guide to current and future standards for the World Wide Web, demonstrating the implementation of new technologies to address the constantly growing user expectations. Web Standards: Mastering HTML5, CSS3, and XML presents step-by-step guides based on solid design principles and best practices, and shows the most common web development tools and web design frameworks. You will master HTML5 and its XML serialization, XHTML5, the new structuring and multimedia elements, the most important HTML5 APIs, and understand the standardization process of HTML 5.1, HTML 5.2, and future HTML5 versions.
Categories: Computers

The Use of Databases in Cross linguistic Studies

The Use of Databases in Cross linguistic Studies

The goals of the system are ( a ) to provide an interface that will help users find
relevant data , and ( b ) to enable users to interpret the data they are presented
with . ... for each database field , supported by documentation on any linked
linguistic concepts in the TDS global ontology . ... the Open Archives Initiative (
OAI , at http : / / www . openarchives . org / ) , and the linguistics - specific
initiatives of the ...

Author: Martin Everaert

Publisher: De Gruyter Mouton

ISBN: STANFORD:36105132210324

Category: Computers

Page: 409

View: 540

This book promotes the development of linguistic databases by describing a number of successful database projects, focusing especially on cross-linguistic and typological research. It has become increasingly clear that ready access to knowledge about cross-linguistic variation is of great value to many types of linguistic research. Such a systematic body of data is essential in order to gain a proper understanding of what is truly universal in language and what is determined by specific cultural settings. Moreover, it is increasingly needed as a tool to systematically evaluate contrasting theoretical claims. The book includes a chapter on general problems of using databases to handle language data and chapters on a number of individual projects. Note: This title was originally announced as including a CD-Rom with databases. The CD-Rom, however, was replaced by a list of URLs within the book. More information as well as links to the databases can also be found here.
Categories: Computers

Handbook of Linguistic Annotation

Handbook of Linguistic Annotation

This handbook offers a thorough treatment of the science of linguistic annotation. Leaders in the field guide the reader through the process of modeling, creating an annotation language, building a corpus and evaluating it for correctness.

Author: Nancy Ide

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789402408812

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1459

View: 752

This handbook offers a thorough treatment of the science of linguistic annotation. Leaders in the field guide the reader through the process of modeling, creating an annotation language, building a corpus and evaluating it for correctness. Essential reading for both computer scientists and linguistic researchers.Linguistic annotation is an increasingly important activity in the field of computational linguistics because of its critical role in the development of language models for natural language processing applications. Part one of this book covers all phases of the linguistic annotation process, from annotation scheme design and choice of representation format through both the manual and automatic annotation process, evaluation, and iterative improvement of annotation accuracy. The second part of the book includes case studies of annotation projects across the spectrum of linguistic annotation types, including morpho-syntactic tagging, syntactic analyses, a range of semantic analyses (semantic roles, named entities, sentiment and opinion), time and event and spatial analyses, and discourse level analyses including discourse structure, co-reference, etc. Each case study addresses the various phases and processes discussed in the chapters of part one.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Digital Classics Outside the Echo Chamber

Digital Classics Outside the Echo Chamber

Edited by organisers of “Digital Classicist” seminars in London and Berlin, this volume explores the impact of computational approaches to the study of antiquity on audiences other than the scholars who conventionally publish it.

Author: Gabriel Bodard

Publisher: Ubiquity Press

ISBN: 9781909188471

Category: Social Science

Page: 236

View: 530

Edited by organisers of “Digital Classicist” seminars in London and Berlin, this volume explores the impact of computational approaches to the study of antiquity on audiences other than the scholars who conventionally publish it. In addition to colleagues in classics and digital humanities, the eleven chapters herein concern and are addressed to students, heritage professionals and “citizen scientists”. Each chapter is a scholarly contribution, presenting research questions in the classics, digital humanities or, in many cases, both. They are all also examples of work within one of the most important areas of academia today: scholarly research and outputs that engage with collaborators and audiences not only including our colleagues, but also students, academics in different fields including the hard sciences, professionals and the broader public. Collaboration and scholarly interaction, particularly with better-funded and more technically advanced disciplines, is essential to digital humanities and perhaps even more so to digital classics. The international perspectives on these issues are especially valuable in an increasingly connected, institutionally and administratively diverse world. This book addresses the broad range of issues scholars and practitioners face in engaging with students, professionals and the public, in accessible and valuable chapters from authors of many backgrounds and areas of expertise, including language and linguistics, history, archaeology and architecture. This collection will be of interest to teachers, scientists, cultural heritage professionals, linguists and enthusiasts of history and antiquity.
Categories: Social Science