Rising Life Expectancy

A Global History

Author: James C. Riley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521002813

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 243

View: 4604

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book traces the global history of rising life expectancy in the last 200 years.
Release

Poverty and Life Expectancy

The Jamaica Paradox

Author: James C. Riley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521850476

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 235

View: 5852

DOWNLOAD NOW »

A 2005 multidisciplinary study explaining Jamaica's rise from low to high life expectancy.
Release

East-West Life Expectancy Gap in Europe

Environmental and Non-Environmental Determinants

Author: C. Hertzman,Shona Kelly,Martin Bobak

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792342076

Category: Medical

Page: 236

View: 9086

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This volume presents the procedings of an "Advanced Research Workshop," held under the auspices of the NATO International Scientific Exchange Programme, on the Environmental and Non-environmental Determinants of the East-West Life Expectancy Gap in Europe. The workshop brought together individuals from Eastern and Western Europe and North America who had a common interest in understanding the evolution of the relative declines in life expectancy in Central and Eastern Europe, compared to the West, over the past 30 years. Between 1989 and 1993, I carried out a series of investigations into the effects of environmental pollution on human health in Central and Eastern Europe, at first, under the auspices of the World Bank, and later, under a broader multilateral, multi-agency arrangement known as the "Environment for Europe" Process. These investigations provided unparalleled access to environmental health data from the region, and offered a glimpse of what the contribution of pollution to health status was, and what it was not. At the same time, the Program in Population Health of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIAR) and the International Centre for Health and Society (ICHS) at University College, London, were embarking upon multi-disciplinary inquiries into the broad determinants of health in modern societies. The work of the CIAR provided a framework for conceptualizing the East-West life expectancy gap and its potential determinants; the work of the ICHS provided specific insights into the relative contributions of these determinants.
Release

Life Expectancy

Author: Dean Koontz

Publisher: Bantam

ISBN: 9780307414298

Category: Fiction

Page: 496

View: 4233

DOWNLOAD NOW »

With his bestselling blend of nail-biting intensity, daring artistry, and storytelling magic, Dean Koontz returns with an emotional roller coaster of a tale filled with enough twists, turns, shocks, and surprises for ten ordinary novels. Here is the story of five days in the life of an ordinary man born to an extraordinary legacy—a story that will challenge the way you look at good and evil, life and death, and everything in between. Jimmy Tock comes into the world on the very night his grandfather leaves it. As a violent storm rages outside the hospital, Rudy Tock spends long hours walking the corridors between the expectant fathers' waiting room and his dying father's bedside. It's a strange vigil made all the stranger when, at the very height of the storm's fury, Josef Tock suddenly sits up in bed and speaks coherently for the frist and last time since his stroke. What he says before he dies is that there will be five dark days in the life of his grandson—five dates whose terrible events Jimmy will have to prepare himself to face. The first is to occur in his twentieth year; the second in his twent-third year; the third in his twenty-eighth; the fourth in his twenty-ninth; the fifth in his thirtieth. Rudy is all too ready to discount his father's last words as a dying man's delusional rambling. But then he discovers that Josef also predicted the time of his grandson's birth to the minute, as well as his exact height and weight, and the fact that Jimmy would be born with syndactyly—the unexplained anomal of fused digits—on his left foot. Suddenly the old man's predictions take on a chilling significance. What terrifying events await Jimmy on these five dark days? What nightmares will he face? What challenges must he survive? As the novel unfolds, picking up Jimmy's story at each of these crisis points, the path he must follow will defy every expectation. And with each crisis he faces, he will move closer to a fate he could never have imagined. For who Jimmy Tock is and what he must accomplish on the five days when his world turns is a mystery as dangerous as it is wondrous—a struggle against an evil so dark and pervasive, only the most extraordinary of human spirits can shine through. This ebook edition contains a special preview of Dean Koontz’s The Silent Corner.
Release

Diet, Life Expectancy, and Chronic Disease

Studies of Seventh-Day Adventists and Other Vegetarians

Author: Gary E. Fraser

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199748808

Category: Medical

Page: 392

View: 2554

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Research into the role of diet in chronic disease can be difficult to interpret. Measurement errors in different studies often produce conflicting answers to the same questions. Seventh-day Adventists and other groups with many vegetarian members are ideal study populations because they have a wide range of dietary habits that adds power and clarity to research findings. This book analyzes the results of such studies, focusing on heart disease and cancer. These studies support the benefits of a vegetarian diet and in addition provide evidence about the effects of individual foods and food groups on disease risk that is relevant to all who are interested in good health. Fraser places the findings in athe broader context of well-designed nutritional studies of the general population. He discusses the degree of confidence we can have in particular relationships between diet and disease based on the strength of the evidence. While this is a scholarly book, it is written in clear English and contains an extensive glossary so that it should be accessible to a wide audience.
Release

comparative life expectancy in africa

Author: F. Desmond McCarthy,Holger C. Wolf

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Africa - Servicios de salud

Page: 17

View: 1289

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Health outcomes are positively correlated with income, but the link is far from uniform. The key variables associated with good health outcomes (controlling for health expenditures) are access rates to health services, to clean water and sanitation, and to education, particularly for women.
Release

Healthy Life Expectancy in Korea by using the Disability Weights of Diseases

Author: The Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs (South Korea)

Publisher: 길잡이미디어

ISBN: 8968271429

Category: Disability evaluation

Page: 59

View: 3441

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This study is designed to calculate 'healthy life expectancy' as a health performance index for the development and assessment of Korea's health policies and to present it as the basic data for such purposes. Healthy life expectancy can be estimated in diverse ways. WHO and the OECD have also used various analysis techniques. This study applied WHO's analysis method based on the disability weights of diseases. The analysis system can effectively resolve difficulties in reflecting the quality of life in accordance with the severity of disabilities. To this end, this paper studied a variety of research and methodologies related to the calculation of healthy life expectancy to identify healthy life expectancy for Koreans. Then, presenting a research methodology, it calculated healthy life span in Korea. The last chapter discussed limitations in research and proposed ways to produce better indices in the future. CHAPTER 1 Introduction CHAPTER 2 Preliminary Research CHAPTER 3 Analysis Methods 1. GBD Classification of Diseases for Application of Disability Weights 2. Accompanying Disease-based Adjustment 3. Disability Weight-adjusted Number of Patients by Disease 4. Disability Weight-adjusted Number of Patients by Gender and Age CHAPTER 4 Analysis Results 1. 2011 Healthy Life Expectancy 2. 2010 Healthy Life Expectancy 3. Healthy Life Expectancy: 2010 ~ 2011 CHAPTER 5 Limitations in Research and Conclusion
Release

Life Expectancy and Income Convergence in the World

A Dynamic General Equilibrium Analysis

Author: Kenichi Ueda

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1451914695

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 34

View: 8702

DOWNLOAD NOW »

There is world-wide convergence in life expectancy, despite little convergence in GDP per capita. If one values longer life much more than material happiness, the world living standards may this have already converged substantially. This paper introduces the concept of the dynastic general equilibrium value of life to measure welfare gains from the increase in life expectancy. A calibration study finds sizable welfare gains, but these gains hardly mitigate the large inequality among countries. A conventional GDP-based measure remains a good approximation for (non) convergence in world living standards, even when adjusted for changes in life expectancy.
Release

Analysis of the Effects of Obesity Control on Life Expectancy and Health Life Expectancy

Author: The Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs (South Korea)

Publisher: 길잡이미디어

ISBN: 8968271119

Category:

Page: 85

View: 6478

DOWNLOAD NOW »

CHAPTER 1 Introduction CHAPTER 2 Literature review of the methods and results of estimation of healthy life expectancy 1. Mathers et al. (2003) 2. Loukine et al. (2011) 3. Kaplan et al. (2007) 4. van Baal et al. (2006) 5. Manuel et al. (2004) CHAPTER 3 Estimation of life expectancy and health life expectancy 1. Method and result of the analysis of healthy life expectancy 2. Method and result of HALE analysis 3. Health-related Quality of Life 4. Health-adjusted life expectancy CHAPTER 4 Expected effects of obesity control on life expectancy and healthy life expectancy 1. Analysis method 2. Analysis variables CHAPTER 5 Conclusion 1. Results of the estimation of life expectancy and healthy life expectancy 2. Changes in healthy life expectancy depending on variations in incidence rates References Many advanced countries have set out national initiatives for improving their people's health and pursued strategies for nationwide health promotion since the 1980s. Examples of such initiatives include ‘Healthy People' of the US, ’Our Healthier Nation' of the UK, ‘Healthy Japan 21’ of Japan, and ‘Better Health Commission' of Australia. The goals of these plans is to help people have longer healthy lives and eliminate health disparities. South Korea's third national health promotion plan--'National Health Plan 2020' (HP 2020, '11~20)--intends to increase healthy life expectancy for Koreans to 75 by 2020. Healthy life expectancy, a basic health measure of HP 2020 is the number of years a person can expect to live without diseases or injuries, which is a measure of a population's health that focuses on how many years a person might live in a healthy state rather than just how many years they might be expected to live. Such improvement in the quality of life cannot be achieved without a social environment that promotes good health for all. While infectious diseases took up a large portion of the global burden of disease in the past, rapidly increasing chronic diseases account for a larger portion these days. Therefore, it is necessary to increase healthy life expectancy by reducing the burden of chronic diseases through prevention and appropriate management. Of such health risk factors causing chronic illness as smoking, drinking and obesity, this research is about obesity. In the US, the cost of obesity-related diseases accounted for 5.5%--7.8% of the total medical expenditure (as of 1998)1) --while in Canada 2.5% (as of 1999) of the total medical cost is caused by a lack of exercise.2) In Korea, obesity makes up about 6% of the medical cost of adults 20 or older for the national health insurance plan.3) This study intends to estimate the life expectancy and healthy life expectancy of the Korean people, and measure the effects of the control of obesity, a major health risk factor, thereby analyzing the relationship between chronic illness, life expectancy, and healthy life expectancy. Based on the results, this study explores the current state of Koreans' healthy life expectancy (2009) and the effects of obesity control, providing the basis for attaining the goals of Korea's national health promotion plan. This paper is composed of five chapters. Chapter 1 is the introduction, and Chapter 2 reviews existing literature related to healthy life expectancy in to help the reader to understand the indicator. In Chapter 3, Koreans' life expectancy and healthy life expectancy as of 2009 are estimated. First, the number of deaths, population, and life table released by the Korean Statistical Information Service (KOSIS) are used to calculate life expectancy, and then the health-related quality of life data out of the nationwide survey, Korea Health Panel (KHP) is utilized to measure healthy life expectancy. Chapter 4 presents analysis of the effects of obesity control on life expectancy and healthy life expectancy. A multi-state simulation model and the Sullivan method are applied to estimate healthy life expectancy. The Sullivan method, a widely used method to calculate healthy life expectancy, is useful in estimating the average healthy life expectancy of the population, while the multi-state model is good for computing the healthy life expectancy of a specific age group or subgroup with a certain health status (Lee Seung-wook et al., 2007). Next, the Markov Model is used for dynamic analysis of the life expectancy and healthy life expectancy of those with obesity and those of normal weight. Chapter 5 is the conclusion and summarizes the results of the analyses of this study and discusses its limitations and research tasks for the future.
Release