Life at the Extremes

The Science of Survival

Author: Frances Ashcroft

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520234208

Category: Medical

Page: 347

View: 3957


From the oxygen-deprived heights of Everest to the high-pressure ocean depths, the limits of human endurance are probed in this fascinating look at the borderlands of physical potential.


Life at the Extremes of Our Capacity

Author: Rowan Hooper

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 150116872X

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 3141


From evolutionary biologist Rowan Hooper, an awe-inspiring look into the extremes of human ability—and what they tell us about our own potential. In 1997, an endurance runner named Yiannis Kouros ran 188 miles in twenty-four hours. Akira Haraguchi, a sixty year-old man in Tokyo, can recite pi to the 100,000th decimal point. John Nunn was accepted to Oxford University at age 15, the youngest undergraduate in 500 years. After a horrific attack by her estranged husband, Carmen Tarleton was left with burns to over eighty percent of her body. One of her surgeons said her injuries “were beyond anything we have ever seen.” After a three-month coma, multiple skin grafts, and successful face transplant, Tarleton is now a motivational speaker. What does it feel like to be exceptional? And what does it take to get there? Why can some people achieve greatness when others can’t, no matter how hard they try? Just how much potential does our species have? Evolutionary biologist Rowan Hooper has the answers. In Superhuman he takes us on a breathtaking tour of the peaks of human achievement that shows us what it feels like to be extraordinary—and what it takes to get there. Drawing on interviews with these “superhumans” and those who have studied them, Hooper assesses the science and genetics of peak potential. His case studies are as inspirational as they are varied, highlighting feats of endurance, strength, intelligence, and memory. Superhuman is a fascinating, eye-opening, and inspiring celebration for anyone who ever felt that they might be able to do something extraordinary in life, for those who simply want to succeed, and for anyone interested in the sublime possibilities of humankind.

Inside Concentration Camps

Social Life at the Extremes

Author: Maja Suderland

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745679552

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 1906


Terror was central to the Nazi regime, and the Nazi concentration camps were places of horror where prisoners were dehumanized and robbed of their dignity and where millions were murdered. How did prisoners cope with the brutal and degrading conditions of life within the camps? In this highly original book Maja Suderland takes the reader inside the concentration camps and examines the everyday social life of prisoners - their daily activities and routines, the social relationships and networks they created and the strategies they developed to cope with the harsh conditions and the brutality of the guards. Without overlooking the violence of the camps, the contradictions of camp life or the elusive complexity of the multicultural prisoner society, Suderland explores the hidden social practices that enabled prisoners to preserve their human dignity and create a sense of individuality and community despite the appalling circumstances. This remarkable account of social life in extreme conditions will be of great interest to students and scholars in history, sociology and the social sciences generally, as well as to a wider readership interested in the Holocaust and the concentration camps.

Life at Extremes

Environments, Organisms, and Strategies for Survival

Author: Elanor Bell

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845938143

Category: Science

Page: 554

View: 3319


From arid deserts to icy poles, outer space to the depths of the sea, this exciting new work studies the remarkable life forms that have made these inhospitable environments their home. Covering not only micro-organisms, but also higher plants and animals such as worms, fish and polar plants, this book details the ecological, biological and biogeochemical challenges these organisms face and unifying themes between environments. Equally useful for the expert, student and casual scientific reader, this book also explores the impact of climate change, rapid seasonal changes and pollution on these extraordinary creatures.

Animals at the Extremes

Author: Kathy Kinsner

Publisher: Benchmark Education Company

ISBN: 145090680X

Category: Animals

Page: 32

View: 3409


"Learn amazing facts about amazing animals"--Cover.

An Introduction to the Earth-Life System

Author: Charles Cockell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521493918

Category: Science

Page: 319

View: 5739


This concise textbook combines Earth and biological sciences to explore the co-evolution of the Earth and life over geological time.

Life at the Speed of Light

From the Double Helix to the Dawn of Digital Life

Author: J. Craig Venter

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1408705265

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 6848


In 2010, scientists led by J. Craig Venter became the first to successfully create 'synthetic life' -- putting humankind at the threshold of the most important and exciting phase of biological research, one that will enable us to actually write the genetic code for designing new species to help us adapt and evolve for long-term survival. The science of synthetic genomics will have a profound impact on human existence, including chemical and energy generation, health, clean water and food production, environmental control, and possibly even our evolution. In Life at the Speed of Light, Venter presents a fascinating and authoritative study of this emerging field from the inside -- detailing its origins, current challenges and controversies, and projected effects on our lives. This scientific frontier provides an opportunity to ponder anew the age-old question 'What is life?' and examine what we really mean by 'playing God'. Life at the Speed of Light is a landmark work, written by a visionary at the dawn of a new era of biological engineering.

Integrative Physiology in the Proteomics and Post-Genomics Age

Author: Wolfgang Walz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1592599257

Category: Medical

Page: 269

View: 8409


There is a perception in the scientific community that the discipline of Physiology is in crisis, or at least, in a phase of profound transition and change. At the root of the problem is confusion between objectives (the biological questions to be solved) and the methods and technologies to be applied. Traditionally, ever since Claude Bernard’s concept of the “milieu interieur,” Physiology was an integrative science with the prime concern of studying regulatory mechanisms leading to adaptation and homeostasis in the presence of challenges from a dynamic internal and external environment. This study of control mechanisms can be applied on any level of fu- tion whether subcellular, cellular, and organ, but reaches its highest level of complexity with the functioning of the body as a whole and its interaction with the external environment. This involves the determination of the interaction of genetic with environmental factors and the resulting integrated body adaptation. It might seem obvious that in the pursuit of these questions any appropriate combination of techniques on any organizational level could be used. Yet the advent of molecular techniques has resulted in a preoccupation with the problems and challenges inherent in these techniques, sometimes at the expense of the original perspectives and concepts. The many new mechanisms that have been discovered at the molecular level, as well as their economical exploitation, have contributed to a climate of reductionism.

International Workshop on Fusion Dynamics at the Extremes

Dubna, Russia, 25-27 May 2000

Author: Yu. Ts Oganessian,V. I. Zagrebaev

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812810083

Category: Electronic books

Page: 364

View: 2639


This book deals with the properties and fusion dynamics of very heavy nuclei. It contains the latest experimental results on the formation and fission of superheavy nuclei and on the near-barrier fusion of light exotic nuclei, along with the different theoretical approaches to the description of fusion dynamics and microscopic properties of superheavy nuclei. The book also discusses nuclear collective dynamics and expectations from the use of accelerated beams of radioactive nuclei in fusion reactions. Contents: Aspects of Fusion, Fission and Cluster Radioactivity (W Greiner); Superheavy Nuclei in Deformed Mean-Field Calculations (T Brvenich et al.); The Synthesis of Superheavy Nuclei in the 48 Ca+ 244 Pu Reaction (Yu Ts Oganessian et al.); Fusion-Fission of Superheavy Nuclei at Low Excitation Energies (M G Itkis et al.); Semi-Bubbles and Bubbles: a New Kind of Superheavy Nuclei (K Dietrich); Reaction Theory for Synthesis of the Superheavy Elements (Y Abe); Fusion-Fission Dynamics of the Synthesis of Superheavy Nuclei (V I Zagrebaev); Sub-Barrier Fusion and Multi Nucleon Transfer in Medium-Heavy Nuclei (F Scarlassara et al.); Mechanisms of Sub-Barrier Fusion Enhancement (N Rowley); Transfer, Breakup, and Fusion Reactions of 6 He with 209 Bi Near the Coulomb Barrier (J J Kolata); Study of Sub-Barrier and Near-Barrier Fusion of Halo Nuclei (N Alamanos et al.); and other papers. Readership: Graduate students, researchers and lecturers in nuclear physics.

Extreme Encounters

How It Feels to Be Drowned in Quicksand, Shredded by Piranhas, Swept Up in a Tornado, and Dozens of Other Unpleasant Experiences...

Author: Greg Emmanuel

Publisher: Quirk Books

ISBN: 9781931686006

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 176

View: 8614


Provides descriptions in the second person of what it is like to experience a variety of dangerous events, from wilderness disasters, medical emergencies, and everyday accidents to execution.