The Sociology of the Workplace (RLE: Organizations)

Author: Malcolm Warner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135947570

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 296

View: 8379

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This volume adopts an interdisciplinary approach. The study of the workplace is approached from the standpoint of industrial sociology, industrial relations, industrial anthropology and other related disciplines. It includes contributions from economists and psychologists as well as from sociologists. The theoretical and practical issues raised, are, however, central to the sociological tradition of Marx and Weber in that they concern the meaning of human and social phenomena and their relevance to resolving questions of moment in industrial and industrializing societies.
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Hierarchy and Organisation

Toward a General Theory of Hierarchical Social Systems

Author: Thomas Diefenbach

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135013403

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 282

View: 1518

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Most people take the conditions they work and live in as a given, believing it to be normal that societies are stratified and that organisations are hierarchical. Many even think that this is the way it should be - and are neither willing nor able to think that it could be otherwise. This book raises the awareness of hierarchy, its complexity and longevity. It focuses on a single but fundamental problem of social systems such as dyads, groups, organisations and whole societies: Why and how does hierarchical social order persist over time? In order to investigate the question, author Thomas Diefenbach develops a general theory of the persistence of hierarchical social order. This theory interrogates the problem of the persistence of hierarchical social order from very different angles, in multi-dimensional and interdisciplinary ways. Even more crucially, it traces the very causes of the phenomenon, the reasons and interests behind hierarchy as well as the various mechanisms which keep it going. This is the first time such a theory is attempted. With the help of the theory developed in this book, it is possible to interrogate systematically, comprehensively and in detail how mindsets and behaviours as well as societal and organisational structures enable the continuation of hierarchy
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The Institutional Logics Perspective

A New Approach to Culture, Structure, and Process

Author: Patricia H. Thornton,William Ocasio,Michael Lounsbury

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191057363

Category: Psychology

Page: 248

View: 9164

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How do institutions influence and shape cognition and action in individuals and organizations, and how are they in turn shaped by them? Various social science disciplines have offered a range of theories and perspectives to provide answers to this question. Within organization studies in recent years, several scholars have developed the institutional logics perspective. An institutional logic is the set of material practices and symbolic systems including assumptions, values, and beliefs by which individuals and organizations provide meaning to their daily activity, organize time and space, and reproduce their lives and experiences. This approach affords significant insights, methodologies, and research tools, to analyze the multiple combinations of factors that may determine cognition, behaviour, and rationalities. In tracing the development of the institutional logics perspective from earlier institutional theory, the book analyzes seminal research, illustrating how and why influential works on institutional theory motivated a distinct new approach to scholarship on institutional logics. The book shows how the institutional logics perspective transforms institutional theory. It presents novel theory, further elaborates the institutional logics perspective, and forges new linkages to key literatures on practice, identity, and social and cognitive psychology. It develops the microfoundations of institutional logics and institutional entrepreneurship, proposing a set of mechanisms that go beyond meta-theory, integrating this work with macro theory on institutional logics into a cross-levels model of cultural heterogeneity. By incorporating current psychological understanding of human behaviour and linking it to sociological perspectives, it aims to provide an encompassing framework for institutional analysis, and to be an essential and accessible reference for scholars and advanced students of organizational behaviour, organization and management theory, business strategy, and cultural sociology.
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The Oxford Handbook of Organizational Climate and Culture

Author: Karen M. Barbera

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199395926

Category: Psychology

Page: 752

View: 2451

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The Oxford Handbook of Organizational Climate and Culture presents the breadth of topics from Industrial and Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior through the lenses of organizational climate and culture. The Handbook reveals in great detail how in both research and practice climate and culture reciprocally influence each other. The details reveal the many practices that organizations use to acquire, develop, manage, motivate, lead, and treat employees both at home and in the multinational settings that characterize contemporary organizations. Chapter authors are both expert in their fields of research and also represent current climate and culture practice in five national and international companies (3M, McDonald's, the Mayo Clinic, PepsiCo and Tata). In addition, new approaches to the collection and analysis of climate and culture data are presented as well as new thinking about organizational change from an integrated climate and culture paradigm. No other compendium integrates climate and culture thinking like this Handbook does and no other compendium presents both an up-to-date review of the theory and research on the many facets of climate and culture as well as contemporary practice. The Handbook takes a climate and culture vantage point on micro approaches to human issues at work (recruitment and hiring, training and performance management, motivation and fairness) as well as organizational processes (teams, leadership, careers, communication), and it also explicates the fact that these are lodged within firms that function in larger national and international contexts.
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The Convergence of Corporate Governance

Promise and Prospects

Author: Abdul Rasheed,Toru Yoshikawa

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137029560

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 273

View: 6828

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Takes readers through an in-depth examination of many leading industrialized nations and identifies both the drivers that propel corporations towards convergence and the major impediments that stand in the way of convergence. Also examines many mechanisms of convergence such as governance codes, MNCs, and IPOs.
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Building the Knowledge Society on the Internet: Sharing and Exchanging Knowledge in Networked Environments

Sharing and Exchanging Knowledge in Networked Environments

Author: Bolisani, Ettore

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1599048183

Category: Education

Page: 440

View: 4847

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"In today's networked societies, a key factor of the social and economic success is the capability to exchange, transfer, and share knowledge. This book provides research on the topic providing a foundation of an emerging and multidisciplinary field"--Provided by publisher.
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Management Practices in High-Tech Environments

Author: Jemielniak, Dariusz,Kociatkiewicz, Jerzy

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1599045664

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 428

View: 7374

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"This book leads to emergence of new, insufficiently analyzed and described organizational phenomena. Thoroughly studying this from international comparative cross-cultural perspective, Management Practices in High-Tech Environments presents cutting-edge research on management practices in American, European, Asian and Middle-Eastern high-tech companies, with particular focus on fieldwork-driven, but reflective, contributions"--Provided by publisher.
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Methodological Issues in Accounting Research

Theories, Methods and Issues

Author: Zahirul Hoque

Publisher: Spiramus Press Ltd

ISBN: 1904905129

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 538

View: 9094

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A major problem confronting a researcher is which theoretical perspective is considered most apt. This book provides a good guideline as to why and how to choose a particular theory or method to study an organizational phenomenon such as accounting. The contributors to this collection are world-renowned in their respective field. Each chapter documents the latest research in accounting and control systems. The book is primarily intended for research students and academic researchers in the areas of accounting and practices in organizations. The book can also be used for undergraduate and postgraduate accounting methodology courses, and research organizations/consulting firms in the accounting and business field.
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The SAGE Handbook of Nonverbal Communication

Author: Valerie Manusov,Miles L. Patterson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412904049

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 587

View: 5606

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This Handbook provides an up-to-date discussion of the central issues in nonverbal communication and examines the research that informs these issues. Editors Valerie Manusov and Miles Patterson bring together preeminent scholars, from a range of disciplines, to reveal the strength of nonverbal behavior as an integral part of communication.
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Social Movements and Organization Theory

Author: Gerald F. Davis,Doug McAdam,W. Richard Scott,Mayer N. Zald

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139444194

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 4336

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Although the fields of organization theory and social movement theory have long been viewed as belonging to different worlds, recent events have intervened, reminding us that organizations are becoming more movement-like - more volatile and politicized - while movements are more likely to borrow strategies from organizations. Organization theory and social movement theory are two of the most vibrant areas within the social sciences. This collection of original essays and studies both calls for a closer connection between these fields and demonstrates the value of this interchange. Three introductory, programmatic essays by leading scholars in the two fields are followed by eight empirical studies that directly illustrate the benefits of this type of cross-pollination. The studies variously examine the processes by which movements become organized and the role of movement processes within and among organizations. The topics covered range from globalization and transnational social movement organizations to community recycling programs.
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