Legitimacy in International Society

Legitimacy in International Society

This book encourages us to take legitimacy seriously, both as a facet of international behaviour with practical consequences, and as a theoretical concept necessary for understanding that behaviour.

Author: Ian Clark

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199219192

Category: Political Science

Page: 278

View: 852

The word 'legitimacy' is seldom far from the lips of practitioners of international affairs. The legitimacy of recent events - such as the wars in Kosovo and Iraq, the post-September 11 war on terror, and instances of humanitarian intervention - have been endlessly debated by publics around the globe. And yet the academic discipline of IR has largely neglected this concept. This book encourages us to take legitimacy seriously, both as a facet of international behaviour with practical consequences, and as a theoretical concept necessary for understanding that behaviour. It offers a comprehensive historical and theoretical account of international legitimacy. It argues that the development of principles of legitimacy lie at the heart of what is meant by an international society, and in so doing fills a notable void in English school accounts of the subject. Part I provides a historical survey of the evolution of the practice of legitimacy from the 'age of discovery' at the endof the 15th century. It explores how issues of legitimacy were interwoven with the great peace settlements of modern history - in 1648, 1713, 1815, 1919, and 1945. It offers a revisionist reading of the significance of Westphalia - not as the origin of a modern doctrine of sovereignty - but as a seminal stage in the development of an international society based on shared principles of legitimacy. All of the historical chapters demonstrate how the twin dimensions of legitimacy - principles of rightful membership and of rightful conduct - have been thought about and developed in differing contexts. Part II then provides a trenchant analysis of legitimacy in contemporary international society. Deploying a number of short case studies, drawn mainly from the wars against Iraq in 1991 and 2003, and the Kosovo war of 1999, it sets out a theoretical account of the relationship between legitimacy, on the one hand, and consensus, norms, and equilibrium, on the other. This is the most sustained attempt to make sense of legitimacy in an IR context. Its conclusion, in the end, is that legitimacy matters, but in a complex way. Legitimacy is not to be discovered simply by straightforward application of other norms, such as legality and morality. Instead, legitimacy is an inherently political condition. What determines its attainability or not is as much the general political condition of international society at any one moment, as the conformity of its specific actions to set normative principles.
Categories: Political Science

Legitimacy in International Society

Legitimacy in International Society

This book encourages us to take legitimacy seriously, both as a facet of international behaviour withpractical consequences, and as a theoretical concept necessary for understanding that behaviour.

Author: Ian Clark

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199258420

Category: Political Science

Page: 278

View: 552

The word 'legitimacy' is seldom far from the lips of practitioners of international affairs. The legitimacy of recent events - such as the wars in Kosovo and Iraq, the post-September 11 war on terror, and instances of humanitarian intervention - have been endlessly debated by publics around the globe. And yet the academic discipline of IR has largely neglected this concept. This book encourages us to take legitimacy seriously, both as a facet of international behaviour withpractical consequences, and as a theoretical concept necessary for understanding that behaviour. It offers a comprehensive historical and theoretical account of international legitimacy. It argues that the development of principles of legitimacy lie at the heart of what is meant by an international society,and in so doing fills a notable void in English school accounts of the subject.Part I provides a historical survey of the evolution of the practice of legitimacy from the 'age of discovery' at the end of the 15th century. It explores how issues of legitimacy were interwoven with the great peace settlements of modern history - in 1648, 1713, 1815, 1919, and 1945. It offers a revisionist reading of the significance of Westphalia - not as the origin of a modern doctrine of sovereignty - but as a seminal stage in the development of an international society based on sharedprinciples of legitimacy. All of the historical chapters demonstrate how the twin dimensions of legitimacy - principles of rightful membership and of rightful conduct - have been thought about and developed in differing contexts.Part II then provides a trenchant analysis of legitimacy in contemporary international society. Deploying a number of short case studies, drawn mainly from the wars against Iraq in 1991 and 2003, and the Kosovo war of 1999, it sets out a theoretical account of the relationship between legitimacy, on the one hand, and consensus, norms, and equilibrium, on the other.This is the most sustained attempt to make sense of legitimacy in an IR context. Its conclusion, in the end, is that legitimacy matters, but in a complex way. Legitimacy is not to be discovered simply by straightforward application of other norms, such as legality and morality. Instead, legitimacy is an inherently political condition. What determines its attainability or not is as much the general political condition of international society at any one moment, as the conformity of its specificactions to set normative principles.
Categories: Political Science

Legitimacy in International Society

Legitimacy in International Society

Legitimacy in International Society addresses collective legitimization of emergent norms at international meetings and its effect on state behaviour.

Author: I. Miyaoka

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1349513733

Category: Political Science

Page: 214

View: 893

Legitimacy in International Society addresses collective legitimization of emergent norms at international meetings and its effect on state behaviour. Drawing mainly on constructivist approaches in International Relations and social psychology, Isao Miyaoka discusses the international and domestic sources of legitimacy and the basic conditions under which collective legitimization matters for norm adoption. Three case studies examine Japan's responses to wildlife preservationist norms against high seas driftnet fishing, scientific whaling and international trade in African elephant ivory.
Categories: Political Science

International Legitimacy and World Society

International Legitimacy and World Society

This is a study of the theory and history of international norms. How does international society come to adopt certain norms in particular?

Author: Ian Clark

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199297009

Category: Law

Page: 233

View: 657

This is a study of the theory and history of international norms. How does international society come to adopt certain norms in particular? This book shows how ideas of international legitimacy have evolved, and makes us rethink the nature of international society.
Categories: Law

International Legitimacy and World Society

International Legitimacy and World Society

This is a study of the theory and history of international norms.

Author: Ian Clark

Publisher:

ISBN: 019171142X

Category: International cooperation

Page: 233

View: 990

This is a study of the theory and history of international norms. How does international society come to adopt certain norms in particular? This book shows how ideas of international legitimacy have evolved, and makes us rethink the nature of international society.
Categories: International cooperation

The Vulnerable in International Society

The Vulnerable in International Society

Who are the vulnerable, and what makes them so? Through an innovative application of English School theory, this book suggests that people are vulnerable not only to natural risks, but also to the workings of international society.

Author: Ian Clark

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199646098

Category: Political Science

Page: 190

View: 892

The book examines the relationship between the 'vulnerable' and international society through cases of political violence, climate change, human movement, and global health.
Categories: Political Science

Saving Strangers

Saving Strangers

The extent to which humanitarian intervention has become a legitimate practice in post-cold war international society is the subject of this book.

Author: Nicholas J. Wheeler

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191522597

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 512

The extent to which humanitarian intervention has become a legitimate practice in post-cold war international society is the subject of this book. It maps the changing legitimacy of humanitarian intervention by comparing the international response to cases of humanitarian intervention in the cold war and post-cold war periods. Crucially, the book examines how far international society has recognised humanitarian intervention as a legitimate exception to the rules of sovereignty and non-intervention and non-use of force. While there are studies of each case of intervention-in East Pakistan, Cambodia, Uganda, Iraq, Somalia, Rwanda, Bosnia and Kosovo-there is no single work that examines them comprehensively in a comparative framework. Each chapter tells a story of intervention that weaves together a study of motives, justifications and outcomes. The legitimacy of humanitarian intervention is contested by the 'pluralist' and 'solidarist' wings of the English school, and the book charts the stamp of these conceptions on state practice. Solidarism lacks a full-blown theory of humanitarian intervention and the book supplies one. This theory is employed to assess the humanitarian qualifications of the cases of intervention analysed in the book, and this normative assessment is then compared to the moral practices of states. A key focus is to examine how far humanitarian intervention as a legitimate practice is present in the diplomatic dialogue of states. In exploring how far there has been a change of norm in the society of states in the 1990s, the book defends the broad based constructivist claim that state actions will be constrained if they cannot be legitimated, and that new norms enable new practices but do not determine these. The book concludes by considering how far contemporary practices of humanitarian intervention support a new solidarism, and how far this resolves the traditional conflict between order and justice in international society.
Categories: Political Science

Hezbollah Islamist Politics and International Society

Hezbollah  Islamist Politics  and International Society

This book analyzes and assesses the extent to which Islamist groups, which have traditionally attempted to shield their communities from “alien” moral conceptions, have been affected by the rules and principles that regulate ...

Author: Filippo Dionigi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137403025

Category: Political Science

Page: 279

View: 280

How do the norms of the liberal international order affect the activity of Islamist movements? This book analyzes and assesses the extent to which Islamist groups, which have traditionally attempted to shield their communities from “alien” moral conceptions, have been affected by the rules and principles that regulate international society. Through an analysis of Lebanon’s Hezbollah, Filippo Dionigi concludes that international norms are among the most significant factors changing Islamist politics. The result is a precarious but innovative equilibrium in which Islamists are forced to rethink idea of an allegedly “authentic” Islamic morality and the legitimacy of international norms.
Categories: Political Science

Hegemony in International Society

Hegemony in International Society

A major re-thinking of the concept of hegemony in international relations.

Author: Ian Clark

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199556267

Category: History

Page: 277

View: 936

Historically, states have appeared nervous of too much concentration of power. At the same time, they have accepted that the great powers must play a special role in maintaining international order. Can both of these tendencies be reconciled? This book argues that hegemony is one way of framing this relationship. On the basis of historical examples, the author presents an innovative scheme for rethinking hegemony, and applies it to the US role in internationalorganizations, in East Asia, and in the policy on climate change. Its urgent advice is that we must live creatively with the balance of power we now face, until such time as it is replaced by something new.
Categories: History

On Global Order

On Global Order

A clear and wide-ranging introduction to the analysis of global political order. The book offers engaging answers to the key questions of contemporary world politics. A landmark study.

Author: Andrew Hurrell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199233106

Category: Political Science

Page: 354

View: 936

A clear and wide-ranging introduction to the analysis of global political order. The book offers engaging answers to the key questions of contemporary world politics. A landmark study.
Categories: Political Science

Genocide and Its Threat to International Society

Genocide and Its Threat to International Society

Whilst the impact of genocide on the populations being targeted is routinely studied, the impact of genocide on international society is routinely overlooked.

Author: Adrian M. Gallagher

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:812068936

Category:

Page:

View: 967

Whilst the impact of genocide on the populations being targeted is routinely studied, the impact of genocide on international society is routinely overlooked. With this in mind, this thesis brings the study of genocide into IR, via the English School, in order to understand the broader impact of genocide on the ordering structure of international society. The thesis puts forward a novel approach in that it explores the relationship between genocide and international legitimacy and how this relationship has critical implications for the United Nations. It will be argued that genocide holds a special relationship with international legitimacy because it is internationally regarded as the "crime of crimes" from both a legal and moral perspective. It is proposed therefore, that this particular injustice has more of a profound impact on the ordering structure of international society than is presently recognised. In sharp contrast to much of the thinking that underpins present foreign policymaking, it will be claimed that because of the special relationship that genocide holds with international legitimacy, genocide can be understood to pose a threat to international order as it erodes both the legitimate authority of the UN (which acts as the cornerstone of international legitimacy) and the UN Security Council (which acts as the stabilising function in international relations) more than any other crime. It is hoped that through understanding the crime's relationship with international legitimacy, and the post-Cold War legitimacy crisis, a more informed understanding of genocide can be acheived. Although the 2005 UN-led Responsibility to Protect initiative addressed some of the issues at hand, its endorsement has not resolved the fundamental problem of altering political will. If one accepts that genocide has a significant impact on international order, then one has to accept that the prevention of genocide is within the national interest of all states, that is, if they value international stability.
Categories:

Recognizing States

Recognizing States

This book charts the historical practice of recognizing states since the late 18th century and examines a central question raised by the new, lingering demands for statehood in different parts of the world: Who qualifies for international ...

Author: Mikulas Fabry

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199564446

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 414

This book examines a central question raised by the new and lingering demands for statehood in different parts of the world: who qualifies for international recognition as a sovereign, independent state? How is it that Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Eritrea, Georgia, East Timor and Montenegro have achieved general recognition, but Somaliland, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Tamil Eelam, Aceh, and Kosovo have not? Why do some cases generate major internationalcontroversies, while others do not? The book answers these questions by charting the historical practice of recognizing states since the late eighteenth century. It should be of keen interest to students of international relations, international law and diplomatic history.
Categories: History

Special Responsibilities

Special Responsibilities

This is the first study of how major global problems have been managed through the international distribution of special responsibilities.

Author: Mlada Bukovansky

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107021358

Category: Law

Page: 290

View: 297

This is the first study of how major global problems have been managed through the international distribution of special responsibilities.
Categories: Law

Legitimacy in International Society

Legitimacy in International Society

international society, an emergent norm becomes a norm of international society and provokes social identification as members of the society. In this case, expressed consent increases communal legitimacy. Legitimized norms do affect ...

Author: I. Miyaoka

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781403948199

Category: Political Science

Page: 214

View: 297

Legitimacy in International Society addresses collective legitimization of emergent norms at international meetings and its effect on state behaviour. Drawing mainly on constructivist approaches in International Relations and social psychology, Isao Miyaoka discusses the international and domestic sources of legitimacy and the basic conditions under which collective legitimization matters for norm adoption. Three case studies examine Japan's responses to wildlife preservationist norms against high seas driftnet fishing, scientific whaling and international trade in African elephant ivory.
Categories: Political Science

Kissinger Revisited

Kissinger Revisited

Author: Mikkel Hagen Hess

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:839357626

Category:

Page: 192

View: 795

Categories:

Legitimating International Organizations

Legitimating International Organizations

A volume on the legitimation practices of international and regional organisations. It examines how international organisations justify and communicate their legitimacy claims, and how these practices differ between organisations.

Author: Dominik Zaum

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199672097

Category: Law

Page: 257

View: 649

The importance of legitimacy is widely recognised in the literature on international and regional organizations, not least for compliance with their decisions. How such organizations claim and sustain their legitimacy, however, has been insufficiently analysed and understood. Through a range of conceptual chapters and case studies, this volume examines the legitimation practices of international and regional organizations. It examines how internationalorganizations justify and communicate their legitimacy claims, and how these practices differ between organizations. It also considers the implications of this analysis for global and regional governance.
Categories: Law

The Globalization of International Society

The Globalization of International Society

This volume reconsiders the process of globalization, drawing on a wealth of new perspectives to understand better this momentous historical development.

Author: Professor of International Relations and Executive Dean of the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences Tim Dunne

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198793427

Category:

Page: 528

View: 249

The Globalization of International Society re-examines the development of today's society of sovereign states, drawing on a wealth of new scholarship to challenge the landmark account presented in Bull and Watson's classic work, The Expansion of International Society (OUP, 1984). For Bull and Watson, international society originated in Europe, and expanded as successive waves of new states were integrated into a rule-governed order. International society, on their view, was thus a European cultural artefact - a claim that is at odds with recent scholarship in history, politics, and related fields of research. Bringing together leading scholars from Asia, Australia, Europe, and the United States, this book provides an alternative account: it draws out the diversity of polities that existed at around c1500; it shows how interacting identities, political orders, and economic forces were intensifying within and across regions; it details the tangled dynamics that helped to globalize the European conception of a pluralist international society, through patterns of warfare and between East and West. The Globalization of International Society examines the institutional contours of contemporary international society, with its unique blend of universal sovereignty and global law, and its forms of hierarchy that coexist with commitments to international human rights. The book explores the multiple forms of contestation that challenge international society today: contests over the limits of sovereignty in relation to cosmopolitan conceptions of responsibility, disputes over global governance, concerns about persistent economic, racial, and gender-based patterns of disadvantage, and lastly the threat to the established order opened up by the disruptive power of digital communications.
Categories:

Unauthorised Humanitarian Interventions in World Politics

Unauthorised Humanitarian Interventions in World Politics

The book assesses the impact of such unauthorised humanitarian interventions on international society and regions; it is written in the context of the English School of International Relations.

Author: Christian Pohlmann

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783658321796

Category:

Page:

View: 386

Categories:

Revolution and World Order

Revolution and World Order

Examining the impact of revolutionary states on the international system, this book asks to what extent they become 'socialized' into adopting patterns of international behaviour, and whether international society itself changes in response ...

Author: David Armstrong

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198275282

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

View: 380

In this important study David Armstrong examines the impact of revolutionary states on the international system. These states have always posed major problems for the achievement of world order: revolution is often accompanied by international as well as civil conflict, while revolutionary doctrines have proven to be highly disruptive of the existing structure of international politics.Dr Armstrong asks whether revolutionary states are `socialized' into adopting acceptable patterns of international behaviour or whether it is international society that is forced to change when these new states appear.He looks in detail at the French, American, and Russian revolutions and at several post-1945 revolutionary states; he also examines the relationship between revolutionary states and the principal ordering devices of international society: international law, diplomacy, and the balance of power. His book is a major contribution to international relations and an important development and application of the `international society' concept.
Categories: Political Science

International Society and the Development of International Relations Theory

International Society and the Development of International Relations Theory

A critical look is taken at the intellectual development of key members of the English School. The concept of the School itself and the place of the School's theory in contemporary international relations approaches are examined.

Author: B. A. Roberson

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 0826452248

Category: Political Science

Page: 278

View: 600

A critical appreciation of the development of the international society idea and its influence on and relation to the development of the international relations theory. A critical look is taken at the intellectual development of key members of the English School. The concept of the School itself and the place of the School's theory in contemporary international relations approaches are examined.
Categories: Political Science