Legacies and Change in Polar Sciences

Legacies and Change in Polar Sciences

Providing case study analyses of the politics of science in and around the International Polar Year of 2007-2008, this volume makes a distinct contribution to ongoing research focusing on the relationship between science, international ...

Author: Jessica M. Shadian

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317106487

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 444

Providing case study analyses of the politics of science in and around the International Polar Year of 2007-2008, this volume makes a distinct contribution to ongoing research focusing on the relationship between science, international politics, law and history. The contributors combine both interdisciplinary and multi-theoretical approaches to engage directly with the most recent debates in international relations scholarship, to include discussions of arctic climate change, governance issues, reflections on the Antarctic Treaty and the science-geopolitics interface amongst others. This is the first comprehensive account to look explicitly at the relationship between global politics and science through an account of the International Polar Years.
Categories: Political Science

Lessons and Legacies of International Polar Year 2007 2008

Lessons and Legacies of International Polar Year 2007 2008

From outreach activities that engaged the general public to projects that brought researchers from multiple disciplines and several nations together, the legacies of IPY extend far beyond the scientific results achieved, and valuable ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309252034

Category: Science

Page: 152

View: 179

International Polar Year 2007-2008 (IPY) was an intense, coordinated field campaign of observations, research, and analysis. It was the largest, most comprehensive campaign ever mounted to explore Earth's polar domains. Legacies and Lessons of the International Polar Year 2007-2008 summarizes how IPY engaged the public to communicate the relevance of polar research to the entire planet, strengthened connections with the Indigenous people of the Arctic, and established new observational networks. Legacies and Lessons of the International Polar Year 2007-2008 also addresses the objectives articulated for IPY in the 2004 National Research Council report, A Vision for International Polar Year (NRC, 2004). These objectives include: suggestions for scientific communities and agencies to use the IPY to initiate a sustained effort aimed at assessing large-scale environmental change and variability in the polar regions, the need to explore new scientific frontiers from the molecular to the planetary scale, investment in critical infrastructure and technology to guarantee that IPY 2007-2008 leaves enduring benefits for the nation and for the residents of northern regions, as well as increase public understanding of the importance of polar regions in the global system. Legacies and Lessons of the International Polar Year 2007-2008 explains how activities at both poles led to scientific discoveries that provided a step change in scientific understanding and helped translate scientific knowledge into policy-relevant information. At a time when the polar regions are undergoing a transformation from an icy wilderness to a new zone for human affairs, these insights could not be more timely or more relevant. From outreach activities that engaged the general public to projects that brought researchers from multiple disciplines and several nations together, the legacies of IPY extend far beyond the scientific results achieved, and valuable lessons learned from the process will guide future endeavors of similar magnitude.
Categories: Science

The Emerging Politics of Antarctica

The Emerging Politics of Antarctica

See also J. Jabour and M. Haward, “Antarctic Science, Politics and IPY Legacies”, in Legacies and Change in Polar Sciences: Historical, Legal and Political Reflections on the International Polar Year, J. M. Shadian and M. Tennberg (eds) ...

Author: Anne-Marie Brady

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780415531399

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 981

This book examines the post-Cold War challenges facing Antarctic governance. It seeks to understand the interests of new players in Antarctic affairs such as China, India, Korea and Malaysia, and how other key players such as Russia and the USA or claimant states such as New Zealand or France are coping in the new global order. Antarctica is the world's fifth largest continent and its territories are claimed by seven different states. Since 1961 Antarctica has been managed under the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS), a regime which, according to its critics, by the terms of its membership effectively excludes most of the nations of the world. This book examines the post-Cold War challenges facing Antarctic governance, and is organized thematically into three sections: Part 1 considers the role of Antarctic politics in the current post-Cold War, post-colonial era and the impact this new political environment is having on the ATS. Part 2 looks at the competing foreign policy objectives of a representative range of countries with Antarctic activities. Part 3 examines issues that have the potential to destabilise the order of the Antarctic Treaty System, such as unrestricted tourism and new advances in science and technology. The Emerging Politics of Antarctica will be of interest to students and scholars of international politics, polar studies and foreign policy studies.
Categories: Political Science

Science Geopolitics and Culture in the Polar Region

Science  Geopolitics and Culture in the Polar Region

22 For example, see Stephen Harper's speeches on Canadian sovereignty at 'Arctic Sovereignty a Priority: Harper' CBC ... 28 Michael T. Bravo, 'Preface: Legacies of Polar Science', in Tennberg and Shadian, Legacies and Change in Polar ...

Author: Sverker Sörlin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317058922

Category: History

Page: 462

View: 951

Throughout the twentieth century, glaciologists and geophysicists from Denmark, Norway and Sweden made important scientific contributions across the Arctic and Antarctic. This research was of acute security and policy interest during the Cold War, as knowledge of the polar regions assumed military importance. But scientists also helped make the polar regions Nordic spaces in a cultural and political sense, with scientists from Norden punching far above their weight in terms of population, geographical size or economic activity. This volume presents an image of Norden that stretches far beyond its conventional limits, covering a vast area in the North Atlantic and the Arctic Sea, as well as parts of Antarctica. Rich in resources, scarce in population, but critically important in global and regional geopolitics, these spaces were contested by major powers such as Russia, the United States, Canada and, in the Antarctic, Argentina, Australia, South Africa and others. The empirical focus on Danish, Norwegian and Swedish influence in the polar regions during the twentieth century embraces a diverse array of themes, from the role of science in policy and diplomacy to the tensions between nationalism and internationalism, with clear relevance to the important role science plays in contemporary discussions about Nordic engagement with the polar regions.
Categories: History

Climate Change and the Oceans

Climate Change and the Oceans

... politics and IPY legacies' in J.M. Shadian and M. Tennberg (eds), Legacies and Change in Polar Sciences: Historical, Legal and Political Reflections on the International Polar Year, Farnham: Ashgate, pp. 101–124.

Author: Robin Warner

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781781006160

Category: Nature

Page: 274

View: 701

Climate Change and the Oceans investigates the effects of climate change on the ocean environment and its implications for maritime activities, both globally and within the Asia Pacific region. This detailed work draws together informed opinion from a range of disciplines to examine the impacts of climate change on marine and coastal areas and review legal and policy responses to the rapidly changing ocean environment. Issues including the effects on fisheries and marine biodiversity in the Asia Pacific region, maritime security, global shipping, marine jurisdiction and marine geo-engineering are also explored. Examining the multiple impacts of climate change on the oceans and ocean based solutions to mitigate the adverse impacts of climate change, this thought-provoking book will prove invaluable to academics, researchers and students in the fields of law, environment, ecology and political science. Oceans and marine environmental policymakers will also find this to be an essential resource.
Categories: Nature

SIKU Knowing Our Ice

SIKU  Knowing Our Ice

A changing Arctic climate: More than just the weather. In Legacies and Change in Polar Sciences: Historical, Legal and Political Reflections. J. Shadian and M. Tennberg (eds.), Hampshire, UK: Ashgate Publishing Limited, pp. 9–34.

Author: Igor Krupnik

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048185863

Category: Social Science

Page: 501

View: 401

By exploring indigenous people’s knowledge and use of sea ice, the SIKU project has demonstrated the power of multiple perspectives and introduced a new field of interdisciplinary research, the study of social (socio-cultural) aspects of the natural world, or what we call the social life of sea ice. It incorporates local terminologies and classifications, place names, personal stories, teachings, safety rules, historic narratives, and explanations of the empirical and spiritual connections that people create with the natural world. In opening the social life of sea ice and the value of indigenous perspectives we make a novel contribution to IPY, to science, and to the public
Categories: Social Science

Governing Oceans in a Time of Change

Governing Oceans in a Time of Change

'The role of science in U.S. marine policy: some regional applications', Coastal Management, 22, 163–70. ... Legacies and Change in Polar Sciences: Historical, Legal and Political Reflections on the International Polar Year, ...

Author: Marcus Haward

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781788119368

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 176

View: 399

This incisive book addresses the challenges facing the current institutional framework for governance of high seas fisheries. Marcus Haward identifies significant issues and difficulties affecting the management of fisheries in areas beyond national jurisdiction, as well as highlighting the key role that fishing and fisheries play in global ocean governance.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Governing Arctic Change

Governing Arctic Change

Declaration on the Establishment of the Arctic Council. ... Pandora's Hope: Essays on the Reality of Science Studies. ... In J.M. Shadian & M. Tennberg (Eds.), Legacies and Change in Polar Sciences: Historical, Legal and Political ...

Author: Kathrin Keil

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137508843

Category: Political Science

Page: 319

View: 291

This volume explores the governance of the transforming Arctic from an international perspective. Leading and emerging scholars in Arctic research investigate the international causes and consequences of contemporary Arctic developments, and assess how both state and non-state actors respond to crucial problems for the global community. Long treated as a remote and isolated region, climate change and economic prospects have put the Arctic at the forefront of political agendas from the local to the global level, and this book tackles the variety of involved actors, institutional politics, relevant policy issues, as well as political imaginaries related to a globalizing Arctic. It covers new institutional forms of various stakeholder engagement on multiple levels, governance strategies to combat climate change that affect the Arctic region sooner and more strongly than other regions, the pros and cons of Arctic resource development for the region and beyond, and local and trans-boundary pollution concerns. Given the growing relevance of the Arctic to international environmental, energy and security politics, the volume helps to explain how the region is governed in times of global nexuses, multi-level politics and multi-stakeholderism.
Categories: Political Science

The Routledge Companion to the Environmental Humanities

The Routledge Companion to the Environmental Humanities

“Preface: Legacies of Polar Science.” Legacies and Change in Polar Sciences: Historical, Legal and Political Reflections on The International Polar Year. Ed. Jessica M. Shadian and Monica Tennberg. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2009. xiii–xvi.

Author: Ursula K. Heise

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317660194

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 490

View: 497

The Routledge Companion to the Environmental Humanities provides a comprehensive, transnational, and interdisciplinary map to the field, offering a broad overview of its founding principles while providing insight into exciting new directions for future scholarship. Articulating the significance of humanistic perspectives for our collective social engagement with ecological crises, the volume explores the potential of the environmental humanities for organizing humanistic research, opening up new forms of interdisciplinarity, and shaping public debate and policies on environmental issues. Sections cover: The Anthropocene and the Domestication of Earth Posthumanism and Multispecies Communities Inequality and Environmental Justice Decline and Resilience: Environmental Narratives, History, and Memory Environmental Arts, Media, and Technologies The State of the Environmental Humanities The first of its kind, this companion covers essential issues and themes, necessarily crossing disciplines within the humanities and with the social and natural sciences. Exploring how the environmental humanities contribute to policy and action concerning some of the key intellectual, social, and environmental challenges of our times, the chapters offer an ideal guide to this rapidly developing field.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Science Geopolitics and Culture in the Polar Region

Science  Geopolitics and Culture in the Polar Region

4See Jacobus A. DuPisani, 'Sustainable Development: HistoricalRoots ofthe Concept',Environmental Sciences, ... Legaciesand Change in Polar Science: Historical, Legal and Political Reflections on TheInternational Polar Year (Farnham, ...

Author: Professor Sverker Sörlin

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781472409713

Category: History

Page: 462

View: 626

Throughout the twentieth century, glaciologists and geophysicists from Denmark, Norway and Sweden made important scientific contributions across the Arctic and Antarctic. This research was of acute security and policy interest during the Cold War, as knowledge of the polar regions assumed military importance. But scientists also helped make the polar regions Nordic spaces in a cultural and political sense, with scientists from Norden punching far above their weight in terms of population, geographical size or economic activity. This volume presents an image of Norden that stretches far beyond its conventional limits, covering a vast area in the North Atlantic and the Arctic Sea, as well as parts of Antarctica. Rich in resources, scarce in population, but critically important in global and regional geopolitics, these spaces were contested by major powers such as Russia, the United States, Canada and, in the Antarctic, Argentina, Australia, South Africa and others. The empirical focus on Danish, Norwegian and Swedish influence in the polar regions during the twentieth century embraces a diverse array of themes, from the role of science in policy and diplomacy to the tensions between nationalism and internationalism, with clear relevance to the important role science plays in contemporary discussions about Nordic engagement with the polar regions.
Categories: History

Oceanic Histories

Oceanic Histories

M. T. Bravo, “Preface: Legacies of polar science', in Jessica M. Shadian and Monica Tennberg, eds., Legacies and change in polar sciences: Historical, legal and political reflections on the International Polar Year (Aldershot, 2009), ...

Author: David Armitage

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108423182

Category: History

Page: 338

View: 565

Oceanic Histories is the first comprehensive account of world history focused not on the land but viewed through the 70% of the Earth's surface covered by water. Leading historians trace the history of the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic Oceans and seas, from the Arctic and the Baltic to the South China Sea and the Sea of Japan/Korea's East Sea, over the longue dure. Individual chapters trace the histories and the historiographies of the various oceanic regions, with special attention given to the histories of circulation and particularity, the links between human and non-human history and the connections and comparisons between parts of the World Ocean. Showcasing oceanic history as a field with a long past and a vibrant future, these authoritative surveys, original arguments and guides to research make this volume an indispensable resource for students and scholars alike.
Categories: History

North by 2020

North by 2020

A changing Arctic climate: More than just weather. In Legacies and change in polar sciences: Historical, legal, and political reflections on the international polar year. Edited by J. M. Shadian and M.Tennberg. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.

Author: Amy Lauren Lovecraft

Publisher: University of Alaska Press

ISBN: 9781602231429

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 736

View: 514

Originating from a series of workshops held at the Alaska Forum of the Fourth International Polar Year, this interdisciplinary volume addresses a host of current concerns regarding the ecology and rapid transformation of the arctic. Concentrating on the most important linked social-ecological systems, including fresh water, marine resources, and oil and gas development, this volume explores opportunities for sustainable development from a variety of perspectives, among them social sciences, natural and applied sciences, and the arts. Individual chapters highlight expressions of climate change in dance, music, and film, as well as from an indigenous knowledge–based perspective.
Categories: Business & Economics

Green Ice

Green Ice

Preface: Legacies of Polar Science. In Legacies and Change in Polar Sciences: Historical, Legal and Political Reflections on the International Polar Year, ed. J. Shadian and M. Tennberg. Aldershot: Ashgate. Britton, S. 1991.

Author: Simone Abram

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137587367

Category: Social Science

Page: 121

View: 678

This book presents lively case studies of tourism developments in the European High North from diverse perspectives. It compares views of the changing political ecology of a fragile region shaped by climatic and cultural factors. In exploring the mutual relations between new developments in Arctic travel narratives and tourism practices. Green Ice: Tourism Ecologies in the European High North pays particular attention to the changing discourses that produce, and are in turn produced by, encounters between contemporary Arctic peoples and territories. Questions of gender and nationality are considered alongside a comparison of texts and practices in different languages, examining the politics of language and its significant role in tourism. This title pays attention to the changing symbolic value of Arctic discourses in environmental movements, in order to consider the close connections between global forms of environmentalist discourse and action and local cultural responses. An engaging and timely work, this book will be of great interest to scholars of Geography, Anthropology, and Arctic Tourism.
Categories: Social Science

The Limits of Maritime Jurisdiction

The Limits of Maritime Jurisdiction

21 These processes and the changes likely to arise from them are identified in the scientific literature, ... Legacies and Change in Polar Sciences: Historical, Legal and Political Reflections on the International Polar Year (Farnham: ...

Author: Clive H. Schofield

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789004262591

Category: Law

Page: 812

View: 166

The Limits of Maritime Jurisdiction brings together a renowned group of oceans scholars and practitioners to explore key contemporary law of the sea challenges facing the international community.
Categories: Law

Handbook on the Politics of Antarctica

Handbook on the Politics of Antarctica

Preface: Legacies of polar science. In Shadian, J. and Tennberg, M. (eds), Legacies and Change in Polar Sciences: Historical, Legal and Political Reflections on the International Polar Year. Aldershot: Ashgate. Bureaud, A. 2012.

Author: Klaus Dodds

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781784717681

Category:

Page: 640

View: 842

The Antarctic and Southern Ocean are hotspots for contemporary endeavours to oversee 'the last frontier' of the Earth. The Handbook on the Politics of Antarctica offers a wide-ranging and comprehensive overview of the governance, geopolitics, international law, cultural studies and history of the region. Four thematic sections take readers from the earliest human encounters to contemporary resource exploitation and climate change. Written by leading experts, the Handbook brings together the very best interdisciplinary social science and humanities scholarship on the Antarctic and Southern Ocean.
Categories:

Global Politics and Its Violent Care for Indigeneity

Global Politics and Its Violent Care for Indigeneity

A Changing Arctic Climate. Science and Policy in the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment. ... Revisiting Politics and Science in the Poles: IPY and the Governance of Science in Post-Westphalia. In Legacies and Change in Polar Science.

Author: Marjo Lindroth

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319609829

Category: Political Science

Page: 152

View: 768

This book challenges the common perception that global politics is making progress on indigenous issues and argues that the current global care for indigeneity is, in effect, violent in nature. Examining the inclusion of indigenous peoples in the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues and the Arctic Council, the authors demonstrate how seemingly benevolent practices of international political and legal recognition are tantamount to colonialism, the historical wrong they purport to redress. By unveiling the ways in which contemporary neoliberal politics commissions a certain type of indigenous subject—one distinguished by resilience in particular—the book offers a pioneering account of how international politics has tightened its grip on indigeneity.
Categories: Political Science

Arctic Sustainability Research

Arctic Sustainability Research

The Politics of Arctic Sovereignty: Oil, Ice, and Inuit Governance. London: Routledge. Shadian, J.M. and Tennberg, M. eds. (2009). Legacies and Change in Polar Sciences. Historical, Legal and Political Reflections on the International ...

Author: Andrey N. Petrov

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351614627

Category: Science

Page: 110

View: 964

The Arctic is one of the world’s regions most affected by cultural, socio-economic, environmental, and climatic changes. Over the last two decades, scholars, policymakers, extractive industries, governments, intergovernmental forums, and non-governmental organizations have turned their attention to the Arctic, its peoples, resources, and to the challenges and benefits of impending transformations. Arctic sustainability is an issue of increasing concern as well as the resilience and adaptation of Arctic societies to changing conditions. This book offers key insights into the history, current state of knowledge and the future of sustainability, and sustainable development research in the Arctic. Written by an international, interdisciplinary team of experts, it presents a comprehensive progress report on Arctic sustainability research. It identifies key knowledge gaps and provides salient recommendations for prioritizing research in the next decade. Arctic Sustainability Research will appeal to researchers, academics, and policymakers interested in sustainability science and the practices of sustainable development, as well as those working in polar studies, climate change, political geography, and the history of science.
Categories: Science

Coexistence Cooperation and Solidarity

Coexistence  Cooperation and Solidarity

legacies and change in Polar Sciences: historical, legal and Political reflections on the international Polar year (2009), including d. r. rothwell, The iPy and the antarctic treaty System: reflections 50 years later, 125, at 127; ...

Author: Holger P. Hestermeyer

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789004188938

Category:

Page: 2

View: 906

Categories:

Polar Geopolitics

Polar Geopolitics

Nilsson, A.E. (2009), 'A changing Arctic climate: more than just weather', in Jessica Shadian and Monica Tennberg (eds), Legacies and Change in Polar Sciences, Farnham: Ashgate, pp. 9–34. Offerdal, K. (2010), 'Arctic energy in EU ...

Author: Richard C. Powell

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781781009413

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 779

The polar regions (the Arctic and Antarctic) have enjoyed widespread public attention in recent years, as issues of conservation, sustainability, resource speculation and geopolitical manoeuvring have all garnered considerable international media inter
Categories: Political Science

Science Advice and Global Environmental Governance

Science Advice and Global Environmental Governance

'A Changing Arctic Climate: More Than Just Weather.” In J. M. Shadian and M. Tennberg (eds.), Legacies and Change in Polar Sciences: Historical, Legal and Political Reflections on the International Polar lear, pp. 27–52.

Author: Pia M. Kohler

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 9781785271472

Category: Nature

Page: 226

View: 266

"Science Advice and Global Environmental Governance" examines expert committees established to provide advice on science to multilateral environmental agreements. By focusing on how these institutions are sites of coproduction of knowledge and policy, this work brings to light the politics of science advice and details how these committees are contributing to an emerging global environmental constitutionalism. Grounded in participant observation, elite interviews and document analysis, this book uses the lenses of the body of experts, body of knowledge and institutional body to focus on three treaties: the Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer, the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants and the UN Convention to Combat Desertification.
Categories: Nature