The present volume, written by some of the most widely recognized leaders in the field, summarizes and integrates the theory, research, and application of learned helplessness.
Author: Christopher Peterson
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
When experience with uncontrollable events gives rise to the expectation that events in the future will also elude control, disruptions in motivation, emotion, and learning may ensue. Learned helplessness refers to the problems that arise in the wake of uncontrollability. First described in the 1960s among laboratory animals, learned helplessness has since been applied to a variety of human problems entailing inappropriate passivity and demoralization. While learned helplessness is best known as an explanation of depression, studies with both people and animals have mapped out the cognitive and biological aspects. The present volume, written by some of the most widely recognized leaders in the field, summarizes and integrates the theory, research, and application of learned helplessness. Each line of work is evaluated critically in terms of what is and is not known, and future directions are sketched. More generally, psychiatrists and psychologists in various specialties will be interested in the book's argument that a theory emphasizing personal control is of particular interest in the here and now, as individuality and control are such salient cultural topics.
The best-known application of learned helplessness has been as an explanation of depression, although numerous other extensions have been made, most recently to physical illness and death.
Author: Christopher Peterson
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
When experience with uncontrollable events gives rise to the expectation that events in the future will also elude control, disruptions in motivation, emotion, and learning may ensue. "Learned helplessness" refers to the problems that arise in the wake of uncontrollability. First described in the 1960's among laboratory animals, learned helplessness has since been applied to a variety of human problems entailing inappropriate passivity and demoralization. While learned helplessness is best known as an explanation of depression, studies with both people and animals have mapped out the cognitive and biological aspects. The present volume summarizes and integrates the theory, research, and application of learned helplessness. Each line of work is evaluated critically in terms of what is and is not known, and future directions are sketched.
Dr. Mikulincer accounts for the complex nature of the phenomenon by focusing on cognitive, motivational, and emotional processes, and then details a new coping perspective to deal with uncontrollable events.
Author: Mario Mikulincer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Summarizing 25 years of research, the author integrates virtually the entire published literature on the phenomenon of learned helplessness, as well as some unpublished data, into a single coherent theoretical framework. Dr. Mikulincer accounts for the complex nature of the phenomenon by focusing on cognitive, motivational, and emotional processes, and then details a new coping perspective to deal with uncontrollable events. His groundbreaking work will become an essential reference for all future work in the field.
Author: Colonel Vaughan Witten, Ph.D.Publish On: 2021-08-06
After such experience the organism often fails to learn or accept “escape” or “avoidance” in new situations where such behavior would likely be effective. In other words, the person or organism LEARNED that it is helpless in situations ...
Author: Colonel Vaughan Witten, Ph.D.
Publisher: Dorrance Publishing
Category: Social Science
Learned Helplessness: The Poison Pill Threat to Black America By: Colonel Vaughan Witten, Ph.D. Learned Helplessness: The Poison Pill Threat to Black America discusses the self-destructive behavior of the American Black male, his delusional belief of victimization by a white society as the primary reason for his failure to acclimate and succeed in today’s capitalistic America. This engrained worldview thereby sufficiently blinds him and the general Black culture to the concept that discipline, sacrifice, and industry are their only escape from their dilemma instead of their rearview blame, pity, and destructive behavior. This helplessness, learned and absorbed in their psyche, negates any macro attempt to thrive as an independent, self-sufficient, and competitive subculture in America.
Author: Kristina Lyn HeitkampPublish On: 2018-12-15
Learned. Helplessness. Kendra Cherry Kendra Cherry is an author and educator with over a decade of experience ... Research on what is known as learned helplessness has shown that when people feel like they have no control over what ...
Author: Kristina Lyn Heitkamp
Publisher: Greenhaven Publishing LLC
Category: Young Adult Nonfiction
Between 1996 and 2017, the number of families on welfare declined to less than a quarter of its former rate of coverage, yet nearly twice as many households live in extreme poverty and nearly 25 percent of American children live in poverty. What can be done to help these children and families escape poverty? Are government programs like welfare the best solution, or are there other ways to pull families out of poverty? This volume looks at the issue of poverty, the various theories about why it proliferates, and a number of proposed strategies to fight it.
Each of these constructs has produced an independent area of research, but these constructs may also be seen as components of the learned helplessness paradigm. An examination of the ways in which learned helplessness has been used in ...
Author: P.S. Fry
The past few years have witnessed widespread acceptance of the notion that few elderly individuals are willing to stand by silently in the process of growing, and to relinquish whatever actual controls, autonomy or control beliefs they had in the past. Increasingly, old age is viewed as the dynamics of growth in mastery, control and self-efficacy, on the one hand, and a relative decline in psychological and physical resources on the other. It is the intent of this volume to communicate both aspects of these changes, and to offer a comprehensive review of the cross-fertilization of the field of gerontology and the psychology of reactance, freedom and control. Leading psychologists and social science researchers from the United States, Canada and Europe give their views on the meaning and application of control-related constructs having specific implications for the field of human aging. They address themselves to one or more of the major themes, issues or concerns which currently figure in discussions of control beliefs and control constructs as they apply to aging and old age. Written primarily for scholars, researchers and developmental theorists interested in the complexities and generativity of control constructs and their applications for the psychological well-being of older adults, the data and issues presented will be equally informative to gero-psychologists and mental health professionals concerned with healthy adaptive functioning of the elderly.
Information about uncontrollability Expectancy of uncontrollability Learned helplessness Figure 14. The components of the theory of learned helplessness ( taken from Seligman , 1975 ) . “ non - helpless " participants who had previously ...
Author: Friedrich Försterling
Publisher: Psychology Press
This significant text combines comprehensive coverage of the fundamental theoretical ideas and most influential research with an overview of more recent developments.
LEARNED HELPLESSNESS Seligman ( 1975 ) has conducted many excellent laboratory experiments to determine the effects ... He has developed a theory of learned helplessness that states that a person becomes helpless when an outcome occurs ...
Author: Roberta B. Trieschmann
Publisher: Demos Medical Publishing
"This second edition of Trieschmann's acclaimed book is an updated and comprehensive information source for all professionals involved in spinal cord injury management, providing a complete picture of the field as we know it today. "
Inappropriate Helplessness The term " inappropriate helplessness " is used to extend the idea that the stimulus generalization of learned helplessness may be irrational and inappropriate in some cases . It is the assumption of the ...
Conclusion Learned helplessness theory suggests that personal events may occur in situations where personal agency and understanding may be negated due to external environments and conditions . When faced with these " uncontrollable ...
Locus of Control and Learned Helplessness ” , Journal of Experimental Psychology , 102 , 187-93 . Hiroto , D.S. , and Seligman , M.E.P. ( 1975 ) . " Generality of Learned Helplessness in Man ” , Journal of Personality and Social ...
Even in their domestic lives , women and children , and more rarely men , learn to conform their behavior before these two grave threats . THE BASIC STRESS PARADIGM AND LEARNED HELPLESSNESS Helplessness is the debilitating end product ...
Author: Peter R. Breggin
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
An explanation of the common principles of conflict resolution on every level discusses self-help, psychotherapy, and family therapy and discloses the impact and origins of guilt and anxiety.
The learned helplessness paradigm , thus originally formulated on the basis of laboratory experiments with various infrahuman species , was then extended to research with human subjects . For example , Seligman and his associates found ...
LEARNED HELPLESSNESS 517 518 LEARNING CURVES LEARNING OUTCOMES, I 519 520 LEARNING OUTCOMES, ... Learned helplessness was discovered when researchers immobilized a dog and exposed it to electric shocks that could be neither avoided nor ...
Author: W. Edward Craighead
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Edited by high caliber experts, and contributed to by qualityresearchers and practitioners in psychology and relatedfields. Includes over 500 topical entries Each entry features suggested readings and extensivecross-referencing Accessible to students and general readers Edited by two outstanding scholars and clinicians
Author: Todd R Schachtman, PhDPublish On: 2011-06-03
This finding gave rise to a major theoretical development, the learned helplessness hypothesis, and stimulated an enormous amount of research on the varied effects of lack of control. One focus of this chapter is research from the ...
Author: Todd R Schachtman, PhD
Publisher: OUP USA
Organisms survive and succeed because of their ability to learn and adapt to changing circumstances and new demands. As discussed in the chapters of the present volume, an appreciation of the mechanisms and principles of learning and conditioning is fundamental to any analysis of normal behavior as well as to an informed understanding of our well being (including examination of such issues as anxiety and fear, brain-immune system interactions, drug addiction and abuse, emotional learning, and social behavior) and mental health (for example, autism, depression, helplessness and schizophrenia). The twenty-three chapters in this volume, written by a distinguished collection of internationally renowned scholars, articulate the basic, yet sophisticated, way in which learning and conditioning processes influence our everyday behaviors, both normal and maladaptive, and help explain a variety of clinically important phenomena and disorders.
Author: Bruce Franklin PenningtonPublish On: 2002-04-29
A similar effect was then demonstrated in humans , leading to the development of the learned helplessness theory of depression . The key construct in this theory is a belief about lack of control , thus making it a cognitive theory of ...
Author: Bruce Franklin Pennington
Publisher: Guilford Press
This highly readable volume illuminates the interplay among biological, psychological, and social-contextual processes in the development of such prevalent problems as depression, schizophrenia, ADHD, dyslexia, and autism. Leading developmental scientist Bruce F. Pennington explains the variety of methods currently being used to investigate the mind-brain connection, including behavioral and molecular genetics, studies of brain structure and function, neuropsychology, and treatment studies. Shedding new light on where mental disorders come from, how they develop, and why they are so common, the book also examines the implications for treatment and prevention.
No study thus far has attempted to explore the specific affective responses of subjects within the learned helplessness paradigm . Purpose There is considerable support for the theory that learned helplessness impairs task performance ...
There are varying levels of susceptibility to learned helplessness. It turns out that only about two-thirds of students are likely candidates. This is because many individuals are “immunized” against it by previous successful ...
Author: Eric Jensen
Publisher: Corwin Press
Adopt a teaching approach aligned with the brain's natural way of learning! An expert in brain research and brain-based teaching strategies, Eric Jensen offers an easy-to-understand explanation of the relationship between learning and the brain. Updated and streamlined, this second edition features in-depth information about the impact of physiological effects, sensory stimuli, and emotions on student learning and includes: A set of brain-based principles for informed decision making Low-cost teaching strategies that teachers can implement immediately Reader-friendly language accessible for both novice and veteran educators Easy-to-follow chapter outlines and helpful text boxes to emphasize key points
Results indicated that helpless and depressed subjects who received the internal attribution manipulations ... If the former is true for the type of depression that learned helplessness describes , then the problem becomes one of ...
It is possible , as suggested by Dweck and Licht ( 1980 ) , that attributions are made more frequently by learned helpless as opposed to mastery oriented students . If this is the case , then for the learned helpless proportion of the ...