Law and Order in Ancient Athens

Law and Order in Ancient Athens

And yet Athens was a remarkably peaceful and well-ordered society by both ancient and contemporary standards. Why? Law and Order in Ancient Athens draws on contemporary legal scholarship to explore how order was maintained in Athens.

Author: Adriaan Lanni

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316715116

Category: History

Page:

View: 674

The classical Athenian 'state' had almost no formal coercive apparatus to ensure order or compliance with law: there was no professional police force or public prosecutor, and nearly every step in the legal process depended on private initiative. And yet Athens was a remarkably peaceful and well-ordered society by both ancient and contemporary standards. Why? Law and Order in Ancient Athens draws on contemporary legal scholarship to explore how order was maintained in Athens. Lanni argues that law and formal legal institutions played a greater role in maintaining order than is generally acknowledged. The legal system did encourage compliance with law, but not through the familiar deterrence mechanism of imposing sanctions for violating statutes. Lanni shows how formal institutions facilitated the operation of informal social control in a society that was too large and diverse to be characterized as a 'face-to-face community' or 'close-knit group'.
Categories: History

The Discovery of the Fact

The Discovery of the Fact

Hunter , Policing Athens , 96 . Lanni ' s “ Social Sanctions in Classical Athens ” (
the basis for Lanni , Law and Order in Ancient Athens , 20 - 33 , where the
argument is developed ) argues for a modified version of this approach ( in which
the ...

Author: Clifford Ando

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780472131884

Category: Evidence (Greek law)

Page: 214

View: 618

The Discovery of the Fact draws on expertise from lawyers, historians of philosophy, and scholars of classical studies and ancient history, to take a very modern perspective on an underexplored but essential domain of ancient legal history. Everyone is familiar with courts as adjudicators of facts. But legal institutions also played an essential role in the emergence of the notion of the fact, and contributed in a vital way to commonplace understandings of what is knowable and what is not. These issues have a particular importance in ancient Greece and Rome, the first western societies in which state law and state institutions of dispute resolution visibly play a decisive role in ordinary social and economic relations. The Discovery of the Fact investigates, historically and comparatively, the relationships among the law, legal institutions, and the boundaries of knowledge in classical Greece and Rome. Societies wanted citizens to conform to the law, but how could this be insured? On what foundation did ancient courts and institutions base their decisions, and how did they represent the reasoning behind their decisions when announcing them? Slaves were owned like things, and yet they had minds that ancients conceded were essentially unknowable. What was to be done? And where has the boundary been drawn between questions of law and questions of fact when designing processes of dispute resolution?
Categories: Evidence (Greek law)

Law Violence and Community in Classical Athens

Law  Violence  and Community in Classical Athens

Using comparative anthropological and historical perspectives, this analysis of the legal regulation of violence in Athenian society challenges traditional accounts of the development of the legal process.

Author: David Cohen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521388376

Category: History

Page: 214

View: 767

This book examines the legal regulation of violence and the role of litigation in Athenian society. Using comparative anthropological and historical perspectives, David Cohen challenges traditional evolutionary and functionalist accounts of the development of legal process. Examining Athenian theories of social conflict and the rule of law, as well as actual litigation involving the regulation of violence, the book emphasizes the way in which the judicial process operates in an agonistic society.
Categories: History

The Rhetoric of Conspiracy in Ancient Athens

The Rhetoric of Conspiracy in Ancient Athens

Pace Demosthenes, however, such reservations do not constitute proof that
Timocrates moved his law in order to rescue the envoys from their predicament
and that the potential evil consequences of his law were premeditated. Since the
law ...

Author: Joseph Roisman

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520932919

Category: History

Page: 214

View: 697

The Attic orators, whose works are an invaluable source on the social and political history of Classical Athens, often filled their speeches with charges of conspiracy involving almost every facet of Athenian life. There are allegations of plots against men's lives, property, careers, and reputations as well as charges of conspiracy against the public interest, the government, the management of foreign affairs, and more. Until now, however, this obsession with conspiracy has received little scholarly attention. In order to develop the first full picture of this important feature of Athenian discourse, Joseph Roisman examines the range and nature of the conspiracy charges. He asks why they were so popular, and considers their rhetorical, cultural, and psychological significance. He also investigates the historical likelihood of the scenarios advanced for these plots, and asks what their prevalence suggests about the Athenians and their worldview. He concludes by comparing ancient and modern conspiracy theories. In addition to shedding new light on Athenian history and culture, his study provides an invaluable perspective on the use of conspiracy as a rhetorical ploy.
Categories: History

Civic Obligation and Individual Liberty in Ancient Athens

Civic Obligation and Individual Liberty in Ancient Athens

Prosecutors introduced a law, or sometimes 'the laws', to a case in order to argue
that the Athenian laws as a whole were undermined by behaviour of the
defendant. Lycurgus, though unable to pin contravention of any one particular
law on ...

Author: Peter Liddel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199226580

Category: History

Page: 443

View: 187

A fresh approach to the old problem of the nature of individual liberty in ancient Athens. Using modern political theory as a springboard, Peter Liddel argues that the ancient Athenians held liberty to consist of the substantial obligations (political, financial, and military) of citizenship.
Categories: History

Economic Equality and Direct Democracy in Ancient Athens

Economic Equality and Direct Democracy in Ancient Athens

Solon's most radical reform was to establish courts (heliaia) which, like the
Assembly, accepted all citizens as participants. Given the resistance to Drako's
code, and in order to give people confidence in the law, Solon “put the final
power in the ...

Author: Larry Patriquin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137503480

Category: Political Science

Page: 100

View: 663

This book argues that ancient democracy did not stop at the door of economic democracy, and that ancient Athens has much to tell us about the relationship between political equality and economic equality. Athenian democracy rested on a foundation of general economic equality, which enabled citizens to challenge their exclusion from politics.
Categories: Political Science

Ancient History Key Themes and Approaches

Ancient History  Key Themes and Approaches

Law See also Crime and Punishment 1 No<oB, in all its senses, signifies an
aorder« and implies that this order is, or ought to be, generally ... Martin Ostwald,
Nomos and the Beginnings ofthe Athenian Democracy,Oxford, OUP, 1969,p.54.

Author: Neville Morley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134709830

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 291

Ancient History: Key Themes and Approaches is a sourcebook of writings on ancient history. It presents over 500 of the most important stimulating and provocative arguments by modern writers on the subject, and as such constitutes an invaluable reference resource. The first section deals with different aspects of life in the ancient world, such as democracy, imperialism, slavery and sexuality, while the second section covers the ideas of key ancient historians and other writers on classical antiquity. Overall this book offers an invaluable introduction to the most important ideas, theories and controversies in ancient history, and a thought-provoking survey of the range of views and approaches to the subject.
Categories: History

Understanding Political Ideas and Movements

Understanding Political Ideas and Movements

Freedom in the sense of self-government did not mean direct democracy as it did
in Ancient Athens. ... to be found in the subsequent order and in those areas of
life that were not proscribed by the law; this theory is described in modern
political ...

Author: Kevin Harrison

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 0719061512

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 992

Underpinned by the work of major thinkers such as Marx, Locke, Weber, Hobbes and Foucault, the first half of the book looks at political concepts including: the state and sovereignty; the nation; democracy; representation and legitimacy; freedom; equiality and rights; obligation; and citizenship. There is also a specific chapter which addresses the role of ideology in the shaping of politics and society. The second half of the book addresses traditional theoretical subjects such as socialism, Marxism and nationalism, before moving on to more contemporary movements such as environmentalism, ecologism and feminism.
Categories: Political Science

Now That You Asked

Now That You Asked

Ancient Athens William Stearns Davis. become an ... They patrol the town at night
, arrest evil-doers, sustain law and order in the Agora, and especially enforce
decorum, if the public assemblies or the jury courts become tumultuous. They
have ...

Author: William Stearns Davis

Publisher: Fireship Press

ISBN: 9781934757123

Category: History

Page: 212

View: 661

Have you ever wondered what it would be like to go back in time? Have you ever wanted to ask an expert what it would be like to walk the streets of ancient Athens or Rome, or serve on one of Nelson¿s ships?Now you can via the Now That You Asked... series of books from Fireship Press.Now That You Asked... Ancient Athens takes you on an unforgettable journey back to the year 360 BC. You will go through a typical Athenian day learning about the city, its life, and its culture. You will visit a marketplace, a typical house, a school, a court and even visit its legislature. But most of all, you will learn about its people¿from slaves to aristocrats, and everyone in-between.Through over 200 specific questions and answers you will feel like you were actually there.This is a ¿must read¿ book for anyone interested in understanding the culture that spawned western civilization.Now That You Asked... Ancient Athens is a Fireship Press CONTEMPORIZED CLASSIC¿ and is based on William Stearns Davis¿ 1914 book: A Day in Old Athens.
Categories: History

Lending and Borrowing in Ancient Athens

Lending and Borrowing in Ancient Athens

With this exchange operation between Amyntas and his brotherin-law's brother-in
-law, we enter a sphere of relationships so ... In order to force him towards either
sale or exchange ($32), Callicles had resorted to blackmail (sukophantia) and, ...

Author: Paul Millett

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521893917

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 431

This is a book about the social and economic history of ancient Greece and has as its core a detailed study of credit relations in Athens during the fourth century BC. It looks at ancient economy and society in their own terms and demonstrates that the very different system of credit in Athens had its own complexity and sophistication.
Categories: History

The Origins of Citizenship in Ancient Athens

The Origins of Citizenship in Ancient Athens

... related to excellence (areté); in a moral community justice is the quality of the
citizen who obeys the law, since the law ... It is clear, however, that behind the
obvious institutions to order the community—a constitution, laws, and courts—
there ...

Author: Philip Brook Manville

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400860838

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 997

In this unusual synthesis of political and socio-economic history, Philip Manville demonstrates that citizenship for the Athenians was not merely a legal construct but rather a complex concept that was both an institution and a mode of social behavior. He further shows that it was not static, as most scholarship has assumed, but rather has slowly evolved over time. The work is also an explanation of the origins and development of the polis. Originally published in 1990. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
Categories: History

Early Greek Lawgivers

Early Greek Lawgivers

Designed for students and teachers of Ancient History or Classical Civilisation at school and in early university years, this series provides a valuable collection of guides to the history, art, literature, values and social institutions of ...

Author: John Lewis

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472538680

Category: History

Page: 128

View: 295

Designed for students and teachers of Ancient History or Classical Civilisation at school and in early university years, this series provides a valuable collection of guides to the history, art, literature, values and social institutions of the ancient world. "Early Greek Lawgivers" examines the men who brought laws to the early Greek city states, as an introduction both to the development of law and to the basic issues in early legal practice. The lawgiver was a man of special status, who could resolve disputes without violence, and who brought a sense of order to his community. Figures such as Minos of Crete, Lycurgus of Sparta and Solon of Athens resolved the chaos of civil strife by bringing comprehensive norms of ethical conduct to their fellows, and establishing those norms in the form of oral or written laws. Arbitration, justice, procedural versus substantive law, ethical versus legal norms, and the special character of written laws, form the background to the examination of the lawgivers themselves. Crete, under king Minos, became an example of the ideal community for later Greeks, such as Plato.The unwritten laws of Lycurgus established the foundations of the Spartan state, in contrast with the written laws of Solon in Athens. Other lawgivers illustrate particular issues in early law; for instance, Zaleucus on the divine source of laws; Philolaus on family law; Phaleas on communism of property; and Hippodamus on civic planning. This is an ideal first introduction to the establishment of law in ancient Greece. It is written for late school and early university students.
Categories: History

Fear and Loathing in Ancient Athens

Fear and Loathing in Ancient Athens

1 3.1 Introduction: Thucydides and the Plague of Athens In the second book of
his history, Thucydides offers many details ... indicated by the description of the
city«s public order in decline, where a state of ®anomie ̄ reigns and a
Decameron-like atmosphere prevails. ... No fear of gods or law of men acted as a
restraint; for, on the one hand, seeing that all men were perishing alike, they
judged that The ...

Author: Alexander Rubel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317544791

Category: History

Page: 316

View: 348

Athens at the time of the Peloponnesian war was the arena for a dramatic battle between politics and religion in the hearts and minds of the people. Fear and Loathing in Ancient Athens, originally published in German but now available for the first time in an expanded and revised English edition, sheds new light on this dramatic period of history and offers a new approach to the study of Greek religion. The book explores an extraordinary range of events and topics, and will be an indispensable study for students and scholars studying Athenian religion and politics.
Categories: History

Ancient Greek Laws

Ancient Greek Laws

law, otherwise they are not going to become members of the Areiopagos* on the
ground of obstructing the rectification of the laws. ... in front of the monument of
the eponymous heroes,24 the laws he proposes, in order that the assembly may
vote about the time allowed ... 74 Athens, Law prohibiting the passing of
conflicting laws Demosthenes xxiv (Against Timokrates) 33 early 4th century BC
At this point ...

Author: Ilias Arnaoutoglou

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134749942

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 615

In this comprehensive and accessible sourcebook, Ilias Arnaoutoglou presents a collection of ancient Greek laws, which are situated in their legal and historical contexts and are elucidated with relevant selections from Greek literature and epigraphical testimonies. A wide area of legislative activity in major and minor Greek city-states, ranging from Delphoi and Athens in mainland Greece, to Gortyn in Crete, Olbia in South Russia and Aegean cities including Ephesos, Samos and Thasos, is covered. Ilias Arnaoutoglou divides legislation into three main areas: * the household - marriage, divorce, inheritance, adoption, sexual offences and personal status * the market-place - trade, finance, sale, coinage and leases * the state - constitution, legislative process, public duties, colonies, building activities, naval forces, penal regulations, religion, politics and inter-state affairs. Dr Arnaoutoglou explores the significance of legislation in ancient Greece, the differences and similarities between ancient Greek legislation and legislators and their modern counterparts and also provides fresh translations of the legal documents themselves.
Categories: History

Resurrecting Democracy

Resurrecting Democracy

Athens: Democratic Politics as the Means to Limit the Power of Money In ancient
Athens there was a direct link between ... caused by a break down in law and
order or disputes between wealthier landowners and poorer families who had
lost, ...

Author: Luke Bretherton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316194508

Category: Political Science

Page: 474

View: 237

Through a case study of community organizing in the global city of London and an examination of the legacy of Saul Alinsky around the world, this book develops a constructive account of the relationship between religious diversity, democratic citizenship, and economic and political accountability. Based on an in-depth, ethnographic study, Part I identifies and depicts a consociational, populist and post-secular vision of democratic citizenship by reflecting on the different strands of thought and practice that feed into and help constitute community organizing. Particular attention is given to how organizing mediates the relationship between Christianity, Islam and Judaism and those without a religious commitment in order to forge a common life. Part II then unpacks the implications of this vision for how we respond to the spheres in which citizenship is enacted, namely, civil society, the sovereign nation-state, and the globalized economy. Overall, the book outlines a way of re-imagining democracy, developing innovative public policy, and addressing poverty in the contemporary context.
Categories: Political Science

Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece

A N C I E N T G R E E C E ^ The Acropolis was the center of ritual life he Greeks
believed that the world began as Chaos— in ancient Athens. a confused and
unformed void with no plan or shape or laws. No Slalue of the goddess ... Law,
which gives order to a people's social life, was also important. Without law, no
one ...

Author: Mira Bartok

Publisher: Good Year Books

ISBN: 0673362558

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 24

View: 517

Educational resource for teachers, parents and kids!
Categories: Juvenile Nonfiction

Power and Innocence A Search for the Sources of Violence

Power and Innocence  A Search for the Sources of Violence

These innocents are a thorn in the flesh of the world; they threaten to annihilate "
law and order," the police and the ... The citizens of ancient Athens, one
remembers, voted out of office a candidate known as "Aristides the Good"
because they ...

Author: Rollo May

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393249637

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 180

Stressing the positive, creative aspects of power and innocence, Rollo May offers a way of thinking about the problems of contemporary society. Rollo May defines power as the ability to cause or prevent change; innocence, on the other hand, is the conscious divesting of one's power to make it seem a virtuea form of powerlessness that Dr. May sees as particularly American in nature. From these basic concepts he suggests a new ethic that sees power as the basis for both human goodness and evil. Dr. May discusses five levels of power's potential in each of us: the infant's power to be; self-affirmation, the ability to survive with self-esteem; self-assertion, which develops when self-affirmation is blocked; aggression, a reaction to thwarted assertion; and, finally, violence, when reason and persuasion are ineffective.
Categories: Psychology

Aristotle and Natural Law

Aristotle and Natural Law

of. Natural. Law. to. be. Found. in. the. Rhetoric? There is at least some evidence
that as early as the fifth century BCE one branch of the Sophistic movement in
ancient Athens was already developing what are recognisably natural law
arguments, as a means of criticizing the existing social and political order. Some
of this evidence is provided by Aristotle, first in his discussion of natural law in his
Rhetoric, ...

Author: Tony Burns

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781441107169

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 335

Aristotle and Natural Law lays out a new theoretical approach which distinguishes between the notions of 'interpretation,' 'appropriation,' 'negotiation' and 'reconstruction' of the meaning of texts and their component concepts. These categories are then deployed in an examination of the role which the concept of natural law is used by Aristotle in a number of key texts. The book argues that Aristotle appropriated the concept of natural law, first formulated by the defenders of naturalism in the 'nature versus convention debate' in classical Athens. Thereby he contributed to the emergence and historical evolution of the meaning of one of the most important concept in the lexicon of Western political thought. Aristotle and Natural Law argues that Aristotle's ethics is best seen as a certain type of natural law theory which does not allow for the possibility that individuals might appeal to natural law in order to criticize existing laws and institutions. Rather its function is to provide them with a philosophical justification from the standpoint of Aristotle's metaphysics.
Categories: Philosophy

Law and Drama in Ancient Greece

Law and Drama in Ancient Greece

In its project, Athens tried to find an answer to violence punished in the talionic
tradition, with a new criterion that would be ... violence and bloodshed, bring
about a more balanced, fairer social order, and put into practice an exemplary
justice.

Author:

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781472519856

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 468

The relationship between law and literature is rich and complex. In the past three and half decades, the topic has received much attention from literary critics and legal scholars studying modern literature. Despite the prominence of law and justice in Ancient Greek literature, there has been little interest among Classical scholars in the connections between law and drama. This is the first collection of essays to approach Greek tragedy and comedy from a legal perspective. The volume does not claim to provide an exhaustive treatment of law and literature in ancient Greece. Rather it provides a sample of different approaches to the topic. Some essays show how knowledge of Athenian law enhances our understanding of individual passages in Attic drama and the mimes of Herodas and enriches our appreciation of dramatic techniques. Other essays examine the information provided about legal procedure found in Aristophanes' comedies or the views about the role of law in society expressed in Attic drama. The collection reveals reveal how the study of law and legal procedure can enhance our understanding of ancient drama and bring new insights to the interpretation of individual plays.
Categories: History

Psychology and Law

Psychology and Law

It was in Athens that it was invented' (McDowell, 1978:34). Allotting jurors by
lottery and the number of jurors used meant that 'An Athenian jury was the
Athenian people' (p. 40). From ancient Greece the concept of a jury was adopted
across ...

Author: Andreas Kapardis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521825306

Category: Law

Page: 429

View: 178

This book is the authoritative work for students and professionals in psychology and law.
Categories: Law