Later Prehistoric and Roman Landscapes on the Berkshire Downs

Author: Paula Susan Levick

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Oxford Limited

ISBN: 9781407313665

Category: Social Science

Page: 212

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"The aim was to examine land-use and settlement on the Berkshire Downs from the Bronze Age to the end of the Romano-British period. ... A multi-disciplinary approach was used to rebuild this landscape. Aerial transcription from the National Mapping Programme is used to provide a view of the landscape before its destruction through modern agriculture, while maps and documents, lidar, woodland survey, geophysics and metal detected finds are used to create a theoretical account of activity across this region."--Abstract.
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Anglo-Saxon Farms and Farming

Author: Debby Banham,Rosamond Faith

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191667315

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 884

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Farming was the basis of the wealth that made England worth invading, twice, in the eleventh century, while trade and manufacturing were insignificant by modern standards. In Anglo-Saxon Farms and Farming, the authors employ a wide range of evidence to investigate how Anglo-Saxon farmers produced the food and other agricultural products that sustained English economy, society, and culture before the Norman Conquest. The first part of the volume draws on written and pictorial sources, archaeology, place-names, and the history of the English language to discover what crops and livestock people raised, and what tools and techniques were used to produce them. In part two, using a series of landscape studies - place-names, maps, and the landscape itself, the authors explore how these techniques might have been combined into working agricultural regimes in different parts of the country. A picture emerges of an agriculture that changed from an essentially prehistoric state in the sub-Roman period to what was recognisably the beginning of a tradition that only ended with the Second World War. Anglo-Saxon farming was not only sustainable, but infinitely adaptable to different soils and geology, and to a climate changing as unpredictably as it is today.
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The Romano-British Villa at Castle Copse, Great Bedwyn

Author: Eric Hostetter,Thomas Noble Howe,E. P. Allison

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253328021

Category: Architecture

Page: 550

View: 8226

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These efforts have shed light not only on the history of the villa itself, but also on the shifting focus of power over the course of a millennium at the sites associated with Castle Copse in the immediate region - the Iron Age hillfort of Chisbury, a post-Roman settlement, and a Saxon village destined to become an urban center.
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Thorps in a Changing Landscape

Author: Paul Cullen,Richard Jones,David N. Parsons

Publisher: Univ of Hertfordshire Press

ISBN: 9781902806822

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 1801

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"The authors consider the siting of 'thorps' and 'throps' in relation to the landscape and to soil types in particular. Amply demonstrating the value of an interdisciplinary approach to the study of early medieval settlement in England, the authors are able to draw important conclusions about the changes in farming that swept the country during this period and by association the process of village nucleation. By examining both the chronology of place-names in 'thorp' and 'throp' and their qualifying elements (notably the presence or absence of personal names), it appears possible to chart both the speed at which arable enterprises farmed in severalty converted to communal cultivation as well as the direction in which the changes spread. There is a sense of real excitement as many fresh insights are revealed in the course of the book"--Page 4 of cover.
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The Maddle Farm project

an integrated survey of prehistoric and Roman landscapes on the Berkshire Downs

Author: Vincent L. Gaffney,Martin Tingle

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 262

View: 3231

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An experimental field survey of a large area of the Berkshire Downs, south of Uffington, achieved by intensive field walking of selected sample areas, and some excavation. Reveals the nature of the Prehistoric and Roman landscape.
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The Landscape of Roman Britain

Author: Ken R. Dark

Publisher: Sutton Pub Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 186

View: 7354

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A look at the society, politics, economics and natural environment of the Romano-British countryside, in which the authors investigate how different parts of the landscape may have related to each other. Includes a discussion of Romano-British agricultural systems.
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An Atlas of Roman Rural Settlement in England

Author: Dr. Jeremy Taylor

Publisher: Council for British Archeology

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 134

View: 5345

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This publication will present the major findings of a project focusing on the characterisation, mapping and assessment of late prehistoric and Roman rural settlement. The volume redresses the balance in the study of rural Roman settlement, taking the discussion beyond high-status villas, and using a wider range of material evidence and diverse case studies to understand broader Roman rural land use. The evidence provides new insights into patterns of regionality in settlement, as well as an up-to-date overview of the nature and diversity of Iron Age and Roman rural life. The accessible discussion is also cross-referenced to a full set of online data from the full research project. The volume will highlight directions for future research in the discipline and provide a framework for further utilisation of a crucial archaeological resource. It will be invaluable reading for all scholars of Roman Britain.
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The Prehistory of Beer Head

Field Survey and Excavations at an Isolated Flint Source on the South Devon Coast

Author: Martin Tingle

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 117

View: 598

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A report on fieldwork which aimed to determine the nature and extent of prehistoric stone working around the headland at Beer, and to establish whether exploitation reflected factors such as the efficient use of raw materials, or the desire to produce specific artefact-types. The size of the area in which chalk flint was easily accessible meant that some evidence of controlled access might be found; finally evidence from other sites was considered, in order to measure the importance of Beer to prehistoric communities of the south-west peninsular.
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The Future of Surface Artefact Survey in Europe

Author: John L. Bintliff,Martin Kuna,Natalie Venclová

Publisher: Equinox

ISBN: 9781841271347

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 120

View: 6731

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Nine studies, taken from a session at the EAA meeting in Riga in 1996, focus on the current application and future directions for surface survey techniques. Contents: Editorial overview (John Bintliff, Martin Kuna & Natalie Venclov?); Future directions for surface survey in Greece (John Bintliff); Future directions in Italian field survey (Nicola Terrenato); Surface artefact studies in the Czech Republic (Martin Kuna); Reflections on the future for surface lithic artefact study in England (John Schofield); Territorie et peuplement en France, de l'Age du Fer au Moyen Age (Claude Raynaud); The past, present and future of the Polish Archaeological Record Project (Paul Barford, Wojciech Brzezinski & Zbigniew Kobylinski); Surveying prehistoric industrial activities (Evzen Neustupny & Natalia Vanclov?); Utility of the GIS approach in the collection, management storage and analysis of surface survey data
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