This book offers a valuable and informed systematic treatment of latent heat-based thermal energy storage systems, covering current energy research and important developmental work.
Author: Amritanshu Shukla
Publisher: CRC Press
In light of increasing human-induced global climate change, there is a greater need for clean energy resources and zero carbon projects. This new volume offers up-to-date coverage of the fundamentals as well as recent advancements in energy efficient thermal energy storage materials, their characterization, and technological applications. Thermal energy storage (TES) systems offer very high-energy savings for many of our day-to-day applications and could be a strong component for enhancing the usage of renewable/clean energy-based devices. Because of its beneficial environmental impact, this technology has received wide attention in the recent past, and dedicated research efforts have led to the development of novel materials, as well to innovative applications in very many fields, ranging from buildings to textile, healthcare to agriculture, space to automobiles. This book offers a valuable and informed systematic treatment of latent heat-based thermal energy storage systems, covering current energy research and important developmental work.
Highlights: The study focussed on the techno-economic assessment of thermal energy storage systems. Data-intensive bottom-up models for each storage systems were developed.
Highlights: The study focussed on the techno-economic assessment of thermal energy storage systems. Data-intensive bottom-up models for each storage systems were developed. Costs for sensible, thermo-chemical, and latent heat storage systems were developed. The electricity cost from using these thermal energy storage systems is $0.02–$1.19/kWh. Abstract: In this paper, a data-intensive cost model was developed for sensible heat, latent heat and thermochemical storage systems. In order to evaluate the economic feasibility of storage systems, five scenarios were developed depending on the method of storage. The five scenarios considered were indirect sensible heat, direct sensible heat using two tanks, direct sensible heat using one tank, latent heat and thermochemical storage. A Monte Carlo simulation was performed for all the scenarios to examine the uncertainty in the levelized cost of electricity when parameters such as solar multiple, plant capacity, storage duration, capacity factor, and discount rate are changed. The levelized cost of electricity ranges for individual scenarios are; 0.08–0.59 $/kWh for indirect sensible heat, 0.03–0.22 $/kWh for direct sensible heat using two tank, 0.02–0.16 $/kWh for direct sensible heat using one tank, 0.06–0.43 $/kWh for latent heat, and 0.22–1.19 $/kWh for thermochemical storage. The results indicate that when uncertainty is taken into account, the investment cost for thermochemical storage is clearly higher than other scenarios. This study will provide key information for industry and policy makers in decision making and in determining the economic viability of thermal energy storage systems.
Furthermore, this book provides coverage of the theoretical, experimental and numerical techniques employed in the field of thermal storage. Numerous case studies and illustrative examples are included throughout.
Author: Ibrahim Dincer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
During the last two decades many research and development activities related to energy have concentrated on efficient energy use and energy savings and conservation. In this regard, Thermal Energy Storage (TES) systems can play an important role, as they provide great potential for facilitating energy savings and reducing environmental impact. Thermal storage has received increasing interest in recent years in terms of its applications, and the enormous potential it offers both for more effective use of thermal equipment and for economic, large-scale energy substitutions. Indeed, TES appears to provide one of the most advantageous solutions for correcting the mismatch that often occurs between the supply and demand of energy. Despite this increase in attention, no book is currently available which comprehensively covers TES. Presenting contributions from prominent researchers and scientists, this book is primarily concerned with TES systems and their applications. It begins with a brief summary of general aspects of thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and heat transfer, and then goes on to discuss energy storage technologies, environmental aspects of TES, energy and exergy analyses, and practical applications. Furthermore, this book provides coverage of the theoretical, experimental and numerical techniques employed in the field of thermal storage. Numerous case studies and illustrative examples are included throughout. Some of the unique features of this book include: * State-of-the art descriptions of many facets of TES systems and applications * In-depth coverage of exergy analysis and thermodynamic optimization of TES systems * Extensive new material on TES technologies, including advances due to innovations in sensible- and latent-energy storage * Key chapters on environmental issues, sustainable development and energy savings * Extensive coverage of practical aspects of the design, evaluation, selection and implementation of TES systems * Wide coverage of TES-system modelling, ranging in level from elementary to advanced * Abundant design examples, case studies and references In short, this book forms a valuable reference resource for practicing engineers and researchers, and a research-oriented text book for advanced undergraduate and graduate students of various engineering disciplines. Instructors will find that its breadth and structure make it an ideal core text for TES and related courses.
Sensible and latent heat energy storage systems for concentrated solar power
plants, exergy efficiency comparison. Sol. ... Development of graphite foam
infiltrated with MgCl2 for a latent heat based thermal energy storage (LHTES) system.
Author: Luisa F. Cabeza
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
Category: Technology & Engineering
Advances in Thermal Energy Storage Systems, 2nd edition, presents a fully updated comprehensive analysis of thermal energy storage systems (TES) including all major advances and developments since the first edition published. This very successful publication provides readers with all the information related to TES in one resource, along with a variety of applications across the energy/power and construction sectors, as well as, new to this edition, the transport industry. After an introduction to TES systems, editor Dr. Prof. Luisa Cabeza and her team of expert authors consider the source, design and operation of the use of water, molten salts, concrete, aquifers, boreholes and a variety of phase-change materials for TES systems, before analyzing and simulating underground TES systems. This edition benefits from 5 new chapters covering the most advanced technologies including sorption systems, thermodynamic and dynamic modelling as well as applications to the transport industry and the environmental and economic aspects of TES. It will benefit researchers and academics of energy systems and thermal energy storage, construction engineering academics, engineers and practitioners in the energy and power industry, as well as architects of plants and storage systems and R&D managers. Includes 5 brand new chapters covering Sorption systems, Thermodynamic and dynamic models, applications to the transport sector, environmental aspects of TES and economic aspects of TES All existing chapters are updated and revised to reflect the most recent advances in the research and technologies of the field Reviews heat storage technologies, including the use of water, molten salts, concrete and boreholes in one comprehensive resource Describes latent heat storage systems and thermochemical heat storage Includes information on the monitoring and control of thermal energy storage systems, and considers their applications in residential buildings, power plants and industry
The calculation of the economic impact of an economically optimized thermal energy storage system, based on a latent heat thermal energy storage system with phase change material, is the main focus of the presented work.
Highlights: Integration of a latent heat thermal energy storage system into a solar direct steam generation power cycle. Parametric study of solar field and storage size for determination of the optimal layout. Evaluation of storage impact on the economic performance of the solar thermal power plant. Economic comparison of new direct steam generation plant layout with state-of-the-art oil plant layout. Abstract: One possible way to further reduce levelized costs of electricity of concentrated solar thermal energy is to directly use water/steam as the primary heat transfer fluid within a concentrated collector field. This so-called direct steam generation offers the opportunity of higher operating temperatures and better exergy efficiency. A technical challenge of the direct steam generation technology compared to oil-driven power cycles is a competitive storage technology for heat transfer fluids with a phase change. Latent heat thermal energy storages are suitable for storing heat at a constant temperature and can be used for direct steam generation power plants. The calculation of the economic impact of an economically optimized thermal energy storage system, based on a latent heat thermal energy storage system with phase change material, is the main focus of the presented work. To reach that goal, a thermal energy storage system for a direct steam generation power plant with parabolic troughs in the solar field was thermally designed to determine the boundary conditions. This paper discusses the economic impact of the designed thermal energy storage system based on the levelized costs of electricity results, provided via a wide parametric study. A state-of-the-art power cycle with a primary and a secondary heat transfer fluid and a two-tank thermal energy storage is used as a benchmark technology for electricity generation with solar thermal energy. The benchmark and direct steam generation systems are compared to each other, based respectively on their annual electricity yields and their levelized costs of electricity at two different sites. A brief comparison of a passive and an active latent heat storage system is included. Finally, specific target costs for the new direct steam generation thermal energy storage system are determined based on the results of the parametric study.
This book presents a comprehensive introduction to the use of solid‐liquid phase change materials to store significant amounts of energy in the latent heat of fusion.
Author: Amy S. Fleischer
This book presents a comprehensive introduction to the use of solid‐liquid phase change materials to store significant amounts of energy in the latent heat of fusion. The proper selection of materials for different applications is covered in detail, as is the use of high conductivity additives to enhance thermal diffusivity. Dr. Fleischer explores how applications of PCMS have expanded over the past 10 years to include the development of high efficiency building materials to reduce heating and cooling needs, smart material design for clothing, portable electronic systems thermal management, solar thermal power plant design and many others. Additional future research directions and challenges are also discussed.
"This book is primarily for undergraduates, graduates and research scholars working in the field of energy storage systems.
Author: Satyender Singh
Publisher: Nova Science Publishers
"This book is primarily for undergraduates, graduates and research scholars working in the field of energy storage systems. The book details the mathematical and experimental analysis of energy storage systems and can be referenced by different engineering sectors, including: mechanical, chemical, civil and energy engineering, and is equally important for scholars of physics and chemistry. Various aspects of thermal energy storage systems are described, such as lithium-ion batteries, nuclear reactors, latent heat storage with PCM embedded porous media, CCHP with TESS, PCM in solar collectors, and grain dryers. Chapter one provides an overview of the development of various kinds of cathodes and anodes. In short, this chapter is an outline of the development stages of Li-ion battery electrochemistry, discussing the commercial success and current challenges in the field with mitigation strategies, as well as the future of Li-ion batteries. In the system described in chapter two, a high-nuclear high-temperature reactor supplies constant power to the thermal energy storage unit of molten lithium chloride salt, which provides the required thermal energy for a closed energy conversion system of the Bryton cycle. During regular operation, the thermal energy storage unit stores heat overnight for use during peak demand periods in the day. In this case, the nuclear reactor remains at a constant level of thermal capacity. A detail of energy storage in PCM embedded with porous media is presented in chapter three, and the applications of such systems are presented in chapter four. PCM has gained the attention of researchers due to longer thermal recycling and chemical stablity. Moreover, high latent heat copacity is one of the most significant aspects contributing to the polularity of PCMs, and the low thermal conductivity of PCMs limits their usage in many thermal applications and can be improved by using porous media as an embedded material. Chapter five delineates the optimal working point of a system consisting of several independent units capable of trading electricity based on the consumption of various fuels. The utilization of a heat storage tank was determined using a genetic algorithm, and the modeling accuracy was compared. Chapters six and seven present a clear understanding of the working and investigation procedures of natural convection grain dryers. This book will be helpful for understanding the fundamentals of thermal energy storage systems"--
Latent heat-based thermal energy storage system must possess three different
components which are as follows, (i) Suitable phase change material that
undergoes phase transition at desired operating temperature based on
Author: Atul Sharma
Category: Technology & Engineering
This book shares the latest developments and advances in materials and processes involved in the energy generation, transmission, distribution and storage. Chapters are written by researchers in the energy and materials field. Topics include, but are not limited to, energy from biomass, bio-gas and bio-fuels; solar, wind, geothermal, hydro power, wave energy; energy-transmission, distribution and storage; energy-efficient lighting buildings; energy sustainability; hydrogen and fuel cells; energy policy for new and renewable energy technologies and education for sustainable energy development.
It contains detailed review of other modes of energy transport and discussion of environmental effects. Fundamentals and applications of characteristic methods are presented in these volumes.
Author: Yalsin Gogus
Publisher: EOLSS Publications
Energy Storage Systems theme is a component of Encyclopedia of Energy Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources which is part of the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme is organized into six different topics which represent the main scientific areas of the theme: The first topic, Rationale of Energy Storage and Supply/Demand Matching is devoted to the discussion of essential concepts and the most important aspects of the optimization, establishment and operation of energy storage systems based on six cases as examples. The succeeding four topics are Storage of Thermal Energy; Mechanical Energy Storage; Storage of Electrical Energy; Storage of Chemical Energy and Nuclear Materials. Each of these consists of a topic chapter emphasizing the general aspects and various subject articles explaining the back ground, theory and practice of a specific type of energy storage of that topic. The last topic is transport of energy with emphasis on hydrogen as future energy carrier. It contains detailed review of other modes of energy transport and discussion of environmental effects. Fundamentals and applications of characteristic methods are presented in these volumes. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students, Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers and NGOs.
This book focuses on solar-energy-based renewable energy systems and discusses the generation of electric power using solar photovoltaics, as well as some new techniques, such as solar towers, for both residential and commercial needs.
Author: Himanshu Tyagi
This book focuses on solar-energy-based renewable energy systems and discusses the generation of electric power using solar photovoltaics, as well as some new techniques, such as solar towers, for both residential and commercial needs. Such systems have played an important role in the move towards low-emission and sustainable energy sources. The book covers a variety of applications, such as solar water heaters, solar air heaters, solar drying, nanoparticle-based direct absorption solar systems, solar volumetric receivers, solar-based cooling systems, solar-based food processing and cooking, efficient buildings using solar energy, and energy storage for solar thermal systems. Given its breadth of coverage, the book offers a valuable resource for researchers, students, and professionals alike.
The book is an introduction into the field for researchers and students. It summarizes and explains the basics, general concepts, and applications with examples in a single text.
Author: Harald Mehling
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The years 2006 and 2007 mark a dramatic change of peoples view regarding c- mate change and energy consumption. The new IPCC report makes clear that - mankind plays a dominant role on climate change due to CO emissions from en- 2 ergy consumption, and that a significant reduction in CO emissions is necessary 2 within decades. At the same time, the supply of fossil energy sources like coal, oil, and natural gas becomes less reliable. In spring 2008, the oil price rose beyond 100 $/barrel for the first time in history. It is commonly accepted today that we have to reduce the use of fossil fuels to cut down the dependency on the supply countries and to reduce CO emissions. The use of renewable energy sources and 2 increased energy efficiency are the main strategies to achieve this goal. In both strategies, heat and cold storage will play an important role. People use energy in different forms, as heat, as mechanical energy, and as light. With the discovery of fire, humankind was the first time able to supply heat and light when needed. About 2000 years ago, the Romans started to use ceramic tiles to store heat in under floor heating systems. Even when the fire was out, the room stayed warm. Since ancient times, people also know how to cool food with ice as cold storage.
Facilities upgrading and maintenance | AD - A239929 ) 01 20033 N92-10177 Thermal energy storage and heat transfer support program . ... Task 4 Thermionic
energy conversion studies AD - A2399681 01 20033 N92-10178 Conventional
wallboard with latent heat storage for ... Evaluation of in - situ thermal energy storage for lunar based solar dynamic systems ( NASA - CR - 189054 ) 06 p0955
Author: Raghavendra Rohith KasibhatlaPublish On: 2019-04-10
Natural energy sources like sun and wind as well as waste heat from industrial processes are characterized by a fluctuating energy supply.
Author: Raghavendra Rohith Kasibhatla
Natural energy sources like sun and wind as well as waste heat from industrial processes are characterized by a fluctuating energy supply. To balance supply and demand in renewable energy systems, thermal energy storage (TES) is an important concept. This can be realized by storages containing numerous capsules filled with an appropriate phase change material (PCM). For applications it is essential to optimize the heat flow during the charging and discharging processes. The author presents a method for numerical simulation of these processes. He has developed a multi-scale approach combining detailed modelling of single capsules and a coarser simulation of a whole storage system. Numerical results from simulation are compared to measured data from experiments.
The proceedings also include invited lectures from domain experts. The edited work will be useful for beginners and for the advanced level researchers in the field of concentrated solar thermal technologies and their applications.
Author: Laltu Chandra
The proceedings entitled “Concentrated Solar Thermal Technologies: Recent Trends and Applications” includes the peer-reviewed selected papers those are presented during NCSTET 2016. The sub-topics under concentrated solar thermal technologies and applications included in the book are Solar Field; Receiver and Heat Exchanger; Coating; Thermal Energy Storage; Cooling; Process Heat; and Smart Grid and Policy Research. The domains mentioned cover topics from resource-assessment, collection to conversion of solar energy for applications, like, heating, cooling and electricity. The proceedings also include invited lectures from domain experts. The edited work will be useful for beginners and for the advanced level researchers in the field of concentrated solar thermal technologies and their applications.
Energy Storage not only plays an important role in conservinq the energy but also improves the performance and reliability of a wide range of energy systems.
Author: H.P. Garg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Energy Storage not only plays an important role in conservinq the energy but also improves the performance and reliability of a wide range of energy systems. Energy storagp. leads to saving of premium fuels and makes the system morA cost effective by reducing the wastage of energy. In most systems there is a mismatch between the energy supply and energy demand. The energy storage can even out this imbalance and thereby help in savings of capital costs. Enerqy storage is all the more important where the enerqy source is intermittent such as Solar Energy. The use of jntermittent energy sources is likely to grow. If more and more solar energy is to be used for domestic and industrial applications then energy storage is very crucial. If no storage is used in solar energy systems then the major part of the energy demand will be met by the back-up or auxiliary energy and therefore the so called annual solar load fract]on will be very low. In case of solar energy, both short term and long term energy storage systems can be used whjch can adjust the phase difference between solar energy supply and energy demand and can match seasonal demands to the solar availability respectively. Thermal energy storage can lead to capital cost savings, fuel savjngs, and fuel substitution in many application areas. Developing an optimum thermal storaqe system is as important an area of research as developinq an alternative source of energy.
This book covers major technological advancements in, and evolving applications of, thermal and photovoltaic solar energy systems.
Author: Himanshu Tyagi
This book covers major technological advancements in, and evolving applications of, thermal and photovoltaic solar energy systems. Advances in technologies for harnessing solar energy are extensively discussed, with topics including the fabrication, compaction and optimization of energy grids, solar cells and panels. Leading international experts discuss the applications, challenges and future prospects of research in this increasingly vital field, providing a valuable resource for all researchers working in this field.
 DileepSingha, TaeilKima, WeihuanZhaoa, WenhuaYua, David M. France,
Development of graphite foam infiltrated with MgCl2 for a latent heat based thermal energy storage (LHTES) system, Renewable Energy, 94 (2016) 660–667
Author: P. Kuppusami
Publisher: Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Category: Technology & Engineering
The research articles of this book were presented in the International Conference on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology for Energy Applications (EApp -2016, 27 - 29 June, 2016) and covers different issues on materials and materials processing technologies for solar cells, fuel cells, batteries, supercapacitors, bio-energy production, photocatalisys, energy conversion and storage, synthesis related nanomaterials and them characterization.
This book presents the latest advances in thermal energy storage development at both the materials and systems level.
Author: Andrea Frazzica
Category: Technology & Engineering
This book presents the latest advances in thermal energy storage development at both the materials and systems level. It covers various fields of application, including domestic, industrial and transport, as well as diverse technologies, such as sensible, latent and thermochemical. The contributors introduce readers to the main performance indicators for thermal storage systems, and discuss thermal energy storage (TES) technologies that can be used to improve the efficiency of energy systems and increase the share of renewable energy sources in numerous fields of application. In addition to the latest advances, the authors discuss the development and characterization of advanced materials and systems for sensible, latent and thermochemical TES, as well as the TES market and practical applications. They also report on and assess the feasibility of uniform characterization protocols and main performance indicators, compared to previous attempts to be found in the literature. The book will help to increase awareness of thermal energy storage technologies in both the academic and industrial sectors, while also providing experts new tools to achieve a uniform approach to thermal energy storage characterization methods. It will also be of interest to all students and researchers seeking an introduction to recent innovations in TES technologies.
 Nallusamy N, sampath S, and Velraj R, Study on performance of a packed bed latent heat thermal energy storage unit integrated with solar water heating systems. Int. J. Zhejiang University SCIENCE A. 7(8) (2006) 1422-1430.  Long
Author: N. Nallusamy
Publisher: Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Category: Technology & Engineering
Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the International Conference on Sustainable Energy Resources, Materials and Technologies" (ISERMAT 2015), January 8-9, 2015, Chennai, India. The 181 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Renewable Energy, Environment and Heat Transfer; Chapter 2: Modeling and Simulation; Chapter 3: Materials Properties Research and Processing; Chapter 4: Composite Materials Characterization; Chapter 5: Engines and Alternative Fuels; Chapter 6: Electrical Energy Systems and Devices; Chapter 7: Measurements and Testing