Language Truth and Logic

Language  Truth and Logic

The basic thesis of this work is that philosophy should not squander its energies upon the unknowable, but should perform its proper function in criticism and analysis.

Author: Alfred Jules Ayer

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486113098

Category: Philosophy

Page: 160

View: 321

"A delightful book … I should like to have written it myself." — Bertrand Russell First published in 1936, this first full-length presentation in English of the Logical Positivism of Carnap, Neurath, and others has gone through many printings to become a classic of thought and communication. It not only surveys one of the most important areas of modern thought; it also shows the confusion that arises from imperfect understanding of the uses of language. A first-rate antidote for fuzzy thought and muddled writing, this remarkable book has helped philosophers, writers, speakers, teachers, students, and general readers alike. Mr. Ayers sets up specific tests by which you can easily evaluate statements of ideas. You will also learn how to distinguish ideas that cannot be verified by experience — those expressing religious, moral, or aesthetic experience, those expounding theological or metaphysical doctrine, and those dealing with a priori truth. The basic thesis of this work is that philosophy should not squander its energies upon the unknowable, but should perform its proper function in criticism and analysis.
Categories: Philosophy

Language Truth and Knowledge

Language  Truth and Knowledge

Language , Truth and Knowledge brings together 11 new essays that offer a wealth of insights on a number of Carnap's concerns and ideas . The volume arose out of a symposium on Carnap's work at an international conference held in Vienna ...

Author: Thomas Bonk

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402012063

Category: Philosophy

Page: 194

View: 919

This collection will prove a valuable resource for our understanding of the historic Carnap and the living philosophical issues with which he grappled. It arose out of a symposium on Carnap's work (Vienna, 2001). With essays by Graham H. Bird, Jaakko Hintikka, Ilkka Niiniluoto, Jan Wolenski, this volume will interest graduate students of the philosophy of language and logic, as well as professional philosophers, historians of analytic philosophy, and philosophically inclined logicians.
Categories: Philosophy

The Problem of Knowledge

The Problem of Knowledge

In this book, the author of "Language, Truth and Logic" tackles one of the central issues of philosophy - how we can know anything - by setting out all the sceptic's arguments and trying to counter them one by one.

Author: Alfred Jules Ayer

Publisher: Penguin Group

ISBN: UCSC:32106005942146

Category: Knowledge, Sociology of

Page: 258

View: 999

In this book, the author of "Language, Truth and Logic" tackles one of the central issues of philosophy - how we can know anything - by setting out all the sceptic's arguments and trying to counter them one by one.
Categories: Knowledge, Sociology of

The Historical and Philosophical Significance of Ayer s Language Truth and Logic

The Historical and Philosophical Significance of Ayer   s Language  Truth and Logic

This edited collection provides the first comprehensive volume on A. J. Ayer’s 1936 masterpiece, Language, Truth and Logic.

Author: Adam Tamas Tuboly

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030508845

Category: Philosophy

Page: 370

View: 723

This edited collection provides the first comprehensive volume on A. J. Ayer’s 1936 masterpiece, Language, Truth and Logic. With eleven original chapters the volume reconsiders the historical and philosophical significance of Ayer’s work, examining its place in the history of analytic philosophy and its subsequent legacy. Making use of pioneering research in logical empiricism, the contributors explore a wide variety of topics, from ethics, values and religion, to truth, epistemology and philosophy of language. Among the questions discussed are: How did Ayer preserve or distort the views and conceptions of logical empiricists? How are Ayer's arguments different from the ones he aimed at reconstructing? And which aspects of the book were responsible for its immense impact? The volume expertly places Language, Truth and Logic in the intellectual and socio-cultural history of twentieth-century philosophical thought, providing both introductory and contextual chapters, as well as specific explorations of a variety of topics covering the main themes of the book. Providing important insights of both historical and contemporary significance, this collection is an essential resource for scholars interested in the legacy of the Vienna Circle and its effect on ethics and philosophy of mind.
Categories: Philosophy

Contextualism in Philosophy

Contextualism in Philosophy

This volume brings together the debates, in a set of twelve specially written essays representing the latest work by leading figures in the two fields. All future work on contextualism will start here.

Author: Gerhard Preyer

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 9780191556180

Category: Philosophy

Page: 412

View: 442

In epistemology and in philosophy of language there is fierce debate about the role of context in knowledge, understanding, and meaning. Many contemporary epistemologists take seriously the thesis that epistemic vocabulary is context-sensitive. This thesis is of course a semantic claim, so it has brought epistemologists into contact with work on context in semantics by philosophers of language. This volume brings together the debates, in a set of twelve specially written essays representing the latest work by leading figures in the two fields. All future work on contextualism will start here.
Categories: Philosophy

Language Truth and Literature

Language  Truth  and Literature

For example, the understanding of a work of literature may demand historiological and even some kinds of technical ... There are many critical communities, speaking many different languages. ... 41. Art 34 language, truth, and literature.

Author: Richard Gaskin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199657902

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 376

View: 336

According to the literary humanist, works of imaginative literature have an objective meaning which is fixed at the time of their production and which is the same for all readers, then and thereafter, not subject to the vagaries of individual readers' responses. Richard Gaskin offers a defence of literary humanism against assault from two directions. On the one hand, some analytic aestheticians have argued that works of literature do not bear referentially on theworld or make true statements about it; others hold that such works do not make a contribution to knowledge; others again allow that works of literature may have cognitive value, but deny that thisdepends on their having truth or reference. On the other hand, reception-theorists and deconstructionists have rejected the humanist's objectivist conception of literary meaning, and typically take a pragmatist and anti-realist approach to truth and meaning. In defending literary humanism against these forms of attack, Gaskin shows that the reading and appreciation of literature is a cognitive activity fully on a par with scientific investigation, and that we can and should engage in itdisinterestedly for the sake of what can be learnt about the world and our place in it.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Infinite Thought

Infinite Thought

There is an access via language to difference in knowledge - first point - but language doesn't constitute the ontological differences , not at all . And when we have the capacity of having the point of view of truth we understand that ...

Author: Alain Badiou

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 0826479294

Category: Philosophy

Page: 160

View: 525

Alain Badiou is already regarded as one of the mostoriginal and powerful voices in contemporaryEuropean thought. Infinite Thought brings together arepresentative selection of the range of AlainBadiou's work, illustrating the power and diversity ofhis thought.
Categories: Philosophy

The Paradox of Being

The Paradox of Being

Both truth and knowledge may be characterized through their relationship to language. Truth is a relationship of the human that moves beyond language in its engagement with the real, whereas knowledge is a relationship with the world ...

Author: Poul Andersen

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9781684171040

Category: Religion

Page:

View: 909

The question of truth has never been more urgent than today, when the distortion of facts and the imposition of pseudo-realities in the service of the powerful have become the order of the day. In The Paradox of Being Poul Andersen addresses the concept of truth in Chinese Daoist philosophy and ritual. His approach is unapologetically universalist, and the book may be read as a call for a new way of studying Chinese culture, one that does not shy away from approaching “the other” in terms of an engagement with “our own” philosophical heritage. The basic Chinese word for truth is zhen, which means both true and real, and it bypasses the separation of the two ideas insisted on in much of the Western philosophical tradition. Through wide-ranging research into Daoist ritual, both in history and as it survives in the present day, Andersen shows that the concept of true reality that informs this tradition posits being as a paradox anchored in the inexistent Way (Dao). The preferred way of life suggested by this insight consists in seeking to be an exception to ordinary norms and rules of behavior which nonetheless engages what is common to us all.
Categories: Religion

Knowledge Language and Logic Questions for Quine

Knowledge  Language and Logic  Questions for Quine

The essays in this collection are by some of the leading figures in their fields and they touch on the most recent turnings in Quine's work. The book also features an essay by Quine himself, and his replies to each of the papers.

Author: A. Orenstein

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401139335

Category: Science

Page: 446

View: 673

Quine is one of the twentieth century's most important and influential philosophers. The essays in this collection are by some of the leading figures in their fields and they touch on the most recent turnings in Quine's work. The book also features an essay by Quine himself, and his replies to each of the papers. Questions are raised concerning Quine's views on knowledge: observation, holism, truth, naturalized epistemology; about language: meaning, the indeterminacy of translation, conjecture; and about the philosophy of logic: ontology, singular terms, vagueness, identity, and intensional contexts. Given Quine's preeminent position, this book must be of interest to students of philosophy in general, Quine aficionados, and most particularly to those working in the areas of epistemology, ontology, philosophies of language, of logic, and of science.
Categories: Science

Donald Davidson

Donald Davidson

In the spirit of this openness, this volume brings together essays on the major themes of Davidson's thought by leading academics, along with individually penned responses by the philosopher himself.

Author: Urszula M. Żegleń

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415189040

Category: Philosophy

Page: 186

View: 244

Donald Davidson has made enormous contributions to the philosophy of action, epistemology, semantics and philosophy of mind and today is recognized as one of the most important analytical philosophers of the late twentieth century. Davidson's philosophy is characterised not only by its rigour and intellectual integrity but also by its continued interest in dialogue and re-evaluation of its paradigms. In the spirit of this openness, this volume brings together essays on the major themes of Davidson's thought by leading academics, along with individually penned responses by the philosopher himself.
Categories: Philosophy

Language Mind and Reality

Language  Mind and Reality

(Pradhan, 1992:91) The knower and the known are linguistically connected as the transmission of knowledge shows that knowledge is communicable through language. Truth is disclosed when the knower asserts a statement with a sense of ...

Author: Ranjan Kumar Panda

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 9781627345675

Category: Philosophy

Page: 404

View: 642

The essays in this book delve into the central theme of R.C. Pradhan's philosophy in particular and the issues in analytic philosophy in general. In analytic tradition, Professor Pradhan's research has been extensively in the area of Wittgenstein's philosophy: philosophy of language and philosophy of mind. While philosophizing the notion of language and mind, Pradhan explores the complexities of the web of life. For him, language neatly binds several aspects of life: the cultural, moral, religious, and scientific. The mind, however, represents the inner world of human experience that involves multiple dimensions of consciousness: the bodily, the vital, the mental, and the spiritual consciousness. Considering the broad spectrum of Pradhan's works, the contributions in this book reflect mainly on the issues concerning the nature of metaphysics, mind, meaning, truth, and values. Language, Mind and Reality, in this regard, is a study on the contemporary trends in analytic philosophy.
Categories: Philosophy

Language Truth and Democracy

Language  Truth and Democracy

In his contribution “Philosophie als Erinnerung: Das Paradox und die Anamnesislehre in Platons Menon”,19 Bernhard Obsieger expounds the question of how pre-philosophical knowledge and the knowledge gained through philosophizing are ...

Author: Margit Gaffal

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110697360

Category: Philosophy

Page: 346

View: 715

The aim of this volume is to investigate three fundamental issues of the new millennium: language, truth and democracy. The authors approach the themes from different philosophical perspectives. One group of authors examines the use of language and the meaning of concepts from an analytic point of view, the ontology of scientific terms and explores the nature of knowledge in general. Another group examines truth and types of relation. A third group of authors focuses on the current factors influencing our concept of democracy and its legal foundations and makes reference to moral aspects and the question of political responsibility. The chapters provide the reader with an overview of current philosophical problems and the answers to these questions will be decisive for future development.
Categories: Philosophy

The Peculiarity of Literature

The Peculiarity of Literature

strictly theological , as developed in " On Language as Such and on the Language of Man " and " The Task of the Translator ... Truth , like God , is unified , absolute , and , unlike knowledge , is the proper object of philosophy .

Author: Jeffrey DeShell

Publisher: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press

ISBN: 0838636667

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 176

View: 158

Argues that Poe's fiction remains outside the realm of critical analysis and that its nature resists interpretation.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Language Truth and Ontology

Language  Truth and Ontology

See C.J. Ducasse, Truth, Knowledge and Causation (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1968), p. 5. * I have discussed these points in detail in “Events Without Times: An Essay on Ontology,” forthcoming in Nous. * Compare my “Boundaries as ...

Author: K. Mulligan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401126021

Category: Philosophy

Page: 214

View: 541

All except three of the papers in this volume were presented at the colloquium on "L'Ontologie formelle aujourd'hui", Geneva, 3-5 June 1988. The three exceptions, the papers by David Armstrong, Uwe Meixner and Wolfgang Lenzen, were presented at the colloquium on "Properties", Zinal, June 1-3, 1990. It was, incidentally, at the second of these two colloquia that the European Society for Analytic Philosophy came into being. The fathers of analytic philosophy - Moore and Russell - were in no doubt that ontology or metaphysics as well as the topics oflanguage, truth and logic constituted the core subject-matter of their "analytic realism", 1 for the task of metaphysics as they conceived things was the description of 2 the world. And logic and ontology are indissolubly linked in the system of the grandfather of analytic philosophy, Frege. After the Golden Age of analytic philosophy - in Cambridge and Austria - opposition to realism as well as the "linguistic turn" contributed for a long time to the eclipse of ontology. 3 Thanks in large measure to the work of some of the senior contributors to the present volume - Roderick Chisholm, Herbert Hochberg, David Armstrong and Karel Lambert - ontology and metaphysics now enjoy once again the central position they occupied some eighty years ago in the heyday of analytic philosophy.
Categories: Philosophy

Real History

Real History

We have already seen the way in which Foucault's theses about truth, language and knowledge are the theses at the core of the views of historians like Joan Scott. Whatever her practice, it is claims about language, truth and knowledge ...

Author: Martin Bunzl

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134722587

Category: Philosophy

Page: 160

View: 988

In Real History, Martin Bunzl brilliantly succeeds in bringing together two schools of thought at the forefront of the philosophy of history: that of realism and objectivity. He shows us how the realism debate is inhabited by philosophers, whereas the objectivity argument lies in the hands of historians. In his lucid and direct style, Bunzl proposes a synthesis between these two parallel traditions. We see that what historians say they are doing is not necessarily what they are actually doing. Bunzl draws on recent work (from the likes of Foucault to Rorty) to develop a new model for the philosophy of history; a model which essentially calls for the collapse of the realism/objectivity dichotomy. Martin Bunzl clearly merges the two parallel debates of history and philosophy. He draws on relevant discussions ranging from post-structuralism, to the philosophy of science, to notions of realism and objectivity, to debates about the history of women.
Categories: Philosophy

Briefly Ayer s Language Truth and Logic

Briefly  Ayer s Language Truth and Logic

As Ayer acknowledges in the Appendix he wrote for the republication of Language, Truth and Logic in 1946, he was a young man when ... shared by Ayer, that experience is the (only) source of knowledge) and Moore's 'analytical approach', ...

Author: David Mills Daniel

Publisher: SCM Press

ISBN: 9780334048305

Category: Religion

Page: 96

View: 708

Part of the "SCM Briefly" series, which summarizes books by philosophers and theologians, this book provides a summary of Language, Truth and Logic. It also includes line by line analysis, short quotes, and a glossary of terms to help students with definitions of philosophical terms.
Categories: Religion

Truth Force and Knowledge in Language

Truth  Force  and Knowledge in Language

This book collects twenty-five of the author's essays, each of which addresses a descriptive or a foundational issue that arises at the interface between linguistic semantics and pragmatics, on the one hand, and the philosophy of language, ...

Author: Savas L. Tsohatzidis

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110687583

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 355

View: 360

This book collects twenty-five of the author's essays, each of which addresses a descriptive or a foundational issue that arises at the interface between linguistic semantics and pragmatics, on the one hand, and the philosophy of language, on the other. Arranged into three interconnected parts (I. Matters of Meaning and Truth; II. Matters of Meaning and Force; III. Knowledge Matters), the essays suggest that some key topics in the above-mentioned fields have often been approached in ways that considerably underestimate their empirical or conceptual complexity, and attempt to delineate perspectives from which, and conditions under which, an improved understanding of those topics could be sought. The book will be of interest to linguists working in semantics and pragmatics, and to philosophers working in the philosophy of language and in epistemology.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Artificial Knowing

Artificial Knowing

This further underscores the relationship of the prop- ositional/skills dichotomy to language, truth and rationality. Knowledge is not recognized as knowledge unless it forms a particular bond with language, especially written language.

Author: Alison Adam

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134793556

Category: Philosophy

Page: 216

View: 329

Artificial Knowing challenges the masculine slant in the Artificial Intelligence (AI) view of the world. Alison Adam admirably fills the large gap in science and technology studies by showing us that gender bias is inscribed in AI-based computer systems. Her treatment of feminist epistemology, focusing on the ideas of the knowing subject, the nature of knowledge, rationality and language, are bound to make a significant and powerful contribution to AI studies. Drawing from theories by Donna Haraway and Sherry Turkle, and using tools of feminist epistemology, Adam provides a sustained critique of AI which interestingly re-enforces many of the traditional criticisms of the AI project. Artificial Knowing is an esential read for those interested in gender studies, science and technology studies, and philosophical debates in AI.
Categories: Philosophy

The Philosophy of Science

The Philosophy of Science

He was the author of more than 100 articles and several books about knowledge, experience, and language, among them Language, Truth, and Logic ([1936] 1946), The Foundations of Empirical Knowledge (1940), and The Problem of Knowledge ...

Author: Sahotra Sarkar

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415939270

Category: Philosophy

Page: 965

View: 233

The first in-depth reference in the field that combines scientific knowledge with philosophical inquiry, The Philosophy of Science: An Encyclopedia is a two-volume set that brings together an international team of leading scholars to provide over 130 entries on the essential concepts in the philosophy of science. The areas covered include: biology chemistry epistemology and metaphysics physics psychology and mind the social sciences key figures in the combined studies of science and philosophy. The essays represent the most up-to-date philosophical thinking on timeless scientific topics such as: determinism, explanation, laws of nature, perception, individuality, time, and economics as well as timely topics like adaptation, conservation biology, quantum logic, consciousness, evolutionary psychology, and game theory.
Categories: Philosophy

Renascent Pragmatism

Renascent Pragmatism

When viewed in this broader framework, the fate and selfunderstanding of the social sciences generally are at stake. ... Meaning, language, truth, and knowledge are always grounded in and derived from our meaningfully informed ...

Author: Alfonso Morales

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781351904315

Category:

Page:

View: 107

Pragmatism is experiencing a resurgence in law, philosophy and social science, with pragmatists seeking a consistent, comprehensive and productive understanding of social life. In its four sections Renascent Pragmatism aids the reinvigoration of pragmatism as an important intellectual tradition and contributor to inquiry and change in social life. The book is a first of its kind for combining essays on theory, method, public policy and empirical scholarship, presenting contributions from philosophers, legal scholars and social scientists. Throughout the book, the concrete linkage between policy, theory and method is emphasized, while recognizing the philosophical tradition in which the inquiries and prescriptions rest.
Categories: