Language Ethnic Identity and the State

Language  Ethnic Identity and the State

This book will be of great interest to all students and scholars of linguistics, language, politics and sociology. This is a special issue of the leading journal Nationalism and Ethnic Politics.

Author: William Safran

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317983842

Category: Political Science

Page: 172

View: 148

This new study powerfully asserts the pivotal importance of the interplay between language and ethnicity, which is often underestimated as a component for political stability. These leading scholars present five key case studies of South Africa, Algeria, Canada, Latvia and Senegal. All five countries are multilingual nations where language has been a central political issue that has challenged their unity and stability. These studies are underpinned by two general, comparative and theoretical discussions, which analyse how scholars consider social class and economic factors to be the primary sources for political cohesion or of malcontent with the system and the new avenues opened by a focus on issues of langauge. This book will be of great interest to all students and scholars of linguistics, language, politics and sociology. This is a special issue of the leading journal Nationalism and Ethnic Politics.
Categories: Political Science

Language Ethnicity and the State Volume 1

Language  Ethnicity and the State  Volume 1

Developments in the European Union over the last decade have been largely positive from the perspective of stateless and minority ethnic groups and the survival and prosperity of minority languages.

Author: C. O'Reilly

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230504639

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 183

View: 762

Developments in the European Union over the last decade have been largely positive from the perspective of stateless and minority ethnic groups and the survival and prosperity of minority languages. This selection of sociologically and ethnographically oriented work enables the reader to compare developments in different ethno-linguistic revival movements within the European Union. The contributions also explore the impact of EU policy and discourse on the individual movements and the orientation of Western Europe as a whole towards linguistic heterogeneity and cultural diversity. A companion volume (0-333-92924-1) examines the status of minority languages in post-1989 Eastern Europe.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language Identity and Conflict

Language  Identity and Conflict

This innovative study of language and identity in recent and contemporary cases of ethnic conflict in Europe and Eurasia sets out a response to the limitations in the fields of linguistics and political science.

Author: Diarmait Mac Giolla Chríost

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134512010

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 999

This innovative study of language and identity in recent and contemporary cases of ethnic conflict in Europe and Eurasia sets out a response to the limitations in the fields of linguistics and political science. Using examples of language policy and planning in conflict situations, it examines the functions of language as a marker of identity in ethnic conflict, and the extent to which language may be a causal factor in ethnic conflict.
Categories: Social Science

Language Politics in Contemporary Central Asia

Language Politics in Contemporary Central Asia

Drawing on many years of research, interviews with educators and officials, and visits to the region, Barbara Kellner-Heinkele and Jacob M. Landau explore the politics of language and its intersection with identity in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan ...

Author: Jacob M. Landau

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780857720856

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 271

Nationalist leaders in the former Soviet states strive for national identity in both the political and cultural domains. Their language policies contend with Russian-speaking intelligentsias, numerous ethnic minorities and sizeable Russian communities backed by the Russian Federation - all presenting major challenges to facing the legacy of Soviet rule. Drawing on many years of research, interviews with educators and officials, and visits to the region, Barbara Kellner-Heinkele and Jacob M. Landau explore the politics of language and its intersection with identity in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. With special attention to language education in schools and universities within each state and debates over bilingualism versus multilingualism, their insights offer researchers of politics, linguistics and Central Asian studies a comprehensive account of a highly politicised debate.
Categories: Political Science

Handbook of Language Ethnic Identity

Handbook of Language   Ethnic Identity

Language, Ethnic Identity, and Nation-State Language is an important symbolic resource in making social relationships and in identity formation, including ethnic ones. Early in the history of anthropology in the nineteenth century, ...

Author: Joshua A. Fishman

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195374926

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 545

View: 768

Arguing that language, ethnicity & identity are defined by the circumstances under which they are created, this collection views language & ethnic identity through the lenses of sociolinguistics, psychology, anthropology, politics & economics.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language and Minority Rights

Language and Minority Rights

This edition, like the first, adopts a wide interdisciplinary framework, drawing on sociolinguistics, applied linguistics, sociology, political theory, education and law.

Author: Stephen May

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136837067

Category: Education

Page: 448

View: 404

The second edition addresses new theoretical and empirical developments since its initial publication, including the burgeoning influence of globalization and the relentless rise of English as the current world language. May’s broad position, however, remains largely unchanged. He argues that the causes of many of the language-based conflicts in the world today still lie with the nation-state and its preoccupation with establishing a 'common' language and culture via mass education. The solution, he suggests, is to rethink nation-states in more culturally and linguistically plural ways while avoiding, at the same time, essentializing the language-identity link. This edition, like the first, adopts a wide interdisciplinary framework, drawing on sociolinguistics, applied linguistics, sociology, political theory, education and law. It also includes new discussions of cosmopolitanism, globalization, the role of English, and language and mobility, highlighting the ongoing difficulties faced by minority language speakers in the world today.
Categories: Education

Language Policy and Identity in Mauritania

Language Policy and Identity in Mauritania

Language and Negotiation of Ethnic and Racial Identity among Dominican Americans. Language in Society, vol. ... After Independence: Making and Protection the Nation in Postcolonial and Postcommunist States. Michigan: The University of ...

Author: El Hacen Moulaye Ahmed

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781793612663

Category:

Page: 284

View: 387

The inseparable relationship between language and identity has created many problems for countries with multilingual and multicultural diversity. El Hacen Moulaye Ahmed explores the issue of language policy and identity in Mauritania as a case study.--Bousfiha Adiba, Faculty of Letters and Humanities, Saiss Fes
Categories:

Ethnic Identity and the State in Iran

Ethnic Identity and the State in Iran

While the Islamic Republic has employed various strategies to mitigate the worst excesses of inter-ethnic tension while still securing a Shi'a dominated "Persian hegemony," the systematic neglect of ethnic groups by both the Islamic ...

Author: A. Saleh

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137310873

Category: Social Science

Page: 233

View: 203

While the Islamic Republic has employed various strategies to mitigate the worst excesses of inter-ethnic tension while still securing a Shi'a dominated "Persian hegemony," the systematic neglect of ethnic groups by both the Islamic Republic and its predecessor regime has resulted in the politicization of ethnic identity in Iran.
Categories: Social Science

Learning to Be Tibetan

Learning to Be Tibetan

This study examines the role of Chinese state schooling in the construction of Tibetan ethnic identity.

Author: Miaoyan Yang

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9781498544641

Category: Education

Page: 286

View: 827

This study examines the role of Chinese state schooling in the construction of Tibetan ethnic identity. Based on ethnographic research at Minzu University, it analyzes various patterns of ethnic identification among students and investigates the ways in which minority education in China functions to cultivate ideological loyalty to the state.
Categories: Education

Perspectives on Individual Characteristics and Foreign Language Education

Perspectives on Individual Characteristics and Foreign Language Education

Language and identity: National, ethnic, and religious. ... Negotiating participation and identity in second language academic communities. TESOL Quarterly, 38(4), 573–603. ... Language, ethnic identity and the state.

Author: Wai Meng Chan

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9781614510932

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 351

View: 672

Learner characteristics have been at the center of second language acquisition and foreign language education research in response to the puzzling questions: Why are there often large differences in second language (L2) learning achievement and why do many learners, though proficient first language speakers, not succeed in learning a L2? The papers in this book explore and challenge the three key factors in individual difference research: language aptitude, language learning strategies and motivation.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Central Asia From Ethnic to Civic Nationalism

Central Asia  From Ethnic to Civic Nationalism

"Recently there was a wave of celebration of the 20th anniversary of independence in all Central Asian states, yet their nation building process is not complete and the perception of the national identity is still distorted.

Author: Vladimir Fedorenko

Publisher: Rethink Institute

ISBN: 9781938300011

Category: Asia, Central

Page: 23

View: 599

Recently there was a wave of celebration of the 20th anniversary of independence in all Central Asian states, yet their nation building process is not complete and the perception of the national identity is still distorted. By its nature national identity should bring people together and unite them around common values and goals, in Central Asian states, however; national identity, conceived on ethnic basis, is a divisive force fragmenting people along the lines of ethnicity, religion, language, birth place, and social status.
Categories: Asia, Central

Handbook of Language and Ethnic Identity

Handbook of Language and Ethnic Identity

The Success-Failure Continuum in Language and Ethnic Identity Efforts (Volume 2) Joshua Fishman, Ofelia Garcia. But let me make it clear to you that the State language of Pakistan is going to be Urdu and no other language.

Author: Joshua Fishman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199837996

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 512

View: 117

Like the first volume, The Handbook of Language and Ethnic Identity, Volume 2 is a reference work on the interconnection between language and ethnic identity. In this volume, 37 new essays provide a systematic look at different language and ethnic identity efforts, assess their relative successes and failures, and place the cases on a success-failure continuum. The reasons for these failures and successes and the linguistic, social, and political contexts involved are subtle and highly complex. Some of these factors have to do with whether the language is considered a dialect, as in the cases of Bavarian, Ebonics, and Scots (considered to be dialects of German, American English, and British English, respectively). Other factors have to do with government policy, as in the cases of Basque and Navajo. Still other factors are historical, such as the way Canaanite was supplanted in present-day Israel by another classical language-Hebrew. Although the volume offers considerable sophistication in the treatment of language, ethnicity and identity, it has been written for the non-specialized reader, whether student or layperson. The contributors are an international group of well-known scholars in a range of fields. Fishman and Garc?a provide a detailed introduction that addresses the difficulty of assessing the success or failure of a language. They also present a conclusion that integrates the data presented in the volume.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

TESOL Guide for Critical Praxis in Teaching Inquiry and Advocacy

TESOL Guide for Critical Praxis in Teaching  Inquiry  and Advocacy

In , Language , ethnic identity , and the state . Routledge . Johnson , N. K. ( 2012 ) . Conceptualizing the nation : Myths , imagined communities , or multiethnic realities ? The cases of Israel , France , and the United States .

Author: Crawford, Jenifer

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781799880950

Category: Education

Page: 547

View: 133

The field of TESOL encompasses English teachers who teach English as an additional language in English-dominant countries and those teachers who teach English as a foreign language in countries where a language other than English is the official language. This range of educators teaches English to children, adolescents, and adults in primary, secondary, post-secondary, popular education, and language academies or tutoring centers. The diversity of learners and contexts within the TESOL field presents a unique opportunity for educators to address varied educational and societal needs. This opportunity calls for TESOL educators who can support the whole learner in a range of contexts for the greater social good. There is an urgent need for readily reproducible and step-by-step research-based practices and current standards in TESOL that bridge the gap between critical scholarship and equitable teaching practices. This book would serve as a critical addition to current literature in TESOL. TESOL Guide for Critical Praxis in Teaching, Inquiry, and Advocacy is an essential reference that provides practical and equitable step-by-step guides for TESOL educators through the current best practices and methods for effective and equity-minded teaching, critical inquiry, and transformative advocacy. This book is of particular value as it bridges theories to practices with a critical look at racial and social justice in English language teaching, which will lead to the integration of social justice-focused practice across the new curriculum. Covering topics such as integrated language instruction, equity and inclusivity, critical consciousness, and online learning, this text is essential for in-service and pre-service TESOL educators, education students, researchers, administrators, teacher educators, and academicians.
Categories: Education

Assimilative language policy in Ethiopia and ethnic tensions The case of the Oromo language and ethnic identity

Assimilative language policy in Ethiopia and ethnic tensions  The case of the Oromo language and ethnic identity

Seminar paper from the year 2016 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Peace and Conflict Studies, Security, grade: A-, University of Baltimore, language: English, abstract: The study detailed in this paper digs into the ...

Author: Wasihun S. Gutema

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783668389922

Category: Political Science

Page: 15

View: 372

Seminar paper from the year 2016 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Peace and Conflict Studies, Security, grade: A-, University of Baltimore, language: English, abstract: The study detailed in this paper digs into the assimilative language policy of Ethiopia and how this language policy is fueling ethnic tensions. The paper elaborates specifically on the Oromo language, hereafter Afaan Oromo, and how the speakers of the language are marginalized so as to be included into the Ethiopian identity, an identity believed to be of civilization, through assimilative language policy. This assimilation countered pluralism or diversity in a brutal way in order to homogenize the diverse Ethiopian population - particularly the largest Ethnic group, the Oromo - into the Ethiopian identity or Ethiopianism. As the Ethiopian identity, an identity emanating from and of the ruling class, the Amhara population and the Amharic language, it was a solid state-building instrument with the power of creating belonging and loyalty to the state. Although this policy of assimilation was seemingly countered by the communist regime soon after the communists came to power in 1974, in essence the communist policy did not deter from the predecessor’s language policy of centralization. The centralization process through the Ethiopian identity-making via language suppression and depriving one of one’s identity seemed to come to an end, once again, in 1991 with the fall of the communist regime and the end of singularity, which is the idea of one nation with one language. Although pluralism is growing, still ethnic tensions are high and accompanied by vast grievances about the past and about how the current regime handles ethnic tensions, language issues especially. The example of Afaan Oromo, a predominately spoken language in Ethiopia, is pertinent, as speakers of the language are deprived of job placement in the federal government and systemic means of marginalizing the language are used.
Categories: Political Science

Globalisation Cultural Identity and Nation Building

Globalisation  Cultural Identity and Nation Building

This book critiques dominant discourses and debates pertaining to cultural identity, set against the current backdrop of growing social stratification and unequal access to quality education.

Author: Joseph Zajda

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789402420142

Category: Education

Page: 173

View: 571

This book critiques dominant discourses and debates pertaining to cultural identity, set against the current backdrop of growing social stratification and unequal access to quality education. It addresses current discourses concerning globalisation, ideologies and the state, as well as approaches to constructing national, ethnic and religious identities in the global culture. It explores the ambivalent and problematic connections between the state, globalisation, the construction of cultural identity, and the nation-building process – also in connection with history education and the history textbooks used in schools. The book also explores conceptual frameworks and methodological approaches applicable to research on the state, globalisation, nation-building and identity politics. Drawing on diverse paradigms, ranging from critical theory to globalisation, the book, by focusing on globalisation, ideology and cultural identity, critically examines recent research in history education and its impact of identity politics, as well as the most significant dimensions defining and contextualising the processes surrounding nation-building and identity politics globally. Given the need for a multiple perspective approach, the authors, who have diverse backgrounds and hail from different countries and regions, offer a wealth of insights, contributing to a more holistic understanding of the nexus between the nation-state and national identity.
Categories: Education

Language Politics in Contemporary Central Asia

Language Politics in Contemporary Central Asia

Drawing on many years of research, interviews with educators and officials, and visits to the region, Barbara Kellner-Heinkele and Jacob M. Landau explore the politics of language and its intersection with identity in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan ...

Author: Jacob M. Landau

Publisher: I. B. Tauris

ISBN: 1848858205

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 463

Nationalist leaders in the former Soviet states strive for national identity in both the political and cultural domains. Their language policies contend with Russian-speaking intelligentsias, numerous ethnic minorities, and sizeable Russian communities backed by the Russian Federation - all presenting major challenges to facing the legacy of Soviet rule. Drawing on many years of research, interviews with educators and officials, and visits to the region, Barbara Kellner-Heinkele and Jacob M. Landau explore the politics of language and its intersection with identity in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. With special attention to language education in schools and universities within each state and debates over bilingualism versus multilingualism, their insights offer researchers of politics, linguistics, and Central Asian studies a comprehensive account of a highly politicized debate.
Categories: History

The State Development and Identity in Multi ethnic Societies

The State  Development and Identity in Multi ethnic Societies

This is a rich, important book, with huge implications for economic development and for states throughout the world as multi-ethnic societies world-wide become more extensive and more complicated.

Author: Nicholas Tarling

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415451789

Category: Political Science

Page: 230

View: 778

The controversial work of Amy Chua argues that, as rapid modernization, industrialization, technological change and globalization bring about fundamental changes in national, ethnic and class identities, especially in developing countries, there is a danger that the laissez-faire capitalist system will cause serious racial conflagration, especially in societies where there is ethnic minority market dominance, combined with ethno-nationalist-type politicians who mobilize support from ethnic majority communities by drawing attention to inequalities in wealth distribution. This controversial work goes on to argue for an authoritarian political system, with curbs against the corporate expansion of enterprises owned by ethnic minorities, until parity in equity ownership among all communities is achieved. This book tests the assumptions behind these arguments, discussing ethnic communities, identity, economy, society and state, and the links between them, in a range of countries in East Asia, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific, and diaspora communities of Asian peoples in the West. It demonstrates that identity transformation occurs as generations of minority communities succeed each other, that old discourses of fixed origins which are assumed to bind ethnic communities into cohesive wholes do not apply, that there are very extensive inter-linkages in the daily activities of people of different ethnic and religious backgrounds, that affirmative action-type policies along racial lines can undermine overall societal cohesion, and that there is no case for limiting democracy until economic equity is achieved. This is a rich, important book, with huge implications for economic development and for states throughout the world as multi-ethnic societies world-wide become more extensive and more complicated.
Categories: Political Science

Identity and Ethnic Relations in Southeast Asia

Identity and Ethnic Relations in Southeast Asia

This is true especially in Southeast Asia, where Chinese migrants have continued to make their new homes over a long period of time, resulting in many different ethnic groups co-existing in new nation states.

Author: Chee Kiong Tong

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048189098

Category: Social Science

Page: 274

View: 805

Modern nation states do not constitute closed entities. This is true especially in Southeast Asia, where Chinese migrants have continued to make their new homes over a long period of time, resulting in many different ethnic groups co-existing in new nation states. Focusing on the consequences of migration, and cultural contact between the various ethnic groups, this book describes and analyses the nature of ethnic identity and state of ethnic relations, both historically and in the present day, in multi-ethnic, pluralistic nation states in Southeast Asia. Drawing on extensive primary fieldwork in Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Burma, Vietnam, Thailand and the Philippines, the book examines the mediations, and transformation of ethnic identity and the social incorporation, tensions and conflicts and the construction of new social worlds resulting from cultural contact among different ethnic groups.
Categories: Social Science