Enoch from Antiquity to the Middle Ages, Volume I

Sources From Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

Author: John Reeves,Annette Yoshiko Reed

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192540203

Category: Religion

Page: 432

View: 3362


Across the ancient and medieval literature of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, one finds references to the antediluvian sage Enoch. Both the Book of the Watchers and the Astronomical Book were long known from their Ethiopic versions, which are preserved as part of Mashafa Henok Nabiy ('Book of Enoch the Prophet')—an Enochic compendium known in the West as 1 Enoch. Since the discovery of Aramaic fragments among the Dead Sea Scrolls, these books have attracted renewed attention as important sources for ancient Judaism. Among the results has been the recognition of the surprisingly long and varied tradition surrounding Enoch. Within 1 Enoch alone, for instance, we find evidence for intensive literary creativity. This volume provides a comprehensive set of core references for easy and accessible consultation. It shows that the rich afterlives of Enochic texts and traditions can be studied more thoroughly by scholars of Second Temple Judaism and early Christianity as well as by scholars of late antique and medieval religions. Specialists in the Second Temple period-the era in which Enochic literature first appears-will be able to trace (or discount) the survival of Enochic motifs and mythemes within Jewish literary circles from late antiquity into the Middle Ages, thereby shedding light on the trajectories of Jewish apocalypticism and its possible intersections with Jewish mysticism. Students of Near Eastern esotericism and Hellenistic philosophies will have further data for exploring the origins of 'gnosticism' and its possible impact upon sectarian currents in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Those interested in the intellectual symbiosis among Jews, Christians, and Muslims in the Middle Ages-and especially in the transmission of the ancient sciences associated with Hermeticism (e.g., astrology, theurgy, divinatory techniques, alchemy, angelology, demonology)-will be able to view a chain of tradition reconstructed in its entirety for the first time in textual form. In the process, we hope to provide historians of religion with a new tool for assessing the intertextual relationships between different religious corpora and for understanding the intertwined histories of the major religious communities of the ancient and medieval Near East.

The Pauline Effect

The Use of the Pauline Epistles by Early Christian Writers

Author: Jennifer R. Strawbridge

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110445468

Category: Religion

Page: 317

View: 4366


This study offers a fresh approach to reception historical studies of New Testament texts, guided by a methodology introduced by ancient historians who study Graeco-Roman educational texts. In the course of six chapters, the author identifies and examines the most representative Pauline texts within writings of the ante-Nicene period: 1Cor 2, Eph 6, 1Cor 15, and Col 1. The identification of these most widely cited Pauline texts, based on a comprehensive database which serves as an appendix to this work, allows the study to engage both in exegetical and historical approaches to each pericope while at the same time drawing conclusions about the theological tendencies and dominant themes reflected in each. Engaging a wide range of primary texts, it demonstrates that just as there is no singular way that each Pauline text was adapted and used by early Christian writers, so there is no homogeneous view of early Christian interpretation and the way Scripture informed their writings, theology, and ultimately identity as Christian.

Education, prédication et cultures au Moyen Age

essais sur Jean Gobi le Jeune ([d.] 1350)

Author: Marie Anne Polo de Beaulieu

Publisher: Presses Universitaires Lyon

ISBN: 9782729706173

Category: Civilization, Medieval

Page: 237

View: 4921


Dans la société médiévale, peuplée en majorité d'illettrés, accessibles seulement à l'oralité, les récits exemplaires (ou exempla) circulent dans tous les registres de la littérature didactique, depuis le Miroir des princes jusqu'au plus humble sermon prononcé devant un auditoire plus ou moins attentif. Afin de venir en aide au prédicateur en mal d'inspiration, les recueils d'anecdotes exemplaires se multiplient, à partir du XIIIe siècle. Jean Gobi le jeune († 1350) propose dans son Echelle du Ciel (Scala coeli) un millier de ces récits corsetés dans un appareil didactique sophistiqué. Mais malgré un objectif pastoral fortement affirmé dans son prologue, ce Dominicain se laisse parfois prendre au charme du conte, pour le plus grand plaisir de ses lecteurs et l'intérêt des spécialistes de l'histoire des textes. L'autre œuvre de Jean Gobi le jeune - un dialogue avec un revenant - apparaît comme un maillon essentiel dans la mise en place du culte des âmes du purgatoire à partir du XIVe siècle. Ces textes, encore peu connus, sont analysés dans quatre perspectives complémentaires : exemplarité et éducation, une œuvre entre oralité et écriture, encadrement des comportements sociaux et des attitudes religieuses. Ecrits en latin, ces ouvrages sont rendus accessibles aux lecteurs par de nombreuses traductions.

Resurrecting Parts

Early Christians on Desire, Reproduction, and Sexual Difference

Author: Taylor Petrey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317442970

Category: History

Page: 124

View: 7130


During the late second and early third centuries C.E. the resurrection became a central question for intellectual commentary, with increasingly tense divisions between those who interpreted the resurrection as a bodily experience and those who did not. The relationship between the resurrected person and their mortal flesh was also a key point of discussion, especially in regards to sexual desires, body parts, and practices. Early Christians struggled to articulate how and why these bodily features related to the imagined resurrected self. The problems posed by the resurrection thus provoked theological analysis of the mortal body, sexual desire and gender. Resurrecting Parts is the first study to examine the place of gender and sexuality in early Christian debates on the nature of resurrection, investigating how the resurrected body has been interpreted by writers of this period in order to address the nature of sexuality and sexual difference. In particular, Petrey considers the instability of early Christian attempts to separate maleness and femaleness. Bodily parts commonly signified sexual difference, yet it was widely thought that future resurrected bodies would not experience desire or reproduction. In the absence of sexuality, this insistence on difference became difficult to maintain. To achieve a common, shared identity and status for the resurrected body that nevertheless preserved sexual difference, treatises on the resurrection found it necessary to explain how and in what way these parts would be transformed in the resurrection, shedding all associations with sexual desires, acts, and reproduction. Exploring a range of early Christian sources, from the Greek and Latin fathers to the authors of the Nag Hammadi writings, Resurrecting Parts is a fascinating resource for scholars interested in gender and sexuality in classical antiquity, early Christianity, asceticism, and, of course, the resurrection and the body.

Liberty, Dominion, and the Two Swords

On the Origins of Western Political Theology (180-398)

Author: Lester L. Field

Publisher: N.A


Category: Religion

Page: 542

View: 2653


In Liberty, Dominion and the Two Swords historian Lester L. Field, Jr., places historical relations between church and state in a new context by examining the ancient origins of two concepts that dominated medieval political discourse: liberty of the church, which became the battle cry of the reform papacy during the Investiture Contest of the late 11th and early 12th centuries; and the doctrine of the two swords, which distinguished the medieval church and monarchy as inviolable institutions.

Zone 4

Fragments for a History of the Human Body -

Author: Michel Feher,Ramona Naddaff,Nadia Tazi

Publisher: Zone Books

ISBN: 9780942299267

Category: Philosophy

Page: 560

View: 8675


The 48 essays and photographic dossiers in these three volumes examine the history of the human body as a field where life and thought intersect. They show how different cultures at different times have entwined physical capacities and mental mechanisms in order to construct a body adapted to moral ideas or social circumstances the body of a charismatic citizen or a visionary monk a mirror image of the world or a reflection of the spirit. Each volume emphasizes a particular perspective. Part 1 explores the human body's relationship to the divine, to the bestial, and to the machines that imitate or simulate it. Part 2 covers the junctures between the body's "outside" and "inside" by studying the manifestations - or production - of the soul and the expression of the emotions and, on another level, by examining the speculations inspired by cenesthesia, pain, and death. Part 3 brings into play the classical opposition between organ and function by showing how organs or bodily substances can be used to justify or challenge the way human societies function and, conversely, how political and social functions tend to make the bodies of the persons filling them the organs of a larger body - the social body or the universe as a whole. Among the contributors to Fragments for a History of the Human Body are Mark Elvin, Catherine Gallagher, Françoise Héritier Augé, Julia Kristeva, William R. LaFleur, Thomas W. Laqueur Jacques Le Goff, Nicole Loraux, Mario Perniola, Hillel Schwartz, Jean Starobinski, Jean Pierre Vernant, and Caroline Walker Bynum.