Education, prédication et cultures au Moyen Age

essais sur Jean Gobi le Jeune ([d.] 1350)

Author: Marie Anne Polo de Beaulieu

Publisher: Presses Universitaires Lyon

ISBN: 9782729706173

Category: Civilization, Medieval

Page: 237

View: 4447


Dans la société médiévale, peuplée en majorité d'illettrés, accessibles seulement à l'oralité, les récits exemplaires (ou exempla) circulent dans tous les registres de la littérature didactique, depuis le Miroir des princes jusqu'au plus humble sermon prononcé devant un auditoire plus ou moins attentif. Afin de venir en aide au prédicateur en mal d'inspiration, les recueils d'anecdotes exemplaires se multiplient, à partir du XIIIe siècle. Jean Gobi le jeune († 1350) propose dans son Echelle du Ciel (Scala coeli) un millier de ces récits corsetés dans un appareil didactique sophistiqué. Mais malgré un objectif pastoral fortement affirmé dans son prologue, ce Dominicain se laisse parfois prendre au charme du conte, pour le plus grand plaisir de ses lecteurs et l'intérêt des spécialistes de l'histoire des textes. L'autre œuvre de Jean Gobi le jeune - un dialogue avec un revenant - apparaît comme un maillon essentiel dans la mise en place du culte des âmes du purgatoire à partir du XIVe siècle. Ces textes, encore peu connus, sont analysés dans quatre perspectives complémentaires : exemplarité et éducation, une œuvre entre oralité et écriture, encadrement des comportements sociaux et des attitudes religieuses. Ecrits en latin, ces ouvrages sont rendus accessibles aux lecteurs par de nombreuses traductions.

The Pauline Effect

The Use of the Pauline Epistles by Early Christian Writers

Author: Jennifer R. Strawbridge

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110445468

Category: Religion

Page: 317

View: 9358


This study offers a fresh approach to reception historical studies of New Testament texts, guided by a methodology introduced by ancient historians who study Graeco-Roman educational texts. In the course of six chapters, the author identifies and examines the most representative Pauline texts within writings of the ante-Nicene period: 1Cor 2, Eph 6, 1Cor 15, and Col 1. The identification of these most widely cited Pauline texts, based on a comprehensive database which serves as an appendix to this work, allows the study to engage both in exegetical and historical approaches to each pericope while at the same time drawing conclusions about the theological tendencies and dominant themes reflected in each. Engaging a wide range of primary texts, it demonstrates that just as there is no singular way that each Pauline text was adapted and used by early Christian writers, so there is no homogeneous view of early Christian interpretation and the way Scripture informed their writings, theology, and ultimately identity as Christian.

Enoch from Antiquity to the Middle Ages, Volume I

Sources From Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

Author: John Reeves,Annette Yoshiko Reed

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192540203

Category: Religion

Page: 432

View: 6334


Across the ancient and medieval literature of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, one finds references to the antediluvian sage Enoch. Both the Book of the Watchers and the Astronomical Book were long known from their Ethiopic versions, which are preserved as part of Mashafa Henok Nabiy ('Book of Enoch the Prophet')—an Enochic compendium known in the West as 1 Enoch. Since the discovery of Aramaic fragments among the Dead Sea Scrolls, these books have attracted renewed attention as important sources for ancient Judaism. Among the results has been the recognition of the surprisingly long and varied tradition surrounding Enoch. Within 1 Enoch alone, for instance, we find evidence for intensive literary creativity. This volume provides a comprehensive set of core references for easy and accessible consultation. It shows that the rich afterlives of Enochic texts and traditions can be studied more thoroughly by scholars of Second Temple Judaism and early Christianity as well as by scholars of late antique and medieval religions. Specialists in the Second Temple period-the era in which Enochic literature first appears-will be able to trace (or discount) the survival of Enochic motifs and mythemes within Jewish literary circles from late antiquity into the Middle Ages, thereby shedding light on the trajectories of Jewish apocalypticism and its possible intersections with Jewish mysticism. Students of Near Eastern esotericism and Hellenistic philosophies will have further data for exploring the origins of 'gnosticism' and its possible impact upon sectarian currents in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Those interested in the intellectual symbiosis among Jews, Christians, and Muslims in the Middle Ages-and especially in the transmission of the ancient sciences associated with Hermeticism (e.g., astrology, theurgy, divinatory techniques, alchemy, angelology, demonology)-will be able to view a chain of tradition reconstructed in its entirety for the first time in textual form. In the process, we hope to provide historians of religion with a new tool for assessing the intertextual relationships between different religious corpora and for understanding the intertwined histories of the major religious communities of the ancient and medieval Near East.

The Salvation of the Flesh in Tertullian of Carthage

Dressing for the Resurrection

Author: C. Daniel-Hughes

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230338070

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 2789


Examines Tertullian of Carthage's (160-220 C.E.) writings on dress within Roman vestimentary culture. It employs a socio-historical approach, together with insights from performance theory and feminist rhetorical analysis, to situate Tertullian's comments in the broader context of the Roman Empire.

Her Master's Tools?

Feminist And Postcolonial Engagements of Historical-critical Discourse

Author: Caroline Vander Stichele,Todd C. Penner

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004130527

Category: Social Science

Page: 390

View: 944


This collection of essays, originating in the SBL International Meetings in Berlin (2002) and Cambridge (2003), explores the current reception of historical criticism in feminist biblical studies, pushing the boundaries of past study and opening new vistas for future research. By framing the discussion in the context of the current reevaluation of both historical criticism and feminist exegesis, the contributors highlight the ongoing need to engage methodological issues. In addition, a strong postcolonial emphasis throughout the volume challenges the hegemony of Western biblical interpretation, promoting a format of dialogue and engagement. The collection brings together diverse cultural and geographical perspectives on biblical criticism, with over ten countries represented. Consisting of Western and non-Western perspectives, female and male scholars, junior and senior voices in the field, and a range of feminist scholars situated alongside postcolonial and gender critics, this collection reveals not only the multiplicity of perspectives but also the various transitions in scholarship that have taken place over the past thirty years. Volume contributors include Roland Boer, Athalya Brenner, Ann Graham Brock, Kristin De Troyer, Esther Fuchs, Archie Chi Chung Lee, Joseph Marchal, John Marshall, Hjamil Martínez-Vázquez, Madipoane Masenya (ngwana Mphahlele), Judith McKinlay, Priscilla Geisterfer Nyvlt, Jorunn Økland, Todd Penner, Vernon Robbins, Susanne Scholz, Hanna Stenström, and Caroline Vander Stichele.Paperback edition is available from the Society of Biblical Literature (

Liberty, Dominion, and the Two Swords

On the Origins of Western Political Theology (180-398)

Author: Lester L. Field

Publisher: N.A


Category: Religion

Page: 542

View: 3605


In Liberty, Dominion and the Two Swords historian Lester L. Field, Jr., places historical relations between church and state in a new context by examining the ancient origins of two concepts that dominated medieval political discourse: liberty of the church, which became the battle cry of the reform papacy during the Investiture Contest of the late 11th and early 12th centuries; and the doctrine of the two swords, which distinguished the medieval church and monarchy as inviolable institutions.