Author: Elizabeth Robinson, BswPublish On: 2017-06-26
Cover -- Title -- Copyright -- Dedication -- Contents -- A Note on Abbreviations and References -- Preface -- Kant and the Scottish Enlightenment: An Introduction -- 1 Hutcheson on the Unity of Virtue and Right -- 2 Hutcheson and Kant: ...
Author: Elizabeth Robinson, Bsw
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Most academic philosophers and intellectual historians are familiar with the major historical figures and intellectual movements coming out of Scotland in the 18th Century. These scholars are also familiar with the works of Immanuel Kant and his influence on Western thought. But with the exception of discussion examining David Hume's influence on Kant's epistemology, metaphysics, and moral theory, little attention has been paid to the influence of the Scottish Enlightenment thinkers on Kant's philosophy. This volume aims to fill this perceived gap in the literature and provide a starting point for future discussions looking at the influence of Hume, Thomas Reid, Adam Smith, and other Scottish Enlightenment thinkers on Kant's philosophy.
Since reading publications written in German was rare in late eighteenth-century
Britain, Kant's philosophy did not initially pose a serious threat to the continued
use of Scottish Enlightenment philosophy.” German Idealism received a wider ...
Author: Charles Bradford Bow
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Common sense philosophy was one of the Scottish Enlightenment's most original intellectual products. The nine specially written essays in this volume explore the philosophical and historical significance of this school of thought, recovering the ways in which it developed during the long eighteenth century.
deserves from its intrinsic nature; its historic importance is due to the fact that Kant really derives the starting point of ... of such principles, a challenge which Kant set out to meet: * For Kant's comments on the Scots, see above, chapter two,
Author: N. Waszek
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The present study, which investigates the influence of the Scottish Enlightenment on Hegel's account of 'civil society' or "biirgerliche Gesellschaft", is based on my PhD thesis, submitted to the University of Cambridge in September 1983. Its publication provides me with a welcome opportunity to acknowledge the help and encouragement I have received over the years from scholars, friends, and relations. At the Ruhr University of Bochum where I began my studies, I am indebted to Professor Otto Poggeler (Director of the Hegel Archives), to the other, past and present members of staff at the Hegel Archives, and to Professors Jiirgen Gebhardt, Jiirgen von Kempski, Heinz Kim merle; and Leo Kofler. It was my time at Bochum under the guidance of these scholars that kindled my love for the study of Hegel, which proved to be a lasting romance. In Scotland, where I continued my studies and spent two fruitful and happy years, I am indebted to George Elder Davie and Richard Gunn, who first introduced me to the Scottish Enlightenment, and to Professors R. H. Campbell and T. D. Campbell, who supervised my research in that field. At Cambridge, where most of this study was prepared, my greatest debt is to Duncan Forbes. I am grateful for his supervision of my research, but also, beyond the scope of my research, for what I have learned, genuinely learned, from the man.
B. WHAT DOES “SCOTTISH ENLIGHTENMENT” MEAN? My point of departure is
Immanuel Kant's short essay “What is Enlightenment?” in which he identifies two
features of Enlightenment.1 The first is people's use of their own faculty of ...
Author: Neil Walker
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
A Gedenkschrift to one of Scotland's most prominent jurists and legal thinkers.
Winner: 2012 The American Publishers Award for Professional and Scholarly Excellence in Theology and Religious Studies, PROSE Award. In this thought-provoking new work, the world renowned theologian Gary Dorrien reveals how Kantian and post-Kantian idealism were instrumental in the foundation and development of modern Christian theology. Presents a radical rethinking of the roots of modern theology Reveals how Kantian and post-Kantian idealism were instrumental in the foundation and development of modern Christian theology Shows how it took Kant's writings on ethics and religion to launch a fully modern departure in religious thought Dissects Kant's three critiques of reason and his moral conception of religion Analyzes alternative arguments offered by Schleiermacher, Schelling, Hegel, and others - moving historically and chronologically through key figures in European philosophy and theology Presents notoriously difficult and intellectual arguments in a lucid and accessible manner
goes back to Gerold Prauss's Erscheinung bei Kant : Ein Problem der ' Kritik der
reinen Vernunft ( Berlin : de Gruyter , 1971 ) and his Kant und das Problem der
Dinge an sich ( Bonn : Bouvier Verlag Hermann Grundmann , 1974 ) . Kant's ...
While the Religion filters the Enlightenment approach to religion through a
distinctly Kantian lens, it is very much a product ... of the eighteenth century: the
English and Scottish Enlightenment, the French Lumières, and the German
Author: Eddis N. Miller
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Immanuel Kant's Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason is a seminal text in modern philosophy, ethics, and the philosophy of religion. It is a complex and challenging work, which students and scholars often find difficult to penetrate. This Reader's Guide provides a 'way in' to the text including: philosophical and historical context; an overview of key themes; section-by-section analysis of the text; a chapter on its reception and influence as a classic text of the Enlightenment; and a guide for further reading. It highlights the most important themes and ideas, clarifies certain opaque features, and examines the junctures in the text that are critical for any philosophical assessment of Kant's argument. Eddis N. Miller offers a sound understanding of Kant's Religion and the tools for students to philosophically assess Kant's overall argument.
the reader of the first volume of rosmini's New Essay finds herself far from the
turbulence of 1848 and its sad sequel. the scene of this volume is the scottish enlightenment, mainly reid and other members of the 'scottish school,' after which
Author: Brian P. Copenhaver
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
Category: Biography & Autobiography
From around 1800, shortly before Pasquale Galluppi's first book, until 1950, just before Benedetto Croce died, the most formative influences on Italian philosophers were Kant and the post-Kantians, especially Hegel. In many ways, the Italian philosophers of this period lived in turbulent but creative times, from the Restoration to the Risorgimento and the rise and fall of Fascism. From Kant to Croce is a comprehensive, highly readable history of the main currents and major figures of modern Italian philosophy, described in a substantial introduction that details the development of the discipline during this period. Brian P. Copenhaver and Rebecca Copenhaver provide the only up-to-date introduction in English to Italy's leading modern philosophers by translating and analysing rare and original texts and by chronicling the lives and times of the philosophers who wrote them. Thoroughly documented and highly readable, From Kant to Croce examines modern Italian philosophy from the perspective of contemporary analytic philosophy.
Two Scottish examples of this phenomenon are the impact of Rousseau ' s
Discourse on Inequality on Smith or Monboddo or Dunbar and Kant ' s admission
that it was reading Hume that awoke him from his dogmatic slumber . Kant ' s
Author: Christopher J. Berry
David Hume, Adam Smith, William Robertson, Adam Ferguson, Lord Kames, John Millar, James Dunbar and Gilbert Stuart were at the heart of Scottish Enlightenment thought. This introductory survey offers the student a clear, accessible interpretation and synthesis of the social thought of these historically significant thinkers. Organised thematically, it takes the student through their accounts of social institutions, their critique of individualism, their methodology, their views of progress and of moral and cultural values. By taking human sociality as their premise, the book shows how they produced important analyses of historical change, politics and morality, together with an assessment of their own commercial society.
... English - language histories of western philosophy , Kant has a historically
ambiguous status . Most frequently , he is presented as having responded to
usually unspecified questions posed by David Hume out of the Scottish Enlightenment .
Author: Charles M. Sherover
Publisher: Catholic University of Amer Press
Category: Literary Collections
In this study, Charles M. Sherover argues that there is a single, substantial line of development that can be traced from the work of Leibniz through Kant and Royce to Heidegger. Sherover traces a movement from deep within the roots of German idealism through Royce's insights into American pragmatism to the ethical ramifications of Heidegger's existential phenomenology, and then provides an analysis of the neglected ethical and political implications of Heidegger's Being and Time. The essays lead finally to Sherover's own view of the self as a member of a moral and political community. Charles M. Sherover is Professor Emeritus of philosophy, Hunter College, City University of New York. He is the author of numerous books and articles, including Heidegger, Kant and Time and Time, Freedom and the Common Good. Gregory R. Johnson is Visiting Assistant Professor at the Pacific School of Religion. PRAISE FOR THE BOOK: "Sherover combines solid and original scholarship with well-argued conclusions of his own, seeking to lead us in the direction of a higher and fuller mode of authentic being in the world. This collection of essays is an excellent addition to the series, Studies in Philosophy and the History of Philosophy, edited by Jude P. Dougherty." -- Eugene Thomas Long, Review of Metaphysics
Crucially, however, Caird identifies the new generation's agreement as having its
source, not in the philosophers of the Scottish Enlightenment, but in Kant and
Hegel. The writers of this volume believe that the line of investigation which ...
Author: Gordon Graham
Publisher: OUP Oxford
A History of Scottish Philosophy is a series of collaborative studies, each volume being devoted to a specific period. Together they provide a comprehensive account of the Scottish philosophical tradition, from the centuries that laid the foundation of the remarkable burst of intellectual fertility known as the Scottish Enlightenment, through the Victorian age and beyond, when it continued to exercise powerful intellectual influence at home and abroad. The books aim to be historically informative, while at the same time serving to renew philosophical interest in the problems with which the Scottish philosophers grappled, and in the solutions they proposed. This volume covers the history of Scottish philosophy after the Enlightenment period, through the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Leading experts explore the lives and work of major figures including Thomas Brown, William Hamilton, J. F. Ferrier, Alexander Bain, John Macmurray, and George Davie, and address important developments in the period from the Scottish reception of Kant and Hegel to the spread of Scottish philosophy in Europe, America and Australasia, and the relation of Common Sense philosophy and American pragmatism. A concluding chapter investigates the nature and identity of a 'Scottish philosophical tradition'. General Editor: Gordon Graham, Princeton Theological Seminary
Philosophy, Culture and the Scottish Enlightenment Jeffrey Bell ... Kant's solution
to this problem was to argue that one must presuppose a predetermining identity.
As Deleuze notes, for Kant there must be 'something within thought [that] ...
Author: Jeffrey Bell
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
This book offers the first extended comparison of the philosophies of Gilles Deleuze and David Hume. Jeffrey Bell argues that Deleuze's early work on Hume was instrumental to Deleuze's formulation of the problems and concepts that would remain the focus of his entire corpus. Reading Deleuze's work in light of Hume's influence, along with a comparison of Deleuze's work with William James, Henri Bergson, and others, sets the stage for a vigorous defence of his philosophy against a number of recent criticisms. It also extends the field of Deleuze studies by showing how Deleuze's thought can clarify and contribute to the work being done in political theory, cultural studies and history, particularly the history of the Scottish Enlightenment. By engaging Deleuze's thought with the work of Hume, this book clarifies and supports the work of Deleuze and exemplifies the continuing relevance of Hume's thought to a number of contemporary debates.
His books on Kantianism include Kants T heorie der Erfahrung (Kant 's Theory of
Experience) and Cohen undNatorp. Many of ... With Helmut Holzhey and others
he has edited a book on the Scottish Enlightenment as well as volumes of the ...
Author: Helmut Holzhey
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Few philosophers stand out as boldly as Immunuel Kant (1724-1804). His principal works, including Critique of Pure Reason, Critique of Practical Reason, and Critique of Judgement, are known worldwide. During his time, schools of Kantianism quickly sprang up and were later joined by schools of Neokantianism. Admittedly, not all of Kant's concepts have aged well, but many are still taught today among the basics of philosophy. Holzhey and Mudroch provide a comprehensive dictionary that will aid not only students but also teachers and the general public, with hundreds of entries describing Kant's life, works, and concepts, as well as the contributions of his followers and opponents. Furthermore, much of the writings of the Neokantians and the literature dealing with this movement are not available in English, thus The A to Z of Kant and Kant and Kantianism provides an introduction for the English-language reader. Given the inevitable problems of language, the glossary is particularly helpful, while the bibliography makes the massive amount of literature more accessible.
In the final section of their chapter, Garrett and Heydt bring into focus the question
of how eighteenthcentury Scottish ... the Scottish Enlightenment, and there is
consequently no effort made by the Scots to distinguish, as Kant sought to, our ...
Author: Aaron Garrett
Publisher: OUP Oxford
A History of Scottish Philosophy is a series of collaborative studies by expert authors, each volume being devoted to a specific period. Together they provide a comprehensive account of the Scottish philosophical tradition, from the centuries that laid the foundation of the remarkable burst of intellectual fertility known as the Scottish Enlightenment, through the Victorian age and beyond, when it continued to exercise powerful intellectual influence at home and abroad. The books aim to be historically informative, while at the same time serving to renew philosophical interest in the problems with which the Scottish philosophers grappled, and in the solutions they proposed. This new history of Scottish philosophy will include two volumes that focus on the Scottish Enlightenment. In this volume a team of leading experts explore the ideas, intellectual context, and influence of Hutcheson, Hume, Smith, Reid, and many other thinkers, frame old issues in fresh ways, and introduce new topics and questions into debates about the philosophy of this remarkable period. The contributors explore the distinctively Scottish context of this philosophical flourishing, and juxtapose the work of canonical philosophers with contemporaries now very seldom read. The outcome is a broadening-out, and a filling-in of the detail, of the picture of the philosophical scene of Scotland in the eighteenth century. General Editor: Gordon Graham, Princeton Theological Seminary
Dr. Kuehn opened what he calls in this book " a new perspective on the German enlightenment . ” He found a pervasive knowledge of and interest in Scottish
common - sense philosophy among German philosophers of the last third of the
eighteenth ... I must confess that I saw them mostly through Kant's jaundiced eye ,
and had no conception of the magnitude of their influence on his fellow
Author: Manfred Kuehn
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
Proponents of Scottish common-sense philosophy, especially Thomas Reid, James Oswald, and James Beattie, had substantial influence on late enlightenment German philosophy. Kuehn explores the nature and extent of that influence.
It concerns freedom. As we saw, Kant regards as a characteristic feature of Enlightenment the unlimited freedom of the man of letters to say his say in public.
The only tribunal that matters is the tribunal of human reason, in particular the
Author: Alexander Broadie
Publisher: Canongate Books
Edited and Introduced by Alexander Broadie. The Scottish Enlightenment is one of the great achievements of European culture. In philosophy, law, economics, politics, linguistics and the physical sciences, Scots were key players in changing the way the world was viewed. And this explosion of activity still reverberates. It was the age of David Hume, Thomas Reid and Adam Smith, of Adam Ferguson, James Hutton and Sir John Sinclair. In his authoritative introduction, Alexander Broadie emphasises not only the diversity of intellectual discussion taking place in this small country located on the outer edge of Europe, but also the European dimension of this Scottish movement. After the general introduction, the anthology is arranged thematically – Human Nature, Ethics, Aesthetics, Religion, Economics, Social Theory and Politics, Law, Historiography, Language and Science. These sections gather together well-known and lesser-known writings of the time. Much of the material has not been reprinted since the 18th century. Those with an interest in the Scottish cultural tradition will find many things to hold their attention in this unique book. ‘Provides generous extracts from key works and masterly brief introductions.’ Economist ‘A major contribution to our literature and intellectual resources and I do not think it could be better done . . . For many people this book will become a companion for years or even a lifetime.’ Scotsman
Scottish. Enlightenment. 'This enlightened age' is a phrase used of her own time
by Miss Gauntlet in Tobias Smollett's novel ... Though 'Enlightenment' functions
as an English translation of Immanuel Kant's German 'Aufkla ̈rung', the phrase ...
Author: Robert Crawford
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
From Treasure Island to Trainspotting, Scotland's rich literary tradition has influenced writing across centuries and cultures far beyond its borders. Here, for the first time, is a single volume presenting the glories of fifteen centuries of Scottish literature. In Scotland's Books the much loved poet Robert Crawford tells the story of Scottish imaginative writing and its relationship to the country's history. Stretching from the medieval masterpieces of St. Columba's Iona - the earliest surviving Scottish work - to the energetic world of twenty-first-century writing by authors such as Ali Smith and James Kelman, this outstanding account traces the development of literature in Scotland and explores the cultural, linguistic and literary heritage of the nation. It includes extracts from the writing discussed to give a flavor of the original work, and its new research ranges from specially made translations of ancient poems to previously unpublished material from the Scottish Enlightenment and interviews with living writers. Informative and readable, this is the definitive single-volume guide to the marvelous legacy of Scottish literature.
'The Scottish Enlightenment and the American Founding'. The Monist, 90, 170–
81. Roe, N. (1988). Wordsworth and Coleridge: The Radical Years. Oxford:
Oxford University Press. —. (1990). 'Coleridge and John Thelwall: The Road to
Author: Monika Class
Publisher: A&C Black
Category: Literary Criticism
Author of Biographia Literaria (1817) and The Friend (1809-10, 1812 and 1818), Samuel Taylor Coleridge was the central figure in the British transmission of German idealism in the 19th century. The advent of Immanuel Kant in Coleridge's thought is traditionally seen as the start of the poet's turn towards an internalized Romanticism. Demonstrating that Coleridge's discovery of Kant came at an earlier point than has been previously recognized, this book examines the historical roots of Coleridge's life-long preoccupation with Kant over a period of 20 years from the first extant Kant entry until the publication of his autobiography. Drawing on previously unpublished contemporary reviews of Kant and seeking socio-political meaning outside the literary canon in the English radical circles of the 1790s, Monika Class here establishes conceptual affinities between Coleridge's writings and that of Kant's earliest English mediators and in doing so revises Coleridge's allegedly non-political and solitary response to Kant.
COMMON FEATURES Natural jurisprudence in the Scottish Enlightenment was
first of all a theory of justice . ... directly , eighteenth - century Scottish natural
jurisprudence is neither Platonic , Aristotelian , Thomistic , Kantian nor utilitarian .
Author: Alexander Broadie
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
The Cambridge Companion to the Scottish Enlightenment offers a philosophical perspective on an eighteenth-century movement that has been profoundly influential on western culture. A distinguished team of contributors examines the writings of David Hume, Adam Smith, Thomas Reid, Adam Ferguson, Colin Maclaurin and other Scottish thinkers, in fields including philosophy, natural theology, economics, anthropology, natural science and law. In addition, the contributors relate the Scottish Enlightenment to its historical context and assess its impact and legacy in Europe, America and beyond. The result is a comprehensive and accessible volume that illuminates the richness, the intellectual variety and the underlying unity of this important movement. It will be of interest to a wide range of readers in philosophy, theology, literature and the history of ideas.
Far from requiring to be patronised for having tentatively prepared the way for Kant's more solid achievement in reference to necessary and general truth , he
had already out - distanced Kant , at any rate in respect of explaining a very ...