Justices, Presidents, and Senators

A History of the U.S. Supreme Court Appointments from Washington to Clinton

Author: Henry Julian Abraham

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847696055

Category: History

Page: 429

View: 8055

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Totally revised and updated, this classic history of the 108 members of the U.S. Supreme addresses the vital questions of why individual justices were nominated to the highest court, how their nominations were received, whether the appointees ultimately lived up to the expectations of the American public, and what their legacy was on the development of American law and society.
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Justices, Presidents, and Senators

A History of the U.S. Supreme Court Appointments from Washington to Bush II

Author: Henry J. Abraham

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 1461602483

Category: Political Science

Page: 480

View: 3661

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Totally revised and updated, this classic history of the 110 members of the U.S. Supreme Court addresses the vital questions of why individual justices were nominated to the highest court, how their nominations were received, whether the appointees ultimately lived up to the expectations of the American public, and what their legacy was on the development of American law and society. Enhanced by photographs of every justice from 1789 to 2007.
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Supreme Democracy

The End of Elitism in Supreme Court Nominations

Author: Richard Davis

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190656980

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 4658

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In the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Supreme Court nominations were driven by presidents, senators, and some legal community elites. Many nominations were quick processes with little Senate deliberation, minimal publicity and almost no public involvement. Today, however, confirmation takes 81 days on average-Justice Antonin Scalia's former seat has already taken much longer to fill-and it is typically a media spectacle. How did the Supreme Court nomination process become so public and so nakedly political? What forces led to the current high-stakes status of the process? How could we implement reforms to improve the process? In Supreme Democracy: The End of Elitism in the Supreme Court Nominations, Richard Davis, an eminent scholar of American politics and the courts, traces the history of nominations from the early republic to the present. He examines the component parts of the nomination process one by one: the presidential nomination stage, the confirmation management process, the role of the Senate Judiciary Committee, and the increasing involvement over time of interest groups, the news media, and public opinion. The most dramatic development, however, has been the democratization of politics. Davis delves into the constitutional underpinnings of the nomination process and its traditional form before describing a more democratic process that has emerged in the past half century. He details the struggle over image-making between supporters and opponents intended to influence the news media and public opinion. Most importantly, he provides a thorough examination of whether or not increasing democracy always produces better governance, and a better Court. Not only an authoritative analysis of the Supreme Court nomination process from the founding era to the present, Supreme Democracy will be an essential guide to all of the protracted nomination battles yet to come.
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Presidents and their Justices

Author: Douglas Clouatre

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 076185374X

Category: History

Page: 284

View: 1168

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This book offers an innovative look at the relationship between a president and the Supreme Court justices they appoint. Based on a 2005 survey of historians, lawyers, and political scientists, the book delves into presidential Court appointments and how a justice's career affects a president's legacy.
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Jewish Justices of the Supreme Court

From Brandeis to Kagan

Author: David G. Dalin

Publisher: Brandeis University Press

ISBN: 1512600148

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 1812

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Jewish Justices of the Supreme Court examines the lives, legal careers, and legacies of the eight Jews who have served or who currently serve as justices of the U.S. Supreme Court: Louis D. Brandeis, Benjamin Cardozo, Felix Frankfurter, Arthur Goldberg, Abe Fortas, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Stephen G. Breyer, and Elena Kagan. David Dalin discusses the relationship that these Jewish justices have had with the presidents who appointed them, and given the judges' Jewish background, investigates the antisemitism some of the justices encountered in their ascent within the legal profession before their appointment, as well as the role that antisemitism played in the attendant political debates and Senate confirmation battles. Other topics and themes include the changing role of Jews within the American legal profession and the views and judicial opinions of each of the justices on freedom of speech, freedom of religion, the death penalty, the right to privacy, gender equality, and the rights of criminal defendants, among other issues.
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Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900 - 2010

Author: R. Sam Garrett

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1437934277

Category:

Page: 48

View: 5682

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Contents: (1) Recent Activity: Activity During 2010, 2009, and 2005-2006: Recent Nominations: Roberts, Miers, Alito; (2) Measuring the Pace of Supreme Court (SC) Appoint.; (3) How SC Vacancies Occur: Death of a Sitting Justice (SJ): Retirement or Resignation of a SJ; Nomination of a SJ to Another Position; Controversial, Withdrawn, and Rejected Nominations; (4) Date of Actual or Prospective Vacancy; Announcement-of-Nominee Date: Use of Medians to Summarize Intervals; The Duration of the Nomination-and-Confirmation Process: Changes Since 1981; Factors Influencing the Speed of the Process: How the Vacancy Occurs; The Senate¿s Schedule; Committee Involvement and Institutional Customs; Controversial Nominations.
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The Senator and the Sharecropper

The Freedom Struggles of James O. Eastland and Fannie Lou Hamer

Author: Chris Myers Asch

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807878057

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 711

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In this fascinating study of race, politics, and economics in Mississippi, Chris Myers Asch tells the story of two extraordinary personalities--Fannie Lou Hamer and James O. Eastland--who represented deeply opposed sides of the civil rights movement. Both were from Sunflower County: Eastland was a wealthy white planter and one of the most powerful segregationists in the U.S. Senate, while Hamer, a sharecropper who grew up desperately poor just a few miles from the Eastland plantation, rose to become the spiritual leader of the Mississippi freedom struggle. Asch uses Hamer's and Eastland's entwined histories, set against the backdrop of Sunflower County's rise and fall as a center of cotton agriculture, to explore the county's changing social landscape during the mid-twentieth century and its persistence today as a land separate and unequal. Asch, who spent nearly a decade in Mississippi as an educator, offers a fresh look at the South's troubled ties to the cotton industry, the long struggle for civil rights, and unrelenting social and economic injustice through the eyes of two of the era's most important and intriguing figures.
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The Vinson Court

Justices, Rulings, and Legacy

Author: Michal R. Belknap

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1576072010

Category: Law

Page: 290

View: 5039

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Spanning the years from 1946 until 1953, the Vinson Court made the legal transition from World War II to the Korean War, and the outspoken justices Felix Frankfurter and Hugo Black helped shape its legacy. * Four narrative chapters on the justices, decisions, and legacy of the Vinson Court * 12 photographs and biographies of the justices who served on the Vinson Court
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Supreme Court Appointment Process

Roles of the President, Judiciary Committee, and Senate

Author: Denis Stevens Rutkus

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1437931790

Category:

Page: 60

View: 7440

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Contents: (1) Pres. Selection of a Nominee: Senate Advice; Advice from Other Sources; Criteria for Selecting a Nominee; Background Invest.; Recess Appoint. to the Court; (2) Consid. by the Senate Judiciary Comm.: Background: Senators Nominated to the Court; Open Hear.; Nominee Appear. at Confirm. Hear.; Comm. Involvement in Appoint. Process; Pre-Hearing Stage; Hearings; Reporting the Nomin.; (3) Senate Debate and Confirm. Vote; Bringing Nomin. to the Floor; Evaluate Nominees; Filibusters and Motions to End Debate; Voice Votes, Roll Calls, and Vote Margins; Reconsid. of the Confirm. Vote; Nomin. That Failed to be Confirmed; Judiciary Comm. to Further Examine the Nomin.; After Senate Confirm.
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