This is a first-of-its-kind essential guide for African-American families about how to understand the criminal justice system, and about why that system continues to see black men as targets—and as dollar signs.
Author: Robbin Shipp
Publisher: Agate Publishing
Justice While Black is a must-read for every young black male in America—and for everyone else who cares about their survival and well-being. This is a first-of-its-kind essential guide for African-American families about how to understand the criminal justice system, and about why that system continues to see black men as targets—and as dollar signs. The book provides practical, straightforward advice on how to deal with specific legal situations: the threat of arrest, being arrested, being in custody, preparing for and undergoing a trial, and navigating the appeals and parole process. The primary goal of this book is to become a primer for African Americans on how to avoid becoming ensnared in the criminal justice system. While the precarious safety of black males has received renewed interest in the past year because of the deaths of teenagers Trayvon Martin and Jordan Davis, the fact is that this group has always been under threat from the armed guardians of the white social order. The tactics have been modernized, but the impact is still devastating—we are witnessing an epic criminalization of the African-American community at levels never before seen since the end of slavery.
Woven throughout the book is the story of Soul Fire Farm, a national leader in the food justice movement." --
Author: Leah Penniman
Publisher: Chelsea Green Publishing
Category: African American farmers
In 1920, 14 percent of all land-owning US farmers were black. Today less than 2 percent of farms are controlled by black people--a loss of over 14 million acres and the result of discrimination and dispossession. While farm management is among the whitest of professions, farm labor is predominantly brown and exploited, and people of color disproportionately live in "food apartheid" neighborhoods and suffer from diet-related illness. The system is built on stolen land and stolen labor and needs a redesign. Farming While Black is the first comprehensive "how to" guide for aspiring African-heritage growers to reclaim their dignity as agriculturists and for all farmers to understand the distinct, technical contributions of African-heritage people to sustainable agriculture. At Soul Fire Farm, author Leah Penniman co-created the Black and Latinx Farmers Immersion (BLFI) program as a container for new farmers to share growing skills in a culturally relevant and supportive environment led by people of color. Farming While Black organizes and expands upon the curriculum of the BLFI to provide readers with a concise guide to all aspects of small-scale farming, from business planning to preserving the harvest. Throughout the chapters Penniman uplifts the wisdom of the African diasporic farmers and activists whose work informs the techniques described--from whole farm planning, soil fertility, seed selection, and agroecology, to using whole foods in culturally appropriate recipes, sharing stories of ancestors, and tools for healing from the trauma associated with slavery and economic exploitation on the land. Woven throughout the book is the story of Soul Fire Farm, a national leader in the food justice movement. The technical information is designed for farmers and gardeners with beginning to intermediate experience. For those with more experience, the book provides a fresh lens on practices that may have been taken for granted as ahistorical or strictly European. Black ancestors and contemporaries have always been leaders--and continue to lead--in the sustainable agriculture and food justice movements. It is time for all of us to listen.
It said black police officers shot black civilians at a rate 2.5 times of white officers
shooting black civilians. While 70 percent of the persons shot by Chicago police
were black, approximately 70 percent of the forcible felony arrestees from 1974 ...
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Reform. Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human ResourcesPublish On: 2001
Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human
Resources of the Committee on ... While black motorists were disproportionately
stop b Maryland State Police on 1-95 , the instances in which drugs were actually
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Reform. Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on the District of ColumbiaPublish On: 1975
Increase in Black Employment - Black employment increased from 27,874 to
35,317 , or 7,443 . This represents a 27 % increase in black employment , while
total employment increased 92 . Black employment represented 71 % of the total
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on the District of Columbia
... Males ages 12 - 16 Females ages 12 - 16 Behavior White Black Hispanic
White Black Hispanic Smoked cigarettes Last 30 days 22 % 14 % 19 % 23 % 9 %
15 % Drank alcohol Last 30 days 23 13 22 23 13 20 Before or during school or
Author: Bettye Collier-ThomasPublish On: 2010-02-02
It also reveals the hidden story of how issues of sex and sexuality have sometimes created tension and divisions within institutions.
Author: Bettye Collier-Thomas
Category: Social Science
“The Negroes must have Jesus, Jobs, and Justice,” declared Nannie Helen Burroughs, a nationally known figure among black and white leaders and an architect of the Woman’s Convention of the National Baptist Convention. Burroughs made this statement about the black women’s agenda in 1958, as she anticipated the collapse of Jim Crow segregation and pondered the fate of African Americans. Following more than half a century of organizing and struggling against racism in American society, sexism in the National Baptist Convention, and the racism and paternalism of white women and the Southern Baptist Convention, Burroughs knew that black Americans would need more than religion to survive and to advance socially, economically, and politically. Jesus, jobs, and justice are the threads that weave through two hundred years of black women’s experiences in America. Bettye Collier-Thomas’s groundbreaking book gives us a remarkable account of the religious faith, social and political activism, and extraordinary resilience of black women during the centuries of American growth and change. It shows the beginnings of organized religion in slave communities and how the Bible was a source of inspiration; the enslaved saw in their condition a parallel to the suffering and persecution that Jesus had endured. The author makes clear that while religion has been a guiding force in the lives of most African Americans, for black women it has been essential. As co-creators of churches, women were a central factor in their development. Jesus, Jobs, and Justice explores the ways in which women had to cope with sexism in black churches, as well as racism in mostly white denominations, in their efforts to create missionary societies and form women’s conventions. It also reveals the hidden story of how issues of sex and sexuality have sometimes created tension and divisions within institutions. Black church women created national organizations such as the National Association of Colored Women, the National League of Colored Republican Women, and the National Council of Negro Women. They worked in the interracial movement, in white-led Christian groups such as the YWCA and Church Women United, and in male-dominated organizations such as the NAACP and National Urban League to demand civil rights, equal employment, and educational opportunities, and to protest lynching, segregation, and discrimination. And black women missionaries sacrificed their lives in service to their African sisters whose destiny they believed was tied to theirs. Jesus, Jobs, and Justice restores black women to their rightful place in American and black history and demonstrates their faith in themselves, their race, and their God.
The U.S. has made significant progress toward ensuring equal treatment under law for all citizens. But in one arena -- criminal justice -- racial inequality is growing, not receding.
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Category: Social Science
The U.S. has made significant progress toward ensuring equal treatment under law for all citizens. But in one arena -- criminal justice -- racial inequality is growing, not receding. Our criminal laws, while facially neutral, are enforced in a massively & pervasively biased manner. The injustices of the criminal justice system threaten to render irrelevant 50 years of hard-fought civil rights progress. This policy report examines the systematically unequal treatment of black & Hispanic Americans & other minorities as compared to their similarly situated white counterparts within the criminal justice system. It reviews the effects of such unequal treatment on these groups & on the criminal justice system.
While Black accepted the fact that protection of political speech was a " strong
reason ” for the First Amendment , since it contained no exceptions , he would
make none . For example , he believed that any laws purporting to regulate
Author: John Paul Frank
Publisher: Jamail Center for Legal Research University of Texas School
Category: Civil rights
[C]ollection of correspondence and notes of correspondence between ... Justice Hugo L. Black and John P. Frank, his law clerk for the 1942-1943 court term"--Page vii.
In this book, Niambi Michele Carter argues that immigration, both historically and in the contemporary moment, has served as a reminder of the limited inclusion of African Americans in the body politic.
Author: Niambi Michele Carter
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Category: Political Science
At the same time that the Civil Rights Movement brought increasing opportunities for blacks, the United States liberalized its immigration policy. While the broadening of the United States's borders to non-European immigrants fits with a black political agenda of social justice, recent waves of immigration have presented a dilemma for blacks, prompting ambivalent or even negative attitudes toward migrants. What has an expanded immigration regime meant for how blacks express national attachment? In this book, Niambi Michele Carter argues that immigration, both historically and in the contemporary moment, has served as a reminder of the limited inclusion of African Americans in the body politic. As Carter contends, blacks use the issue of immigration as a way to understand the nature and meaning of their American citizenship-specifically the way that white supremacy structures and constrains not just their place in the American political landscape, but their political opinions as well. White supremacy gaslights black people, and others, into critiquing themselves and each other instead of white supremacy itself. But what may appear to be a conflict between blacks and other minorities is about self-preservation. Carter draws on original interview material and empirical data on African American political opinion to offer the first theory of black public opinion toward immigration.
Endnotes 6 For extensive discussion of the “ driving while black ” phenomenon ,
see Angela J. Davis , “ Race , Cops , and Traffic Stops ... 2 David Cole , No Equal Justice : Race and Class in the American Criminal Justice System , at 36 and n .
Many African Americans , for example , have experienced the crime known as “
Driving While Black . ... in Youth Violence , ” in Michael Tonry , ed . , Crime and Justice : A Review of Research , University of Chicago Press , forthcoming , 1999
When Black Feminist Thought by Patricia Hill Collins was published in 1990, reviewers called it "remarkable", "rich and valuable", and proclaimed, "with the publication of this book, Black feminism has moved to a new level".
Author: Patricia Hill Collins
Category: Social Science
When Black Feminist Thought by Patricia Hill Collins was published in 1990, reviewers called it "remarkable", "rich and valuable", and proclaimed, "with the publication of this book, Black feminism has moved to a new level". Now, in Fighting Words, Collins expands and extends the discussion of the "outsider within" presented in her earlier work, investigating how effectively Black feminist thought confronts the injustices African American women currently face. Collins takes on a broad range of issues -- poverty, mothering, white supremacy and Afrocentrism, the resegregation of American society by race and class, the ideas of Sojourner Truth and how they can serve as a springboard for more liberating social theory. Contrasting social theories that support unjust power relations of race, class, gender, and nation with those that challenge inequalities, Collins investigates why some ideas are granted the status of "theory" while others remain "thought". "It is not that elites produce theory while everyone else produces mere thought", she writes. "Rather, elites possess the power to legitimate the knowledge that they define as theory as being universal, normative, and ideal". Collins argues that because African American women and other historically oppressed groups seek economic and social justice, their social theories may emphasize themes and work from assumptions that are different from those of mainstream American society, generating new angles of vision on injustice. Collins also puts such oppositional social theory to the test: while the words of these theories may challenge injustice, do the ideas make a difference in the lives of the people they claim to represent? Throughout,Collins provides an essential understanding of how "outsiders" resist mainstream perspectives, and what the mainstream can learn from such "outsiders". Historically situated yet transcending the specific, Fighting Words provides a new interpretive framework for both thinking through and overcoming social injustice.
This division groups Hispanics with whites , thus increasing the likelihood that
statistical studies of criminal justice bias may ... The 1989 arrest rate for black
youth was 128 per 1 , 000 while the arrest rate for white males was 49 per 1 , 000
between 1960-69 , when the national economy expanded and when landmark
civil rights legislation was passed . These new opportunities were mostly
available to black adult males as evidenced by the low incomes and vulnerability
Criminal Justice Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act picture was
exactly the same , except for the fact that ... When asked what was happening in
the first pictures , must subjects - both white and blackthought that the man with ...
Author: Phyllis B. Gerstenfeld
Publisher: Salem PressInc
Contains 625 alphabetically arranged entries that examine various aspects of criminal justice in the U.S., covering criminals, codes and categories of law, law enforcement agencies, courts, corrections, the U.S. Constitution, and Supreme Court rulings. Includes a time line, personages and subject indexes, and other reference materials.
Racial disparity in sentencing has been suspected because a disproportionate
number of black inmates are in state prisons and on death row.68 Recent
analysis of sentencing practices in New York found that while African - Americans
Author: Joseph J. Senna
Category: Criminal justice, Administration of
This text presents criminal justice as a dynamic, ever-changing field, emphasizing how the concepts and processes of criminal justice are constantly evolving. It is ideal for those introductory criminal justice courses that emphasize a comprehensive and balanced approach to all three areas of criminal justice, as well as theory, research, and policy issues. This text is the ultimate tool for complete student preparation and provides all of the up-to-date coverage of structural and procedural changes in the criminal justice system that instructors require, ultimately helping students understand the critical issues in the field, and the impact they have on the system.
However , while the Report contains much in support of the Marxist approach it
simultaneously holds forth with data that stand in stark contradiction . Marxism
simply cannot confront the indisputable facts concerning black unemployment .
Author: Allissa V. RichardsonPublish On: 2020-05-15
"Bearing Witness While Black: African Americans, Smartphones and the New Protest #Journalism tells the story of this century's most powerful Black social movement--through the eyes of 15 activists who documented it.
Author: Allissa V. Richardson
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
"Bearing Witness While Black: African Americans, Smartphones and the New Protest #Journalism tells the story of this century's most powerful Black social movement--through the eyes of 15 activists who documented it. At the height of the Black Lives Matter uprisings, African Americans filmed and tweeted evidence of fatal police encounters in dozens of US cities--using little more than the device in their pockets. Their urgent dispatches from the frontlines spurred a global debate on excessive police force, which claimed the lives of African American men, women and children at disproportionate rates. This groundbreaking book reveals how the perfect storm of smartphones, social media and social justice empowered Black activists to create their own news outlets, which continued a centuries-long, African American tradition of using the news to challenge racism. Bearing Witness While Black is the first book of its kind to identify three overlapping eras of domestic terror against African American people--slavery, lynching and police brutality--and explain how storytellers during each period documented its atrocities through journalism. What results is a stunning genealogy--of how the slave narratives of the 1700s inspired the Abolitionist movement; how the black newspapers of the 1800s galvanized the anti-lynching and Civil Rights movements; and how the smartphones of today have powered the anti-police brutality movement. This lineage of black witnessing, Allissa V. Richardson teaches us, is formidable and forever evolving. Richardson's own activism, as an award-winning pioneer of smartphone journalism, informs this text deeply. She weaves in personal accounts of her teaching in the US and Africa--and of her own brushes with police brutality--to share how she has inspired black youth to use mobile devices, to speak up from the margins. It is from this vantage point, as participant-observer, that she urges us not to become numb to the tragic imagery that African Americans have documented. Instead, Bearing Witness While Black conveys a crucial need to protect our right to look--into the forbidden space of violence against black bodies--and to continue to regard the smartphone as an instrument of moral suasion and social change"--
1989 , liberal opinion in the city didn't know what to While average white income
in America may be think . But it knew very well what not to think . The 11/2 times black income , many black neighborhoods crime , we were repeatedly assured ...
Author: David L. Bender
Publisher: Greenhaven Press, Incorporated
Annual supplement focusing on topics that continue to generate debate.