J R R Tolkien Encyclopedia

J R R  Tolkien Encyclopedia

A detailed work of reference and scholarship, this one volume Encyclopedia includes discussions of all the fundamental issues in Tolkien scholarship written by the leading scholars in the field.

Author: Michael D. C. Drout

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415969420

Category: History

Page: 774

View: 319

A detailed work of reference and scholarship, this one volume Encyclopedia includes discussions of all the fundamental issues in Tolkien scholarship written by the leading scholars in the field. Coverage not only presents the most recent scholarship on J.R.R. Tolkien, but also introduces and explores the author and scholar's life and work within their historical and cultural contexts. Tolkien's fiction and his sources of influence are examined along with his artistic and academic achievements - including his translations of medieval texts - teaching posts, linguistic works, and the languages he created. The 550 alphabetically arranged entries fall within the following categories of topics: adaptations art and illustrations characters in Tolkien's work critical history and scholarship influence of Tolkien languages biography literary sources literature creatures and peoples of Middle-earth objects in Tolkien's work places in Tolkien's work reception of Tolkien medieval scholars scholarship by Tolkien medieval literature stylistic elements themes in Tolkien's works theological/ philosophical concepts and philosophers Tolkien's contemporary history and culture works of literature
Categories: History

J R R Tolkien

J R R Tolkien

He is also the author of The Inklings Handbook (with the late David Porter), J. R. R. Tolkien and C. S. Lewis: The Story of Their Friendship, and Tolkien and The Lord of the Rings, and has contributed to definitive reference works, The ...

Author: Colin Duriez

Publisher: Lion Books

ISBN: 9780745955148

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 240

View: 646

Perfect for Tolkien enthusiasts of all shapes and sizes, this delightful and accessible biography brings the enigma behind The Lord of the Rings franchise to life Long before the successful The Lord of the Rings films, J.R.R. Tolkien’s creations, imagination, and characters had already captured the hearts and minds of millions of readers. But who was the man who dreamt up the intricate languages and perfectly crafted world of Middle-earth? Tolkien had a difficult life for many years—orphaned and poor, his guardian forbade him from communicating with the woman he had fallen in love with, and he also suffered through the horrors of World War I. An intensely private and brilliant scholar, he spent more than 50 years working on the languages, history, peoples, and geography of Middle-earth, with a consistent mythology and body of legends inspired by a formidable knowledge of early northern European history and culture. J.R.R. Tolkien became a legend by creating an imaginary world that has enthralled and delighted generations.
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

J R R Tolkien

J R R  Tolkien

Analyzes Tolkien's "The Hobbit," "The Lord of the Rings," "The Silmarillion," and his lesser works, and explains how his works tie into storytelling tradition dating back to Grimms' fairy tales and "Beowulf."

Author: T. A. Shippey

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 0618257594

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 347

View: 886

Analyzes Tolkien's "The Hobbit," "The Lord of the Rings," "The Silmarillion," and his lesser works, and explains how his works tie into storytelling tradition dating back to Grimms' fairy tales and "Beowulf."
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

J R R Tolkien

J R R  Tolkien

Garth, Tolkien and The Great War, 42. 3. Ibid. 4. Quoted in ibid., 137. 5. Quoted
by ibid. 6. Quoted in ibid., 44. 7. Carpenter, The Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien, 8. 8.
Ibid. 9. Drout, ed.,J. R. R. Tolkien Encyclopedia, 713. 10. Carpenter, Tolkien: A ...

Author: Mark Horne

Publisher: Thomas Nelson Inc

ISBN: 9781595551061

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 144

View: 725

Christian Encounters, a series of biographies from Thomas Nelson Publishers, highlights important lives from all ages and areas of the Church. Some are familiar faces. Others are unexpected guests. But all, through their relationships, struggles, prayers, and desires, uniquely illuminate our shared experience. J.R.R. Tolkien famously penned The Hobbit and the three-volume novel The Lord of the Rings. Known as "the father of modern fantasy literature," his writings have inspired many other works of fantasy and have had a lasting effect on the entire genre. In this Christian Encounters biography, learn how Tolkien's faith was an intrinsic element of his creative imagination, one that played out in the pages of his writings and his life.
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

Ents Elves and Eriador

Ents  Elves  and Eriador

Many readers drawn into the heroic tales of J. R. R. Tolkien's imaginary world of Middle-earth have given little conscious thought to the importance of the land itself in his stories or to the vital roles played by the flora and fauna of ...

Author: Matthew T. Dickerson

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 9780813171593

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 344

View: 102

Many readers drawn into the heroic tales of J. R. R. Tolkien’s imaginary world of Middle-earth have given little conscious thought to the importance of the land itself in his stories or to the vital roles played by the flora and fauna of that land. As a result, The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion are rarely considered to be works of environmental literature or mentioned together with such authors as John Muir, Rachel Carson, or Aldo Leopold. Tolkien’s works do not express an activist agenda; instead, his environmentalism is expressed in the form of literary fiction. Nonetheless, Tolkien’s vision of nature is as passionate and has had as profound an influence on his readers as that of many contemporary environmental writers. The burgeoning field of agrarianism provides new insights into Tolkien’s view of the natural world and environmental responsibility. In Ents, Elves, and Eriador, Matthew Dickerson and Jonathan Evans show how Tolkien anticipated some of the tenets of modern environmentalism in the imagined world of Middle-earth and the races with which it is peopled. The philosophical foundations that define Tolkien’s environmentalism, as well as the practical outworking of these philosophies, are found throughout his work. Agrarianism is evident in the pastoral lifestyle and sustainable agriculture of the Hobbits, as they harmoniously cultivate the land for food and goods. The Elves practice aesthetic, sustainable horticulture as they shape their forest environs into an elaborate garden. To complete Tolkien’s vision, the Ents of Fangorn Forest represent what Dickerson and Evans label feraculture, which seeks to preserve wilderness in its natural form. Unlike the Entwives, who are described as cultivating food in tame gardens, the Ents risk eventual extinction for their beliefs. These ecological philosophies reflect an aspect of Christian stewardship rooted in Tolkien’s Catholic faith. Dickerson and Evans define it as “stewardship of the kind modeled by Gandalf,” a stewardship that nurtures the land rather than exploiting its life-sustaining capacities to the point of exhaustion. Gandalfian stewardship is at odds with the forces of greed exemplified by Sauron and Saruman, who, with their lust for power, ruin the land they inhabit, serving as a dire warning of what comes to pass when stewardly care is corrupted or ignored. Dickerson and Evans examine Tolkien’s major works as well as his lesser-known stories and essays, comparing his writing to that of the most important naturalists of the past century. A vital contribution to environmental literature and an essential addition to Tolkien scholarship, Ents, Elves, and Eriador offers both Tolkien fans and environmentalists an understanding of Middle-earth that has profound implications for environmental stewardship in the present and the future of our own world.
Categories: Literary Criticism

An Encyclopedia of Tolkien

An Encyclopedia of Tolkien

In this beautifully illustrated volume, best-selling author and Tolkien scholar David Day presents four decades of research and writing on the lands and inhabitants Middle-earth.

Author: David Day

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781645170105

Category: Fiction

Page: 544

View: 411

A comprehensive, illustrated guide to the history, lands, and inhabitants of Middle-earth. The fantasy world of J. R. R. Tolkien’s Middle-earth contains a rich assortment of people, cities, and creatures—as well as a deep, intertwined history that spans thousands of years. In this beautifully illustrated volume, best-selling author and Tolkien scholar David Day presents four decades of research and writing on the lands and inhabitants Middle-earth. Sections of this A-to-Z dictionary are devoted to discussion of the battles, history, beasts, and heroes of Tolkien’s stories. This comprehensive volume on Tolkien’s world also includes an appendix of three primary legends that served as sources for Tolkien’s creations—the Volsunga saga, the Nibelungenlied, and Richard Wagner’s Ring Cycle—and more than 200 black-and-white illustrations
Categories: Fiction

The Hobbit Party

The Hobbit Party

For more on Marxist engagement of Tolkien, see David D. Oberhelman, “Marxist
Readings of Tolkien”, in J. R. R. Tolkien Encyclopedia: Scholarship and Critical
Assessment, ed. Michael D. C. Drout (New York: Routledge, 2007), pp. 410–11.

Author: Jay Richards

Publisher: Ignatius Press

ISBN: 9781586178239

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 232

View: 740

Anyone who has read The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings can gather that their author hated tyranny, but few know that the novelist who once described himself as a hobbit Òin all but sizeÓ wasÑeven by hobbit standardsÑa zealous proponent of economic freedom and small government. There is a growing concern among many that the West is sliding into political, economic, and moral bankruptcy. In his beloved novels of Middle-Earth, J.R.R. Tolkien has drawn us a map to freedom. Scholar Joseph Pearce, who himself has written articles and chapters on the political significance of TolkienÕs work, testified in his book Literary Giants, Literary Catholics, ÒIf much has been written on the religious significance of The Lord of the Rings, less has been written on its political significanceÑand the little that has been written is often erroneous in its conclusions and ignorant of TolkienÕs intentionsÉ. Much more work is needed in this area, not least because Tolkien stated, implicitly at least, that the political significance of the work was second only to the religious in its importance.Ó Several books ably explore how TolkienÕs Catholic faith informed his fiction. None until now have centered on how his passion for liberty and limited government also shaped his work, or how this passion grew directly from his theological vision of man and creation. The Hobbit Party fills this void. The few existing pieces that do focus on the subject are mostly written by scholars with little or no formal training in literary analysis, and even less training in political economy. Witt and Richards bring to The Hobbit Party a combined expertise in literary studies, political theory, economics, philosophy, and theology.
Categories: Literary Criticism

C S Lewis and the Inklings

C  S  Lewis and the Inklings

His most recent book is Tolkien and the Study of His Sources: Critical Essays (
McFarland, 2011). Other publications include entries in the J. R. R. Tolkien
Encyclopedia: Scholarship and Critical Assessment (Routledge, 2006);
contributions to ...

Author: Salwa Khoddam

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443844314

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 275

View: 720

This volume offers essays on a variety of aspects of the inter-related topics of “hiddenness” and “discovery”: literary, biographical, philosophical, and source study. The Inklings that are examined in this anthology are C. S. Lewis, J. R. R. Tolkien, and Owen Barfield, with two of their literary predecessors and influences that are included under the term “Inklings” in this anthology: G. K. Chesterton and George MacDonald. Readers will find new territory for further exploration of C. S. Lewis and the Inklings in the areas of 1) creative collaboration among the Inklings; 2) genres (for example, the penny dreadful, Christian liturgical poetry); 3) literary influences (H. G. Wells, Dante); 4) linguistics (Tolkien’s “web of words”); and 5) the convergence of literature and theology. Other areas, which readers would find interesting, are medieval cosmology, classical mythology and Nordic mythology in Lewis’s and Tolkien’s works (the pagan mythology of the Greeks and Romans, and the Nordic myth of Ragnarök). Consequently, Lewis’s A Discarded Image was studied by several contributors to substantiate his knowledge on the medieval cosmos.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Tolkien and the Study of His Sources

Tolkien and the Study of His Sources

Tolkien,. Mesopotamia,. and. Biblical. Mythopoeia. Nicholas. Birns. The Book:
Middle-earth, the Bible, and Mythopoeia This ... As Christina Ganong Walton says
in her article on Tolkien and the Bible in the J.R.R. Tolkien Encyclopedia, “
Tolkien ...

Author: Jason Fisher

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 9780786487288

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 240

View: 726

Source criticism—analysis of a writer’s source material—has emerged as one of the most popular approaches in exploring the work of J.R.R. Tolkien. Since Tolkien drew from many disparate sources, an understanding of these sources, as well as how and why he incorporated them, can enhance readers’ appreciation. This set of new essays by leading Tolkien scholars describes the theory and methodology for proper source criticism and provides practical demonstrations of the approach.
Categories: Literary Criticism

The Encyclopedia of Christian Literature

The Encyclopedia of Christian Literature

G. K. Chesterton and J. R. R. Tolkien listed The Princess and the Goblin among
works that influenced them. MacDonald, though, started from humble origins,
born in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, to George and Helen MacKay MacDonald.

Author: George Thomas Kurian

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 0810872838

Category: Religion

Page: 732

View: 465

Covering 2,000 years, this two-volume set is the first encyclopedia devoted to Christian writers and books. In addition to an overview of the Christian literature, this encyclopedia includes more than 40 essays on the principal genres of Christian literature and more than 400 bio-bibliographical essays describing the principal writers and their works.
Categories: Religion

As If

As If

Eden, Bradford Lee. “The 'Music of the Spheres': Relationships between Tolkien's
The Silmarillion and Medieval Cosmological and Religious Theory. ... In J. R. R.
Tolkien Encyclopedia: Scholarship and Critical Assessment, ed. Michael D. C. ...

Author: Michael Saler

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199887804

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 304

View: 514

Many people throughout the world "inhabit" imaginary worlds communally and persistently, parsing Harry Potter and exploring online universes. These activities might seem irresponsibly escapist, but history tells another story. Beginning in the late nineteenth century, when Sherlock Holmes became the world's first "virtual reality" character, readers began to colonize imaginary worlds, debating serious issues and viewing reality in provisional, "as if" terms rather than through essentialist, "just so" perspectives. From Lovecraft's Cthulhu Mythos and Tolkien's Middle-earth to the World of Warcraft and Second Life, As If provides a cultural history that reveals how we can remain enchanted but not deluded in an age where fantasy and reality increasingly intertwine.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Tolkien Studies

Tolkien Studies

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.

Author: Source Wikipedia

Publisher: University-Press.org

ISBN: 1230589473

Category:

Page: 26

View: 212

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 24. Chapters: Middle-earth canon, Mythopoeia, Tom Shippey, Mythopoeic Awards, Marquette University Special Collections and University Archives, Tolkien research, Tolkien's legendarium, Matthew T. Dickerson, Michael D. C. Drout, Richard E. Blackwelder, Tolkien: A Look Behind "The Lord of the Rings," Diana Pavlac Glyer, David Day, Peter Gilliver, The History of The Hobbit, The Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien, Douglas A. Anderson, Epic Pooh, The Complete Guide to Middle-earth, The History of Middle-earth, The Road to Middle-earth, Verlyn Flieger, The Company They Keep: C. S. Lewis and J. R. R. Tolkien as Writers in Community, Walking Tree Publishers, John D. Rateliff, Martin Simonson, The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, Karen Wynn Fonstad, Journeys of Frodo, The Atlas of Middle-earth, J. R. R. Tolkien: Artist and Illustrator, Mythlore, J.R.R. Tolkien Encyclopedia, A Guide to Middle-earth, Wayne Hammond, Beowulf and the Critics, Christina Scull, J. R. R. Tolkien: A Biography, The J. R. R. Tolkien Companion and Guide, J. R. R. Tolkien: Author of the Century, The Individuated Hobbit, Tolkien's Ring. Excerpt: The term Middle-earth canon, also called Tolkien's canon, is used to loosely define the published writings of J. R. R. Tolkien regarding Middle-earth as a whole. The term is also used in Tolkien fandom to promote, discuss and debate the idea of a consistent fictional canon within a given subset of Tolkien's writings. The terms have been used by reviewers, publishers, scholars, authors and critics such as John Garth, Tom Shippey, Jane Chance and others to describe the published writings of J. R. R. Tolkien on Middle-earth as a whole. Other writers look to the entire body of work of the author as a "Tolkien canon," rather than a subset defined by the fictional "Middle-earth" setting. The works on Middle-earth published by...
Categories:

The Primary English Encyclopedia

The Primary English Encyclopedia

is made safe by the presenceof Christopher Robin« (Hunt,1995, p. 202). The
other enduring fantasy published between the wars was J.R.R. Tolkien«sThe
Hobbit, 1937. Tolkien reached back into myth and legend in creating aunique
imagined ...

Author: Margaret Mallett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134058068

Category: Education

Page: 416

View: 945

A comprehensive, user-friendly and interesting reference book that explains key concepts, ideas and current requirements in primary English. Includes: over 600 entries short definitions of key concepts (e.g. parts of speech) succint explanations of current UK requirements extended entries on major topics such as speaking and listening, reading, writing, drama, bilingualism and children's literature up to date information and discussion of important issues key references and accounts of recent research findings a Who's Who of Primary English.
Categories: Education

Encyclopedia of Fantasy and Horror Fiction

Encyclopedia of Fantasy and Horror Fiction

Presents articles on the horror and fantasy genres of fiction, including authors, themes, significant works, and awards.

Author: Don D'Ammassa

Publisher: Infobase Learning

ISBN: 9781438140636

Category: BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY

Page: 488

View: 368

Presents articles on the horror and fantasy genres of fiction, including authors, themes, significant works, and awards.
Categories: BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY

Encyclopedia of the British Novel

Encyclopedia of the British Novel

1955 Work Author: J. R. R. Tolkien Volume three in The Lord of the Rings trilogy
divides its attention between monumental battles in Gondor and Frodo's private
struggle in Mordor. In MinasTirith, the steward Denethor, sworn to preserve the ...

Author: Victoria Gaydosik

Publisher: Infobase Learning

ISBN: 9781438140681

Category: LITERARY CRITICISM

Page:

View: 977

Provides an alphabetical guide to British authors, novels, literary themes and more from the early seventeenth century through the late twentieth century.
Categories: LITERARY CRITICISM

Tolkien Light and Shadow

Tolkien  Light and Shadow

The Professor’s main works (above all, The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings and The Silmarillion) are explored in their multifacete aspects, in connection with his life’s events and bearing in mind his own opinion on them, through his ...

Author: AA. VV.

Publisher: Kipple Officina Libraria

ISBN: 9788832179071

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 261

View: 275

A collection of essays by ten international experts on J. R. R. Tolkien’s Legendarium, focussed on Light and Shadow. Such leading threads of his literary production are here taken as universal themes to be interpreted in several different senses – ethical, philosophical, psychological, spiritual, historical and biographical – with further insights into their numberless nuances. The Professor’s main works (above all, The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings and The Silmarillion) are explored in their multifacete aspects, in connection with his life’s events and bearing in mind his own opinion on them, through his Letters and his essay On Fairy Stories. Thanks to these sharp and compelling reflections, a wide range of viewpoints on his entire opus emerges, confirming its utmost relevance to the history of Literature, and offering some indeed new intuitions on the spirit of his creations.
Categories: Literary Collections

Encyclopedia of Contemporary Spanish Culture

Encyclopedia of Contemporary Spanish Culture

... Conan Doyle, Stephen King, John le Carré, J.R.R. Tolkien, Stanley Kubrick,
John Steinbech and Frederick Forsyth. Perhaps surprisingly, many editions of
Shakespeare are also sold through this outlet. Romantic novels are still very
popular, ...

Author: Professor Eamonn Rodgers

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134788590

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 616

View: 109

Some 750 alphabetically-arranged entries provide insights into recent cultural and political developments within Spain, including the cultures of Catalonia, Galicia and the Basque country. Coverage spans from the end of the Civil War in 1939 to the present day, with emphasis on the changes following the demise of the Franco dictatorship in 1975. Entries range from shorter, factual articles to longer overview essays offering in-depth treatment of major issues. Culture is defined in its broadest sense. Entries include: *Antonio Gaudí * science * Antonio Banderas * golf * dance * education * politics * racism * urbanization This Encyclopedia is essential reading for anyone interested in Spanish culture. It provides essential cultural context for students of Spanish, European History, Comparative European Studies and Cultural Studies.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

Encyclopedia of the British Short Story

Encyclopedia of the British Short Story

Inan interview with John Haffenden published in 1985, Carter abruptly and
comically dispatched Hans Christian Anderson and J.R.R. Tolkien with his "horns
of elfland faintly blowing," arguing that "too The Bloody Chamber and Other
Stories .

Author: Andrew Maunder

Publisher: Infobase Learning

ISBN: 9781438140704

Category: LITERARY CRITICISM

Page:

View: 859

Provides a comprehensive reference to short fiction from Great Britain, Ireland, and the British Commonwealth, featuring some of the most popular writers and works.
Categories: LITERARY CRITICISM

The Encyclopedia of Twentieth Century Fiction

The Encyclopedia of Twentieth Century Fiction

The rise of fantasy in the mid twentieth century, reflected in the success of J. R. R.
Tolkien's Lord of the Rings and C. S. Lewis's Chronicles of Narnia, is a
continuation of this reaction against a worldview based solely on reason and
science.

Author:

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781405192446

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 1536

View: 460

This Encyclopedia is an indispensible reference guide to twentieth-century fiction in the English-language. With nearly 500 contributors and over 1 million words, it is the most comprehensive and authoritative reference guide to twentieth-century fiction in the English language. Contains over 500 entries of 1000-3000 words written in lucid, jargon-free prose, by an international cast of leading scholars Arranged in 3 volumes covering British and Irish Fiction, American Fiction, and World Fiction, with each volume edited by a leading scholar in the field Entries cover major writers (such as Saul Bellow, Raymond Chandler, John Steinbeck, Virginia Woolf, A.S Byatt, Samual Beckett, D.H. Lawrence, Zadie Smith, Salman Rushdie, V.S. Naipaul, Nadine Gordimer, Alice Munro, Chinua Achebe, J.M. Coetzee, and Ngūgī Wa Thiong’o) and their key works Covers the genres and sub-genres of fiction in English across the twentieth century (including crime fiction, sci fi, chick lit, the noir novel, and the avante garde novel) as well as the major movements, debates, and rubrics within the field (censorship, globalization, modernist fiction, fiction and the film industry, and the fiction of migration, Diaspora, and exile)
Categories: Literary Criticism