Job Placements and Job Shifts in China

The Effects of Education, Family Background and Gender

Author: Lijuan Wu

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814579262

Category: Social Science

Page: 148

View: 2044


The book investigates the impact of the market-oriented economic reform in China on a unique aspect of the labor market outcomes — individuals' access to different employment sectors, that is, the state and collective sector, the private sector, and the sector of family contract farming in the 1990s. Using the longitudinal data of China Health and Nutrition Survey, the author finds that the access to different employment sectors is not equally distributed among Chinese workers during the market transition. And the hierarchy of employment sectors is reproduced through the procedure that assorts individual workers to different employment sectors. In addition to achieved characteristics such as human capital, ascribed characteristics such as family background and gender are important factors in understanding the procedure of social stratification in the reform era. The book will be of value to social scientists interested in the market transition of socialist societies in general and the social transformation of contemporary China in particular. Contents:IntroductionThe Structure of Employment Sectors in ChinaLiterature Review and Research HypothesesData and MethodsWhere to Start? Job Placement Across Employment Sectors Among Young WorkersTo Change or Not to Change? Job Shifts Across Employment Sectors Among Older WorkersConclusion and Discussion Readership: Graduates, academics and professionals who are interested in Chinese economic reform, social stratification and mobility, social transformation, and labor market. Key Features:Offers a study of the market transition in China critical in the 1990sDiscloses the mechanisms of social stratification through detailed analysis of the factors contributing to the patterns of job placement and job shift across employment sectorsProvides one of the few large-scale empirical work on this topicKeywords:Social Stratification;Employment;Education;Family Background;Gender;China;Job Placement;Job Shift;Collective Sector;Private Sector;Labor Market;Market Transition;Social Transformation;Social Capital

Topography of Politics in Rural China

The Story of Xiaocun

Author: Xiaoyang Zhu

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814522716

Category: Electronic books

Page: 278

View: 3612


Contemporary Chinese rural life is placed in sharp theoretical and practical focus in this book. State-of-the-art techniques and perspectives are combined to take the reader into Xiaocun, a small village on the east bank of the Dianchi Lake in Kunming City. In 2003, the author published the book Crime and Punishment: The Story of Xiaocun (1931–1997), which dealt with disputes, mediation and punishment in the village following the legal anthropology tradition. At that time, neither the villagers nor the author foresaw the vast changes that were to appear a few years later. Their main economic activity then was growing vegetables and flowers; urbanisation was tsunami-like in its speed and impact. Land requisition for urban development was so swift that five years later, in 2008, there was no farmland left. Instead, there were many landmark real estate and development projects. Xiaocun has become the centre of an enlarged Kunming City. Observers, including the Xiaocun residents, are unavoidably shocked at the changes to the physical landscape in the wake of its rapid urbanisation. This book, Topography of Politics in Rural China: The Story of Xiaocun, reports the author's revisits to the village starting in early 2007. In the past few years of research on this village, the author deeply felt that the problems that make people passionate are fully exposed through issues surrounding land and housing. Well written in narrative, this book tells the story of Xiaocun in this new century from the perspective of topography, exploring the peasantry and its relations to the state in more fundamental terms.

Institutional Change and Rural Industrialization in China

The Putting-Out System in Handicraft Industry in Late Qing and Early Republic Period

Author: Feizhou Zhou

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing

ISBN: 9814569933

Category: History

Page: 164

View: 2097


This book explores the development of the putting-out system in hand-woven textile industries in late Qing Dynasty and China's Republican Period. In classic sociology theory, the putting-out system in handcraft production was regarded as traditional and inefficient. In the context of Republican China, it was believed that this kind of household-based production system would have totally failed in competition with the factory system of machinery production. However, this book exhibits the historical fact that the putting-out system was booming in handcraft textile production and subsequently provides an explanation to this phenomenon from the perspectives of institutional analysis and quantitative modeling. With rich county-level data and comprehensive analysis, this book is valuable for both researchers, academics and students in economics and social history studies. /remove Sample Chapter(s)Chapter 1: Introduction: Smithian Growth or Involution Growth? /remove