Jews and Muslims Under the Fourth Lateran Council

Jews and Muslims Under the Fourth Lateran Council

The Fourth Lateran Council (1215) was groundbreaking for having introduced to medieval Europe a series of canons that sought to regulate encounters between Christians and Jews and Muslims.

Author: Marie-Thérèse Champagne

Publisher:

ISBN: 250358151X

Category: Antisemitism

Page: 280

View: 882

The Fourth Lateran Council (1215) was groundbreaking for having introduced to medieval Europe a series of canons that sought to regulate encounters between Christians and Jews and Muslims. Its canon 68 demanded that Jews and Muslims wear distinguishing dress, in order to prevent Christians from entering into illicit sexual relations with them, restricted the movement of Jews in public spaces during Holy Week, and exhorted secular authorities to punish Jews who in any way insult or blaspheme against Christ himself. Other canons sought to exercise greater control over moneylending, to provide relief to Christian borrowers, to extract tithes from Jews who held Christian properties as pledges, and prohibited Jews from exercising power as public officials over Christians. The canons condemned converts who preserved elements from their former religion, promoted a fifth Crusade to the East, exempted Crusaders from taxes and from interest payments to Jewish moneylenders, restricted trade with Muslims or Saracens, and condemned Christians who provided arms or assistance to Saracens. The Council's canons affected the missionary efforts of the late medieval Church and its attempts to convert Jewish and Muslim minorities, and established essential guidance on minority relations not to be surpassed until Vatican II in the 1960s.
Categories: Antisemitism

Communities of Violence

Communities of Violence

At the Fourth Lateran Council in 1215, it was decided that since the physical
similarities among Christian, Jew, and Muslim led to sexual intercourse between
Christians and non-Christians, Jews and Muslims would henceforth be required
to ...

Author: David Nirenberg

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691165769

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 594

In the wake of modern genocide, we tend to think of violence against minorities as a sign of intolerance, or, even worse, a prelude to extermination. Violence in the Middle Ages, however, functioned differently, according to David Nirenberg. In this provocative book, he focuses on specific attacks against minorities in fourteenth-century France and the Crown of Aragon (Aragon, Catalonia, and Valencia). He argues that these attacks--ranging from massacres to verbal assaults against Jews, Muslims, lepers, and prostitutes--were often perpetrated not by irrational masses laboring under inherited ideologies and prejudices, but by groups that manipulated and reshaped the available discourses on minorities. Nirenberg shows that their use of violence expressed complex beliefs about topics as diverse as divine history, kinship, sex, money, and disease, and that their actions were frequently contested by competing groups within their own society. Nirenberg's readings of archival and literary sources demonstrates how violence set the terms and limits of coexistence for medieval minorities. The particular and contingent nature of this coexistence is underscored by the book's juxtapositions--some systematic (for example, that of the Crown of Aragon with France, Jew with Muslim, medieval with modern), and some suggestive (such as African ritual rebellion with Catalan riots). Throughout, the book questions the applicability of dichotomies like tolerance versus intolerance to the Middle Ages, and suggests the limitations of those analyses that look for the origins of modern European persecutory violence in the medieval past.
Categories: History

England under the Norman and Angevin Kings

England under the Norman and Angevin Kings

This meant that the Jewish policies of the king and the Church did not always
coincide. In the Fourth Lateran Council ruled that Jews and Muslims 'shall be
publicly distinguished from other people by their dress'. Discrimination of this ...

Author: Robert Bartlett

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780198227410

Category: History

Page: 810

View: 388

This vivid and and comprehensive account of the politics, religion, and culture of England in the century and a half after the Norman Conquest lays bare the patterns of everyday life and increases our understanding of a medieval society at a time when England was more closely tied to Europe than ever before.
Categories: History

Christians and Muslims in the Middle Ages

Christians and Muslims in the Middle Ages

Innocent and the assembled leaders at the Fourth Lateran Council took a
different approach to Islam than the pope had in ... Jews and Saracens are also
prohibited from appearing in public during Holy Week because they are known to
mock ...

Author: Michael Frassetto

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9781498577571

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 276

The conflict and contact between Muslims and Christians in the Middle Ages is among the most important but least appreciated developments of the period from the seventh to the fourteenth century. Michael Frassetto argues that the relationship between these two faiths during the Middle Ages was essential to the cultural and religious developments of Christianity and Islam—even as Christians and Muslims often found themselves engaged in violent conflict. Frassetto traces the history of those conflicts and argues that these holy wars helped create the identity that defined the essential characteristics of Christians and Muslims. The polemic works that often accompanied these holy wars was important, Frassetto contends, because by defining the essential evil of the enemy, Christian authors were also defining their own beliefs and practices. Holy war was not the only defining element of the relationship between Christians and Muslims during the Middle Ages, and Frassetto explains that everyday contacts between Christian and Muslim leaders and scholars generated more peaceful relations and shaped the literary, intellectual, and religious culture that defined medieval and even modern Christianity and Islam.
Categories: History

Racisms

Racisms

Following that, the first wave of Crusader conquests had a major impact on
Jewish and Muslim communities: in every city that ... But the anti-Jewish
legislation of the Third and Fourth Lateran councils was not applied in the Latin
Kingdom of ...

Author: Francisco Bethencourt

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691169750

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 507

A groundbreaking history of racism Racisms is the first comprehensive history of racism, from the Crusades to the twentieth century. Demonstrating that there is not one continuous tradition of racism, Francisco Bethencourt shows that racism preceded any theories of race and must be viewed within the prism and context of social hierarchies and local conditions. In this richly illustrated book, Bethencourt argues that in its various aspects, all racism has been triggered by political projects monopolizing specific economic and social resources. Racisms focuses on the Western world, but opens comparative views on ethnic discrimination and segregation in Asia and Africa. Bethencourt looks at different forms of racism, and explores instances of enslavement, forced migration, and ethnic cleansing, while analyzing how practices of discrimination and segregation were defended. This is a major interdisciplinary work that moves away from ideas of linear or innate racism and recasts our understanding of interethnic relations.
Categories: History

Studies in Medieval Culture

Studies in Medieval Culture

65 Suffice it to say that Canon 68 of the Fourth Lateran Council offers a good
example of this tendency to equate Jews and Muslims when it says that Moses
imposed a distinction in clothing ( that is , fringes ; Numbers 15 : 38 ) upon both
Jews ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X001566271

Category: Civilization, Medieval

Page:

View: 245

Categories: Civilization, Medieval

The Memory Work of Jewish Spain

The Memory Work of Jewish Spain

Although Jews had an inferior legal standing under Muslim rule, their status as
dhimmis, “People of the Book,” granted ... In 1215, the Fourth Lateran Council
established a legal framework for encouraging conversions throughout Christian
 ...

Author: Daniela Flesler

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780253050113

Category: History

Page: 390

View: 318

Through oral interviews, analyses of museums, newly reconfigured "Jewish quarters,excavated Jewish sites, popular festivals, tourist brochures, literature and art, The Memory Work of Jewish Spain explores what happens when these initiatives are implemented at the local level in cities and towns throughout Spain, and how they affect Spain's present.
Categories: History

Mediaevistik

Mediaevistik

Nütz - lich ist der Anhang , in dem noch eine Reihe von thematisch den
vorhergehenden verwandten Sprüchen des 14 . und 15 . ... Genese und Appli -
kation von Judenabzeichen im Islam und christlichen Europa ( 849 - 1941 ) ,
Peter Lang , Frankfurt am Main 2004 , 169 pp . ... on the measures taken to
distinguish Jews in medieval Western Christendom taken by the Fourth Lateran
Council ( 1215 ) .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000109832497

Category: Civilization, Medieval

Page:

View: 148

Categories: Civilization, Medieval

Jewish quarterly review

Jewish quarterly review

129 ) amazes me , and the famous Radanites were not Jews . " Why did Pope
Innocent III want the Fourth Lateran Council ( 1215 ) to impose a distinction in
clothing on Muslims and Jews ? " ( pp . 183-204 ) is the question asked in
Chapter 6.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B3811647

Category:

Page:

View: 509

Categories:

Muslims in Medieval Italy

Muslims in Medieval Italy

The demands of the Fourth Lateran Council were to have applied to both Jews
and Muslims . The council ' s aim to prevent carnal relations between Christians
and the men and women of different religions was stated in its decree : it
happens ...

Author: Julie Anne Taylor

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015056309548

Category: History

Page: 255

View: 539

Muslims in Medieval Italy is the history of a Muslim colony established at Lucera in southern Italy during the Middle Ages. It examines Muslim-Christian Relations, the legal and social status of Muslims in Christiandom, and the contributions made by Muslims to the economy and defense of the Kingdom of Sicily.
Categories: History

The Solomon Goldman Lectures

The Solomon Goldman Lectures

The decree of the Fourth Lateran Council imposing the Jewish badge also
imposes a Muslim badge . Yet , to my knowledge , these facts have been largely
ignored and no one has ever attempted to study Pope Innocent III's Jewish policy
in ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015014949518

Category: Jews

Page:

View: 120

Categories: Jews

Judaism

Judaism

The decree of the Fourth Lateran Council imposing the Jewish badge also
imposes a Muslim badge . Yet , to my knowledge , these facts have been largely
ignored , and no one has ever attempted to study Pope Innocent III ' s Jewish
policy in ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B3416919

Category: Judaism

Page:

View: 861

Categories: Judaism

Bedevilled World

Bedevilled World

The Jews took refuge in the castle where they committed mass suicide later on .
Pope Innocent III called the fourth Lateran Council in Rome where he formed the
Inquisition in 1215 . Both Jews and Muslims were ordered to wear distinctive ...

Author: Azharul Islam

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015081860234

Category: Islam and world politics

Page: 324

View: 306

Categories: Islam and world politics

Viator

Viator

Rodrigo was also an important figure in the shifting relationship between the
Christians and the Jews in thirteenth - century Spain . ... Rodrigo was present at
the Fourth Lateran Council , where he was given the opportunity by Innocent III to
justify ... Canons 67-69 variously regulated Jewish and Muslim behavior : they
forbade usury and required Jews to pay tithes for formerly Christian - owned
property ( c ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822026986869

Category: Civilization, Medieval

Page:

View: 478

Categories: Civilization, Medieval

Pope Innocent III and His World

Pope Innocent III and His World

Author: Jessalyn Bird

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: UOM:39015048740404

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 389

View: 746

Moore (history, Hofstra U., Bloomington, IN) is joined by an international host of scholars to compile this collection of essays evolving out of the May 1997 conference Pope Innocent III and His World. They address three primary issues: the factual details behind the man Innocent III; the proper r
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

Shofar

Shofar

Returning to their comparative approach , in Chapter 6 the Cutlers examine the
attitude of Pope Innocent III toward Jews and Muslims at the Fourth Lateran
Council of 1215 , the council at which both Jews and Muslims were required to
wear a ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105021175968

Category: Electronic journals

Page:

View: 587

Categories: Electronic journals

Hispania Judaica Bulletin

Hispania Judaica Bulletin

72 The tendency to associate Jews , Muslims and heretics as “ enemies of the
faith ” , which dispersed remarkably ... the Fourth Lateran Council , assembled in
1215 under the supervision of Pope Innocent III , a council which defined above
all ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015078200824

Category: Jews

Page:

View: 597

Categories: Jews

The Church and the Jews in the XIIIth Century 1254 1314

The Church and the Jews in the XIIIth Century  1254 1314

Item quod sepe minatur archiepiscopo et episcopis mortem , et quandoque
procurat et facit eos inclusos in ecclesiis , monasteriis et alibi detineri ; Saracenis
... Even Pope Gregory IX had recognized that patience was needed and had
granted a number of exemptions related to Jews and Muslims . ... Fourth Lateran
Council .

Author: Solomon Grayzel

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015019139388

Category: Church history

Page: 357

View: 688

Categories: Church history

American Baptist Quarterly

American Baptist Quarterly

20 In Cuenca in 1490 , inquisitors report that a Christian claimed , “ the good Jew
and the good Muslim can , if they act ... Anti - Jewish canons adopted by the
Fourth Lateran Council and the Council of Arles in 1235 sharpened the divisions
.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89082398975

Category: Baptists

Page:

View: 925

Categories: Baptists

Canon Law the Expansion of Europe and World Order

Canon Law  the Expansion of Europe  and World Order

In 1215 , the Fourth Lateran Council of the church mandated distinctive dress for
Jews and required that they reside ... 52 In Spain , where the largest
concentration of Muslims living in the Christian world could be found , the
condition of the ...

Author: James Muldoon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: STANFORD:36105023479889

Category: History

Page: 289

View: 786

The articles in this volume trace the development of the theory that humanity forms a single world community and that there exists a body of law governing the relations among the members of that community. These ideas first appeared in the writings of the medieval canon lawyers and received their fullest development in the writings of early modern Spanish intellectuals. Conflict and contact with 'the infidel' provided a stimulus for the elaboration of these ideas in the later Middle Ages, but major impetus was given by the English subjugation of Ireland, and by the discovery of the Americas. This body of work paved the way for the modern notions of an international legal order and universal norms of behavior usually associated with the publication of Hugo Grotius's work in the seventeenth century.
Categories: History