There is similarity in structure as well as in place names. People in the stories of Caesar and of Jesus are structurally the same people, even by name and location.
Author: Francesco Carotta
Publisher: Aspekt B V Uitgeverij
The question is: Is Jesus Divus Julius? (Is Jesus the historical figure of Divus Julius, the god to which Julius Caesar was elevated?). The iconography of Caesar do not fit our idea of him. In our minds Caesar is a field marshall and a dictator. However, authentic images portray the idea of the clementia Caesaris, a clement Caesar. Jesus' life is congruent to the life of Caesar. Both Julius Caesar and Jesus began their careers in northern countries: Caesar in Gaul, Jesus in Galilee; both cross a fatal river: the Rubicon and the Jordan; both then enter cities; Corfinium and Cafarnaum; Caesar finds Corfinium occupied by a man of Pompey and besieges him, while Jesus finds a man possessed by an impure spirit. There is similarity in structure as well as in place names. People in the stories of Caesar and of Jesus are structurally the same people, even by name and location. Caesar's most famous quotations are found in the gospels in structurally significant places.
This title looks at what kind of responses Paul made to the Roman Empire. The author subjects the methods of current interpreters to critical scrutiny and discusses what makes an anti-imperial interpretation of Pauline writings difficult.
Author: Seyoon Kim
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
The slogan "Paul and the Empire" is much in vogue in New Testament scholarship today. But did Paul truly formulate his gospel in antithesis to the Roman imperial cult and ideology and seek to subvert the Empire? In Christ and Caesar Seyoon Kim first examines five epistles of Paul exegetically and shows how the dominant anti-imperial interpretation is actually difficult to sustain.Next he examines the Lukan writings (Luke-Acts) to see how Luke talks about the encounters of Paul and other gospel preachers with Roman imperialism. Kim explores why it is that Luke makes no effort to present Christ's redemption as materialized in terms of political liberation. Finally, Kim compares the exaltation Christologies of Luke, Revelation, Paul, and Hebrews and inquires about the hermeneutical possibility of developing a political Christology in our present-day context.
Bryan reexamines the attitude of the early Church toward imperial Rome, exploring how far the early Christian critique of Roman power extended & finding its roots in the established biblical & prophetic tradition.
Author: Christopher Bryan
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Bryan reexamines the attitude of the early Church toward imperial Rome, exploring how far the early Christian critique of Roman power extended & finding its roots in the established biblical & prophetic tradition.
This volume brings together respected biblical scholars to evaluate the turn toward "empire criticism" in recent New Testament scholarship.
Author: Scot McKnight
Publisher: InterVarsity Press
This volume brings together respected biblical scholars to evaluate the turn toward "empire criticism" in recent New Testament scholarship. While praising the movement for its deconstruction of Roman statecraft and ideology, the contributors also provide a salient critique of the anti-imperialist rhetoric pervading much of the current literature.
A Christian universalist, Stauffer believed and professed that God's irresistible grace would eventually save all people, and that divine punishment, while real, was a remedial measure meant to bring about salvation.
Author: Ethelbert Stauffer
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
A Christian universalist, Stauffer believed and professed that God's irresistible grace would eventually save all people, and that divine punishment, while real, was a remedial measure meant to bring about salvation. Much of Stauffer's writing (including Christ and the Caesars) is based on his extensive research into the way Roman sources influenced early Christianity. He died in 1979, at the age of 77, in Erlangen, Germany. Book jacket.
As difficult as it may be, there are people who engage in kingdom living in the
manner Jesus envisioned. The full force of the insight ... The people of Rome did
not make Caesar divine because his program was a failure. Caesar was divine ...
Author: Robert M. Wills
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
Jesus is the center of Christian faith and the Bible is its holy book, its sacred scriptures. For hundreds of years, this meant that Jesus was divine and the Bible was a divine product. This remains the primary perspective for many Christians today. However, it has mutated appreciably for others. It is not that Jesus is no longer thought of as the center of Christian faith or the Bible as Christianitys sacred scriptures. Those remain true for everyone. However, studies in biblical criticism and the historical Jesus suggest Jesus was a Palestinian Jew a human being -- not different in that respect from you and me. Divinity was bestowed upon him by his followers, and eventually took the form of imperial divinity after the example of Caesar. This presents a conundrum for Christianity. What, for instance, is Christianity to do with a human being at its center? How has Christianity accommodated imperial rule? What do we do with those imperial titles by which he is known Lord, Savior, Redeemer, and Son of God? Taking Caesar out of Jesus presents a new portrait of Jesus based on solid historical evidence assembled from the works of hundreds of critical biblical scholars. As the subtitle proclaims, Jesus emerges from this book as a new figure, relevant to the 21st century. Some will say this new perspective destroys Christianity. Others will find Jesus to be far more believable and compelling. Anyone will find this progressive approach to uncovering the historical Jesus thought-provoking. This book, however, goes beyond biblical criticism and a new portrait of the historical Jesus. It confronts the Christian proclamation that Jesus is humanitys savior including the notion that it needs a savior. It suggests that the historical Jesus never embraced the well-known notion of divine salvation. To the contrary, Jesus embraced Judaisms wisdom tradition. In the wisdom tradition, a person deals with the exigencies of life by developing a new vision of reality, and by acting differently. Jesus did not provide an instruction manual for living; rather, he pointed us in the direction of self-management. As described in this book, this new way of living, taken from Jesuss parables and aphorisms, will startle some, and stir others toward greater maturity and responsibility for their own lives.
He introduces us to the imperial propaganda of the Flavian emperors and excavates the Markan text for themes that address the Roman imperial setting.
Author: Adam Winn
Publisher: IVP Academic
Did Mark write his Gospel in response to Roman imperial propaganda surrounding the destruction of Jerusalem? Adam Winn helps us rediscover how Mark might have been read by Christians in Rome during the aftermath of this cataclysmic event. He introduces us to the imperial propaganda of the Flavian emperors and excavates the Markan text for themes that address the Roman imperial setting.
The purpose of these texts was to establish a peaceful Jewish sect to counterbalance the militaristic Jewish forces that had just been defeated by the Roman Emperor Titus in 70 A.D. Atwill uncovered the secret key to this story in the ...
Author: Joseph Atwill
Was Jesus the invention of a Roman emperor? The author of this ground-breaking book believes he was. "Caesar's Messiah" reveals the key to a new and revolutionary understanding of the origin of Christianity, explaining what is the New Testament, who is the real Jesus, and how Christ's second coming already occurred. The clues leading to these startling conclusions are found in the writings of the first-century historian Flavius Josephus, whose "Wars of the Jews" is one of the only historical chronicles of this period. Closely comparing the work of Josephus with the New Testament Gospels, "Caesar's Messiah" demonstrates that the Romans directed the writing of both. Their purpose: to offer a vision of a "peaceful Messiah" who would serve as an alternative to the revolutionary leaders who were rocking first-century Israel and threatening Rome. Similarly, "Caesar's Messiah" will rock our understanding of Christian history as it reveals that Jesus was a fictional character portrayed in four Gospels written not by Christians but Romans. This Flavian Signature edition adds Atwill's latest discoveries of numerous parallel events in sequence which ultimately reveal the identity of the true authors of the Gospels.
In The Lord of the Entire World, Fantin shows that the living Caesar was indeed acknowledged in Paul's time as the supreme lord of the Roman world.
Author: Joseph D. Fantin
Publisher: Sheffield Phoenix Press Limited
There were many lords in the first century and the use of the title kyrios was complex. Clearly Paul was influenced by the use of this title for Yahweh in the Greek Old Testament. But he was also part of a culture in which the title was used for many persons, including fathers, slave owners, government officials-and the emperor.However, the title kyrios was used sparingly of emperors in the early and mid-first century. On the basis of the extant evidence, scholars since Deissmann have come to differing conclusions as to whether a challenge to the emperor is contained in the phrase. Fantin proposes a more powerful method of resolving the question, drawing upon the insights of relevance theory. He examines a whole range of persons referred to with this title, and evaluates the potential influence of such contexts on Paul's usage. Only then is it possible to draw compelling conclusions on whether any challenge is likely to be implied
Discover "the key'' to unlock the "gates" to The Garden of Eden. Building a bridge between science, religion and politics. The book presents a new philosophy, 'thinking in color'.
Author: Caesar J. B. Squitti
Discover a secret . . . 'THE LIE' about TRUTH that deceived Adam and Eve, and mankind since that day in the Garden of Eden. Discover "the key'' to unlock the "gates" to The Garden of Eden. Building a bridge between science, religion and politics. The book presents a new philosophy, 'thinking in color'.
Jesus taught that we are to render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's and to
God the things that are God's. In attempting to trap Jesus, the Pharisees sent their
disciples to ask Him whether it was lawful to pay taxes to Caesar or not (see ...
SEPARATING RELIGION AND DOMESTICATING JESUS For most, of course,
this may pose no problem at all, given the standard pictures of Jesus. After all, in
the famous instruction to "render to Caesar what belongs to Caesar" Jesus ...
Author: Richard A. Horsley
Publisher: Fortress Press
A major advance in Jesus studies and a critique of oppression. Horsley focuses his attention on how Jesus' proclamation of the kingdom of God relates to Roman and Herodian power politics.
Author: Daniel J. HarringtonPublish On: 2013-03-01
6 UP AGAINST CAESAR JEsUs AND PAUL vERsUs EMPIRE JOHN DART The “
kingdom” of God and “gospel” are usually thought of as terms unique to
Christianity. And who else but Jesus was called not only “the Son of God” but
also “Lord” ...
Author: Daniel J. Harrington
Publisher: Paulist Press
Bible What does current New Testament research have to say to people today? Daniel Harrington and Christopher Matthews present these essays of contemporary scholarship on Jesus as we know him through the scriptures. This timely collection invites the reader into a deeper relationship with Jesus. Book jacket.
Author: Pastor David LevanduskyPublish On: 2010-12
"Countdown to Passover, Crucifixion, and Resurrection" Pastor David
Levandusky The Last Ten Days of Jesus -161 ... Jesus Accused of friend: Being
Against Caesar the Ruler of the Empire whosoever maketh by calling Himself a
himself a ...
Author: Pastor David Levandusky
Publisher: Dog Ear Publishing
David Levandusky, has been pastoring for 41 years. He and his dear wife Carol have been married for 41 years and are the proud parents of three grown children and grandparents to two grandchildren. David was saved at the age of 12 years old in an Assembly of God church in North Tonawanda, NY as a result of watching a Billy Graham film, called "Decade of Decision." At eighteen years of age he attended Zion Bible Institute in East Providence R.I. for two years. After Pastoring for five years in Belvidere, Vermont, he finished his third year of Bible College at Faith School of Theology in Charleston, Me. He earned his Bachelor Degree and Master of Arts Degree in Pastoral Christian Counseling from the American Bible College and Seminary from Bethany, Oklahoma. He has served Pastoral ministry in Vermont, New York, New Hampshire and Massachusetts. He presently Pastors Living Waters Assembly of God in Greenfield, Ma. where he has been Pastoring for 21 years. Robert Wise, District Pastor/Superintendent, Southern New EnglandMinistry Network of the Assemblies of God. "I found myself being drawn in as I read and compared the material. Questions I have wrestled with in the past persuaded me to read the material more slowly and watch for evidence of timing. My over all impression was a growing sense of the presence of Jesus as I made my way through the sequences of the scripture. I believe serious bible students and pastors will find your book delightfully informative and inspiring! It will prove to be a valuable addition to their libraries and their lives!" Dr. Stanley M. Horton, Th.D. Distinguished Professor Emeritus Bible and Theology of Assemblies of God Theological Seminary and Central Bible College, Springfield, Mo. "These chapters in the Gospels are prominent and extremely important. Your comments and arrangement of the parallel chapters are helpful and very well done." Dr. Russell K. Pier, President/Emeritus and Founder of Faith School of Theology, and presently the Founder and Administrator of Pentecostal Conservative School of the Bible. ..".. This is an amazing work of detailed research that would intrigue any serious student of the Bible. I have read many of the harmonies of the Gospels, but nothing that was so focused on these last 10 days in the life of Christ. I recommend this to everyone ..." Dr. Charles Crabtree, President of Zion Bible College, Haverhill, Ma., former Assistant Superintendent of the General Council Assemblies of God. "It was my privilege to receive a copy of the book "The Ten Last Days of Jesus" by David Levandusky. In my opinion, any student of God's Word would benefit from this remarkable tool. It clarifies the final days of Christ in a very simple, graphic and profound way. I believe many will use this special gift to the church of Jesus Christ." Pastor Barry Warren, Pastor of the Greenfield Missionary and Alliance Church, Greenfield, Ma. "Imagine your family sitting in your living room sharing stories of a loved one who had passed away. Each memory shared would be accurate but told through the lens of the individual telling it and as each person shares, a whole picture of the loved one emerges, more complete than any one individual's picture. Similarly, each Gospel writer gives a unique snapshot of Jesus. Pastor Levandusky has done us a great favor by putting the Gospel stories of the most important ten days of the life of Jesus into such a perspective." Pastor Larry Riddle, Pastor of Moores Corner Church, North Leverett, Ma. for 32 years. 1978 - Present. "My dear brother has written an intricate and detailed book of the Last Ten Days of Jesus life that will be a most welcome addition to all Pastors libraries and to the serious student of its word. It is an exhaustive work that required much time and labor and I commend my brother in this fine work."
Certainly I believe and hope that clear convergence is possible between the Jesus I have sketched and the Jesus of ... Twice in what follows they offer Pilate
the choice: Jesus or Caesar (Jn 19:7, 12, 15)? They, and Pilate, choose Caesar.
Author: Nicholas Perrin
Some of the world's leading New Testament scholars come together to assess Tom Wright's contribution to New Testament studies and to suggest new directions for investigation. The book includes two new essays by Tom Wright on the themes of historical Jesus studies and the life of the Church, and Pauline studies and the life of the Church. Top contributors including: Richard Hays, Marianne Meye Thompson, Kevin Vanhoozer, Jeremy Begbie, Marksu Bockmuehl and others.
In a few best-selling novels, Jesus is portrayed as the partner of his disciple Mary
Magdalene,1 and in another book it was presumed that Jesus was identical to
Julius Caesar.2 The American psychologist Helen Schucman wrote A Course in
Author: Riemer Roukema
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
In Jesus, Gnosis and Dogma Roukema investigates and assesses the various views of Jesus in early Christianity, basing his approach on a distinction between historical and theological statements about Jesus. Historical statements can be arrived at through a critical study of the earliest records, although Roukema recognizes that scholars differ widely here. Theological statements about Jesus are to do with what has been and is believed about him. Roukema demonstrates that Gnostic traditions about Jesus mostly derive from the earlier traditions preserved in the New Testament writings and do not give a more accurate view of the historical Jesus. He shows that the view of Jesus as the divine Lord (Yahweh) and Son of God is inspired by an early Jewish pattern that was exploited by the very first Christians. In spite of some later dogmatic precisions, there is more continuity between the New Testament picture of Jesus and the Nicene creed than between the historical Jesus and the Jesus of early Gnosticism. Even the essence of the Trinitarian dogma appears to have Jewish roots.
All present with Jesus on that day would be certain that they came from a human
empire and not from the Kingdom of God. So on the surface level, answering Jesus' question is simplicity itself. These are Caesar's image and inscription.
Author: Conrad Gempf
A look at the questions Jesus asks us—which enrich our understanding and faith.In the Gospels, when people asked Jesus a question, he often replied with one of his own: “Good teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?” “Why do you call me good?” British author Conrad Gempf invites readers to look at these questions and discover Jesus’ motivation. What could the second person of the Trinity want to know that he doesn’t already? Gempf concludes that Jesus wants to know where we stand. He doesn’t need to know more facts; he wants to know us.
The Flip of the Coin In exploring Jesus' encounter with the religious authorities
over the thorny issue of paying taxes to Caesar, we noticed that Jesus enacts a
brief demonstration with provocative implications. Apparently having no money of
Author: F. Scott Spencer
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
"What Would Jesus Do?" is a popular phrase in Christian circles, but answers to that question might be more on-target if we spent more time exploring, as Scott Spencer has, "What Did Jesus Do?" Spencer examines both the Synoptics and the Gospel of John as he tries to catch a wide-angled vision of Jesus' behavior in the gospels. Rather than focus on sayings or pronouncements as an authoritative code of conduct, he studies Jesus' deeds or actions as keys to his identity and vocation. While not ignoring Jesus' teaching, this study is more interested in discovering how Jesus personally lived up to his own moral instruction -- his personal conduct. Chapters are devoted to Jesus' actions with respect to his family, his friends, his body, his possessions, his work, his reputation, and the environment. Spencer suggests paths -- and pitfalls -- for relating Jesus' personal conduct to individual behavior, how we might move from "what Jesus did" in the New Testament to "what we should do" today. F. Scott Spencer is Professor of New Testament at Baptist Theological Seminary at Richmond, Virginia and is the author of The Portrait of Philip in Acts: A Study of Roles and Relations and Acts. He is the Chair of the New Testament section for the Southeastern Commission for the Study of Religion.
PRAISE & WORSHIP: APRIL 24 “Render therefore unto Caesar the things which
are Caesar's; and unto God the things that are God's” Matthew 22:21 Jesus “ Caesar's,” they replied. “Well, then,” he said, “give to Caesar what belongs to him.
Author: Stephen O. Esele
Jesus Christ is the greatest man who ever walked on earth in a bodily form. He is the greatest teacher humanity ever known. He is the Only Savior of the Human soul. The Holy Spirit is continuing the works of Christ on earth working with and through the believers in Christ to bring salvation to lost souls. Take His Words and apply them for your daily victory. Good Morning Jesus & Holy Spirit devotional book feeds you every morning with a word from Jesus to meditate upon and to inspire you throughout the day. Jesus is the Word according to John 1:1 and a word from him will keep you close to him, thereby strengthening your relationship with God. The Holy Spirit takes the word of Jesus and makes it real and applicable. The Holy Spirit gives us insight, revelation, illumination, and inspiration through the words of Jesus Christ.