The buildings that he designed for the emperor of Austria and his courtiers reveal an element of theatricality—an element that author Esther Gordon Dotson probes in this attractive volume.
Author: Esther Gordon Dotson
Though little known in the English-speaking world, Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach (1656-1723) was one of the most important and influential European baroque architects. The buildings that he designed for the emperor of Austria and his courtiers reveal an element of theatricality—an element that author Esther Gordon Dotson probes in this attractive volume. In his architectural designs, Fischer incorporated devices from ceremonial pageantry and scene design, controlled lighting effects, and a sense of dramatic progression in approaching and moving through a building. Dotson identifies these various elements in her close reading of Fischer's structures, and splendid new photographs, taken by Mark Richard Ashton, bring them to life on the printed page. The author also delves into Fischer's past and his writings to explain the impact his awareness of architectural history, his early employment by designers of street-festival pageants and his relationships with others involved in such staged productions had upon his architectural designs. Dotson guides readers in discovering the theatrical qualities in Fischer's buildings, illuminating their conceptual liveliness, variety, drama, and enduring beauty.
18. FROM. J.B.. FISCHER. VON. ERLACH. TO. ADOLF. LOOS. The classical in
Austria1 Ross Jenner The 'classical' is ... by three key figures in the architecture
of AustroHungary: J. B. Fischer von Erlach, Gottfried Semper and Adolf Loos.
Author: Nicholas Temple
This is the first comprehensive study of the reception of classical architecture in different regions of the world. Exploring the impact of colonialism, trade, slavery, religious missions, political ideology and intellectual/artistic exchange, the authors demonstrate how classical principles and ideas were disseminated and received across the globe. By addressing a number of contentious or unresolved issues highlighted in some historical surveys of architecture, the chapters presented in this volume question long-held assumptions about the notion of a universally accepted ‘classical tradition’ and its broadly Euro-centric perspective. Featuring thirty-two chapters written by international scholars from China, Europe, Turkey, North America, Mexico, Australia and New Zealand, the book is divided into four sections: 1) Transmission and re-conceptualisation of classical architecture; 2) Classical influence through colonialism, political ideology and religious conversion; 3) Historiographical surveys of geographical regions; and 4) Visual and textual discourses. This fourfold arrangement of chapters provides a coherent structure to accommodate different perspectives of classical reception across the world, and their geographical, ethnographic, ideological, symbolic, social and cultural contexts. Essays cover a wide geography and include studies in Italy, France, England, Scotland, the Nordic countries, Greece, Austria, Portugal, Romania, Germany, Poland, India, Singapore, China, the USA, Mexico, Brazil, New Zealand and Australia. Other essays in the volume focus on thematic issues or topics pertaining to classical architecture, such as ornament, spolia, humanism, nature, moderation, decorum, heresy and taste. An essential reference guide, The Routledge Handbook on the Reception of Classical Architecture makes a major contribution to the study of architectural history in a new global context.
As was his cus— tom, Fischer von Erlach designed the front exterior with great
care. ... Just as Fischer von Erlach did not live to see the completion of the
Karlskirche, so he did not see the completion of his other ... J. B. Fischer von Erlach.
Author: Frank N. Magill
Each volume of the Dictionary of World Biography contains 250 entries on the lives of the individuals who shaped their times and left their mark on world history. This is not a who's who. Instead, each entry provides an in-depth essay on the life and career of the individual concerned. Essays commence with a quick reference section that provides basic facts on the individual's life and achievements. The extended biography places the life and works of the individual within an historical context, and the summary at the end of each essay provides a synopsis of the individual's place in history. All entries conclude with a fully annotated bibliography.
I rely also on the 1737 English translation by Thomas Lediard, A Plan of Civil and
Historical Architecture (London: self-published, 1737); and Esther Gordon Dotson
, J. B. Fischer von Erlach: Architecture as Theater in the Baroque Era (New ...
Author: Irene Cheng
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press
Although race—a concept of human difference that establishes hierarchies of power and domination—has played a critical role in the development of modern architectural discourse and practice since the Enlightenment, its influence on the discipline remains largely underexplored. This volume offers a welcome and long-awaited intervention for the field by shining a spotlight on constructions of race and their impact on architecture and theory in Europe and North America and across various global contexts since the eighteenth century. Challenging us to write race back into architectural history, contributors confront how racial thinking has intimately shaped some of the key concepts of modern architecture and culture over time, including freedom, revolution, character, national and indigenous style, progress, hybridity, climate, representation, and radicalism. By analyzing how architecture has intersected with histories of slavery, colonialism, and inequality—from eighteenth-century neoclassical governmental buildings to present-day housing projects for immigrants—Race and Modern Architecture challenges, complicates, and revises the standard association of modern architecture with a universal project of emancipation and progress.
J. B. Fischer von Erlach What Leibniz promulgated in his universal calculus, and
Kircher strove to achieve in his vision of a universal language, acquires
architectural significance in the work of J. B. Fischer von Erlach. Whilst Leibniz
Author: Nicholas Temple
This study examines the influence of perspective on architecture, highlighting how critical historical changes in the representation and perception of space continue to inform the way architects design. Since its earliest developments, perspective was conceived as an exemplary form of representation that served as an ideal model of how everyday existence could be measured and ultimately judged. Temple argues that underlying the symbolic and epistemological meanings of perspective there prevails a deeply embedded redemptive view of the world that is deemed perfectible. Temple explores this idea through a genealogical investigation of the cultural and philosophical contexts of perspective throughout history, highlighting how these developments influenced architectural thought. This broad historical enquiry is accompanied by a series of case-studies of modern or contemporary buildings, each demonstrating a particular affinity with the accompanying historical model of perspective.
Ich greife die markantesten Entwicklungsstadien heraus und zeige zuerst einige
Zeichnungen von J.B. Fischer von Erlach (1656-1723). Fischer von Erlach hat in
idealtypischer Weise Reiseberichte von Bekannten und Freunden zeichnerisch ...
THE family patronymic of Fischer is of ancient Teutonic origin and is numerously
found in the various principalities and States of the late German ... Joseph
Emanuel Fischer, an architect, born about 1680, was a son of J. B. Fischer von Erlach.
J. B. Fischer von Erlach, preface to Entwurff einer historischen Architectur [2nd ed
.; Leipzig, 1725], published trans, by T. Leliard, A Plan of Civil and Historical
Architecture [London, 1730] (Ridgewood, N.J.: Gregg Press, 1964), n.p. [preface].
Author: Dalibor Vesely
Publisher: MIT Press
Co-winner of the RIBA Trust Book Award given by The Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) and Winner of the 2005 CICA Bruno Zevi Book Award presented by the International Committee of Architectural Critics In this long-awaited work, Dalibor Vesely proposes an alternative to the narrow vision of contemporary architecture as a discipline that can be treated as an instrument or commodity. In doing so, he offers nothing less than an account of the ontological and cultural foundations of modern architecture and, consequently, of the nature and cultural role of architecture through history. Vesely's argument, structured as a critical dialogue, discovers the first plausible anticipation of modernity in the formation of Renaissance perspective. Understanding this notion of perspective against the background of the medieval philosophy of light, he argues, leads to an understanding of architectural space as formed by typical human situations and by light before it is structured geometrically. The central part of the book addresses the question of divided representation—the tension between the instrumental and the communicative roles of architecture—in the period of the baroque, when architectural thinking was seriously challenged by the emergence of modern science. Vesely argues that to resolve the dilemma of modernity— reconciling the inventions and achievements of modern technology with the human condition and the natural world—we can turn to architecture and its latent capacity to reconcile different levels of reality, its ability to relate abstract ideas and conceptual structures to the concrete situations of everyday life. Vesely sees the restoration of this communicative role of architecture as the key to the restoration of architecture as the topological and corporeal foundation of culture; what the book is to our literacy, he argues, architecture is to culture as a whole. He concludes by proposing a new poetics of architecture that will serve as a framework for the restoration of the humanistic role of architecture in the age of technology.
2 J. B. Fischer von Erlach. Makkah, 1721. Perspective. 19 3 William Chambers.
Turkish mosque, Kew, 1761. Elevation and 22 plan. 4 Commission des sciences
et arts d'Egypte. Mosque of Sultan 25 Hassan, Cairo, 1809. 5 E. W Lane.
Author: Mark Crinson
The colonial architecture of the nineteenth century has much to tell us of the history of colonialism and cultural exchange. Yet, these buildings can be read in many ways. Do they stand as witnesses to the rapacity and self-delusion of empire? Are they monuments to a world of lost glory and forgotten convictions? Do they reveal battles won by indigenous cultures and styles? Or do they simply represent an architectural style made absurdly incongruous in relocation? Empire Building is a study of how and why Western architecture was exported to the Middle East and how Islamic and Byzantine architectural ideas and styles impacted on the West. The book explores how far racial theory and political and religious agendas guided British architects (and how such ideas were resisted when applied), and how Eastern ideas came to influence the West, through writers such as Ruskin and buildings such as the Crystal Palace. Beautifully written and lavishly illustrated, Empire Building takes the reader on an extraordinary postcolonial journey, backwards and forwards, into the heart and to the edge of empire.
The Baroque Tomb of Count Vratislav of Mitrovice was designed by J. B. Fischer von Erlach and executed by F. M. Brokoff in the 18th century. Adjoining the
building is the Cloister of an old Minorite monastery. Municipal House Obecnl
Author: Giuliano Valdes
Publisher: Casa Editrice Bonechi
Discover the rich history and culture of some of the world¿s most influential historical places with these highly illustrated books, packed with informative and enlightening descriptions and information
The high altar, built to J. B. Fischer von Erlach's design, with its imposing
scenario of gold- and stucco-work, is fascinating. The most capable artists of the
time collaborated on the altarpieces: Daniel Green, Jakob von Schuppen, and ...
By demonstrating that Rome continued, in fact, to be the more innovative and influential of the two academies, Gil Smith is able to discern patterns of influence that cross geographical and temporal boundaries, and to portray late-Baroque ...
Author: Gil R. Smith
Publisher: Mit Press
In 1676-77 a single event revitalized the traditions of Roman design. That event, the union of the French Royal Academy and the Academy of Saint Luke in Rome, is given new significance in the present study. It has long been thought that the academies' fusion signaled the passing of artistic preeminence from Rome to France. Here, however, the author proposes a more complex interpretation. By demonstrating that Rome continued, in fact, to be the more innovative and influential of the two academies, Gil Smith is able to discern patterns of influence that cross geographical and temporal boundaries, and to portray late-Baroque architecture in international terms. For this Compelling portrait of a transitional period of European architectural trends, Professor Smith draws on the student competitions inaugurated at the Saint Luke Academy to commemorate its ties with the French academies. Far more important than mere "academic" work, these competition drawings reveal the nature of instruction in Rome, the influences of the academy's officers and patrons, and the nature of contemporary projects similar in program to the competitions. The design synthesis pursued in Rome until the end of the seventeenth century, particularly by Carlo Fontana, would become an important source of inspiration for prominent architects of the next century. Among others, the academy's design methodology influenced Fischer von Erlach, Filippo Juvarra, and Giles Oppenord in their search for a progressive Baroque language.
Author: Prince Ibrahim-Hilmy (son of Ismail, Khedive of Egypt)Publish On: 1886
FISCHER ( SEB . ) . See MAYR ( H. von ) . FISCHER VON ERLACH ( J. B. ) .
Entworff einer historischen Architectur in Abbildung unterschiedener berühmten
Gebäude des Alterthums and fremder Völcker . 4 Thle . und Aobang : Divers
Author: Prince Ibrahim-Hilmy (son of Ismail, Khedive of Egypt)
Author: Sir John Soane's Museum. LibraryPublish On: 1878
.London , 1775 ( 76 ) Fischer von Erlach , J. B. Entwurff einer historischen
Architectur , in Abbildung unterschiedener berühmter Gebäude , des Alterthums
und fremder Völker . [ French and German text . ] Fol . Leipzig , 1725 ( 40 ) а ( 99 )
ILLUSTRATION CREDITS L'Architecture d'aujourd'hui 147 . Der Architekt 133 .
Buffotot 32 . Czech , H. and Mistelbauer , W. , Das Looshaus ( Vienna , 1976 )
102 , 105 , 115 . Fischer von Erlach , J. B. , Entwurfe einer historischer Architektur
Author: Panayotis Tournikiotis
Publisher: Princeton Architectural Press
Originally published in French (1991, Editions Macula, Paris), profiles the Viennese architect who was one of the most important pioneers of the European Modern Movement. Born in 1870, Loos was an early opponent of the decorative trend of Art Nouveau, believing instead that architecture devoid of ornament represented pure and lucid thought. His rationalist design theories were put into practice in the Karntner Bar, Vienna (1907), Steiner House, Vienna (1920), and Villa Muller, Prague (1930). Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
See Hans Aurenhammer (1973),J. B. Fischervon Erlach (Cambridge: Harvard
University Press),p.169; Victor Lucien Tapié (1971), The Rise and
FalloftheHabsburg Monarchy (New York:Praeger), p. 166. 88. Construction was
halted soon after ...
Author: P. Mansel
Category: Political Science
Using detailed studies of fifteen exiled royal figures, the role of Exile in European Society and in the evolution of national cultures is examined. From the Jacobite court to the exiled Kings' of Hanover, the book provides an alternative history of monarchical power from the 16th to 20th century.