Leading Issues in Economic Development

Leading Issues in Economic Development

Suitable for undergraduate level, this is a market leading development textbook.

Author: Gerald M. Meier

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: STANFORD:36105114171882

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 650

View: 454

Suitable for undergraduate level, this is a market leading development textbook.
Categories: Business & Economics

Issues in Economic Performance

Issues in Economic Performance

Issues. in. Economic. Performance: An. Introduction. Edward. Shinnick,. University. College. Cork,. Ireland. Factors that help to explain economic performance are as varied as they are controversial. A common objective among most if not ...

Author: Edward Shinnick

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783825819637

Category: Corporate culture

Page: 137

View: 537

This volume analyses three themes of economic performance. The first theme looks at how business culture influences firm behavior, how the human resource function, and corporate governance aids firm performance. The Second theme focuses on how integration policy increases competitiveness and how social, economic and institutional factors contribute to economic development. The final theme analyses the impact of air transport regulations on growth, and economic policy in railways. This collection will appeal to those in academia, business and policy institutions.
Categories: Corporate culture

Economic Growth and Development

Economic Growth and Development

In fact, because economic development is defined in terms of economic, social, and environmental sustainability, the natural environment is included in discussions throughout the book.The textbook is inter-disciplinary: knowledge from ...

Author: Hendrik Van den Berg

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789814733359

Category:

Page: 924

View: 228

This textbook covers the full range of topics and issues normally included in a course on economic growth and development. Both mainstream economic perspectives as well as the multi-paradigmatic, inter-disciplinary, and dynamic-evolutionary perspectives from heterodox economics are detailed. Economic development is viewed in terms of the long-run well-being of humanity, social stability, environmental sustainability, and just distribution of economic gains, not simply as the growth of GDP. Furthermore, this textbook explicitly recognizes the complexity of economic development by linking economic activity to our broader social and natural environments. The textbook's unique feature is its focus on the natural environment. Both the historical effects of economic development on the environment and the environmental constraints on future economic development are thoroughly discussed in two chapters on environmental issues and policies. In fact, because economic development is defined in terms of economic, social, and environmental sustainability, the natural environment is included in discussions throughout the book. The textbook is inter-disciplinary: knowledge from fields such as sociology, psychology, political science, economic history, and ecology is called on to enhance the economic analysis. A thorough historical account of the development of the principal paradigms of economic development is also included, and the important issues of institutional development and cultural change merit their own chapters. Two chapters on technological change holistically focus on production technologies as well as the dynamic performance of entire economic, social, and ecological systems. Also, the important relationship between economic development and globalization is presented in three chapters on international trade, international finance and investment, and immigration from both orthodox and heterodox perspectives. Request Inspection Copy
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Wage Policy Issues in Economic Development

Wage Policy Issues in Economic Development

More accurately, they regarded a solution to this problem as solving the country's other economic problems: a more rapid rate of growth would automatically solve the unemployment problem; this in turn would yield a more equal ...

Author: Anthony Douglas Smith

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781349001057

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 408

View: 213

Categories: Business & Economics

Economic Growth Issues

Economic Growth Issues

However , the role of geography in economic growth is an empirical issue that has been taken into consideration just recently . Some authors like , Sachs and Warner ( 1995 ) , Gallup , Sachs and Mellinger ( 1999 ) , Hall and Jones ...

Author: L. A. Finley

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 1594545553

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 176

View: 977

By 'economic growth' economists mean, in the first place, annual increases in the nation's total output of goods and services - its national product. Economic growth and the productivity are impacted by individual enterprises, industrial sectors and the wider economy. This book presents leading edge research on this topic.
Categories: Business & Economics

South Asian Economic Development

South Asian Economic Development

The notion that South Asian economies have tended to be less successful than those of East Asia is critically examined and the reasons why discussed.

Author: Moazzem Hossain

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415122880

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 467

The notion that South Asian economies have tended to be less successful than those of East Asia is critically examined and the reasons why discussed. Countries covered include Pakistan, India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Key issues examined: * agriculture and rural development * labour market and human resource development * trade and industry policies * foreign investment and technological capabilities * foreign aid and economic development * financial development and economic performance * poverty, inequality and economic development * regional economic co-operation * 'green' development.
Categories: Business & Economics

Impact of Political Stability on Economic Development

Impact of Political Stability on Economic Development

The main theme of this study is chosen in response to the general consensus on the importance of conducting a comprehensive study that may shape the economic policies and promote the business sector as well as the government and other ...

Author: Addis Ababa Othow Akongdit

Publisher: Christian Faith Publishing, Inc.

ISBN: 9781645692478

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 284

View: 452

The main theme of this study is chosen in response to the general consensus on the importance of conducting a comprehensive study that may shape the economic policies and promote the business sector as well as the government and other organizations. However, the key question posed by this study is whether the theory that political stability fosters economic development is simply the wishful thinking of people who value both stability and growth or whether it is a delusion of those who believe that most developing countries may enjoy rapid growth if they are stable. The importance of this study is clear: South Sudan is confronted with enormous challenges of administrative, ethnic, political, and economic development. In light of this, the current study addresses the following issues: "What is the impact of the political system in South Sudan on economic development? What is the impact of oil resources on sustainable development? What is the impact of the oil shutdown on political and economic stability, and what is the possibility of deficit financing? Is there any possibility for cooperation between Sudan and South Sudan?" In this context, the major objective of this study is to analyze the political development of the country to verify that political stability fosters the achievement of economic and social development. It also seeks to analyse the political history of Sudan in general and South Sudan in particular, emphasising the importance of political stability, among other considerations, as a precondition for socioeconomic development. Furthermore, other objectives of the study include suggestions on how political stability could be ensured in South Sudan and how good governance may promote political and economic stability. In light of the above, this study focuses on the issues of the political transition and policies that will improve the economic, political, and social well-being of the people of South Sudan. It seeks ways of setting up policies that will raise the standard of living of people with sustained growth and move from a simple, low-income economy to a modern, high-income economy. It also attempts to develop a framework for cooperation between Sudan and South Sudan. The methodology that is adopted to address these issues is collecting, sorting, and analysing primary and secondary information relating to the history of political and economic development in South Sudan, using empirical approaches such as SWOT analysis, information sources, references, and books. However, this study is organized as follows: chapter 1 discusses political stability and economic development in a theoretical framework through which we explore the empirical analysis; it is divided into four sections. Section 1 focuses on definition, causes, and measurement of political stability with an aim to assess the effect of political stability on growth-related variables. In section 2, we define the concept of political instability and measure it by using indicators like the number of coups d'état, the number of major government crises, the number of cabinet changes, and the number of political revolutions as well as political assassinations. Section 3 discusses the concept and definition of economic development and summarizes the major theories of economic development in five fundamental elements. The last section explores the implications of financing economic development by discussing domestic resources (including deficit financing) and foreign financial resources and the role of each of them in achieving economic development. Chapter 2 presents the political and social background of South Sudan is divided into three sections. Section 1 discusses South Sudan's ability to function and successfully implement its policies and strategic vision for the year 2040. Section 2 focuses on the demographic structure of South Sudan in terms of population, education, languages, and culture. Section 3 discusses the social indicators such as infrastructure, poverty, and corruption which affect improving social welfare as well as the political stability and economic development of the Republic of South Sudan. Chapter 3 focuses on the South Sudan economy and the challenges. Here we discuss the political and development challenges facing South Sudan as well as the investment opportunities. This chapter discusses the major challenges which face South Sudan, especially issues such as border demarcation, political reform, and oil shutdown as well as investment opportunities in oil and agriculture. In chapter 4, we discuss South Sudan's oil and economic development. It focuses on oil resources and their impact on sustainable development, the impact of oil shutdown on political and economic development and the possibility of deficit financing. In chapter 5, we discuss the future of stability and prosperity in South Sudan. It discusses how good governance and cooperation can be enormously beneficial to South Sudan in the process of building sustainable political and economic stability and what South Sudan can learn from other countries. The major findings of this study are as follows: - Political stability plays an important role in determining economic growth and economic development in many economies. - The degree of political stability is high if there is a high degree of democracy or autocracy. - Strong democracies or strong autocracies are best equipped to provide political stability that may lead to economic development. It is then the level of political stability within a given country, regardless of regime type, that results in economic growth. - Long-term sustainable economic growth depends on the ability to raise the rates of accumulation of physical and human capital by securing necessary sources (domestic, foreign, or deficit finance) to use efficiently for financing economic development. - Most economists view corruption as a major obstacle to development. It is seen as one of the causes of low income and is believed to play a critical role in generating poverty traps (e.g., Blackburn et al. 2006). Thus, corruption, according to this view, "sands" the wheels of development and it makes economic and political transitions difficult. - Not only is good governance critical to development, but it is also the most important factor in determining whether a country has the capacity to use resources effectively to promote economic growth and reduce poverty.
Categories: Business & Economics

Applied Economics for Development Empirical Approaches to Selected Social and Economic Issues in Transition Economies

Applied Economics for Development  Empirical Approaches to Selected Social and Economic Issues in Transition Economies

In all these cases, accurate empirical assessments are central to the design of effective policy. This book presents a selection of pressing economic and social issues in transition economies.

Author: Mahmut Zortuk

Publisher: Vernon Press

ISBN: 9781622733576

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 276

View: 664

Transition economies experience transformation of their economic system. Following the disintegration of the Soviet Union, a number of former socialist countries underwent transitions from central planning to a market economy. More generally, many rapidly growing economies undergo no less profound transformations of their economic systems. Contrary to common misconception, the transition process cannot be simply reduced to eliminating state intervention and liberalizing the economy. Economies under transition exhibit a unique set of policy challenges. Unlike developed market economies, missing markets or market failures abound. Economic transformation takes the form of rapidly evolving patterns of international trade and investment, industrial structure and consumption. These changes call for appropriate public policies. A continuing flow of investment hinges on suitable institutions, the provision of public infrastructure and other public goods. Adequate regulation can be central in ensuring that environmental resources are sustainably managed. And sophisticated production systems, call for corresponding social institutions in terms of education, health and welfare provisions. In all these cases, accurate empirical assessments are central to the design of effective policy. This book presents a selection of pressing economic and social issues in transition economies. Selected issues include the development of particular industrial sectors, the drivers and consequences of foreign direct investment, public finances, urbanization, social indicators, environmental policy and energy diversification. In each case an original empirical analysis is performed, using a variety of advanced quantitative methods, applied to recent data. The book will be of interest to economists studying transition economies, economic development or having a general interest in applied economics. It will be of particular interest to applied economists, policy analysts and policy makers in transition economies, concerned with the shape and direction of appropriate economic reforms.
Categories: Business & Economics

New Challenges in Entrepreneurship and Finance

New Challenges in Entrepreneurship and Finance

This book explores some of these tools in various global economies, such as France and Spain, providing an international, multidimensional perspective.

Author: Marta Peris-Ortiz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319088884

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 278

View: 969

Since the 2008 economic crisis, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) have faced serious financial problems and have been looking to financial institutions and governments for solutions and new proposals to address these issues. This book examines the new challenge in which firms receive sustainable funding that is in alignment with the company’s spending capacity. The purpose of this book is to examine the main theoretical issues and practices regarding entrepreneurship and finance and their impact on performance, innovation and economic growth. It analyzes the fundamental aspects of entrepreneurship and studies ways in which financial institutions can better fulfill their primary function of feeding capital to businesses and the economy as a whole. Entrepreneurship and finance are fundamental to achieving success in economic and social activities. SMEs’ existence and development depend on the initiatives of entrepreneurship and access to resources, especially those of a financial nature. During the recent economic crisis, several new financing instruments have appeared, especially with structures designed for helping SMEs make their way out of the recession. This book explores some of these tools in various global economies, such as France and Spain, providing an international, multidimensional perspective.
Categories: Business & Economics