This book investigates the central role of reason in Islamic intellectual life.
Author: John Walbridge
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This book investigates the central role of reason in Islamic intellectual life. Despite widespread characterization of Islam as a system of belief based only on revelation, John Walbridge argues that rational methods, not fundamentalism, have characterized Islamic law, philosophy and education since the medieval period. His research demonstrates that this medieval Islamic rational tradition was opposed by both modernists and fundamentalists, resulting in a general collapse of traditional Islamic intellectual life and its replacement by more modern but far shallower forms of thought. However, the resources of this Islamic scholarly tradition remain an integral part of the Islamic intellectual tradition and will prove vital to its revival. The future of Islam, Walbridge argues, will be marked by a return to rationalism.
The book aims to unravel the complexity of dynamics of power, domination, and resistance in Sudan.
Author: Ahmed Elzobier
The book aims to unravel the complexity of dynamics of power, domination, and resistance in Sudan. It will also draw special attention to who rules the country and how they ruled and what tools they deployed to execute their internal, regional, and international policies. Ultimately, by focusing on Sudan, I hope to provide an in-depth understanding of how political Islam operates in practical terms within the Middle East and North Africa.
Throughout history, a believer did not need logical proof to believe in Almighty God. This is because the spiritual proof was always enough to admit the existence of Almighty God and to submit to Him.
Author: Magd Abdel Wahab
Throughout history, a believer did not need logical proof to believe in Almighty God. This is because the spiritual proof was always enough to admit the existence of Almighty God and to submit to Him. Finding Almighty God is not a mathematical equation that needs to be proven. Rather, it is a spiritual feeling due to a call from inside a human being. The relationship between Almighty God and humans is spiritual rather logical. However, with the advances in science and technology, this spiritual relationship decreases. Nowadays, modern man is looking for logic and scientific answers to many questions relating to Almighty God and religions. In fact, nonbelievers or atheists are not the only ones looking for answers to these types of questions; believers also want to increase their faith and remove doubts from their hearts. The main objective of this book is to provide logical answers to questions relating to belief in Almighty God, creations and Islam as the last heavenly religion. These questions are grouped under several topics, namely: 1) Almighty God, 2) the creation, 3) the soul, 4) the hereafter, 5) the destiny and freedom in choices, 6) the holy Quran and 7) the Islam. The main feature of this book is that the author provides logic flowcharts with each presented question relating to the different topics. Each logic flowchart has three phases: a start, a process and an end.
In this volume his collegues and students critique and expand upon the world of this outstanding academic.
Author: Carole M. Cusack
Garry Winston Trompf (b.1940) in his outstanding academic career has inspired scholars in the fields of Stduies in Religion and the History of Ideals. In this volume his collegues and students critique and expand upon the world of this outstanding academic. The book is divided into four parts, Melanesia, Ancient World Studies, Philosophical and Methodological Considerations and Historiography. Authors address Trompf's research in works such as "The Idea of Historical Recurrence in Western Thought," "Early Christian Historiography" and themes of Melanesian religion that Trompf address in "Payback." No study in the religions of oceania or ideals of millenialism should ignore this critical assessment of Garry Trompf's work.
If we study divine law , and it is to those strong religious carefully the peculiar
structure of Islām as a foelings that we owe the ... the libraries of the cities of
Persia , whether the science of logic , ' then ' Ilmu ' l - riyaziyat , be should keep
them or ...
... MA ; Lect ; Spec : Islamic Phil , Political Phil , Islamic Theology Kajal , NJ , MA ;
Asst Prof ; Spec : Indian Phil , Logic Khaleque , A SM Abdul , MA ; Assoc Prof ;
Spec : Applied Ethics , Social Phil , Phil of Religion Khan , Iqbal Shahin , MA ;
THE ONLY MOHAMMEDAN JOURNAL PUBLISHED IN AMERICA , THE FAITH
OF ISLAM . An Explanatory Sketch of the Principal Fundamental Tenets of the
Moslem Religion . Third Edition . ... CHRISTIAN LOGIC and ETHICS . ISLAMIC ...
Islamic Philosophy has often been treated as mainly of historical interest, belonging to the history of ideas rather than to philosophy. This is volume challenges this belief.
Author: Seyyed Hossein Nasr
Publisher: Psychology Press
Islamic Philosophy has often been treated as mainly of historical interest, belonging to the history of ideas rather than to philosophy. This is volume challenges this belief. The Routledge History of Philosophy is made up entirely of essays by a distinguished list of writers. They provide detailed discussions of the most important thinkers and the key concepts in Islamic philosophy, from earliest times to the present day.
In this Very Short Introduction, Peter Adamson sheds light on the philosophical ideas that emerged in the Islamic world.
Author: Peter Adamson
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
In the history of philosophy, few topics are so relevant to today's cultural and political landscape as philosophy in the Islamic world. Yet, this remains one of the lesser-known philosophical traditions. In this Very Short Introduction, Peter Adamson explores the history of philosophy among Muslims, Jews, and Christians living in Islamic lands, from its historical background to thinkers in the twentieth century. Introducing the main philosophical themes of the Islamic world, Adamson integrates ideas from the Islamic and Abrahamic faiths to consider the broad philosophical questions that continue to invite debate: What is the relationship between reason and religious belief? What is the possibility of proving God's existence? What is the nature of knowledge? Drawing on the most recent research in the field, this book challenges the assumption of the cultural decline of philosophy and science in the Islamic world by demonstrating its rich heritage and overlap with other faiths and philosophies. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Islam's fundamental stand is that this religion and the Quran are meant for the
whole of mankind , for all nations , for all times ... Further , according to the same religious logic , the claim of the universal and eternal validity of the Quran
Self - reliance contradicts the knowledge of logic , too , for it shows inability to find
somebody else to trust in , and unless the one who trusts and the other who is
trusted do not exist , the word ' trust ' does not have any meaning . Explaining the
... translation of the Koran , Islamic doctrine , Islamic philosophy , metaphysics
and psychology , religious polemics , logic , history of religion , history of Islam ,
national history and biography , history of Russia and the world , Arabic language
The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Philosophy gives both the advanced student and active scholar in Islamic philosophy, theology, and intellectual history, a strong sense of what a work in Islamic philosophy looks like and a deep view of the ...
Author: Sabine Schmidtke
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Islamic philosophy
The study of Islamic philosophy has entered a new and exciting phase in the last few years. Both the received canon of Islamic philosophers and the narrative of the course of Islamic philosophy are in the process of being radically questioned and revised. Most twentieth-century Western scholarship on Arabic or Islamic philosophy has focused on the period from the ninth century to the twelfth. It is a measure of the transformation that is currently underway in the field that, unlike other reference works, the Oxford Handbook has striven to give roughly equal weight to every century, from the ninth to the twentieth. The Handbook is also unique in that its 30 chapters are work-centered rather than person- or theme-centered, in particular taking advantage of recent new editions and translations that have renewed interest and debate around the Islamic philosophical canon. The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Philosophy gives both the advanced student and active scholar in Islamic philosophy, theology, and intellectual history, a strong sense of what a work in Islamic philosophy looks like and a deep view of the issues, concepts, and arguments that are at stake. Most importantly, it provides an up-to-date portrait of contemporary scholarship on Islamic philosophy.
And it is this unique reasoning process that is reflected in this work, Al Faruqi's signature contribution, which not only expounds on Islam as spiritual faith and action, but also on Islam the great experience.
Author: Ismaʼil R. Al-Faruqi
Publisher: International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT)
This would be due primarily to the person's own poor mind, but also to the religion, which—as the critics will claim—was founded upon such denial. Second
, the admirer of logic might even come to determine that certain instances of
Author: Sebastian Günther
Knowledge and Education in Classical Islam: Religious Learning between Continuity and Change offers fascinating new insights into key issues of learning and human development in classical Islam, including their shared characteristics, influence, and interdependence with historical, non-Muslim educational cultures.
Both Judaism and Christianity are held to have been superseded by Islam , the
final revealed religion on earth , a claim ... It is a logic which is incompatible with
the acceptance by Muslims of ' infidelity ' , or with the possibility of any long - term
Author: David Selbourne
In this comprehensive study of the Islamic revival from 1947 to the present, historian David Selbourne traces in detail the complex causes motivating the rise of Muslim fundamentalism in many countries and the West's largely uncomprehending response to it. He frankly describes the hostilities, cruelties, and errors of judgment on both sides. Writing neither from the "left" nor from the "right," Selbourne pieces together up-to-date information from more numerous sources than in any other work on the subject. He highlights the grotesque role that some sections of the Western media have played and seeks to do justice to the Islamist cause, demonstrating how many of the real issues of the Islamic revival have been evaded. Selbourne argues that whether the "reawakening" of the Islamic and Arab worlds has taken the political form of Arab nationalism, as under the leadership of Egyptian President Gamal Abdul Nasser in the 1950s, or the economic form of the OPEC oil embargo in 1973 and 1974, or the religious form of the Iranian revolution of 1989 and the present al-Qaeda suicide squads, in all its guises it is motivated by a sense of entitlement in Muslims to determine their own destiny free of Western subordination. Selbourne concludes with a warning against the illusions of the West about its superiority and ability to contain a force that is confident of its own moral superiority and certain of its ultimate triumph. Addressed both to general readers and to policy makers, academics, and journalists, The Losing Battle with Islam will stand for some time as one of the most impartial and authoritative accounts of a half century of Western conflict with Islam.
Nothing New Under the Sun is an accessible, up-to-date study of Islam s past and present, with an acute analysis of its core logic and what that logic might mean for the future.
Author: Paul Culp
Islam draws more attention to itself with each passing day, but surprisingly few people know much about it, even in government, the media, education, and the Church. Nothing New Under the Sun is an accessible, up-to-date study of Islam s past and present, with an acute analysis of its core logic and what that logic might mean for the future. Islam is a religion not just of scripture and tradition but also of community consensus, and it is not comprehensible without an examination of how that consensus is formed and the direction it is likely to take. Islam s relationship to the West must also be understood in light of the contemporary Western religious climate - specifically the American one - which is failing badly as an alternative to the Islamist model. Nothing New Under the Sun draws on the author s experience among Muslims in the US and abroad, while discussing key topics such as the rift between Sunnis and Shi ites, the significance of jihad, Sufi mysticism, the roots and development of political Islam, women s issues, and the Muslim view of the end of the world. Readers new to Islam will gain basic familiarity with it and become acquainted with more advanced topics, while those more familiar with Islam may benefit from a unique analysis of Islam s essential character and its place in the contemporary world.
But the meaning has drastically changed : wur and religious takhayyul , i.e.
between concepts and muhākāt refers to imitative , i.e. figurative , language
images , thus making use of logical poetics , and another which presents one
thing by ...
Author: Professor of Islamic Intellectual History Sabine SchmidtkePublish On: 2016-05-24
This Handbook provides a comprehensive and authoritative survey of Islamic Theology.
Author: Professor of Islamic Intellectual History Sabine Schmidtke
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Within the field of Islamic Studies, scientific research of Muslim theology is a comparatively young discipline. Much progress has been achieved over the past decades with respect both to discoveries of new materials and to scholarly approaches to the field. The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Theology provides a comprehensive and authoritative survey of the current state of the field. It provides a variegated picture of the state of the art and at the same time suggests new directions for future research. Part One covers the various strands of Islamic theology during the formative and early middle periods, rational as well as scripturalist. To demonstrate the continuous interaction among the various theological strands and its repercussions (during the formative and early middle period and beyond), Part Two offers a number of case studies. These focus on specific theological issues that have developed through the dilemmatic and often polemical interactions between the different theological schools and thinkers. Part Three covers Islamic theology during the later middle and early modern periods. One of the characteristics of this period is the growing amalgamation of theology with philosophy (Peripatetic and Illuminationist) and mysticism. Part Four addresses the impact of political and social developments on theology through a number of case studies: the famous mihna instituted by al-Ma'mun (r. 189/813-218/833) as well as the mihna to which Ibn 'Aqil (d. 769/1367) was subjected; the religious policy of the Almohads; as well as the shifting interpretations throughout history (particularly during Mamluk and Ottoman times) of the relation between Ash'arism and Maturidism that were often motivated by political motives. Part Five considers Islamic theological thought from the end of the early modern and during the modern period.