What is ISIS? A quasi-state? A terrorist group? A movement? An ideology? As ISIS has transformed and mutated, gained and lost territory, horrified the world and been its punch line, media have been central to understanding it.
Author: Mehdi Semati
What is ISIS? A quasi-state? A terrorist group? A movement? An ideology? As ISIS has transformed and mutated, gained and lost territory, horrified the world and been its punch line, media have been central to understanding it. The changing, yet constant, relationship between ISIS and the media, as well as its adversaries' dependency on media to make sense of ISIS, is central to this book. More than just the images of mutilated bodies that garnered ISIS its initial infamy, the book considers an ISIS media world that includes infographics, administrative reports, and various depictions of a post-racial utopia in which justice is swift and candy is bought and sold with its own currency. The book reveals that the efforts of ISIS and its adversaries to communicate and make sense of this world share modes of visual, aesthetic, and journalistic practice and expression. The short tumultuous history of ISIS does not allow for a single approach to understanding its relation to media. Thus, the book's contributions are to be read as contrapuntal analyses that productively connect and disconnect, providing a much-needed complex account of the ISIS-media relationship. This book was originally published as a special issue of Critical Studies in Media Communication.
Where to being when discussing the Islamic State and communication media beyond the spectacle? Perhaps at the most recent episodes of violence, where claims ...
Author: Mehdi Semati
Category: Social Science
What is ISIS? A quasi-state? A terrorist group? A movement? An ideology? As ISIS has transformed and mutated, gained and lost territory, horrified the world and been its punch line, media have been central to understanding it. The changing, yet constant, relationship between ISIS and the media, as well as its adversaries’ dependency on media to make sense of ISIS, is central to this book. More than just the images of mutilated bodies that garnered ISIS its initial infamy, the book considers an ISIS media world that includes infographics, administrative reports, and various depictions of a post-racial utopia in which justice is swift and candy is bought and sold with its own currency. The book reveals that the efforts of ISIS and its adversaries to communicate and make sense of this world share modes of visual, aesthetic, and journalistic practice and expression. The short tumultuous history of ISIS does not allow for a single approach to understanding its relation to media. Thus, the book’s contributions are to be read as contrapuntal analyses that productively connect and disconnect, providing a much-needed complex account of the ISIS-media relationship. This book was originally published as a special issue of Critical Studies in Media Communication.
Mehdi Semati, Piotr M. Spuznar, and Robert Alan Brookey, eds., ISIS Beyond the Spectacle: Communication Media, Networked Publics, and Terrorism (London: ...
Author: Rosemary Pennington
Publisher: Indiana University Press
Category: Political Science
From efficient instructions on how to kill civilians to horrifying videos of beheadings, no terrorist organization has more comprehensively weaponized social media than ISIS. Its strategic, multiplatformed campaign is so effective that it has ensured global news coverage and inspired hundreds of young people around the world to abandon their lives and their countries to join a foreign war. The Media World of ISIS explores the characteristics, mission, and tactics of the organization's use of media and propaganda. Contributors consider how ISIS's media strategies imitate activist tactics, legitimize its self-declared caliphate, and exploit narratives of suffering and imprisonment as propaganda to inspire followers. Using a variety of methods, contributors explore the appeal of ISIS to Westerners, the worldview made apparent in its doctrine, and suggestions for counteracting the organization's approaches. Its highly developed, targeted, and effective media campaign has helped make ISIS one of the most recognized terrorism networks in the world. Gaining a comprehensive understanding of its strategies—what worked and why—will help combat the new realities of terrorism in the 21st century.
ISIS violence against civilians can be categorized into four elements: mass murder, forced conversion, vandalism, ... 19 See 'ISIS beyond the Spectacle'.
Author: Robin de Bruin
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Eurocentrism means seeing the world in Europe's terms and through European eyes; while this may not seem so unreasonable to Europeans, this perspective has unforeseen consequences. Eurocentric history implies that scientific modernity has diffused outwards from Europe to the benefit of the rest of the world, through colonialism and later development aid; it involves the imposition of European norms on places and times where they are often quite inappropriate. This book brings together respected scholars from history, literature, art, memory and cultural policy, and from different geographical perspectives, who explore and critically analyse manifestations of Eurocentrism in representations of Europe's past. The collection investigates the role imaginings of the European past since the 18th Century played in the construction of a Europeanist world view and the ways in which 'Europe' was constructed in literature and art.
Beyond the issues of data acquisition and analysis; ... 60 Mehdi Semati & Piotr M. Szpunar, ISIS beyond the spectacle: communication media, ...
Author: Rüdiger Lohlker
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
The contributions of this volume aim at a new, evidence based approach to Jihadism studies. What is the structure of Jihadi online communication and the dissemination of operational material online? Which errors were made by conventional Jihadism research? Which programs, apps, etc. use Jihadis to further their online communication? Next to these questions the contributors discuss the evident inability to understand basic mathematical principles in conventional Jihadism research and consider a very important video as a case study of Jihadi online communication, stressing the linguistic and theological shortcomings of conventional research. The volume is based on the understanding of theological elements as a vital part of Jihadi communication.
Semati, M. and P. M. Szpunar (2018) ISIS beyond the Spectacle: Communication Media, Networked Publics, Terrorism, Critical Studies in Media Communication, ...
Author: Philip Hammond
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Category: Social Science
Many of today's most commercially successful videogames, from Call of Duty to Company of Heroes, are war-themed titles that play out in what are framed as authentic real-world settings inspired by recent news headlines or drawn from history. While such games are marketed as authentic representations of war, they often provide a selective form of realism that eschews problematic, yet salient aspects of war. In addition, changes in the way Western states wage and frame actual wars makes contemporary conflicts increasingly resemble videogames when perceived from the vantage point of Western audiences. This interdisciplinary volume brings together scholars from games studies, media and cultural studies, politics and international relations, and related fields to examine the complex relationships between military-themed videogames and real-world conflict, and to consider how videogames might deal with history, memory, and conflict in alternative ways. It asks: What is the role of videogames in the formation and negotiation of cultural memory of past wars? How do game narratives and designs position the gaming subject in relation to history, war and militarism? And how far do critical, anti-war/peace games offer an alternative or challenge to mainstream commercial titles?
Digital caliphate: Abdel Bari Atwan, Islamic State: The Digital Caliphate ... eds., “ISIS Beyond the Spectacle: Communication Media, Networked Publics, ...
Author: Charles Kurzman
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Why are there so few Muslim terrorists? With more than a billion Muslims in the world-many of whom supposedly hate the West and ardently desire martyrdom-why don't we see terrorist attacks every day? Where are the missing martyrs? These questions may seem counterintuitive, in light of the death and devastation that terrorists have wrought around the world. But the scale of violence, outside of civil war zones, has been far lower than the waves of attacks that the world feared in the wake of 9/11. Terrorists' own publications complain about Muslims' failure to join their cause. The Missing Martyrs draws on government sources and revolutionary publications, public opinion surveys and election results, historical documents and in-depth interviews with Muslims in the Middle East and around the world to examine barriers to terrorist recruitment, including liberal Islam, revolutionary rivalries, and an inelastic demand for U.S. foreign policy. This revised edition, updated to include the self-proclaimed "Islamic State," concludes that fear of terrorism should be brought into alignment with the actual level of threat, and that government policies and public opinion should be based on evidence rather than alarmist hyperbole.
“ISIS Beyond the Spectacle: Communication Media, Networked Publics, Terrorism.” Critical Studies in Media Communication 35, 1: 1–7. no. no.
Author: Quincy S. Jones
Publisher: Balboa Press
If the stewards of religion would allow people to communicate with whatever they believe in, humanity would be a lot better off. That’s the bold assertion from Quincy Jones, who examines everything from terrorism, Islamophobia, Armageddon, Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and metaphysics in this book. Jones argues that humanity has moved away from spirituality in recent years and that there’s too much emphasis on material wealth. This answers questions such as: • What is the role of the media in how we view various religions? • How do individuals embrace religious beliefs? • Why do people leave their faith? • What are the origins of religion? Good and evil exist in every human soul, but there are factors that determine which path a person takes. Discover what makes a person believe what they believe and why members of different faiths are so often at odds with each other with the wisdom in this book.
Semati, M. and Szpunar, P. M. (2018), 'ISIS beyond the Spectacle: Communication Media, Networked Publics, Terrorism', Critical Studies in Media ...
Author: Tahir Abbas
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Political Science
Since the 1970s, there have been three challenges to traditional, homogeneous "national" identities across the Western world: political and socioeconomic inequality; neoliberal globalization; and more diverse, multicultural societies. As in the US and elsewhere in Western Europe, the decline of an old, masculinized national identity has now begun to open a new, dark era for Britain. Ever since the "war on terror" was added to the mix, "others" in Britain have been brutally demonized. Muslims, routinely presented as the source of society's ills, are subjected to both symbolic and actual violence. Deep-seated and structurally racialized norms amplify the isolation and alienation impeding Muslim integration. Both these "left-behind" Muslims and white-British groups who perceive themselves as the true nation are under pressure from ongoing geopolitical concerns in the Muslim world, as well as widening divisions at home. Tahir Abbas argues that, in this context, the symbiotic intersections between Islamophobia and radicalization intensify and expand. His book is a warning of the world that results: a rise in hate crime, the institutionalization of Islamophobia, and the normalization of war and conflict.
See Todd C. Helmus and Elizabeth Bodine-Baron, Empowering ISIS Opponents on Twitter, ... 154 Mehdi Semati and Piotr M. Szpunar, “ISIS Beyond the Spectacle: ...
Author: Miron Lakomy
Category: Political Science
'Explaining the means utilized by the editors of the Islamic State’s online magazines to win the "hearts and minds" of their audiences, this book is a result of a multidimensional content analysis of two flagship periodicals of the IS.' Dabiq and Rumiyah. Drawing from a number of theoretical concepts in propaganda studies, the research uses comparative analysis to understand the evolution of the modus operandi employed by the editorial staff. The volume evaluates the types of arguments used in these magazines, as well as the emotions and behaviour that these triggered in readers. This book concentrates on the formats and thematic composition of a variety of the Islamic State’s e-periodicals, including Dabiq, Rumiyah, Dar al-Islam or Konstantiniyye, from the viewpoint of the constantly changing strategic situation and priorities of the "Caliphate." The e-magazines of the post-territorial phase of the Islamic State, e.g. From Dabiq to Rome and Youth of the Caliphate, were also taken into consideration. Overall, this book does not only offer new insights into the propaganda methods of the Islamic State’s periodicals, but it also summarizes their rise and fall between 2014 and 2019. The volume is dedicated mostly to academics and postgraduate students specialized in terrorism studies, political violence and security studies.
33 Haroro J. Ingram, 'An Analysis of Islamic State's Dabiq Magazine', Australian Journal ... 60 Mehdi Semati and Piotr M. Szpunar, 'ISIS Beyond Spectacle: ...
Author: Brendan Maartens
Category: Business & Economics
This book represents the first international investigation of military recruitment advertising, public relations and propaganda. Comprised of eleven case studies that explore mobilisation work in Africa, the Americas, Asia and Europe, it covers more than a hundred years of recent history, with chapters on the First and Second World Wars, the Cold War, and the present day. The book explores such promotion in countries both large and small, and in times of both war and peace, with readers gaining an insight into the different strategies and tactics used to motivate men, women and occasionally even children to serve and fight in many parts of the world. Readers will also learn about the crucial but little-known role of commercial advertising, public relations and media professionals in the production and distribution of recruitment promotion. This book, the first of its kind to be published, will explore that role, and in the process address two questions that are central to studies of media and conflict: how do militaries encourage civilians to join up, and are they successful in doing so? It is a multi-disciplinary project intended for a diverse academic audience, including postgraduate students exploring aspects of war, propaganda and public opinion, and researchers working across the domains of history, communications studies, conflict studies, psychology, and philosophy.
Author: Arthur Goldschmidt Jr.Publish On: 2018-08-31
This spectacle sought to situate ISIS's action beyond the Syria and Iraq conflicts as a rectification of the secret allied treaty that was the precursor to ...
Author: Arthur Goldschmidt Jr.
Category: Political Science
A Concise History of the Middle East provides a comprehensive introduction to the history of this turbulent region. Spanning from pre-Islam to the present day, it explores the evolution of Islamic institutions and culture, the influence of the West, modernization efforts in the Middle East, the struggle of various peoples for political independence, the Arab–Israel conflict, the reassertion of Islamic values and power, the issues surrounding the Palestinian Question, and the Middle East post-9/11 and post-Arab uprisings. The twelfth edition has been fully revised to reflect the most recent events in, and concerns of, the region, including the presence of ISIS and other non-state actors, the civil wars in Syria and Yemen, and the refugee crisis. New parts and part timelines will help students grasp and contextualize the long and complicated history of the region. With updated biographical sketches and glossary, and a new concluding chapter, this book remains the quintessential text for students of Middle East history.
“Beyond the Spectacle of Terrorism: Rethinking Politics in the Society of ... “The Life of 'Jihadi John': How One Man Became the Symbol of Islamic State.
Author: Sam Han
Category: Social Science
In modern times, death is understood to have undergone a transformation not unlike religion. Whereas in the past it was out in the open, it now resides mostly in specialized spaces of sequestration—funeral homes, hospitals and other medical facilities. A mainstay in so-called traditional societies in the form of ritual practices, death was usually messy but meaningful, with the questions of what happens to the dead or where they go lying at the heart of traditional culture and religion. In modernity, however, we are said to have effectively sanitized it, embalmed it and packaged it—but it seems that death is back. In the current era marked by economic, political and social uncertainty, we see it on television, on the Internet; we see it almost everywhere. (Inter)Facing Death analyzes the nexus of death and digital culture in the contemporary moment in the context of recent developments in social, cultural and political theory. It argues that death today can be thought of as "interfaced," that is mediated and expressed, in various aspects of contemporary life rather than put to the side or overcome, as many narratives of modernity have suggested. Employing concepts from anthropology, sociology, media studies and communications, (Inter)Facing Death examines diverse phenomena where death and digital culture meet, including art, online suicide pacts, the mourning of celebrity deaths, terrorist beheadings and selfies. Providing new lines of thinking about one of the oldest questions facing the human and social sciences, this book will appeal to scholars and students of social and political theory, anthropology, sociology and cultural and media studies with interests in death.
( tenderly ) And to love ! ( music , R ) AMEN . Listen ! The priests of the temple ,
and the citizens this way approach , to commence the celebration of the rites of Isis , and the Sacred Bull . It is a spectacle beyond all thou hast ever witnessed .
Author: Daniel Bertrand MonkPublish On: 2020-04-28
That is, the story of the spectacle of ISIS beheadings is of a very precise spectacle and a ... Am I, like Piers Morgan, enraged beyond reasonable argument?
Author: Daniel Bertrand Monk
"Who’s Afraid of ISIS?" eschews familiar debates about the status of ISIS as an existential threat to the West, with the aim of submitting those types of arguments to a reasoned examination of the political place of anxiety itself. This collection concerns itself with the doxologies that attend such arguments, or with that which, as Bourdieu wrote, "goes without saying becomes it comes without saying" and so become the unexamined points of departure for contentions about ISIS that may, for that very reason, hold entire life worlds together. This book was originally published as a special issue of Critical Studies on Security.
67 Friis, “'Beyond Anything We Have Ever Seen,'”736; Euben, “Spectacles of Sovereignty in Digital Time,” 1009; Brian Mello, “The Islamic State: Violence and ...
Author: William A. Callahan
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Political Science
Visual images are everywhere in international politics. But how are we to understand them? In Sensible Politics, William A. Callahan uses his expertise in theory and filmmaking to explore not only what visuals mean, but also how visuals can viscerally move and connect us in "affective communities of sense." The book's rich analysis of visual images (photographs, film, art) and visual artifacts (maps, veils, walls, gardens, cyberspace) shows how critical scholarship needs to push beyond issues of identity and security to appreciate the creative politics of social-ordering and world-ordering. Here "sensible politics" isn't just sensory, but looks beyond icons and ideology to the affective politics of everyday life. It challenges our Eurocentric understanding of international politics by exploring the meaning and impact of visuals from Asia and the Middle East. Sensible Politics offers a unique approach to politics that allows us to not only think visually, but also feel visually-and creatively act visually for a multisensory appreciation of politics.
“Beyond Anything We Have Ever Seen”: Beheading Videos and the Visibility of ... Giroux, Henry A. 2014, ISIS and the Spectacle of Terrorism: Resisting ...
Author: Ella Minty
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Category: Political Science
This book examines how social media has transformed extremist discourse. Drawing on ISIS and their sophisticated use of social media platforms and PR concepts, it explores the ways in which the outfit was able to recruit, mobilise and spread fundamentalist propaganda in regions where it had little physical presence. One of the first studies to draw a link between international diplomacy, the rise of fundamentalism and public relations, this book will be of great interest to scholars and researchers of defence and strategic studies, especially those working on ISIS propaganda, Middle East Studies, media studies, digital humanities, communication studies, public relations and international relations, as well general readers.
Author: Stavros FrangoulidisPublish On: 2008-11-06
2003. “Spectator and Spectacle in Apuleius.” In: The Ancient Novel and Beyond. Edited by Stelios Panayotakis, Maaike Zimmerman and Wytse H. Keulen.
Author: Stavros Frangoulidis
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Category: Literary Criticism
This is the first in-depth study of Apuleius’ Metamorphoses to juxtapose the different attitudes towards magic adopted by Lucius and other characters, either in embedded tales or in the main plot, as a key to deciphering the complex dynamics of the work. The contextualized approach pursued in this study further suggests that the novel’s final book may be read as a second Metamorphoses, rewritten from a positive perspective. The book breaks new ground by examining the narrative structure of the Metamorphoses against the background of the typical plotline found in the ideal romance.
Soon it spreads everywhere and becomes a petrifying spectacle. In the shape of ISIS, we are confronted with the terrifying hegemonic manifestation of Saudi ...
Author: Ziauddin Sardar
Publisher: Biteback Publishing
Islam has been corrupted. A virulent strain of the religion manifests itself in bloodthirsty mutations such as Boko Haram in Nigeria and the terrifying spectre of ISIS. But behind the atrocities and turmoil lie many different versions and visions of Islam, each struggling to survive in a rapidly changing world. Ziauddin Sardar, with inimitable wit and intelligence, chronicles the diversity and richness of Islam and, in doing so, answers a host of frequently asked questions: Is Islam inherently violent and misogynistic? Why do young men and women choose to join the jihadi caliphate? What part should Muhammad’s teachings play in our own times? Islam Beyond the Violent Jihadis argues for a pluralistic and reflective religion with a distinguished past - but one that appears to have been wrenched from its noble origins by rigid fundamentalism. In examining how we have nourished the rise of Islamic jihadi groups, Sardar urges us all to work together to preserve the sanity of our world.
... but so that all can be seen at once : “ Contingency , the which extendeth not beyond the quadrangle of your matter , is ... the synoptic spectacle ; fatalistic , not
in the arbitrary sense , but inasmuch as the careers of individuals are determined