Is Religion Irrational

Is Religion Irrational

Straddling the boundaries between science, religion, and philosophy, this book is essential reading for anyone interested in the current cultural war between atheism and belief A wide ranging and informed discussion that addresses the key ...

Author: Keith Ward

Publisher: Lion Books

ISBN: 9780745955407

Category: Religion

Page: 176

View: 641

Straddling the boundaries between science, religion, and philosophy, this book is essential reading for anyone interested in the current cultural war between atheism and belief A wide ranging and informed discussion that addresses the key questions raised by the New Atheists, this engaging and stimulating read debunks the notion that rationality and intelligence are incompatible with belief in God. If the New Atheists are to be believed, religious belief is dangerous and irrational. With increasingly intolerant polemic they are dismissing the views of religious people, and misconstruing them in the process. Written with wit, style, and clarity of meaning, this book directly addresses many of the main criticisms raised by the New Atheists—such as Does God cause evil? Is the universe intelligently designed? Is God free?—and is an indispensable read for anyone interested in the arguments for and against religious belief.
Categories: Religion

Is Religion Dangerous

Is Religion Dangerous

Many commentators today claim that religion is dangerous and harmful. In addressing this question, Keith Ward begins by defining what religion actually is and how most human harm has been caused.

Author: Keith Ward

Publisher: Lion Books

ISBN: 9780745955308

Category: Religion

Page: 240

View: 617

Many commentators today claim that religion is dangerous and harmful. In addressing this question, Keith Ward begins by defining what religion actually is and how most human harm has been caused. He then looks at why people say that religion is dangerous, focusing particularly on religious wars and conflicts and on specific attacks on religion, such as the claims that God is wrathful, that religion is intolerant, that religious morality is primitive and cruel. Keith Ward argues that religion produces great good - for example, in terms of hospitals, the abolition of slavery, great art and music, moral heroism, and philosophy and science. Religion, he concludes, is the best rational basis for morality.
Categories: Religion

Faith Is Not Enough

Faith Is Not Enough

This book brings to the fore issues such as indoctrination of children and adults into religious and other irrational ideas, which can lead to gross intolerance of other viewpoints.

Author: Stephen Horne

Publisher: Janus Book Publishers

ISBN: 1857567463

Category: Belief and doubt

Page: 223

View: 462

Intends to stimulate debate about the roles of religion and other ideologies in the suppression of rational thought in the modern world. This book brings to the fore issues such as indoctrination of children and adults into religious and other irrational ideas, which can lead to gross intolerance of other viewpoints.
Categories: Belief and doubt

Is Religion Irrational

Is Religion Irrational

I think it is warranted by the facts of religious life, though we should not fail to be critical when we detect immorality or irrationality in various views ...

Author: Keith Ward

Publisher: Lion Books

ISBN: 9780745959528

Category: Religion

Page: 86

View: 390

If the New Atheists are to be believed, religious belief is not only dangerous and irrational, but just plain stupid. With increasingly intolerant polemic they are dismissing the views of religious people, and misconstruing them in the process. In this book, Keith Ward debunks the notion that rationality and intelligence are incompatible with belief in God, going through some of the main criticisms raised by the New Atheists (and their predecessors), for example: - Does God cause evil? - Is the universe intelligently designed? - Is God free? This book is essential reading for anyone interested in the current cultural war between atheism and belief.
Categories: Religion

God and the Brain

God and the Brain

Clark’s surprising answers both defend the rationality of religious belief and contribute to the study of cognitive science. God and the Brain explores complicated questions about the nature of belief and the human mind.

Author: Kelly James Clark

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9781467456555

Category: Religion

Page: 232

View: 441

Does cognitive science show that religious belief is irrational? Kelly James Clark brings together science and philosophy to examine some of humanity’s more pressing questions. Is belief in God, as Richard Dawkins claims, a delusion? Are atheists smarter or more rational than religious believers? Do our genes determine who we are and what we believe? Can our very creaturely cognitive equipment help us discover truth and meaning in life? Are atheists any different from Mother Teresa? Clark’s surprising answers both defend the rationality of religious belief and contribute to the study of cognitive science. God and the Brain explores complicated questions about the nature of belief and the human mind. Scientifically minded, philosophically astute, and reader-friendly, God and the Brain provides an accessible overview of some new cognitive scientific approaches to the study of religion and evaluates their implications for both theistic and atheistic belief.
Categories: Religion

Faith of the Fatherless

Faith of the Fatherless

In this updated, expanded edition, starting with Freud's "projection theory" of religion - that belief in God is merely a product of man's desire for security - Professor Vitz argues that psychoanalysis actually provides a more satisfying ...

Author: Dr. Paul C Vitz

Publisher: Ignatius Press

ISBN: 9781586176877

Category: Religion

Page: 232

View: 399

In this updated, expanded edition, starting with Freud's "projection theory" of religion - that belief in God is merely a product of man's desire for security - Professor Vitz argues that psychoanalysis actually provides a more satisfying explanation for atheism. Disappointment in one's earthly father, whether through death, absence, or mistreatment, frequently leads to a rejection of God. A biographical survey of influential atheists of the past four centuries shows that this "defective father hypothesis" provides a consistent explanation of the "intense atheism" of these thinkers. A survey of the leading defenders of Christianity over the same period confirms the hypothesis, finding few defective fathers. Vitz concludes with an intriguing comparison of male and female atheists and a consideration of other psychological factors that can contribute to atheism. Professor Vitz does not argue that atheism is psychologically determined. Each man, whatever his experiences, ultimately chooses to accept God or reject him. Yet the cavalier attribution of religious faith to irrational, psychological needs is so prevalent that an exposition of the psychological factors predisposing one to atheism is necessary. Ê
Categories: Religion

The Meaning of Belief

The Meaning of Belief

Defenders of religion find atheists equally unwilling to cede ground. Noting that religion is not what atheists think it is, Tim Crane offers a way out of this stalemate.

Author: Tim Crane

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674982734

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 581

Current debate about religion seems to be going nowhere. Atheists persist with their arguments, many plausible and some unanswerable, but they make no impact on believers. Defenders of religion find atheists equally unwilling to cede ground. Noting that religion is not what atheists think it is, Tim Crane offers a way out of this stalemate.
Categories: History

Is Faith Irrational

Is Faith Irrational

This is an ideal take away for an Alpha guest who is struggling with this topic or anyone curious to find out more.

Author: Thomas Nelson

Publisher: Thomas Nelson

ISBN: 9780310092919

Category: Religion

Page: 38

View: 602

Is Faith Irrational? is a chapter from Nicky Gumbel's book, Searching Issues. Nicky tackles questions around the rationality of faith, as it can be a barrier for some and one of the most common questions asked on Alpha. This is an ideal take away for an Alpha guest who is struggling with this topic or anyone curious to find out more. Alpha creates an environment of hospitality where people can bring their friends, family and work colleagues to explore the Christian faith, ask questions and share their point of view. Alpha makes it easy to invite friends to have spiritual conversations which explore life's biggest questions in a safe and respectful way. Alpha's approach to hospitality, faith and discussion is designed to welcome everyone, especially those who might not describe themselves as Christians or church-goers. Each session includes time for a large group meal, short teaching, and small group discussion.
Categories: Religion

The Rationality of Christian Belief

The Rationality of Christian Belief

In this book, written for the general reader, John Hendry explores the variety of ways in which Christians believe and the rationality and reasonableness of the resulting beliefs, as well as of atheist alternatives.

Author: John Hendry

Publisher: Little Rowarth

ISBN: 1838393293

Category: Philosophy

Page: 198

View: 157

It is a common theme of atheist critics that Christian belief is irrational. In making this claim, however, they routinely assume that what Christians mean by belief is essentially the same as what scientists and philosophers mean by it, i.e. a kind of objective knowledge claim. In a religious context, however, as in everyday language, beliefs more commonly refer to more subjective attitudes of trust and commitment, and while these may well rely on knowledge claims they don't necessarily do so. Varying from one person to another, religious beliefs may or may not be irrational, and even if irrational they may still be quite reasonable, all things considered, as practical choices and commitments. In this book, written for the general reader, John Hendry explores the variety of ways in which Christians believe and the rationality and reasonableness of the resulting beliefs, as well as of atheist alternatives. Beginning with introductions to philosophical reasoning, the meanings of belief and the varieties of Christian believing, the book includes rational comparisons of theism, atheism and physicalism and rational analyses of both literal and more allegorical understandings of Christian doctrine, with a particular focus on claims of revelation. It concludes that while Christian beliefs are not necessarily irrational they tend in practice to be so. There is a tension between rationality and Christian belief that is hard to avoid. There are contexts, however, in which we quite reasonably set aside specific demands of rationality without compromising our rationality more generally, and religion, it is argued, is one of these contexts. Christianity is at root a choice as to how to live one's life, what to believe in and what to commit to, and whilst it is not everybody's choice it would seem on the whole to be a perfectly reasonable one.
Categories: Philosophy

The Mysteries of Religion

The Mysteries of Religion

This book considers religion practice and expression in a number of cultural contexts, both familiar and exotic, from sacred texts to rites of passage, from the British Israel movement to spiritism and Aztec devil-worship.

Author: Stephen R. L. Clark

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781532632556

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 628

Philosophy of religion too often confines itself to a few well-worn philosophical puzzles, such as the proof of God’s existence, and overworked examples which are usually drawn from Western Christianity. This book considers religion practice and expression in a number of cultural contexts, both familiar and exotic, from sacred texts to rites of passage, from the British Israel movement to spiritism and Aztec devil-worship. The author argues that, although there are many points on which religious persons disagree and no definite way of settling these disagreements, Neoplatonic theory about the world and our place in it does at least provide the context for debate. Is religion an irrational human attempt to disguise an essentially meaningless universe? Or is irrelgion itself unreasonable and a spiritual universe the best explanation? Using a wide range of examples, The Mysteries of Religion provides an invaluable philosophical background for a discussion of such fundamental questions.
Categories: Religion

Why There Almost Certainly is a God

Why There Almost Certainly is a God

In this open-minded and innovative philosophical challenge, theologian David Ward addresses Dawkins's various ideas with sharp, clear arguments.

Author: Keith Ward

Publisher: Lion Books

ISBN: 9780745953304

Category: Religion

Page: 159

View: 978

"One of Britain's leading philosopher--theologians, Keith Ward is at home in the world of philosophy: a world of clear definitins, sharp arguments and diverse conclusions. By contrast, when Dawkins enters this world his passion tends to get the better of him: he descends into sterotyping, pastiche and mockery, no longer approaching things with his uusual seriousness and care. In this stimulating and thought-provking philosophical challenge, Ward demonstrates not only how Dawkins' arguments are flawed, but also that a perfectly rational case can be made that there is, almost certainly, a God." -- Back cover.
Categories: Religion

The Tenacity of Unreasonable Beliefs

The Tenacity of Unreasonable Beliefs

The Tenacity of Unreasonable Beliefs is a passionate yet analytical critique of Jewish, Christian, and Muslim scriptural fundamentalists.

Author: Solomon Schimmel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199720029

Category: Psychology

Page: 296

View: 284

The Tenacity of Unreasonable Beliefs is a passionate yet analytical critique of Jewish, Christian, and Muslim scriptural fundamentalists. Schimmel examines the ways in which otherwise intelligent and bright Jews, Christians, and Muslims defend their belief in the divine authorship of the Bible or of the Koran, and other religious beliefs derived from those claims, against overwhelming evidence and argument to the contrary from science, scholarship, common sense, and rational analysis. He also examines the motives, fears, and anxieties of scriptural fundamentalists that induce them to cling so tenaciously to their unreasonable beliefs. Schimmel begins with reflections on his own journey from commitment to Orthodox Judaism, through doubts about its theological dogmas and doctrines, to eventual denial of their truth. He follows this with an examination of theological and philosophical debates about the proper relationships between faith, reason, and revelation. Schimmel then devotes separate chapters to Jewish, Christian, and Muslim scriptural fundamentalism, noting their similarities and differences. He analyzes in depth the psychological and social reasons why people acquire, maintain, and protect unreasonable religious beliefs, and how they do so. Schimmel also discusses unethical and immoral consequences of scriptural fundamentalism, such as gender inequality, homophobia, lack of intellectual honesty, self-righteousness, intolerance, propagation of falsehood, and in some instances, the advocacy of violence and terrorism. He concludes with a discussion of why, when, and where it is appropriate to critique, challenge, and combat scriptural fundamentalists. The Tenacity of Unreasonable Beliefs is thoughtful and provocative, written to encourage self-reflection and self-criticism, and to stimulate and to enlighten all who are interested in the psychology of religion and in religious fundamentalism.
Categories: Psychology

Honest to God

Honest to God

Thoughtful Theism: Redeeming Reason in an Irrational Age is more than a defense of the existence of God.

Author: Andrew Younan

Publisher:

ISBN: 1945125322

Category: Atheism

Page:

View: 148

Categories: Atheism

Patterns of Rationality

Patterns of Rationality

This book proposes an applied epistemological framework for investigating science, social cognition and religious thinking based on inferential patterns that recur in the different domains.

Author: Tommaso Bertolotti

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319177861

Category: Philosophy

Page: 278

View: 208

This book proposes an applied epistemological framework for investigating science, social cognition and religious thinking based on inferential patterns that recur in the different domains. It presents human rationality as a tool that allows us to make sense of our (physical or social) surroundings. It shows that the resulting cognitive activity produces a broad spectrum of outputs, such as scientific models and experimentation, gossip and social networks, but also ancient and contemporary deities. The book consists of three parts, the first of which addresses scientific modeling and experimentation, and their application to the analysis of scientific rationality. Thus, this part continues the tradition of eco-cognitive epistemology and abduction studies. The second part deals with the relationship between social cognition and cognitive niche construction, i.e. the evolutionarily relevant externalization of knowledge onto the environment, while the third part focuses on what is commonly defined as “irrational”, thus being in a way dialectically opposed to the first part. Here, the author demonstrates that the “irrational” can be analyzed by applying the same epistemological approach used to study scientific rationality and social cognition; also in this case, we see the emergence of patterns of rationality that regulate the relationships between agents and their environment. All in all, the book offers a coherent and unitary account of human rationality, providing a basis for new conceptual connections and theoretical speculations.
Categories: Philosophy

The Irrational Atheist

The Irrational Atheist

The Irrational Atheist provides the rational thinker with empirical proof that atheism's claims against religion are unfounded in logic, fact, and science.

Author: Vox Day

Publisher: BenBella Books, Inc.

ISBN: 9781935251347

Category: Religion

Page: 320

View: 925

On one side of the argument is a collection of godless academics with doctorates from the finest universities in England, France, and the United States. On the other is Irrational Atheist author Vox Day, armed with nothing more than historical and statistical facts. Presenting a compelling argument (but not for the side one might expect), Day strips away the pseudo-scientific pretentions of New Atheism with his intelligent application of logic, history, military science, political economy, and well-documented research. The arguments of Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris, Christopher Hitchens, Daniel Dennett, and Michel Onfray are all methodically exposed and discredited as Day provides extensive evidence proving, among other things, that: More than 93 percent of all the wars in human history had no relation to religion The Spanish Inquisition had no jurisdiction over professing Jews, Muslims, or atheists, and executed fewer people on an annual basis than the state of Texas Atheists are 3.84 times more likely to be imprisoned than Christians "Red" state crime is primarily in "blue" counties Sexually abused girls are 55 times more likely to commit suicide than girls raised Catholic In the twentieth century, atheistic regimes killed three times more people in peacetime than those killed in all the wars and individual crimes combined. The Irrational Atheist provides the rational thinker with empirical proof that atheism's claims against religion are unfounded in logic, fact, and science.
Categories: Religion

Reasonable Christianity

Reasonable Christianity

This is not a scan or facsimile, has been updated in modern English for easy reading and has an active table of contents for electronic versions.

Author: Henry Hammond

Publisher: Puritan Publications

ISBN: 9781626631434

Category: Religion

Page: 150

View: 676

The Christian must have an intellectual handle on everything that comes up against the Christian faith in order to glorify Jesus Christ as a faithful witness to the truth. The Christian must be able, as St. Peter exhorts, to give an answer for the faith which lies within him. That means he must be aware of arguments against the Christian faith (to some extent), and have some knowledge on everything that comes against Christian truth. So, how ready are you? The goal of this apologetical work by Henry Hammond is very simple. It was written to show the rationality of the Christian religion against the accusations that Christianity is irrational. Atheists in every age believe that Christianity is irrational, and that Christians just believe things on blind faith. To the atheist, blind faith believes in fairy tales for the sake of believing in fairy tales. Here is where Hammond’s arguments are astoundingly helpful, and will allow the Christian to arm themselves with some of the best Biblical material in print to overthrow atheism. This is not a scan or facsimile, has been updated in modern English for easy reading and has an active table of contents for electronic versions.
Categories: Religion