Invisible Labor

Invisible Labor

Invisible Labor gathers essays by prominent sociologists and legal scholars to illuminate how and why such labor has been hidden from view.

Author: Marion Crain

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520961630

Category: Law

Page: 336

View: 941

Across the world, workers labor without pay for the benefit of profitable businesses—and it's legal. Labor trends like outsourcing and technology hide some workers, and branding and employer mandates erase others. Invisible workers who remain under-protected by wage laws include retail workers who function as walking billboards and take payment in clothing discounts or prestige; waitstaff at “breastaurants” who conform their bodies to a business model; and inventory stockers at grocery stores who go hungry to complete their shifts. Invisible Labor gathers essays by prominent sociologists and legal scholars to illuminate how and why such labor has been hidden from view.
Categories: Law

The Invisible Work Force

The Invisible Work Force

Acknowledgments 1 . What Is Informal Work ? Informal Work , Wage Labor , and
Self - Employment An Alternative Model of Employment Relations 2 . The
Industrial - Information Economy : Visible Foundations of Invisible Work Closely
Knitted ...

Author: Beverly Lozano

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSC:32106009249142

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 218

View: 299

Shares interviews with outside workers and their employers, and discusses the advantages of home-based workers
Categories: Business & Economics

Data Feminism

Data Feminism

... white middle- and upper-class women to participate in the more lucrative
waged labor market instead.11 Since the 1970s, the term invisible labor has
come to encompass the various forms of labor, unwaged, underwaged, and even
waged, ...

Author: Catherine D'Ignazio

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262044004

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 978

A new way of thinking about data science and data ethics that is informed by the ideas of intersectional feminism. Today, data science is a form of power. It has been used to expose injustice, improve health outcomes, and topple governments. But it has also been used to discriminate, police, and surveil. This potential for good, on the one hand, and harm, on the other, makes it essential to ask: Data science by whom? Data science for whom? Data science with whose interests in mind? The narratives around big data and data science are overwhelmingly white, male, and techno-heroic. In Data Feminism, Catherine D'Ignazio and Lauren Klein present a new way of thinking about data science and data ethics—one that is informed by intersectional feminist thought. Illustrating data feminism in action, D'Ignazio and Klein show how challenges to the male/female binary can help challenge other hierarchical (and empirically wrong) classification systems. They explain how, for example, an understanding of emotion can expand our ideas about effective data visualization, and how the concept of invisible labor can expose the significant human efforts required by our automated systems. And they show why the data never, ever “speak for themselves.” Data Feminism offers strategies for data scientists seeking to learn how feminism can help them work toward justice, and for feminists who want to focus their efforts on the growing field of data science. But Data Feminism is about much more than gender. It is about power, about who has it and who doesn't, and about how those differentials of power can be challenged and changed.
Categories: Social Science

Teaching as Invisible Work

Teaching as Invisible Work

Work and practice are defined here because these words are important in
building my argument . My claim is that aspects of teaching are invisible , and I
will go on to explore how work on practice can intervene on this state of
invisibility .

Author: Jennifer M. Lewis

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015069224122

Category:

Page:

View: 646

Categories:

Readings in Labor Force Statistics

Readings in Labor Force Statistics

Aside from the frequent distinction between the overlapping concepts of visible ,
invisible , potential underemployment , there are several possible criteria : first ,
part - time work ; second , intermittent or 3 sporadic employment ; third , work of ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015043641862

Category: Labor supply

Page: 396

View: 387

Categories: Labor supply

Women Clerical Work and Office Automation

Women  Clerical Work  and Office Automation

In the support for homework as an alternative for women to work at home , we
must be careful that it does not detract from major efforts to ... The kind of
research suggested will allow us to rethink things , not the least of which is
invisible labor .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCR:31210006251134

Category: Clerical occupations

Page: 64

View: 373

Categories: Clerical occupations

The Cambridge Handbook of U S Labor Law for the Twenty First Century

The Cambridge Handbook of U S  Labor Law for the Twenty First Century

Ideally, technology should be a tool to assist workers, making work easier and
safer while boosting productivity. ... 23 Invisible Labor: Hidden Work in the
Contemporary World (Eds. Marion Crain, Winifred Poster & Miriam Cherry) (2016
).

Author: Richard Bales

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108428835

Category: Law

Page: 426

View: 892

Over the last fifty years in the United States, unions have been in deep decline, while income and wealth inequality have grown. In this timely work, editors Richard Bales and Charlotte Garden - with a roster of thirty-five leading labor scholars - analyze these trends and show how they are linked. Designed to appeal to those being introduced to the field as well as experts seeking new insights, this book demonstrates how federal labor law is failing today's workers and disempowering unions; how union jobs pay better than nonunion jobs and help to increase the wages of even nonunion workers; and how, when union jobs vanish, the wage premium also vanishes. At the same time, the book offers a range of solutions, from the radical, such as a complete overhaul of federal labor law, to the incremental, including reforms that could be undertaken by federal agencies on their own.
Categories: Law

Kids at Work

Kids at Work

See social media intersectionality theory, 13–14, 169n38 Invernizzi, Antonella,
10–11 invisibility: of street vending children, 2–3, 97–88, 145, 152; of women
immigrants, 152 invisible labor/invisible subjects, 3, 20, 143, 145–46, 152, 157
IRCA.

Author: Emir Estrada

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9781479873708

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 305

How Latinx kids and their undocumented parents struggle in the informal street food economy Street food markets have become wildly popular in Los Angeles—and behind the scenes, Latinx children have been instrumental in making these small informal businesses grow. In Kids at Work, Emir Estrada shines a light on the surprising labor of these young workers, providing the first ethnography on the participation of Latinx children in street vending. Drawing on dozens of interviews with children and their undocumented parents, as well as three years spent on the streets shadowing families at work, Estrada brings attention to the unique set of hardships Latinx youth experience in this occupation. She also highlights how these hardships can serve to cement family bonds, develop empathy towards parents, encourage hard work, and support children—and their parents—in their efforts to make a living together in the United States. Kids at Work provides a compassionate, up-close portrait of Latinx children, detailing the complexities and nuances of family relations when children help generate income for the household as they peddle the streets of LA alongside their immigrant parents.
Categories: Social Science

Implementing Inequality

Implementing Inequality

Through an ethnographic study in postwar Angola, the book demonstrates how the industry’s internal social pressures guide development’s methods and goals, introducing the innovative concept of the development implementariat: those in ...

Author: Rebecca Warne Peters

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9781978808980

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 656

Implementing Inequality argues that the international development industry’s internal dynamics—between international and national staff, and among policy makers, administrators, and implementers—shape interventions and their outcomes as much as do the external dynamics of global political economy. Through an ethnographic study in postwar Angola, the book demonstrates how the industry’s internal social pressures guide development’s methods and goals, introducing the innovative concept of the development implementariat: those in-country workers, largely but not exclusively “local” staff members, charged with carrying out development’s policy prescriptions. The implementariat is central to the development endeavor but remains overlooked and under-supported as most of its work is deeply social, interactive, and relational, the kind of work that receives less recognition and support than it deserves at every echelon of the industry. If international development is to meet its larger purpose, it must first address its internal inequalities of work and professional class.
Categories: Political Science

Education and culture

Education and culture

For the sake of more clearly defining the relations of labor and rest , I may state
that two distinct branches of labor are performed by every living being : First , the
visible work which we do with our heads and hands . Second , the invisible labor
 ...

Author: Alexander Johnston Chalmers Skene

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:24503350970

Category: Women

Page: 127

View: 560

Categories: Women

Education and Culture as Related to the Health and Diseases of Women

Education and Culture as Related to the Health and Diseases of Women

For the sake of more clearly defining the relations of labor and rest , I may state
that two distinct branches of labor are performed by every living being : First , the
visible work which we do with our heads and hands . Second , the invisible labor
 ...

Author: Alexander Johnston Chalmers Skene

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015071620020

Category: Women

Page: 127

View: 978

Categories: Women

Dangerous Sex Invisible Labor

Dangerous Sex  Invisible Labor

Sex Work and the Law in India Prabha Kotiswaran. PART ONE Theorizing Sex
Work This page intentionally left blank chAPter one Dangerous Sex, Invisible.
Part One: Theorizing Sex Work.

Author: Prabha Kotiswaran

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400838769

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 270

Popular representations of third-world sex workers as sex slaves and vectors of HIV have spawned abolitionist legal reforms that are harmful and ineffective, and public health initiatives that provide only marginal protection of sex workers' rights. In this book, Prabha Kotiswaran asks how we might understand sex workers' demands that they be treated as workers. She contemplates questions of redistribution through law within the sex industry by examining the political economies and legal ethnographies of two archetypical urban sex markets in India. Kotiswaran conducted in-depth fieldwork among sex workers in Sonagachi, Kolkata's largest red-light area, and Tirupati, a temple town in southern India. Providing new insights into the lives of these women--many of whom are demanding the respect and legal protection that other workers get--Kotiswaran builds a persuasive theoretical case for recognizing these women's sexual labor. Moving beyond standard feminist discourse on prostitution, she draws on a critical genealogy of materialist feminism for its sophisticated vocabulary of female reproductive and sexual labor, and uses a legal realist approach to show why criminalization cannot succeed amid the informal social networks and economic structures of sex markets. Based on this, Kotiswaran assesses the law's redistributive potential by analyzing the possible economic consequences of partial decriminalization, complete decriminalization, and legalization. She concludes with a theory of sex work from a postcolonial materialist feminist perspective.
Categories: Social Science

NACLA s Latin America Empire Report

NACLA s Latin America   Empire Report

The guiding principle is no longer the production of goods but the production of
surplus value , that is , of surplus labor in the form of value . The new ... The
invisible labor of women is no longer even 1975 LNS ab thought of as labor , but
rather.

Author: North American Congress on Latin America

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSC:32106008829746

Category: Latin America

Page:

View: 229

Categories: Latin America

The Teaching of Labor Relations in Engineering Schools

The Teaching of Labor Relations in Engineering Schools

I have seen too often labor troubles become a major cause of inadequate return
on capital and enterprise . By labor troubles I do not mean only the spectacular
troubles of strike and lockout , but the invisible labor troubles which are much ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924003543364

Category: Engineering

Page: 64

View: 786

Categories: Engineering

Dependent Development and the Division of Labor by Sex

Dependent Development and the Division of Labor by Sex

leaves much of " women ' s work " socially and economically invisible . In their
provision of all kinds of personal services to working husbands and children - -
including meals , laundry , cleaning , etc . - - women perform without pay the
function ...

Author: Marianne Schmink

Publisher:

ISBN: UTEXAS:059173026630381

Category: Division of labor

Page: 50

View: 991

Categories: Division of labor

Gender Education Reform and Teachers Labor in Argentina

Gender  Education Reform  and Teachers  Labor in Argentina

The longer class time was also meant to improve the nature of teachers ' work .
The Jacaranda teachers ... their own time and their own dime . Invisible
Homework It would be unjust and incorrect to discuss teachers ' labor only in
terms of what ...

Author: Sarah Ann Robert

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89101819514

Category:

Page: 318

View: 527

Categories:

Mexican Women in the United States

Mexican Women in the United States

VISIBLE AND INVISIBLE LABOR The egalitarian position held by women in
primitive society was determined by the value of their productive labor ,
performed collectively . Beginning with the breakdown of collective structures and
their ...

Author: Magdalena Mora

Publisher: Chicano Studies Research Center

ISBN: 0895510227

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 553

Categories: Social Science

Political Affairs

Political Affairs

It is only with these hours of invisible labor that the proletariat can produce
surplus value in the economy . It can therefore be said that women's labor in the
home is transferred into the creation of surplus value through the wage labor
force .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015039318244

Category: Communism

Page:

View: 604

A theoretical and political magazine of scientific socialism.
Categories: Communism

Victorians Institute Journal

Victorians Institute Journal

On the one hand , it is a feature of almost all good detective work ; on the other , if
taken too far , it can become sleight of hand ... In addition to making invisible
labor visible , Lesjak hopes to have shown that the industrial novels and the ...

Author: Victorians Institute

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105132142287

Category: Art, Victorian

Page:

View: 888

Categories: Art, Victorian

How to Win Seven Out of Eight Days a Week

How to Win Seven Out of Eight Days a Week

By that he meant to find the time and place that allows creativity to do its work . I
think we all need ... of your life as the work of art you are creating . Without a
dream ... No labor is more important for your life and time than this “ invisible
labor . " ...

Author: Landon B. Saunders

Publisher:

ISBN: 0936173009

Category: Conduct of life

Page: 192

View: 864

Categories: Conduct of life