Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery

Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery

Arranged chronologically, the texts examined include John Mandeville's Travels, Richard Eden's English-language translations of the accounts of Spanish and Portuguese discovery and conquest, George Best's account of Martin Frobisher's ...

Author: Michael Householder

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317113225

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 227

Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery traces the linguistic, rhetorical, and literary innovations that emerged out of the first encounters between Europeans and indigenous peoples of the Americas. Through analysis of six texts, Michael Householder demonstrates the role of language in forming the identities or characters that permitted Europeans (English speakers, primarily) to adapt to the unusual circumstances of encounter. Arranged chronologically, the texts examined include John Mandeville's Travels, Richard Eden's English-language translations of the accounts of Spanish and Portuguese discovery and conquest, George Best's account of Martin Frobisher's voyages to northern Canada, Ralph Lane's account of the abandonment of Roanoke, John Smith's writings about Virginia, and John Underhill's account of the Pequot War. Through his analysis, Householder reveals that English colonists did not share a universal, homogenous view of indigenous Americans as savages, but that the writers, confronted by unfamiliar peoples and situations, resorted to a mixed array of cultural beliefs, myths, and theories to put together workable explanations of their experiences, which then became the basis for how Europeans in the colonies began transforming themselves into Americans.
Categories: History

The Venetian Discovery of America

The Venetian Discovery of America

They made their own discovery of America, mostly secondhand, and in doing so, discovered much about themselves. ... 42 Michael Householder's Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery focuses on the English colonization of North ...

Author: Elizabeth Horodowich

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107150874

Category: Art

Page: 332

View: 849

Demonstrates how Venetian newsmongers played a crucial yet heretofore unrecognized role in the invention of America.
Categories: Art

The Alchemy of Conquest

The Alchemy of Conquest

Amerigo Vespucci, Letters from a New World: Amerigo Vespucci's Discovery of America, ed and introd. ... 1992); and Michael Householder, Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery: Narratives of Encounter (Farnham, UK: Ashgate, 2011).

Author: Ralph Bauer

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 9780813942551

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 670

View: 778

The Age of the Discovery of the Americas was concurrent with the Age of Discovery in science. In The Alchemy of Conquest, Ralph Bauer explores the historical relationship between the two, focusing on the connections between religion and science in the Spanish, English, and French literatures about the Americas during the early modern period. As sailors, conquerors, travelers, and missionaries were exploring "new worlds," and claiming ownership of them, early modern men of science redefined what it means to "discover" something. Bauer explores the role that the verbal, conceptual, and visual language of alchemy played in the literature of the discovery of the Americas and in the rise of an early modern paradigm of discovery in both science and international law. The book traces the intellectual and spiritual legacies of late medieval alchemists such as Roger Bacon, Arnald of Villanova, and Ramon Llull in the early modern literature of the conquest of America in texts written by authors such as Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci, José de Acosta, Nicolás Monardes, Walter Raleigh, Thomas Harriot, Francis Bacon, and Alexander von Humboldt.
Categories: Literary Criticism

The Columbian Covenant Race and the Writing of American History

The Columbian Covenant  Race and the Writing of American History

... Invention of America: An Inquiry into the Historical Nature of the New World and the Meaning of Its History (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1961); Michael Householder, Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery: Narratives ...

Author: James Carson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137438638

Category: History

Page: 127

View: 416

This provocative analysis of American historiography argues that when scholars use modern racial language to articulate past histories of race and society, they collapse different historical signs of skin color into a transhistorical and essentialist notion of race that implicates their work in the very racial categories they seek to transcend.
Categories: History

The Routledge Hispanic Studies Companion to Colonial Latin America and the Caribbean 1492 1898

The Routledge Hispanic Studies Companion to Colonial Latin America and the Caribbean  1492 1898

Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery: Narratives of Encounter. Farnham, UK: Ashgate. Jennings, Francis. 1975. The Invasion of America: Indians, Colonialism, and the Cant of Conquest. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina ...

Author: Yolanda Martínez-San Miguel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351606349

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 442

View: 403

The Routledge Hispanic Studies Companion to Colonial Latin America and the Caribbean (1492-1898) brings together an international team of scholars to explore new interdisciplinary and comparative approaches for the study of colonialism. Using four overarching themes, the volume examines a wide array of critical issues, key texts, and figures that demonstrate the significance of Colonial Latin America and the Caribbean across national and regional traditions and historical periods. This invaluable resource will be of interest to students and scholars of Spanish and Latin American studies examining colonial Caribbean and Latin America at the intersection of cultural and historical studies; transatlantic, postcolonial and decolonial studies; and critical approaches to archives and materiality. This timely volume assesses the impact and legacy of colonialism and coloniality.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

The New World in Early Modern Italy 1492 1750

The New World in Early Modern Italy  1492 1750

22 Michael Househoulder's edited volume Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery focuses on the English colonization of North America through the study of English travel writing, revising David Quinn's comprehensive chronological ...

Author: Elizabeth Horodowich

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107122871

Category: History

Page: 350

View: 871

Italians became fascinated by the New World in the early modern period. While Atlantic World scholarship has traditionally tended to focus on the acts of conquest and the politics of colonialism, these essays consider the reception of ideas, images and goods from the Americas in the non-colonial state of Italy. Italians began to venerate images of the Peruvian Virgin of Copacabana, plant tomatoes, potatoes, and maize, and publish costume books showcasing the clothing of the kings and queens of Florida, revealing the powerful hold that the Americas had on the Italian imagination. By considering a variety of cases illuminating the presence of the Americas in Italy, this volume demonstrates how early modern Italian culture developed as much from multicultural contact - with Mexico, Peru, Brazil, and the Caribbean - as it did from the rediscovery of classical antiquity.
Categories: History

The Invention of Discovery 1500 1700

The Invention of Discovery  1500   1700

Qther Ashgate Titles of Interest Travel Narratives, the New Science and Literary Discourse in Early Modern England Edited by Judy A. Hayden Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery Narratives of Encounter Michael Householder Forms in ...

Author: Dr James Dougal Fleming

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781409478683

Category: Science

Page: 228

View: 442

The early modern period used to be known as the Age of Discovery. More recently, it has been troped as an age of invention. But was the invention/discovery binary itself invented, or discovered? This volume investigates the possibility that it was invented, through a range of early modern knowledge practices, centered on the emergence of modern natural science. From Bacon to Galileo, from stagecraft to math, from martyrology to romance, contributors to this interdisciplinary collection examine the period's generation of discovery as an absolute and ostensibly neutral standard of knowledge-production. They further investigate the hermeneutic implications for the epistemological authority that tends, in modernity, still to be based on that standard. The Invention of Discovery, 1500–1700 is a set of attempts to think back behind discovery, considered as a decisive trope for modern knowledge.
Categories: Science

Imagining the Americas in Medici Florence

Imagining the Americas in Medici Florence

The Italians and the Creation of America: An Exhibition at the John Carter Brown Library, Brown University. Providence: Brown University, 1980. Householder, Michael. Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery: Narratives of Encounter.

Author: Lia Markey

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9780271078229

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 936

The first full-length study of the impact of the discovery of the Americas on Italian Renaissance art and culture, Imagining the Americas in Medici Florence demonstrates that the Medici grand dukes of Florence were not only great patrons of artists but also early conservators of American culture. In collecting New World objects such as featherwork, codices, turquoise, and live plants and animals, the Medici grand dukes undertook a “vicarious conquest” of the Americas. As a result of their efforts, Renaissance Florence boasted one of the largest collections of objects from the New World as well as representations of the Americas in a variety of media. Through a close examination of archival sources, including inventories and Medici letters, Lia Markey uncovers the provenance, history, and meaning of goods from and images of the Americas in Medici collections, and she shows how these novelties were incorporated into the culture of the Florentine court. More than just a study of the discoveries themselves, this volume is a vivid exploration of the New World as it existed in the minds of the Medici and their contemporaries. Scholars of Italian and American art history will especially welcome and benefit from Markey’s insight.
Categories: History

Insatiable Appetites

Insatiable Appetites

American Anthropologists 73, no. ... New Discovery of a Vast Country in America by Father Louis Hennipin. ... Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery: Narratives EAP NYUP Watson Final.indd 220 2/11/15 2:21 PM 220 / bibliography.

Author: Kelly L. Watson

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814763476

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 826

A comparative history of cross-cultural encounters and the critical role of cannibalism in the early modern period. Cannibalism, for medieval and early modern Europeans, was synonymous with savagery. Humans who ate other humans, they believed, were little better than animals. The European colonizers who encountered Native Americans described them as cannibals as a matter of course, and they wrote extensively about the lurid cannibal rituals they claim to have witnessed. In this definitive analysis, Kelly L. Watson argues that the persistent rumors of cannibalism surrounding Native Americans served a specific and practical purpose for European settlers. These colonizers had to forge new identities for themselves in the Americas and find ways to not only subdue but also co-exist with native peoples. They established hierarchical categories of European superiority and Indian inferiority upon which imperial power in the Americas was predicated. In her close read of letters, travel accounts, artistic renderings, and other descriptions of cannibals and cannibalism, Watson focuses on how gender, race, and imperial power intersect within the figure of the cannibal. Watson reads cannibalism as a part of a dominant European binary in which civilization is rendered as male and savagery is seen as female, and she argues that as Europeans came to dominate the New World, they continually rewrote the cannibal narrative to allow for a story in which the savage, effeminate, cannibalistic natives were overwhelmed by the force of virile European masculinity. Original and historically grounded, Insatiable Appetites uses the discourse of cannibalism to uncover the ways in which difference is understood in the West.
Categories: History

Fur Fashion and Transatlantic Trade During the Seventeenth Century

Fur  Fashion and Transatlantic Trade During the Seventeenth Century

... 2005) Hornsby, S.J., British Atlantic, American Frontier: Spaces of Power in Early Modern British America (Hanover, 2005) Householder, M., Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery: Narratives of Encounter (Farnham, 2011) Hudson, ...

Author: John C. Appleby

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer

ISBN: 9781783275793

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 166

Offers insight, using the example of the Chesapeake Bay fur trade, into how the different elements of transatlantic trade in the seventeenth century fitted together.
Categories: Business & Economics

Religious Transformations in the Early Modern Americas

Religious Transformations in the Early Modern Americas

On Eden, see Michael Householder, Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery: Narratives of Encounter (Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2010); also Andrew Hadfield, “Peter Martyr, Richard Eden and the New World: Reading, Experience and ...

Author: Stephanie Kirk

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812290288

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 633

Christianity took root in the Americas during the early modern period when a historically unprecedented migration brought European clergy, religious seekers, and explorers to the New World. Protestant and Catholic settlers undertook the arduous journey for a variety of motivations. Some fled corrupt theocracies and sought to reclaim ancient principles and Christian ideals in a remote unsettled territory. Others intended to glorify their home nations and churches by bringing new lands and subjects under the rule of their kings. Many imagined the indigenous peoples they encountered as "savages" awaiting the salvific force of Christ. Whether by overtly challenging European religious authority and traditions or by adapting to unforeseen hardship and resistance, these envoys reshaped faith, liturgy, and ecclesiology and fundamentally transformed the practice and theology of Christianity. Religious Transformations in the Early Modern Americas explores the impact of colonial encounters in the Atlantic world on the history of Christianity. Essays from across disciplines examine religious history from a spatial perspective, tracing geographical movements and population dispersals as they were shaped by the millennial designs and evangelizing impulses of European empires. At the same time, religion provides a provocative lens through which to view patterns of social restriction, exclusion, and tension, as well as those of acculturation, accommodation, and resistance in a comparative colonial context. Through nuanced attention to the particularities of faith, especially Anglo-Protestant settlements in North America and the Ibero-Catholic missions in Latin America, Religious Transformations in the Early Modern Americas illuminates the complexity and variety of the colonial world as it transformed a range of Christian beliefs. Contributors: Ralph Bauer, David A. Boruchoff, Matt Cohen, Sir John Elliot, Carmen Fernández-Salvador, Júnia Ferreira Furtado, Sandra M. Gustafson, David D. Hall, Stephanie Kirk, Asunción Lavrin, Sarah Rivett, Teresa Toulouse.
Categories: History

Engaging Anthropological Theory

Engaging Anthropological Theory

American Ethnologist 4 (1): 117–135. Harris, Marvin. 1964. ... The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life. New York: The Free Press. ... Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery: Narratives of Encounter.

Author: Mark Moberg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351805193

Category: Social Science

Page: 440

View: 840

This updated second edition of Mark Moberg's lively book offers a fresh look at the history of anthropological theory. Covering key concepts and theorists, Engaging Anthropological Theory examines the historical context of anthropological ideas and the contested nature of anthropology itself. Anthropological ideas regarding human diversity have always been rooted in the sociopolitical conditions in which they arose and exploring them in context helps students understand how and why they evolved, and how theory relates to life and society. Illustrated throughout, this engaging text moves away from the dry recitation of past viewpoints in anthropology and brings the subject matter to life.
Categories: Social Science

The Book of Marvels and Travels

The Book of Marvels and Travels

46 Mario Klarer, 'Cannibalism and Carnivalesque: Incorporation as Utopia in the Early Image of America', ... 161–228; Michael Householder, Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery: Narratives of Encounter (Farnham, 2011), esp.

Author: John Mandeville

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199600601

Category: History

Page: 178

View: 544

In his Book of Marvels and Travels, Sir John Mandeville describes a journey from Europe to Jerusalem and on into Asia, and the many wonderful and monstrous peoples and practices in the East. A captivating blend of fact and fantasy, Mandeville's Book is newly translated in an edition that brings us closer to Mandeville's worldview.
Categories: History

Juan de Fuca s Strait

Juan de Fuca s Strait

[17] Michael Householder, Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery (Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, 2011), 17–18. [18] James McDermott, ed., The Third Voyage of Martin Frobisher to Baffin Island 1578 (London: Hakluyt Society, 2001), ...

Author: Barry Gough

Publisher: Harbour Publishing

ISBN: 9781550176537

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 347

The tale begins in sixteenth-century Venice, when explorer Juan de Fuca encountered English merchant Michael Lok and relayed a fantastic story of a marine passageway that connected the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. This tale would be the catalyst for centuries of dreaming, and exacerbate English and Spanish rivalry. The search for the fabled Northwest Passage inspired explorers to seek out fame, adventure, knowledge and riches. Likewise, the empires of Spain and Great Britain were impelled by the hopes of finding a naval trade route that would connect Europe to Asia, thus securing their dominance over the other as an economic power. The story of the Northwest Passage is one of significant figures and great empires, jostling for a distant corner of North America. Gough provides meticulously researched insight, delving into diplomatic records, narratives of explorers and commercial aspirants, legal affidavits and court records to illuminate the journeys of Martin Frobisher, James Cook, Francis Drake, Manuel Quimper, José María Narváez, George Vancouver and Juan Francisco de la Bodega y Quadra, among others. A sea venture tied up with piracy, political loyalty and betrayal, all bound up in a web of international intrigue, Juan de Fuca’s Strait is an indispensable contribution to the history of discovery on the Northwest Coast.
Categories: History

Inventing America

Inventing America

... nor does it share the curse of the first builder of boats common to such Golden Age poets and playwrights as Tirso de ... and its manufacturer become the master code for interpreting all possible prefigurations of the discovery .

Author: José Rabasa

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 080612539X

Category: History

Page: 281

View: 105

In Inventing America, José Rabasa presents the view that Columbus's historic act was not a discovery, and still less an encounter. Rather, he considers it the beginning of a process of inventing a New World in the sixteenth century European consciousness. The notion of America as a European invention challenges the popular conception of the New World as a natural entity to be discovered or understood, however imperfectly. This book aims to debunk complacency with the historic, geographic, and cartographic rudiments underlying our present picture of the world.
Categories: History

Inventing Exoticism

Inventing Exoticism

Mapping the Renaissance World: The Geographical Imagination in the Age of Discovery. Trans. D. Fausset, intro. ... Envisioning America: English Plans for the Colonization of North America, 1580–1640. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 1995.

Author: Benjamin Schmidt

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812290349

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 488

As early modern Europe launched its multiple projects of global empire, it simultaneously embarked on an ambitious program of describing and picturing the world. The shapes and meanings of the extraordinary global images that emerged from this process form the subject of this highly original and richly textured study of cultural geography. Inventing Exoticism draws on a vast range of sources from history, literature, science, and art to describe the energetic and sustained international engagements that gave birth to our modern conceptions of exoticism and globalism. Illustrated with more than two hundred images of engravings, paintings, ceramics, and more, Inventing Exoticism shows, in vivid example and persuasive detail, how Europeans came to see and understand the world at an especially critical juncture of imperial imagination. At the turn to the eighteenth century, European markets were flooded by books and artifacts that described or otherwise evoked non-European realms: histories and ethnographies of overseas kingdoms, travel narratives and decorative maps, lavishly produced tomes illustrating foreign flora and fauna, and numerous decorative objects in the styles of distant cultures. Inventing Exoticism meticulously analyzes these, while further identifying the particular role of the Dutch—"Carryers of the World," as Defoe famously called them—in the business of exotica. The form of early modern exoticism that sold so well, as this book shows, originated not with expansion-minded imperialists of London and Paris, but in the canny ateliers of Holland. By scrutinizing these materials from the perspectives of both producers and consumers—and paying close attention to processes of cultural mediation—Inventing Exoticism interrogates traditional postcolonial theories of knowledge and power. It proposes a wholly revisionist understanding of geography in a pivotal age of expansion and offers a crucial historical perspective on our own global culture as it engages in a media-saturated world.
Categories: History

Inventing American Exceptionalism

Inventing American Exceptionalism

The Origins of American Adversarial Legal Culture, 1800-1877 Amalia D. Kessler ... cross-examine the witnesses, viva voce, and by discovery of what is proved on one side, to be enabled to meet it by countervailing proof on the other.

Author: Amalia D. Kessler

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300198072

Category: Adversary system

Page: 449

View: 131

Cover -- Half-title -- Title -- Copyright -- Acknowledgments -- Introduction -- Chapter 1. The "Natural Elevation" of Equity: Quasi-Inquisitorial Procedure and the Early Nineteenth-Century Resurgence of Equity -- Chapter 2. A Troubled Inheritance: The English Procedural Tradition and Its Lawyer- Driven Reconfiguration in Early Nineteenth-Century New York -- Chapter 3. The Non-Revolutionary Field Code: Democratization, Docket Pressures, and Codification -- Chapter 4. Cultural Foundations of American Adversarialism: Civic Republicanism and the Decline of Equity's Quasi-Inquisitorial Tradition -- Chapter 5. Market Freedom and Adversarial Adjudication: The Nineteenth-Century American Debates over (European) Conciliation Courts and the Problem of Procedural Ordering -- Chapter 6. The Freedmen's Bureau Exception: The Triumph of Due (Adversarial) Process and the Dawn of Jim Crow -- Conclusion. The Question of American Exceptionalism and the Lessons of History -- Appendix. An Overview of the Archives -- Notes -- Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- Y -- Z
Categories: Adversary system

Mapping Colonial Spanish America

Mapping Colonial Spanish America

Mapping the Renaissance World: The Geographical Imagination in the Age of Discovery. Berkeley: California University Press. ... Inventing America: Spanish Historiographv and the Formation of Eurocentrism. Norman: University of Oklahoma ...

Author: Santa Arias

Publisher: Bucknell University Press

ISBN: 0838755097

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 302

View: 648

The essays inquire into the spatial configurations of colonial Spanish America and its inhabitants as they both relate to isues of alterity, identity, the economy of geographical representation, gender, and the construction of the colonial city. The volume indicated a variety of essays dealing with different geographical regions, including the centers of cultural production (such as Mexico and Peru) as well as marginalized colonial territories.
Categories: Literary Criticism

American Studies

American Studies

Jeffrey Burton Russell, Inventing the Flat Earth: Columbus and Modern Historians (New York, 1991). 41. ... Simon Schama, "Cleo Has a Problem," New York Times Magazine, September 18, 1 99 1 , 30-34. ... Columbus and the Age of Discovery.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015037031054

Category: United States

Page:

View: 808

Categories: United States

Kids Inventing

Kids Inventing

THE DISCOVERY CHANNEL YOUNG SCIENTIST CHALLENGE was launched by Discovery Communications, Inc., in partnership with Science Service, to nurture the next generation of American scientists at a critical age when interest ...

Author: Susan Casey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471660866

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 144

View: 964

Have you ever seen inventors on TV or in the newspaper and thought, "That could be me!" Well, it certainly could—and this book shows you how. Kids Inventing! gives you easy-to-follow, step-by-step instructions for turning your ideas into realities for fun, competition, and even profit. From finding an idea and creating a working model to patenting, manufacturing, and selling your invention, you get expert guidance in all the different stages of inventing. You'll see how to keep an inventor's log, present your ideas, and work as part of a team or with a mentor. You'll meet inspiring kids just like you who designed their own award-winning inventions. And you'll see how to prepare for the various state and national invention contests held each year, as well as international competitions and science fairs.
Categories: Juvenile Nonfiction