Introduction to Probability

Author: Joseph K. Blitzstein,Jessica Hwang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466575573

Category: Mathematics

Page: 596

View: 4877

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Developed from celebrated Harvard statistics lectures, Introduction to Probability provides essential language and tools for understanding statistics, randomness, and uncertainty. The book explores a wide variety of applications and examples, ranging from coincidences and paradoxes to Google PageRank and Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC). Additional application areas explored include genetics, medicine, computer science, and information theory. The print book version includes a code that provides free access to an eBook version. The authors present the material in an accessible style and motivate concepts using real-world examples. Throughout, they use stories to uncover connections between the fundamental distributions in statistics and conditioning to reduce complicated problems to manageable pieces. The book includes many intuitive explanations, diagrams, and practice problems. Each chapter ends with a section showing how to perform relevant simulations and calculations in R, a free statistical software environment.
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Introduction to Probability, Second Edition

Author: Joseph K. Blitzstein,Jessica Hwang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429766734

Category: Mathematics

Page: 620

View: 1548

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Developed from celebrated Harvard statistics lectures, Introduction to Probability provides essential language and tools for understanding statistics, randomness, and uncertainty. The book explores a wide variety of applications and examples, ranging from coincidences and paradoxes to Google PageRank and Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC). Additional application areas explored include genetics, medicine, computer science, and information theory. The authors present the material in an accessible style and motivate concepts using real-world examples. Throughout, they use stories to uncover connections between the fundamental distributions in statistics and conditioning to reduce complicated problems to manageable pieces. The book includes many intuitive explanations, diagrams, and practice problems. Each chapter ends with a section showing how to perform relevant simulations and calculations in R, a free statistical software environment. The second edition adds many new examples, exercises, and explanations, to deepen understanding of the ideas, clarify subtle concepts, and respond to feedback from many students and readers. New supplementary online resources have been developed, including animations and interactive visualizations, and the book has been updated to dovetail with these resources.
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Introduction to Probability with R

Author: Kenneth Baclawski

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420065220

Category: Mathematics

Page: 384

View: 2880

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Based on a popular course taught by the late Gian-Carlo Rota of MIT, with many new topics covered as well, Introduction to Probability with R presents R programs and animations to provide an intuitive yet rigorous understanding of how to model natural phenomena from a probabilistic point of view. Although the R programs are small in length, they are just as sophisticated and powerful as longer programs in other languages. This brevity makes it easy for students to become proficient in R. This calculus-based introduction organizes the material around key themes. One of the most important themes centers on viewing probability as a way to look at the world, helping students think and reason probabilistically. The text also shows how to combine and link stochastic processes to form more complex processes that are better models of natural phenomena. In addition, it presents a unified treatment of transforms, such as Laplace, Fourier, and z; the foundations of fundamental stochastic processes using entropy and information; and an introduction to Markov chains from various viewpoints. Each chapter includes a short biographical note about a contributor to probability theory, exercises, and selected answers. The book has an accompanying website with more information.
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An Introduction to Statistical Inference and Its Applications with R

Author: Michael W. Trosset

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584889489

Category: Mathematics

Page: 496

View: 2592

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Emphasizing concepts rather than recipes, An Introduction to Statistical Inference and Its Applications with R provides a clear exposition of the methods of statistical inference for students who are comfortable with mathematical notation. Numerous examples, case studies, and exercises are included. R is used to simplify computation, create figures, and draw pseudorandom samples—not to perform entire analyses. After discussing the importance of chance in experimentation, the text develops basic tools of probability. The plug-in principle then provides a transition from populations to samples, motivating a variety of summary statistics and diagnostic techniques. The heart of the text is a careful exposition of point estimation, hypothesis testing, and confidence intervals. The author then explains procedures for 1- and 2-sample location problems, analysis of variance, goodness-of-fit, and correlation and regression. He concludes by discussing the role of simulation in modern statistical inference. Focusing on the assumptions that underlie popular statistical methods, this textbook explains how and why these methods are used to analyze experimental data.
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An Introduction to Statistical Computing

A Simulation-based Approach

Author: Jochen Voss

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118728025

Category: Mathematics

Page: 400

View: 8013

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A comprehensive introduction to sampling-based methods in statistical computing The use of computers in mathematics and statistics has opened up a wide range of techniques for studying otherwise intractable problems. Sampling-based simulation techniques are now an invaluable tool for exploring statistical models. This book gives a comprehensive introduction to the exciting area of sampling-based methods. An Introduction to Statistical Computing introduces the classical topics of random number generation and Monte Carlo methods. It also includes some advanced methods such as the reversible jump Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm and modern methods such as approximate Bayesian computation and multilevel Monte Carlo techniques An Introduction to Statistical Computing: Fully covers the traditional topics of statistical computing. Discusses both practical aspects and the theoretical background. Includes a chapter about continuous-time models. Illustrates all methods using examples and exercises. Provides answers to the exercises (using the statistical computing environment R); the corresponding source code is available online. Includes an introduction to programming in R. This book is mostly self-contained; the only prerequisites are basic knowledge of probability up to the law of large numbers. Careful presentation and examples make this book accessible to a wide range of students and suitable for self-study or as the basis of a taught course
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Introduction to Multivariate Analysis

Author: Chris Chatfield,A. Collins

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780412160400

Category: Mathematics

Page: 248

View: 308

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This book provides an introduction to the analysis of multivariate data.It describes multivariate probability distributions, the preliminary analysisof a large -scale set of data, princ iple component and factor analysis,traditional normal theory material, as well as multidimensional scaling andcluster analysis.Introduction to Multivariate Analysis provides a reasonable blend oftheory and practice. Enough theory is given to introduce the concepts andto make the topics mathematically interesting. In addition the authors discussthe use (and misuse) of the techniques in pra ctice and present appropriatereal-life examples from a variety of areas includ ing agricultural research,soc iology and crim inology. The book should be suitable both for researchworkers and as a text for students taking a course on multivariate analysis.
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Introduction to Statistical Limit Theory

Author: Alan M. Polansky

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420076612

Category: Mathematics

Page: 645

View: 5186

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Helping students develop a good understanding of asymptotic theory, Introduction to Statistical Limit Theory provides a thorough yet accessible treatment of common modes of convergence and their related tools used in statistics. It also discusses how the results can be applied to several common areas in the field. The author explains as much of the background material as possible and offers a comprehensive account of the modes of convergence of random variables, distributions, and moments, establishing a firm foundation for the applications that appear later in the book. The text includes detailed proofs that follow a logical progression of the central inferences of each result. It also presents in-depth explanations of the results and identifies important tools and techniques. Through numerous illustrative examples, the book shows how asymptotic theory offers deep insight into statistical problems, such as confidence intervals, hypothesis tests, and estimation. With an array of exercises and experiments in each chapter, this classroom-tested book gives students the mathematical foundation needed to understand asymptotic theory. It covers the necessary introductory material as well as modern statistical applications, exploring how the underlying mathematical and statistical theories work together.
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Elementary Applications of Probability Theory, Second Edition

Author: Henry C. Tuckwell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780412576201

Category: Mathematics

Page: 296

View: 8416

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This book provides a clear and straightforward introduction to applications of probability theory with examples given in the biological sciences and engineering. The first chapter contains a summary of basic probability theory. Chapters two to five deal with random variables and their applications. Topics covered include geometric probability, estimation of animal and plant populations, reliability theory and computer simulation. Chapter six contains a lucid account of the convergence of sequences of random variables, with emphasis on the central limit theorem and the weak law of numbers. The next four chapters introduce random processes, including random walks and Markov chains illustrated by examples in population genetics and population growth. This edition also includes two chapters which introduce, in a manifestly readable fashion, the topic of stochastic differential equations and their applications.
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The BUGS Book

A Practical Introduction to Bayesian Analysis

Author: David Lunn,Chris Jackson,Nicky Best,Andrew Thomas,David Spiegelhalter

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466586664

Category: Mathematics

Page: 399

View: 2054

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Bayesian statistical methods have become widely used for data analysis and modelling in recent years, and the BUGS software has become the most popular software for Bayesian analysis worldwide. Authored by the team that originally developed this software, The BUGS Book provides a practical introduction to this program and its use. The text presents complete coverage of all the functionalities of BUGS, including prediction, missing data, model criticism, and prior sensitivity. It also features a large number of worked examples and a wide range of applications from various disciplines. The book introduces regression models, techniques for criticism and comparison, and a wide range of modelling issues before going into the vital area of hierarchical models, one of the most common applications of Bayesian methods. It deals with essentials of modelling without getting bogged down in complexity. The book emphasises model criticism, model comparison, sensitivity analysis to alternative priors, and thoughtful choice of prior distributions—all those aspects of the "art" of modelling that are easily overlooked in more theoretical expositions. More pragmatic than ideological, the authors systematically work through the large range of "tricks" that reveal the real power of the BUGS software, for example, dealing with missing data, censoring, grouped data, prediction, ranking, parameter constraints, and so on. Many of the examples are biostatistical, but they do not require domain knowledge and are generalisable to a wide range of other application areas. Full code and data for examples, exercises, and some solutions can be found on the book’s website.
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