Introduction to Political Psychology

3rd Edition

Author: Martha L. Cottam,Elena Mastors,Thomas Preston,Beth Dietz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131737164X

Category: Political Science

Page: 522

View: 3049

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This comprehensive, user-friendly introductory textbook to political psychology explores the psychological origins of political behavior. The authors introduce readers to a broad range of theories, concepts, and case studies of political activity to illustrate that behavior. The book examines many patterns of political behaviors, including leadership, group behavior, voting, media effects, race, ethnicity, nationalism, social movements, terrorism, war, and genocide. It explores some of the most horrific things people do to each other, as well as how to prevent and resolve conflict – and how to recover from it. The book contains numerous features to enhance understanding, including text boxes highlighting current and historical events to help students see the connection between the world around them and the concepts they are learning. Different research methodologies used in the discipline are employed, such as experimentation and content analysis. The third edition of the book has two new chapters, one on the media, and one on social movements. This accessible and engaging introductory textbook is suitable as a primary text on a range of upper-level courses in political psychology, political behavior, and related fields, including policymaking.
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Introduction to Political Psychology

Author: Martha L. Cottam,Elena Mastors,Thomas Preston,Beth Dietz

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135651167

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 9586

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The first comprehensive textbook on political psychology, this user-friendly volume explores the psychological origins of political behavior. Using psychological concepts to explain types of political behavior, the authors introduce a broad range of theories and cases of political activity to illustrate the behavior. The book examines many patterns of political behaviors including leadership, group behavior, voting, race, ethnicity, nationalism, political extremism, terrorism, war, and genocide. Text boxes highlight current and historical events to help students see the connection between the world around them and the concepts they are learning. Examples highlight a variety of research methodologies used in the discipline such as experimentation and content analysis. The "Political Being" is used throughout to remind the reader of the psychological theories and concepts to be explored in each chapter. Introduction to Political Psychology explores some of the most horrific things people do to one another for political purposes, as well as how to prevent and resolve conflict, and how to recover from it. The goal is to help the reader understand the enormous complexity of human behavior and the significant role political psychology can play in improving the human condition. Designed for upper division courses on political psychology or political behavior, this volume also contains material of interest to those in the policymaking community.
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Introduction to Political Psychology

2nd Edition

Author: Martha L. Cottam,Elena Mastors,Beth Dietz,Thomas Preston

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1136950710

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

View: 1403

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This comprehensive, user-friendly introductory textbook to political psychology explores the psychological origins of political behavior. The authors introduce readers to a broad range of theories, concepts, and case studies of political activity to illustrate that behavior. The book examines many patterns of political behaviors, including leadership, group behavior, voting, race, ethnicity, nationalism, terrorism, war, and genocide. It explores some of the most horrific things people do to one another for political purposes, as well as how to prevent and resolve conflict -- and how to recover from it. The goal is to help the reader understand the enormous complexity of human behavior and the significant role political psychology can play in improving the human condition. The book contains numerous pedagogical features, including text boxes highlighting current and historical events to help students see the connection between the world around them and the concepts they are learning. Different research methodologies used in the discipline are employed, such as experimentation and content analysis. The "Political Being" is used throughout to remind the reader of the psychological theories and concepts to be explored in each chapter. New to the second edition is coverage of recent political events, including the 2008 US presidential election, Darfur, Iraq, and Afghanistan. There are now separate chapters on race, ethnic conflicts, terrorism, and conflict resolution. In addition, instructor resources are available online. This accessible and engaging introductory textbook is suitable as a primary text on a range of upper-level courses in political psychology, political behavior, and related fields, including policymaking.
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Introduction to Forensic Psychology

Research and Application

Author: Curt R. Bartol,Anne M. Bartol

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1412991757

Category: Social Science

Page: 558

View: 4146

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This book is a broad introduction to the field of forensic psychology. While students most often associate forensic psychology with criminal profiling, crime-scene investigations, and serial murder, this text covers the many other areas where psychology has played a significant role in providing research knowledge to the civil and criminal justice systems. The book is a readable summary of contemporary research and practice across a broad spectrum of topics. Practical applications are discussed where pertinent, and case law discussions are found throughout the text. This book is designed for undergraduate and graduate students studying forensic psychology in psychology, criminal justice, and criminology courses. This book will also be of interest to mental health professionals and anyone looking for a basic overview of the field. New to the Third Edition: - more real-life cases, new guest essays, and 2-3 new photos per chapter involve students in the 'human side' of forensic psychology - new information on timely topics - such as relationships between mental disorders and crime and violence, sexual deviance, death penalty mitigation, restorative justice initiatives, arson and typologies of juvenille offenders, sexual harassment, and criminal sentencing - new focus boxes cover drug courts, doctoral programs in forensic psychology, the 'choking game', the Innocence Project, bias crime, and many others - a greater emphasis on clinical psychology throughout - thoroughly revised coverage of police psychology - substantially re-organized material on profiling - revised and expanded lecturer resources and student study site Key Features of the Third Edition: - broad coverage makes the text ideal for undergraduate and postgraduate students of both criminology and psychology - exposes readers to the many careers related to forensic psychology - concentrates on the application side of the field, focusing on research-based forensic practice to emphasize the use of psychological knowledge, concepts, and principles - emphasises the multicultural perspective that is an integral part of the day-to-day work of all practicing and research psychologists - in-text learning aids include chapter-opening learning objectives, chapter-ending review questions, chapter summaries, and a glossary of key terms.
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An Introduction to Political Communication

Author: Brian McNair

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415307086

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 250

View: 1797

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An Introduction to Political Communicationexplores the relationship between politics, the media and democracy in the UK, the USA and other contemporary societies. Brian McNair examines how politicians, trade unions, pressure groups, non-governmental organizations and terrorist organizations make use of the media. Separate chapters look at political media and their effects, the work of political advertising, marketing and public relations and the communication practices of organizations at all levels, from grassroots campaigning through to governments and international bodies. Recent developments covered in the new edition include: * the re-election of New Labour in 2001 * the changes in government information and communication policy introduced by the Blair administration since 1997 * the 2000 election of George W. Bush in the United States * the NATO interventions in Kosovo and the former Yugoslavia * the implications for international political communication of September 11 * the emergence of Al-Quaida and the war on terror.
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Introduction to Industrial/organizational Psychology

Author: Ronald E. Riggio

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780130482358

Category: Psychology

Page: 556

View: 7977

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Introduction to Industrial/Organizational Psychologyprovides an inviting and comprehensive introduction to the field of industrial/organizational (I/O) psychology. Two important themes guided the writing of this textbook. First, because I/O psychology is a field with both a strong scientific base and an applied orientation, the book demonstrates the connection between psychological theory and application: Theoretical concepts are shown to lead to useful interventions. Second, this book was designed and written with the student in mind. Whenever possible, the text draws on examples and illustrations from the world of work that students understand. For instance, many work-setting examples include service industries, such as retail chains and fast food restaurants, rather than concentrating solely on traditional office or factory work settings. Introduction to Industrial/Organizational Psychologyis an introductory textbook that appeals to a wide range of students with varying academic backgrounds. It is designed for use in undergraduate survey courses in I/O psychology or in psychology of work behavior courses, and is suited for courses that contain a mix of psychology majors and nonmajors. The text is appropriate for courses at four-year colleges and universities, as well as two-year, community colleges. While the book is written at a level that makes the material accessible to students who are relatively new to the field of psychology, the coverage of topics is comprehensive. The text includes "classic" theories and research along with the latest developments and innovations to make this a thorough and challenging overview of the field. What's New: The Fourth Edition A great deal has happened in the world of work since the last edition. The rise and fall of dot.com companies, the volatility of the stock market, the changing nature of work (virtual work organizations, increasing globalization and diversity, etc.), and research on work behavior continues to grow. This edition reflects those changes, while retaining the core that those people familiar with this book will recognize. As in previous editions, this edition is thoroughly referenced and designed as a resource for both the teacher and student—a resource that gives a comprehensive overview but can also be used as a starting point for advanced investigations into the field of 1/O psychology. The major changes and additions in this edition are as follows: More of the text is devoted to the "I" side of I/O Psychology, with updated chapters on job analysis, including coverage of O*NET, a greatly expanded chapter on employee screening, testing and selection, and a change in ordering, so that performance appraisals, and discussion of criterion issues, immediately follows the chapter on selection. Greatly expanded coverage of job satisfaction and work stress, with inclusion of information about work conditions (Chapter 16 from the 3rd edition), as well as sections on positive and negative emotions and behaviors in the workplace. A new Chapter 15, providing an overview of two areas related to I/O Psychology—Human Factors and Occupational Health Psychology. Thoroughly updated. The latest research on each key topic has been included. There are more than 300 new references. Again, students will find this an excellent resource for term papers and in their future coursework. Expanded instructor's manual and ancillaries. The instructor's manual and testbank has been expanded and updated, and includes exercises and additional material. Text Structure Introduction to Industrial/Organizational Psychologyis divided into five parts. Part One provides an introduction to the field and an overview of research methods used by I/O psychologists. Part Two covers employee and personnel issues, including separate chapters on job analysis, employee selection, evaluating employee performance, and employee training. Part Three is called "Worker Issues" and deals with processes that are worker-centered: worker motivation, job satisfaction, and stress. Part Four covers organizational topics that are group-oriented: communication, group processes, leadership, organizational power and politics, organizational structure, and culture and development. Part Five deals with areas related to I/O psychology, including the topics of human factors psychology and occupational health psychology. Special features included in each chapter of Introduction to Industrial/ Organizational Psychology complement the text narrative and provide further illustrations and examples of I/O psychology in the "real world." One of these features, "Applying I/O Psychology," takes some of the theoretical and research material presented in the chapter and shows how I/O psychologists apply this knowledge to make positive changes in actual work settings. A second feature, "Up Close" (which is particularly student-oriented), provides students with practical information concerning how I/O psychology can increase understanding of everyday work situations. A third feature, "On the Cutting Edge," highlights more current areas of research or practice in I/O psychology. "Inside Tips," found at the beginning of each chapter, is designed to connect chapters and help students see the "big picture" of the field of I/O psychology, as well as to provide specific study tips. The chapters are designed to facilitate learning. Each chapter begins with an outline of the topics and ends with a chapter summary and a series of study questions/exercises that help students review and think about the chapter material. "Stop and Review" questions are strategically placed in the margins. These questions are designed to allow the student to "self-test" whether she or he has retained important material just read or studied. A glossary of key terms also appears throughout the chapters, with amore complete alphabetical glossary at the end of the book. The text is complemented by an instructor's resource book prepared by Heidi Riggio, Amber Garcia, and me. We have worked hard to make this ancillary package the best available. It includes detailed outlines, suggestions for lectures, discussion questions, in-class exercises, audiovisual resources, transparency masters, and other special features. To the Student (Please don't skip this. It will help.) This book was written for you. When I decided to write the first edition of this text in 1987, I did so because my students complained about the texts I had been using. I was not happy with them either. They simply weren't accessible. They were too technical and not "student friendly." So, when I wrote this book (and subsequent editions), I have tried to keep my students in mind every step of the way. I have tried to keep the book current, readable, and relevant to students' current and future working lives. There are special features, such as the "Stop and Review" questions that were created to help you determine if you are retaining the material you are reading and studying. This text is set up to cover the broad-ranging field of I/O psychology, and I've tried to keep it interesting and lively. In addition, the text is designed, not only to maximize learning, but to be a resource book for continued explorations of the field of I/O psychology. For instance, there is career and educational information about the field, and the book is very thoroughly referenced. Although some students may find it distracting to have points referenced with "(Author, year)" throughout, these references will be extremely useful in finding starting points for term papers or future. exploration. I hope that you will find this text an important, permanent addition to your personal library. It is a book that can be used in future scholarly work and you will find it a useful reference in your later career. I would like to thank the student readers of previous editions for their valuable input, suggestions, and comments about the text. Please let me hear from you, as well. How to Read and Study this Book This book is set up to maximize your learning about industrial/organizational psychology. Key terms are set in boldface type when they are fiat discussed, and brief definitions of these terms appear in the adjacent margins (longer definitions are at the end in a glossary). You should look over the key terms before you begin reading a chapter and then alert yourself to them as you read. As you move along you can test yourself by using the margin definitions. Of course, the key terms deal only with major points in each chapter for there is much more to mastering the material. Not only should you be able to define important terms and concepts, but you should also know how they apply to work behavior. As you learn the important points made throughout the book, stop occasionally and ask yourself such questions as, "How does this apply to the working world that I know?" "Have I seen examples of this concept before?" "How can the material that I am learning be applied in my own working life?" "How can this new information help me to see work and work behavior in a new way?" Also located in the margins are brief "Stop and Review" questions. Their purpose is to stop you at certain points in your reading/studying, so that you can go back and review the material just covered. Often, students find that they get caught up in the reading, and they forget to retain or "encode" the material for later recall. The review questions are intended to help you check if you are retaining important pieces of information. Three other chapter features are also set off from the text. The first, "Applying 1/O Psychology," deals with specific applications of I/O psychology theories or concepts. The "Up Close" feature offers helpful research-based information that can further your understanding of your past, present, or future world of work. These usually take a how-to approach to some common issue or problem at work. Finally, "On the Cutting Edge" offers some latest developments in the field. At the beginning of each chapter is another learning aid called "Inside Tips." This aid will help you understand how the various chapters and topic areas fit together. They may also offer suggestions on how to study the information in the chapter. At the end of each chapter is a brief summary of the central concepts. There are also study questions and exercises designed to make you think a little more about the topics presented and to review and apply what you have learned. Finally, there are suggestions for additional reading. These usually include at least one reference book related to the general theme of the chapter (useful as a starting point for research papers), and a couple of topical readings—books or journal review articles on a specific topic. Welcome to 1/O psychology.
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Introduction to Vygotsky

Author: Harry Daniels

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317298667

Category: Psychology

Page: 294

View: 3642

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This thoroughly updated third edition provides students with an accessible overview of Vygotsky’s work, combining reprints of key journal and text articles with rich editorial commentary. Lev Vygotsky provided the twentieth century with an enticing mix of intellectual traditions within an attempt to provide an account of the social formation of the mind. His legacy is an exciting, but at times challenging fusion of ideas. Retaining a multi-disciplinary theme, Introduction to Vygotsky, 3rd edition begins with a review of current interpretations of Vygotksy’s original work. Harry Daniels goes on to consider the development of Vygotsky’s work against a backdrop of political turmoil in the developing USSR. Major elements explored within the volume include the use of the 'culture' concept in social development theory, the development of means of describing social life, the concept of mediation, and implications for teaching, learning and assessment This book will be essential reading for Vygotskian students in developmental psychology, education and social sciences, as well as to students on specialised courses on cultural, cross-cultural and socio-cultural psychology, philosophical psychology, philosophy of science, history of psychology and Soviet/Russian history.
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Politics, the Basics

Author: Stephen D. Tansey

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415303286

Category: Political Science

Page: 270

View: 8873

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This is an introduction to politics for those who wish to know what it's all about and why they should study it. It is designed to trigger the imagination of readers and encourage them to look for politics beyond the usual narrow definition.
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An Introduction to Film Studies

Author: Jill Nelmes

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415262699

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 500

View: 2832

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An Introduction to Film Studies has established itself as the leading textbook for students of cinema. This revised and updated third edition guides students through the key issues and concepts in film studies, and introduces some of the world's key national cinemas including British, Indian, Soviet and French. Written by experienced teachers in the field and lavishly illustrated with over 122 film stills and production shots, it will be essential reading for any student of film.Features of the third edition include:*full coverage of all the key topics at undergraduate level*comprehensive and up-to-date information and new case studies on recent films such as Gladiator , Spiderman , The Blair Witch Project, Fight Club , Shrek and The Matrix*annotated key readings, further viewing, website resources, study questions, a comprehensive bibliography and indexes, and a glossary of key terms will help lecturers prepare tutorials and encourage students to undertake independent study.Individual chapters include:*Film form and narrative*Spectator, audience and response*Critical approaches to Hollywood cinema: authorship, genre and stars*Animation: forms and meaning*Gender and film*Lesbian and gay cinema*British cinema*Soviet montage Cinema*French New Wave*Indian Cinema
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