Introducing Epigenetics

Introducing Epigenetics

In Introducing Epigenetics, Cath Ennis and Oliver Pugh pull apart the double helix, examining how the epigenetic building blocks and messengers that interpret and edit our genes help to make us, well, us.

Author: Cath Ennis

Publisher: Icon Books Ltd

ISBN: 9781848319035

Category: Science

Page: 176

View: 656

Epigenetics is the most exciting field in biology today, developing our understanding of how and why we inherit certain traits, develop diseases and age, and evolve as a species. This non-fiction comic book introduces us to genetics, cell biology and the fascinating science of epigenetics, which is rapidly filling in the gaps in our knowledge, allowing us to make huge advances in medicine. We’ll look at what identical twins can teach us about the epigenetic effects of our environment and experiences, why certain genes are 'switched on' or off at various stages of embryonic development, and how scientists have reversed the specialization of cells to clone frogs from a single gut cell. In Introducing Epigenetics, Cath Ennis and Oliver Pugh pull apart the double helix, examining how the epigenetic building blocks and messengers that interpret and edit our genes help to make us, well, us.
Categories: Science

Animal Biotechnology

Animal Biotechnology

Introduction to the analysis of the human Gbanded karyotype. Methods Mol. Biol. 220, 259À269. Tjio, J.H., Levan, A., ... Introducing Epigenetics:A Graphic Guide;by Cath Ennis and Oliver Pugh. 7 April 2016; Publisher: Icon Books Ltd. 176 ...

Author: Ashish S. Verma

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128117255

Category: Medical

Page: 798

View: 448

Animal Biotechnology: Models in Discovery and Translation, Second Edition, provides a helpful guide to anyone seeking a thorough review of animal biotechnology and its application to human disease and welfare. This updated edition covers vital fundamentals, including animal cell cultures, genome sequencing analysis, epigenetics and animal models, gene expression, and ethics and safety concerns, along with in-depth examples of implications for human health and prospects for the future. New chapters cover animal biotechnology as applied to various disease types and research areas, including in vitro fertilization, human embryonic stem cell research, biosensors, enteric diseases, biopharming, organ transplantation, tuberculosis, neurodegenerative disorders, and more. Highlights the latest biomedical applications of genetically modified and cloned animals, with a focus on cancer and infectious diseases Offers first-hand accounts of the use of biotechnology tools, including molecular markers, stem cells, animal cultures, tissue engineering, ADME and CAM Assay Includes case studies that illustrate safety assessment issues, ethical considerations, and intellectual property rights associated with the translation of animal biotechnology studies
Categories: Medical

Juvenescence

Juvenescence

(2017) Gene Editing, Epigenetic, Cloning and Therapy, Amin Elserawi PhD, AuthorHouse (2016) The Grain Brain Whole Life Plan: ... Joseph Jebelli, John Murray (2017) Introducing Epigenetics: A Graphic Guide, Cath Ennis and Oliver Pugh, ...

Author: Jim Mellon

Publisher: Harriman House Limited

ISBN: 9780993047824

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 438

View: 306

Categories: Business & Economics

Anatomy and Physiology for Midwives E Book

Anatomy and Physiology for Midwives E Book

Ennis C: Introducing epigenetics; a graphic guide, London, 2017, Icon Books. A slim and succinct book about genetics, cell biology and epigenetics written by a journalist with a background in science and research expertise in cancer and ...

Author: Jane Coad

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780702066658

Category: Medical

Page: 512

View: 533

This is a new edition of a highly popular text which presents the fascinating field of reproductive anatomy and physiology in a style which is perfect for student midwives. Presenting often complex information in an easy-to-understand manner, this useful volume builds up from the founding principles of human structure and function through to conception, embryological development and foetal growth, parturition and the transition to neonatal life. Fully updated throughout with the latest advances in the field, additional topics include sexual differentiation and behaviour, human genetics and genetic disorders, immunology, and maternal and infant nutrition. Containing over 200 line artworks to support the text, each chapter comes with Learning Outcome boxes, Case Studies, Key Points and Application to Practice boxes, all of which reinforce learning and help ‘bring the subject to life’. A well-established introduction to the science underpinning modern midwifery practice, Anatomy and Physiology for Midwives 4th edition will be ideal for all students of midwifery, including anyone returning to practice. Highly popular midwifery resource that explains the principles of reproductive A&P in an accessible and friendly manner Learning Objectives at the start of each chapter help readers structure their study time Case Studies ‘bring the subject to life’ and provide an opportunity to reflect on the implications for clinical practice Acknowledges the importance of underlying research and integrates theory and practice End of chapter Key Points and Application to Practice boxes further reinforce learning Helps midwives deal with questions from increasingly informed ‘parents to be’ More than 200 illustrations help clarify sometimes complex anatomical, physiological and clinical information
Categories: Medical

DNA

DNA

A Graphic Guide to the Molecule that Shook the World Israel Rosenfield, Edward Ziff, Borin Van Loon. Contents. Preface Introduction A Brief History of Genetics What Is DNA? The New Biology DNA Replication What Information Is Stored in a ...

Author: Israel Rosenfield

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231512312

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 243

A graphic portrayal of a complicated science for a wide range of readers, full of humor, depth, and philosophical and historical insight. Suitable for use in and out of the classroom, this volume covers DNA’s many marvels, from its original discovery in 1869 to early-twentieth-century debates on the mechanisms of inheritance and the deeper nature of life’s evolution and variety. Even readers who lack a background in science and philosophy will learn a tremendous amount from this engaging narrative. The book elucidates DNA’s relationship to health and the cause and cure of disease. It also covers the creation of new life forms, nanomachines, and perspectives on crime detection, and considers the philosophical sources of classical Darwinian theory and recent, radical changes in the understanding of evolution itself. Already these developments have profoundly affected our notions about living things. Borin Van Loon’s humorous illustrations recount the contributions of Gregor Mendel, Frederick Griffith, James Watson, and Francis Crick, among other biologists, scientists, and researchers, and vividly depict the modern controversies surrounding the Human Genome Project and cloning. “A unique, richly detailed, and fun biography of DNA grounded in deep historical and philosophical knowledge . . . Everything we need to know about biology’s most important molecule.” —Olive Sacks, author of Everything In Its Place “A remarkable book . . . Novel, easy to read, and fun . . . I spent many years mastering genetics yet learned new and valuable things from this book.” —Robert Trivers, author of Wild Life: Adventures of an Evolutionary Biologist
Categories: Science

The American Psychiatric Association Publishing Textbook of Personality Disorders

The American Psychiatric Association Publishing Textbook of Personality Disorders

Am J Psychiatry 172:607–613, 2015 Stein MB, Siefert CJ: Introduction to the special section on the Social Cognition ... Cognition and Object Relations Global Rating Method (SCORSG): A Comprehensive Guide for Clinicians and Researchers.

Author: Andrew E. Skodol

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 9781615373741

Category: Medical

Page: 760

View: 748

The subject of personality -- what makes each of us unique and different from one another -- has long been a topic of universal fascination. From a medical perspective, research on personality disorders has expanded with the advent of standardized diagnostic systems. This continuing and increased activity and progress in the field spurred the development of this third edition of The American Psychiatric Association Publishing Textbook of Personality Disorders. With an emphasis on updating the information most relevant to clinicians, this new edition features contributions from established experts in the field as well as a new generation of scientists. Dozens of tables, illustrative figures, and real-life case examples summarize the vast data that continue to accumulate in five key areas: Clinical concepts, including theories of personality disorders, as well as their manifestations, assessment, and diagnosis. This opening section also describes the Alternative DSM-5 Model for Personality Disorders in detail. Risk factors for, and the etiology and impact of, personality disorders. This section of the book examines data on prevalence, sociodemographics, and levels of functional impairment associated with personality disorders. It offers both a developmental and a genetic/neurobiological perspective and describes the symptomatic and functional outcomes of personality disorders. Treatment options across therapeutic modalities. A new, cutting-edge chapter argues for the early identification of borderline psychopathology in children and young adolescents, in an effort to prevent full-blown disorder later in life. Additional chapters delve into an array of individual psychotherapies, pharmacotherapeutic options, and group, family, and couples therapies. Guidance on forming and maintaining a therapeutic alliance and on avoiding boundary violations in treating patients with personality disorders is provided. Special problems, populations, and settings, including suicide, substance use disorders, antisocial behavior, personality pathology in general medical settings, and personality disorders among active-duty military. The usefulness of translational research to deepen understanding of the biopsychosocial nature of the personality disorders, particularly borderline personality disorder. This comprehensive textbook is an essential resource for clinicians looking to stay on the vanguard of a rapidly growing field.
Categories: Medical

Ecological Developmental Biology

Ecological Developmental Biology

It looks at examples where the environment provides expected cues for normal development and where the organism develops improperly without such cues.

Author: Scott F. Gilbert

Publisher: Sinauer Associates Incorporated

ISBN: 0878932992

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 410

"When the molecular processes of epigenetics meet the ecological processes of phenotypic plasticity, the result is a revolutionary new field: ecological developmental biology, or "eco-devo." This new science studies development in the "real world" of predators, pathogens, competitors, symbionts, toxic compounds, temperature changes, and nutritional differences. These environmental agents can result in changes to an individual's phenotype, often implemented when signals from the environment elicit epigenetic changes in gene expression. Ecological developmental biology is a truly integrative biology, detailing the interactions between developing organisms and their environmental contexts. Ecological developmental biology also provides a systems approach to the study of pathology, integrating the studies of diabetes, cancers, obesity, and the aging syndrome into the framework of an ecologically sensitive developmental biology. It looks at examples where the environment provides expected cues for normal development and where the organism develops improperly without such cues. Data from research on teratology, endocrine disruptors, and microbial symbioses, when integrated into a developmental context, may have enormous implications for human health as well as the overall health of Earth's ecosystems. The study of epigenetics--changes in gene expression that are not the result of changes in a gene's DNA sequence--has recently provided startling insights not only into mechanisms of development, but also into the mechanisms and processes of evolution. The notion that epialleles (changes in chromosome structure that alter gene expression) can be induced by environmental agents and transmitted across generations has altered our notions of evolution, as have new experiments documenting the genetic fixation of environmentally induced changes in development. The widespread use of symbiosis in development provides new targets for natural selection. Ecological developmental biology integrates these new ideas into an extended evolutionary synthesis that retains and enriches the notion of evolution by natural selection."--Publisher's description.
Categories: Science

Paramecium

Paramecium

A full account of Paramecium genetics, this book presents a wealth of time-consuming observations and remarkable phenomena that will lead to a better understanding of complex cells.

Author: Geoffrey Beale

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0415257859

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 795

The techniques used to decipher the genetic makeup of species as well as epigenetic mechanisms are essential for explaining life forms and studying their DNA. As a eukaryotic model, Paramecium is well suited for genetic analysis. Taking a rather unconventional view of genetics, Paramecium: Genetics and Epigenetics explores how to use this protozoan as a basis for studying complex cells. The book discusses various aspects of Paramecium, including the cortex, the cytoplasm, nuclei, asexual fission, conjugation, autogamy,macronuclear regeneration, cytogamy, life cycle phases, and behavior. It examines the assorted mating types of the genus and how these mating types are determined. It also elucidates some techniques that identify genetically defined genes with the DNA from a library that comprises those genes and details the genetic, epigenetic, chemical, and molecular facets of several different traits. In addition, the authors chronicle the history and reemergence of investigating RNA and DNA in Paramecium. With many powerful tools now available, Paramecium research is entering a new frontier in molecular biology. A full account of Paramecium genetics, this book presents a wealth of time-consuming observations and remarkable phenomena that will lead to a better understanding of complex cells.
Categories: Science