Most people know that he said 'I think, therefore I am', even if they are not always sure what he really meant by it. Introducing Descartes explains what Descartes doubted, and why he is usually called the father of modern philosophy.
Author: Dave Robinson
Publisher: Icon Books Ltd
René Descartes is famous as the philosopher who was prepared to doubt everything- even his own physical existence. Most people also know that he said 'I think, therefore I am', even if they are not always sure what he really meant by it. Introducing Descartes explains what Descartes doubted, and why he is usually called the father of modern philosophy. It is a clear and accessible guide to all the puzzling questions he asked about human beings and their place in the world. Dave Robinson and Chris Garratt give a lucid account of Descartes' contributions to modern science, mathematics, and the philosophy of mind- and also reveal why he liked to do all of his serious thinking in bed.
The father of these revolutions was René Descartes ( whom we met earlier in our introduction ) , whose philosophy represented a radically new turn in some very
old ways of metaphysical thinking . ( We should remind ourselves that no thinker
Author: Robert C. Solomon
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt P
Based on the idea that philosophy is a truly exciting and accessible subject, this engaging text acquaints students with the core problems of philosophy and the many ways in which they have been answered. It acknowledges that philosophy is very much alive today but is also deeply rooted in the past--in the many traditions that converge and diverge from ancient Greece, ancient China, and ancient India. Accordingly, the book combines substantial original sources from significant works in the history of philosophy with detailed commentary and explanation that help to clarify the readings. The selections range from the oldest known fragments to cutting-edge essays in feminism, multiculturalism, and cognitive science. In this seventh edition, the readings have been edited for clarity and conciseness and include new selections from The Economist, Robert Kane, John Corvino, Cheshire Calhoun, Nelson Mandela, Mencius, and Hsun Tsu. Each chapter is followed by a summary, a glossary, and a bibliography with suggestions for further readings. Important philosophical terms are carefully introduced within the text and also summarized at the end of each chapter, and brief biographies of the philosophers are provided at the end of the book. Ideal for courses in introductory philosophy, Introducing Philosophy: A Text with Integrated Readings, 7/e presents students with various alternatives on critical philosophical issues and encourages them to arrive at their own conclusions.
René Descartes ( 1596 - 1650 ) , mathematician and philosopher , aimed to
eliminate doubt from science by founding its method on the selfevident truths of
geometry . He too , like Bacon , outlined a scientific reform of artificial mnemonics
Author: Ziauddin Sardar
This book traces the fascinating intellectual quest for a method of gaining universal knowledge.
Principe, Lawrence M. The Scientific Revolution: A Very Short Introduction. New
York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2011. Robinson ... NY: Thames & Hudson,
2012. Robinson, Dave, and Chris Garratt. Introducing Descartes: A Graphic
Author: Jason Porterfield
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
During the fifteenth century, the Scientific Revolution signaled a major shift in the way people viewed the natural world. Today, Ren� Descartes is perhaps best known as the father of modern Western philosophy, but he also played an important role in the development of a rational approach toward scientific questions. He was a gifted mathematician and his examinations of the natural world led him to develop theories about light, the formation of the universe, and how the human mind works. This biography shows how Descartes�s rational method inspired his own discoveries and continues to resonate today.
So, no matter how we interpret Descartes' claim that sensory ideas misrepresent
the material world, Arnauld-like questions ... While introducing Descartes' theory
of ideas and the puzzle of sensory representation, I also introduced some of the ...
Author: Raffaella De Rosa
Publisher: OUP Oxford
While much has been written on Descartes' theory of mind and ideas, no systematic study of his theory of sensory representation and misrepresentation is currently available in the literature. Descartes and the Puzzle of Sensory Misrepresentation is an ambitious attempt to fill this gap. It argues against the established view that Cartesian sensations are mere qualia by defending the view that they are representational; it offers a descriptivist-causal account of their representationality that is critical of, and differs from, all other extant accounts (such as, for example, causal, teleofunctional and purely internalist accounts); and it has the advantage of providing an adequate solution to the problem of sensory misrepresentation within Descartes' internalist theory of ideas. In sum, the book offers a novel account of the representationality of Cartesian sensations; provides a panoramic overview, and critical assessment, of the scholarly literature on this issue; and places Descartes' theory of sensation in the central position it deserves among the philosophical and scientific investigations of the workings of the human mind.
... awakened his slumbering intellectual ambitions to life again.4 Although
Descartes later minimizes and even denies any debt to his former friend and
mentor,5 it is clear that Beeckman played an important role in introducing Descartes to new ...
Author: Lilli Alanen
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Descartes's concept of the mind, as distinct from the body with which it forms a union, set the agenda for much of Western philosophy's subsequent reflection on human nature and thought. This is the first book to give an analysis of Descartes's pivotal concept that deals with all the functions of the mind, cognitive as well as volitional, theoretical as well as practical and moral. Focusing on Descartes's view of the mind as intimately united to and intermingled with the body, and exploring its implications for his philosophy of mind and moral psychology, Lilli Alanen argues that the epistemological and methodological consequences of this view have been largely misconstrued in the modern debate. Informed by both the French tradition of Descartes scholarship and recent Anglo-American research, Alanen's book combines historical-contextual analysis with a philosophical problem-oriented approach. It seeks to relate Descartes's views on mind and intentionality both to contemporary debates and to the problems Descartes confronted in their historical context. By drawing out the historical antecedents and the intellectual evolution of Descartes's thinking about the mind, the book shows how his emphasis on the embodiment of the mind has implications far more complex and interesting than the usual dualist account suggests.
Basso introduces the ether as a fifth element into the world of atoms, in part to
explain rarefaction and condensation, and in part to ... discussed by Toletus), introducing empty space into the universe would have unwelcome
Author: Roger Ariew
Publisher: Cornell University Press
The ongoing renaissance in Descartes studies has been characterized by an attempt to understand the philosopher's texts against his own intellectual background. Roger Ariew here argues that Cartesian philosophy should be regarded as it was in Descartes's own day—as a reaction against, as well as an indebtedness to, scholastic philosophy. His book illuminates Cartesian philosophy by analyzing debates between Descartes and contemporary schoolmen and surveying controversies arising in its first reception. The volume touches upon many topics and themes shared by Cartesian and late scholastic philosophy: matter and form; infinity, place, time, void, and motion; the substance of the heavens; the object or subject of metaphysics; principles of metaphysics (being and ideas) and transcendentals (for example, unity, quantity, principle of individuation, truth and falsity). Part I exhibits the differences and similarities among the doctrines of Descartes and those of Jesuits and other scholastics in seventeenth-century France. The contrasts Descartes drew between his philosophy and that of others are the subject of Part II, which also examines some arguments in which he was involved and details the continued controversy caused by Cartesianism in the second half of the seventeenth century.
Our mention of Descartes will prepare us for the examination of some important
theories of emotion and affect , of which Descartes ' monograph serves as the
forerunner . AFFECT AND EMOTION : SOME THEORETICAL APPROACHES ...
It was the boast of Reid that he had thrown aside the philosophy of Descartes. He
was repelled by the ... In his conscious repugnance to preceding systems we may
see that Reid was on the point of introducing a new phase of truth. He saw the ...
... Introducing Darwin and Evolution 184046 1535 Introducing Derrida 184046
1187 Introducing Descartes 184046 0636 Introducing Eastern Philosophy
184046 1500 Introducing The Enlightenment 184046 1179 Introducing
Author: Merryl Wyn Davies
Publisher: Icon Books
Category: Social Science
Anthropology originated as the study of 'primitive' cultures. But the notion of 'primitive' exposes presumptions of 'civilized' superiority and the right of the West to speak for 'less evolved' others. With the fall of Empire, anthropology became suspect and was torn by dissension from within. Did anthropology serve as a 'handmaiden to colonialism'? Is it a 'science' created by racism to prove racism? Can it aid communication between cultures, or does it reinforce our differences? "Introducing Anthropology" is a fascinating account of an uncertain human science seeking to transcend its unsavoury history. It traces the evolution of anthropology from its genesis in Ancient Greece to its varied forms in contemporary times. Anthropology's key concepts and methods are explained, and we are presented with such big-name anthropologists as Franz Boas, Bronislaw Malinowski, E.E. Evans-Pritchard, Margaret Mead and Claude Levi-Strauss. The new varieties of self-critical and postmodern anthropologies are examined, and the leading question - of the impact of anthropology on non-Western cultures - is given centre-stage. "Introducing Anthropology" is lucid in its arguments, its good humour supported by apt and witty illustrations. This book offers a highly accessible invitation into anthropology.
Introduction. 9 Second Meditation René Descartes René Descartes, Meditation II
from. When Gregor Samsa woke up one morning from unsettling dreams, he
found himself changed in his bed into a monstrous vermin. He was lying on his
Author: Richard Fumerton
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Philosophy Through Film offers a uniquely engaging and effective approach to introductory philosophy by combining an anthology of classical and contemporary philosophical readings with a discussion of philosophical concepts illustrated in popular films. Pairs 50 classical and contemporary readings with popular films - from Monty Python and The Matrix to Casablanca and A Clockwork Orange Addresses key areas in philosophy, including topics in ethics, philosophy of religion, philosophy of mind, free will and determinism, the problem of perception, and philosophy of time Each unit begins with an extensive introduction by the editors and ends with study questions linking readings to films Features chapter by chapter discussion of clips from films that vividly illustrate the critical philosophical arguments and positions raised in the readings
Without considering the introduction of a first movement into the compact mass by
the " coup de force ” of a ... as “ contraband ” ( merces adulteratae ) , the “
smuggled goods ” which Descartes accuses Henry More of introducing in his ...
... 1999 INTRODUCING INTRODUCING INTRODUCING INTRODUCING Descartes Camus Sartre Universe DN Marine Mat Pelle B Pole Prananda July
1999 August 1999 August 1999 August 1999 INTRODUCING INTRODUCING
Mascuis de ...
Author: Chris Horrocks
Category: Social Science
Introducing Baudrillard traces the highly influential work of this postmodernist intellectual who has been hailed as one of the world's most subtle and powerful thinkers.
For example , Descartes ' presupposition of free will helps establish the existence
of God : “ It is only in the will , or freedom ... Due , in large part , to Henry More (
1618-47 ) who was instrumental in introducing Descartes ideas to England , the ...
Descartes introduced a highly extraordinary use of the word ' body . ' He has to
be understood to be using it always in the context of his distinction between
himself and his body . So his use of the word is not at all like these : ' His body
Descartes ' Mind - Body Problem The Philosopher who most directly contributed
to Psychology was René Descartes ( 1596-1650 ) . Descartes tackled the Mind -
Body Problem in Discourse on Method ( 1637 ) and The Meditations ( 1641 ) .
Author: Nigel C. Benson
Publisher: Totem Books
This title is now available in a new format. Refer to Psychology: A Graphic Guide 9781840468526.
And because of Descartes's influence on him, we may say the same of Locke. But
before we go to Locke, it will be helpful to say just a bit more about the
revolutionary nature of the Cartesian position. Let me do this by introducing Descartes's ...
98 Descartes does indeed introduce the optics - psychology - physiology nexus (
0 - P ... Descartes also takes a decidedly hypothetical tone in introducing the idea
that colours should be represented as figures and the difference between them ...
In his later philosophy of mathematics, Descartes came to suspend his judgment
at one time about whether the ... of his monumental History of Scepticism from
Erasmus to Descartes, he wrote about Descartes's introducing methodological.
Author: C. Sasaki
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Covering both the history of mathematics and of philosophy, Descartes's Mathematical Thought reconstructs the intellectual career of Descartes most comprehensively and originally in a global perspective including the history of early modern China and Japan. Especially, it shows what the concept of "mathesis universalis" meant before and during the period of Descartes and how it influenced the young Descartes. In fact, it was the most fundamental mathematical discipline during the seventeenth century, and for Descartes a key notion which may have led to his novel mathematics of algebraic analysis.
37 Just before introducing this metaphor , Descartes defines metaphysics as. 2.
THE DEFINITIVE MORALITY This restricted sense of morality is incomplete as a
characterization of Descartes's moral project . I have shown this by examining the