Interpreting the Tokyo War Crimes Trial

Interpreting the Tokyo War Crimes Trial

The first extensive study on the subject in English, this book explores the historical and political contexts of the trial as well as the social and cultural backgrounds of the linguists through trial transcripts in English and Japanese, ...

Author: Kayoko Takeda

Publisher: University of Ottawa Press

ISBN: 9780776607290

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 183

View: 282

In order to ensure its absolute authority, the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal (1946–1948), the Japanese counterpart of the Nuremberg Trial, adopted a three-tier structure for its interpreting: Japanese nationals interpreted the proceedings, second-generation Japanese-Americans monitored the interpreting, and Caucasian U.S. military officers arbitrated the disputes. The first extensive study on the subject in English, this book explores the historical and political contexts of the trial as well as the social and cultural backgrounds of the linguists through trial transcripts in English and Japanese, archival documents and recordings, and interviews with those who were involved in the interpreting. In addition to a detailed account of the interpreting, the book examines the reasons for the three-tier system, how the interpreting procedures were established over the course of the trial, and the unique difficulties faced by the Japanese-American monitors. This original case study of the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal illuminates how complex issues such as trust, power, control and race affect interpreting at international tribunals in times of conflict.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Interpreting the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal A Sociopolitical Analysis

Interpreting the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal A Sociopolitical Analysis

The first extensive study on the subject in English, this book explores the historical and political contexts of the trial as well as the social and cultural backgrounds of the linguists through trial transcripts in English and Japanese, ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1091198895

Category:

Page:

View: 954

In order to ensure its absolute authority, the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal (1946–1948), the Japanese counterpart of the Nuremberg Trial, adopted a three-tier structure for its interpreting: Japanese nationals interpreted the proceedings, second-generation Japanese-Americans monitored the interpreting, and Caucasian U.S. military officers arbitrated the disputes. The first extensive study on the subject in English, this book explores the historical and political contexts of the trial as well as the social and cultural backgrounds of the linguists through trial transcripts in English and Japanese, archival documents and recordings, and interviews with those who were involved in the interpreting. In addition to a detailed account of the interpreting, the book examines the reasons for the three-tier system, how the interpreting procedures were established over the course of the trial, and the unique difficulties faced by the Japanese-American monitors. This original case study of the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal illuminates how complex issues such as trust, power, control and race affect interpreting at international tribunals in times of conflict.
Categories:

The Tokyo Tribunal Perspectives on Law History and Memory

The Tokyo Tribunal  Perspectives on Law  History and Memory

This volume combines perspectives from law, history, and the social sciences to discuss the legal, historical, political and cultural significance of the Tokyo Tribunal.

Author: Marina Aksenova

Publisher: Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher

ISBN: 9788283481389

Category: Law

Page: 480

View: 633

The ‘International Military Tribunal for the Far East’ (IMTFE), held in Tokyo from May 1946 to November 1948, was a landmark event in the development of modern international criminal law. The trial in Tokyo was a complex undertaking and international effort to hold individuals accountable for core international crimes and delivering justice. The Tribunal consisted of 11 judges and respective national prosecution teams from 11 countries, and a mixed Japanese–American team of defence lawyers. The IMTFE indicted 28 Japanese defendants, amongst them former prime ministers, cabinet ministers, military leaders, and diplomats, based on a 55-count indictment pertaining to crimes against peace, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. The judgment was not unanimous, with one majority judgment, two concurring opinions, and three dissenting opinions. The trial and the outcome were the subject of significant controversy and the Tribunal’s files were subsequently shelved in the archives. While its counterpart in Europe, the ‘International Military Tribunal’ (IMT) at Nuremberg, has been at the centre of public and scholarly interest, the Tokyo Tribunal has more recently gained international scholarly attention. This volume combines perspectives from law, history, and the social sciences to discuss the legal, historical, political and cultural significance of the Tokyo Tribunal. The collection is based on an international conference marking the 70th anniversary of the judgment of the IMTFE, which was held in Nuremberg in 2018. The volume features reflections by eminent scholars and experts on the establishment and functioning of the Tribunal, procedural and substantive issues as well as receptions and repercussions of the trial.
Categories: Law

Interpreting the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal

Interpreting the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal

See also simultaneous interpreting about, ... See also Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal
Article 9 (b): “Fair Trial for Accused,” 17 documents submitted, English or
Japanese translations of, 42 hierarchy and learning process, 72,83
administrative ...

Author: Kayoko Takeda

Publisher: University of Ottawa Press

ISBN: 9780776619125

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 882

In order to ensure its absolute authority, the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal (1946–1948), the Japanese counterpart of the Nuremberg Trial, adopted a three-tier structure for its interpreting: Japanese nationals interpreted the proceedings, second-generation Japanese-Americans monitored the interpreting, and Caucasian U.S. military officers arbitrated the disputes. The first extensive study on the subject in English, this book explores the historical and political contexts of the trial as well as the social and cultural backgrounds of the linguists through trial transcripts in English and Japanese, archival documents and recordings, and interviews with those who were involved in the interpreting. In addition to a detailed account of the interpreting, the book examines the reasons for the three-tier system, how the interpreting procedures were established over the course of the trial, and the unique difficulties faced by the Japanese-American monitors. This original case study of the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal illuminates how complex issues such as trust, power, control and race affect interpreting at international tribunals in times of conflict.
Categories: History

The Tokyo War Crimes Trial

The Tokyo War Crimes Trial

Author: International Military Tribunal for the Far East

Publisher: Facsimiles-Garl

ISBN: STANFORD:36105038984238

Category: Tokyo Trial, Tokyo, Japan, 1946-1948

Page:

View: 212

Categories: Tokyo Trial, Tokyo, Japan, 1946-1948

The Tokyo War Crimes Trial

The Tokyo War Crimes Trial

The Pursuit of Justice in the Wake of World War II Yuma Totani ... I must make it
clear to you that members of the tribunal now in Tokyo as well as myself cannot
subscribe to the view that anybody except the tribunal has power to interpret the ...

Author: Yuma Totani

Publisher: Harvard Univ Council on East Asian

ISBN: 0674033396

Category: History

Page: 335

View: 766

This book assesses the historical significance of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East (IMTFE)—commonly called the Tokyo trial—established as the eastern counterpart of the Nuremberg trial in the immediate aftermath of World War II. Through extensive research in Japanese, American, Australian, and Indian archives, Yuma Totani taps into a large body of previously underexamined sources to explore some of the central misunderstandings and historiographical distortions that have persisted to the present day. Foregrounding these voluminous records, Totani disputes the notion that the trial was an exercise in “victors' justice” in which the legal process was egregiously compromised for political and ideological reasons; rather, the author details the achievements of the Allied prosecution teams in documenting war crimes and establishing the responsibility of the accused parties to show how the IMTFE represented a sound application of the legal principles established at Nuremberg. This study deepens our knowledge of the historical intricacies surrounding the Tokyo trial and advances our understanding of the Japanese conduct of war and occupation during World War II, the range of postwar debates on war guilt, and the relevance of the IMTFE to the continuing development of international humanitarian law.
Categories: History

The Tokyo International Military Tribunal

The Tokyo International Military Tribunal

105 On a literal interpretation , the Tokyo IMT could have heard charges against
Allied war criminals , 106 although the context renders this interpretation absurd .
Less naïve perhaps , is the issue of the non - selection of those Japanese as , or
 ...

Author: Neil Boister

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: UOM:39015076121873

Category: History

Page: 358

View: 183

This book offers a detailed survey of the law and practice of the Tokyo International Military Tribunal. Grounded in new archival work by the authors, the book considers the legal foundations of the Tribunal, how political considerations affected prosecutorial policy, the Judgment of the Tribunal, and its legacy to international criminal justice.
Categories: History

The first extensive study on the subject in English, this book explores the historical and political contexts of the trial as well as the social and cultural backgrounds of the linguists through trial transcripts in English and Japanese, ...

Author: 武田珂代子

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822036882942

Category: Court interpreting and translating

Page: 231

View: 808

In order to ensure its absolute authority, the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal (1946-1948), the Japanese counterpart of the Nuremberg Trial, adopted a three-tier structure for its interpreting: Japanese nationals interpreted the proceedings, second-generation Japanese-Americans monitored the interpreting, and Caucasian U.S. military officers arbitrated the disputes. The first extensive study on the subject in English, this book explores the historical and political contexts of the trial as well as the social and cultural backgrounds of the linguists through trial transcripts in English and Japanese, archival documents and recordings, and interviews with those who were involved in the interpreting. In addition to a detailed account of the interpreting, the book examines the reasons for the three-tier system, how the interpreting procedures were established over the course of the trial, and the unique difficulties faced by the Japanese-American monitors. This original case study of the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal illuminates how complex issues such as trust, power, control and race affect interpreting at international tribunals in times of conflict.
Categories: Court interpreting and translating

America s Wars in Asia

America s Wars in Asia

The Tokyo War Crimes Trials The defenders of the “ Affirmative Theory of the
Greater East Asian War ” share feelings of ... reading of the Asia - Pacific War in
postwar Japan is intimately linked to an interpretation of the Tokyo war crimes
trials .

Author: Steven I.. Levine

Publisher: East Gate Book

ISBN: UOM:39015039929917

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 286

View: 835

Even though the cultural approach concerns itself with the local and the particular rather than with the abstract and universal, it is inherently comparative. Moreover, it also relocates each war in the historical and cultural experiences of Asian countries themselves rather than seeing the war as merely a conflict between the United States and Asian nations.
Categories: Literary Collections

The Tokyo Major War Crimes Trial

The Tokyo Major War Crimes Trial

... Military Tribunal for the Far East/with an Authoritative Commentary and
Comprehensive Guide International Military ... point just what do you mean by the
militaristic clique ? i It is rather awkward for me to give interpretation of the word
here .

Author: International Military Tribunal for the Far East

Publisher:

ISBN: 0773483039

Category: History

Page: 461

View: 261

Categories: History

The Tokyo Major War Crimes Trial

The Tokyo Major War Crimes Trial

13 from Tokyo was also noticed by us . He interpret the statements of HIROTA as
follows : Japanese military circles take again a different stand , while the Foreign
Ministry apparently remains at its previous standpoint . Considering the fact that ...

Author: R. John Pritchard

Publisher: Edwin Mellen Press

ISBN: 0773483217

Category: History

Page: 471

View: 733

Categories: History

Doing Justice to Court Interpreting

Doing Justice to Court Interpreting

First published as a Special Issue of "Interpreting" (10:1, 2008) and complemented with two articles published in "Interpreting" (12:1, 2010), this volume provides a panoramic view of the complex and uniquely constrained practice of court ...

Author: Miriam Shlesinger

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027222565

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 246

View: 749

First published as a Special Issue of "Interpreting" (10:1, 2008) and complemented with two articles published in "Interpreting" (12:1, 2010), this volume provides a panoramic view of the complex and uniquely constrained practice of court interpreting. In an array of empirical papers, the nine authors explore the potential of court interpreters to make or break the proceedings, from the perspectives of the minority language speaker and of the other participants. The volume offers thoughtful overviews of the tensions and conflicts typically associated with the practice of court interpreting. It looks at the attitudes of judicial authorities towards interpreting, and of interpreters towards the concept of a code of ethics. With further themes such as the interplay of different groups of "linguists" at the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal and the language rights of indigenous communities, it opens novel perspectives on the study of interpreting at the interface between the letter of the law and its implementation.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

A Short History of the Tokyo War Crime Trials

A Short History of the Tokyo War Crime Trials

The President agreed that the Charter only gave this Tribunal authority to try Japa
– nese War Criminals. ... The Prosecution had so interpreted the treaty, and he
contended that this interpretation had to be proven by showing that the practice of
 ...

Author: Lawrence Ward Wadsworth

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105037276479

Category: Tokyo Trial, Tokyo, Japan, 1946-1948

Page: 476

View: 946

Categories: Tokyo Trial, Tokyo, Japan, 1946-1948

The Oxford Guide to World War II

The Oxford Guide to World War II

What is more , certain individuals who might have been expected to stand trial in
Tokyo were exempted . ... by the Japanese , and Webb had been prominently
involved in investigating conventional Japan - ese war crimes in the New Guinea
... participated in a grand conspiracy for aggressive war in seeking to dominate
the AsianPacific region imposed a grossly simplistic interpretation upon the
complex ...

Author: Ian Dear

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195340965

Category: World War, 1939-1945

Page: 1039

View: 904

"First published in 1995 as The Oxford companion to the Second World War "--Verso.
Categories: World War, 1939-1945

The Tokyo Major War Crimes Trial the Transcripts of the Court Proceedings of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East

The Tokyo Major War Crimes Trial the Transcripts of the Court Proceedings of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East

Thursday , 1 August , 1946 INTERNATIONAL MILITARY TRIBUNAL FOR THE
FAR EAST Court House of the Tribunal War Ministry Building Tokyo , Japan The
Tribunal met , pursuant to adjournment , at 0930 . Appearances : For the Tribunal
, same as before . ... ( English to Japanese and Japanese to English
interpretation was made by the Language Section , IMTFE . ) MARSHAL OF THE
COURT : The ...

Author: R. John Pritchard

Publisher: Edwin Mellen Press

ISBN: 0773483098

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 315

Categories: History

Japan Review

Japan Review

In other words , the trial itself was constructed as a purely political and diplomatic
event . However ... most of whom knew almost nothing about what had happened
in the wartime period , the trial carried out the task of interpreting and providing
an overview of the period . ... In a broad sense , the Tokyo War Crimes Trial can
be regarded as an exercise in Orientalism , in Edward Said ' s usage of that word
.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105132134995

Category: Japan

Page:

View: 679

Categories: Japan

Global War Crimes Tribunal Collection The Rwanda tribunal

Global War Crimes Tribunal Collection  The Rwanda tribunal

15 JUDGE RODRIGUES : [ Interpretation ] I knew that I could have not 16 even
asked that question . It is just to joke a ... And after the Nuremberg and Tokyo 21
Tribunal - - this is the third war tribunal , international tribunal . So 22 when I look
to ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105134462139

Category: International criminal courts

Page:

View: 727

Categories: International criminal courts

Oxford Companion to World War II

Oxford Companion to World War II

At the end of the and the results of other Allied war crimes trials in the Far East ,
the trial ... But in over - reacting to the ' Tokyo trial ' Pacific region imposed a
grossly simplistic interpretation upon the interpretation , some revisionists ,
including ...

Author: Ian Dear

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: IND:30000087790683

Category: History

Page: 1039

View: 276

This text is an authoritative reference work covering a wide breadth of topics on all things associated with World War II. Entries cover topics such as strategy, politics, weapons, tactics, logistics, economics, and society.
Categories: History

The Nuremberg War Crimes Trial and Its Policy Consequences Today

The Nuremberg War Crimes Trial and Its Policy Consequences Today

This was a tenuous contention given the fact that the USSR had not officially
declared war on Japan until after its effectual surrender . Including ... The Tokyo
Trial was therefore undoubtedly well - intentioned in trying to reinforce and
expand Nuremberg ideals . It was to the ... Interpreters for these languages were
readily available , and thus translation services were relatively straightforward
and rapid .

Author: Beth A. Griech-Polelle

Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh & Company

ISBN: UOM:39015079354372

Category: History

Page: 209

View: 144

Towards the close of World War II, world leaders had to address the question of what to do with alleged war criminals. In 1945, an International Military Tribunal (IMT) was established to see that war criminals would face justice. This collection of essays brings together scholars from all over the world to explore the short-term effects of the IMT at Nuremberg and its present day impact on the International Criminal Court. The essays include analyses of Soviet investigations into Nazi war crimes during the war, examinations of the German public's reactions to the Nuremberg Trials, and the immediate effect the IMT had on the Tokyo and Austrian Trials post-1945. Other essays examine changes in the Alien Tort Statute and human rights litigation, the ethics of selective justice, the obstacles facing hybrid tribunals, and how the U.S. legal and constitutional system is often in conflict with the International Criminal Court. Each essay shows the long-standing legacy of the Nuremberg Trials and how the IMT has impacted the field of international law.
Categories: History

Heidelberg journal of international law

Heidelberg journal of international law

... and the Military Courts . Judicial interpretation of its meaning . ... 233 S . The
Tokyo War Crimes Trial . ( The complete transcripts of the proceedings of the
International Military Tribunal for the Far East in 22 vols . ) . Annotated , comp .
and ed ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105060690877

Category: International law

Page:

View: 284

Categories: International law