Interpreting Data

A First Course in Statistics

Author: A J B Anderson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780412295706

Category: Mathematics

Page: 240

View: 9187

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Textbook for first-year students. Reviews the criteria for the design of questionaires, planned experiments and surveys; also, considers research methodology in general. Application areas range over economic and social studies, demography, epidemiology and the life sciences in general. Available in paper at $24. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
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A First Course in Linear Model Theory

Author: Nalini Ravishanker,Dipak K. Dey

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584882473

Category: Mathematics

Page: 496

View: 7429

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This innovative, intermediate-level statistics text fills an important gap by presenting the theory of linear statistical models at a level appropriate for senior undergraduate or first-year graduate students. With an innovative approach, the author's introduces students to the mathematical and statistical concepts and tools that form a foundation for studying the theory and applications of both univariate and multivariate linear models A First Course in Linear Model Theory systematically presents the basic theory behind linear statistical models with motivation from an algebraic as well as a geometric perspective. Through the concepts and tools of matrix and linear algebra and distribution theory, it provides a framework for understanding classical and contemporary linear model theory. It does not merely introduce formulas, but develops in students the art of statistical thinking and inspires learning at an intuitive level by emphasizing conceptual understanding. The authors' fresh approach, methodical presentation, wealth of examples, and introduction to topics beyond the classical theory set this book apart from other texts on linear models. It forms a refreshing and invaluable first step in students' study of advanced linear models, generalized linear models, nonlinear models, and dynamic models.
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Statistical Rethinking

A Bayesian Course with Examples in R and Stan

Author: Richard McElreath

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482253488

Category: Mathematics

Page: 469

View: 7969

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Statistical Rethinking: A Bayesian Course with Examples in R and Stan builds readers’ knowledge of and confidence in statistical modeling. Reflecting the need for even minor programming in today’s model-based statistics, the book pushes readers to perform step-by-step calculations that are usually automated. This unique computational approach ensures that readers understand enough of the details to make reasonable choices and interpretations in their own modeling work. The text presents generalized linear multilevel models from a Bayesian perspective, relying on a simple logical interpretation of Bayesian probability and maximum entropy. It covers from the basics of regression to multilevel models. The author also discusses measurement error, missing data, and Gaussian process models for spatial and network autocorrelation. By using complete R code examples throughout, this book provides a practical foundation for performing statistical inference. Designed for both PhD students and seasoned professionals in the natural and social sciences, it prepares them for more advanced or specialized statistical modeling. Web Resource The book is accompanied by an R package (rethinking) that is available on the author’s website and GitHub. The two core functions (map and map2stan) of this package allow a variety of statistical models to be constructed from standard model formulas.
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Nonparametric Methods in Statistics with SAS Applications

Author: Olga Korosteleva

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466580631

Category: Mathematics

Page: 195

View: 7710

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Designed for a graduate course in applied statistics, Nonparametric Methods in Statistics with SAS Applications teaches students how to apply nonparametric techniques to statistical data. It starts with the tests of hypotheses and moves on to regression modeling, time-to-event analysis, density estimation, and resampling methods. The text begins with classical nonparametric hypotheses testing, including the sign, Wilcoxon sign-rank and rank-sum, Ansari-Bradley, Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Friedman rank, Kruskal-Wallis H, Spearman rank correlation coefficient, and Fisher exact tests. It then discusses smoothing techniques (loess and thin-plate splines) for classical nonparametric regression as well as binary logistic and Poisson models. The author also describes time-to-event nonparametric estimation methods, such as the Kaplan-Meier survival curve and Cox proportional hazards model, and presents histogram and kernel density estimation methods. The book concludes with the basics of jackknife and bootstrap interval estimation. Drawing on data sets from the author’s many consulting projects, this classroom-tested book includes various examples from psychology, education, clinical trials, and other areas. It also presents a set of exercises at the end of each chapter. All examples and exercises require the use of SAS 9.3 software. Complete SAS codes for all examples are given in the text. Large data sets for the exercises are available on the author’s website.
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The Analysis and Interpretation of Multivariate Data for Social Scientists

Author: J.I. Galbraith,Irini Moustaki,David J. Bartholomew,Fiona Steele

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584882954

Category: Mathematics

Page: 280

View: 1301

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Multivariate analysis is an important tool for social researchers, but the subject is broad and can be quite technical for those with limited mathematical and statistical backgrounds. To effectively acquire the tools and techniques they need to interpret multivariate data, social science students need clear explanations, a minimum of mathematical detail, and a wide range of exercises and worked examples. Classroom tested for more than 10 years, The Analysis and Interpretation of Multivariate Data for Social Scientists describes and illustrates methods of multivariate data analysis important to the social sciences. The authors focus on interpreting the pattern of relationships among many variables rather than establishing causal linkages, and rely heavily on numerical examples, visualization, and on verbal , rather than mathematical exposition. They present methods for categorical variables alongside the more familiar method for continuous variables and place particular emphasis on latent variable techniques. Ideal for introductory, senior undergraduate and graduate-level courses in multivariate analysis for social science students, this book combines depth of understanding and insight with the practical details of how to carry out and interpret multivariate analyses on real data. It gives them a solid understanding of the most commonly used multivariate methods and the knowledge and tools to implement them. Datasets, the SPSS syntax and code used in the examples, and software for performing latent variable modelling are available at http://www.mlwin.com/team/aimdss.html>
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Markov Chain Monte Carlo

Stochastic Simulation for Bayesian Inference, Second Edition

Author: Dani Gamerman,Hedibert F. Lopes

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584885870

Category: Mathematics

Page: 344

View: 5547

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While there have been few theoretical contributions on the Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods in the past decade, current understanding and application of MCMC to the solution of inference problems has increased by leaps and bounds. Incorporating changes in theory and highlighting new applications, Markov Chain Monte Carlo: Stochastic Simulation for Bayesian Inference, Second Edition presents a concise, accessible, and comprehensive introduction to the methods of this valuable simulation technique. The second edition includes access to an internet site that provides the code, written in R and WinBUGS, used in many of the previously existing and new examples and exercises. More importantly, the self-explanatory nature of the codes will enable modification of the inputs to the codes and variation on many directions will be available for further exploration. Major changes from the previous edition: · More examples with discussion of computational details in chapters on Gibbs sampling and Metropolis-Hastings algorithms · Recent developments in MCMC, including reversible jump, slice sampling, bridge sampling, path sampling, multiple-try, and delayed rejection · Discussion of computation using both R and WinBUGS · Additional exercises and selected solutions within the text, with all data sets and software available for download from the Web · Sections on spatial models and model adequacy The self-contained text units make MCMC accessible to scientists in other disciplines as well as statisticians. The book will appeal to everyone working with MCMC techniques, especially research and graduate statisticians and biostatisticians, and scientists handling data and formulating models. The book has been substantially reinforced as a first reading of material on MCMC and, consequently, as a textbook for modern Bayesian computation and Bayesian inference courses.
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Essential Statistics, Fourth Edition

Author: D.G. Rees

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584880073

Category: Mathematics

Page: 384

View: 1277

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An introductory text for students taking a first course in statistics-in fields as diverse as engineering, business, chemistry, and biology-Essential Statistics: Fourth Edition thoroughly updates and enhances the hugely successful third edition. It presents new information on modern statistical techniques such as Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), and software such as MINITABTM for WINDOWS. An experienced former lecturer, the author communicates to students in his trademark easy-to-follow style. Keeping complex mathematical theory to a minimum, Rees presents a wealth of fully explained worked examples throughout the text. In addition, the end-of-chapter Worksheets relate to a variety of fields-enabling students to see the relevance of the numerous methods to their study areas. Essential Statistics: Fourth Edition emphasizes the principles and assumptions underlying the statistical methods, thus providing the tools needed for students to use and interpret statistical data effectively.
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The Analysis of Time Series

An Introduction, Sixth Edition

Author: Chris Chatfield

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203491683

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 2019

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Since 1975, The Analysis of Time Series: An Introduction has introduced legions of statistics students and researchers to the theory and practice of time series analysis. With each successive edition, bestselling author Chris Chatfield has honed and refined his presentation, updated the material to reflect advances in the field, and presented interesting new data sets. The sixth edition is no exception. It provides an accessible, comprehensive introduction to the theory and practice of time series analysis. The treatment covers a wide range of topics, including ARIMA probability models, forecasting methods, spectral analysis, linear systems, state-space models, and the Kalman filter. It also addresses nonlinear, multivariate, and long-memory models. The author has carefully updated each chapter, added new discussions, incorporated new datasets, and made those datasets available for download from www.crcpress.com. A free online appendix on time series analysis using R can be accessed at http://people.bath.ac.uk/mascc/TSA.usingR.doc. Highlights of the Sixth Edition: A new section on handling real data New discussion on prediction intervals A completely revised and restructured chapter on more advanced topics, with new material on the aggregation of time series, analyzing time series in finance, and discrete-valued time series A new chapter of examples and practical advice Thorough updates and revisions throughout the text that reflect recent developments and dramatic changes in computing practices over the last few years The analysis of time series can be a difficult topic, but as this book has demonstrated for two-and-a-half decades, it does not have to be daunting. The accessibility, polished presentation, and broad coverage of The Analysis of Time Series make it simply the best introduction to the subject available.
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Stochastic Processes

An Introduction, Second Edition

Author: Peter Watts Jones,Peter Smith

Publisher: Chapman and Hall/CRC

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 221

View: 4564

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This text begins with a review of relevant fundamental probability. It then covers several basic gambling problems, random walks, and Markov chains. The authors go on to develop random processes continuous in time, including Poisson, birth and death processes, and general population models.
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A Course in Categorical Data Analysis

Author: Thomas Leonard

Publisher: Chapman & Hall

ISBN: 9780849303234

Category: Medical

Page: 183

View: 4389

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Developed from long experience in teaching categorical analysis to a multidisciplinary mix of undergraduate and graduate students, A Course in Categorical Data Analysis presents the easiest, most straightforward ways of extracting real-life conclusions from contingency tables. The author uses a Fisherian approach to categorical data analysis and incorporates numerous examples and real data sets. Although he offers S-PLUS routines through the Interest, readers do not need full knowledge of a statistical software package.
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