Interpreting Constitutions

A Comparative Study

Author: Jeffrey Denys Goldsworthy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199274134

Category: Law

Page: 353

View: 6630

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This book describes the constitutions of six major federations and how they have been interpreted by their highest courts, compares the interpretive methods and underlying principles that have guided the courts, and explores the reasons for major differences between these methods and principles. Among the interpretive methods discussed are textualism, purposivism, structuralism and originalism. Each of the six federations is the subject of a separate chapter written by a leading authority in the field: Jeffrey Goldsworthy (Australia), Peter Hogg (Canada), Donald Kommers (Germany), S.P. Sathe (India), Heinz Klug (South Africa), and Mark Tushnet (United States). Each chapter describes not only the interpretive methodology currently used by the courts, but the evolution of that methodology since the constitution was first enacted. The book also includes a concluding chapter which compares these methodologies, and attempts to explain variations by reference to different social, historical, institutional and political circumstances.
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The Challenge of Originalism

Theories of Constitutional Interpretation

Author: Grant Huscroft,Bradley W. Miller

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139505130

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 8037

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Originalism is a force to be reckoned with in constitutional interpretation. At one time a monolithic theory of constitutional interpretation, contemporary originalism has developed into a sophisticated family of theories about how to interpret and reason with a constitution. Contemporary originalists harness the resources of linguistic, moral, and political philosophy to propose methodologies for the interpretation of constitutional texts and provide reasons for fidelity to those texts. The essays in this volume, which includes contributions from the flag bearers of several competing schools of constitutional interpretation, provides an introduction to the development of originalist thought, showcases the great range of contemporary originalist constitutional scholarship, and situates competing schools of thought in dialogue with each other. They also make new contributions to the methodological and normative disputes between originalists and non-originalists, and among originalists themselves.
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American Constitutional Law

Essays, Cases, and Comparative Notes

Author: Donald P. Kommers,John E. Finn,Gary J. Jacobsohn

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0742599833

Category: Law

Page: 350

View: 6745

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American Constitutional Law: Essays, Cases, and Comparative Notes is a unique casebook that encourages citizens and students of the Constitution to think critically about the fundamental principles and policies of the American constitutional order. In addition to its distinguished authorship, the book has two prominent features that set it apart from other books in the field: an emphasis on the social, political, and moral theory that provides meaning to constitutional law and interpretation, and a comparative perspective that situates the American experience within a world context that serves as an invaluable prism through which to illuminate the special features of our own constitutional order. While the focus of the book is entirely on American constitutional law, the book asks students to consider what, if anything, is unique in American constitutional life and what we share with other constitutional democracies. Each chapter is preceded by an introductory essay that highlights these major themes and also situates the cases in their proper historical and political contexts. This new edition offers updated and expanded treatment of a number of important and timely topics, including gerrymandering and campaign finance, the death penalty, privacy, affirmative action, and school segregation. The new edition offers: _ Updated and expanded treatment of key cases on gerrymandering and campaign finance _ Expanded discussion of the Court's work federalism and the commerce clause _ Discussions of the Court's new cases on the death penalty, including a discussion of the controversy within the Court about the propriety of citing foreign case law _ An expanded discussion of the Court's recent work in the area of privacy, including the Court's decisions with regard to partial birth abortions and same sex marriages _ An expanded section on the Court's continuing efforts to develop a coherent takings clause jurisprudence _ Full coverage of new developments and cases concerning affirmative action and school desegregation
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Human Dignity

Author: Aharon Barak

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107090237

Category: Law

Page: 542

View: 9600

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"The concept of human dignity has a 2500 year history. As it moved through history, the concept was been influenced by different religions which held it as an important component of their theological approach. It was also influenced by the views of philosophers who developed human dignity in their contemplations. In the 20th century, the concept encountered a new phenomenon. The atrocities of the Second World War, and particularly the Holocaust of the Jewish people, brought human dignity into the forefront of legal discourse. As a result, constitutional and international legal texts began to adopt the concept, and jurists appeared alongside the theologians and the philosophers. Legal scholars were called upon to determine the theoretical basis of human dignity as a constitutional value and as a constitutional right. Judges were required to solve practical problems created by the constitutionalization of human dignity, as a value or as a right"--
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World Constitution - A Comparative Study

Political Science

Author: Vishnoo Bhagwan,Vidya Bhushan

Publisher: Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd

ISBN: 8120792580

Category: Self-Help

Page: N.A

View: 9329

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This ninth revised edition of World Constitutions, a monumental work by seasoned authors, portrays the conceptual and legal framework of parliamentary democracies like the UK, Japan, Canada and Australia as well as of a presidential democracy like the USA. Tony Blair’s exit and making way for Gordon Brown as Prime Minister of UK, the spectacular triumph of Barack Obama as President of US and his sincere efforts to usher in an era of all-round peace and tranquility in hitherto strife-torn world, confronted with recession and morass of economic instability and insecurity have been covered while revising the book. The victory of Nicolas Sarcozy at the hustings in France has further given a flip to the concept of peace which has been on the last leg during the preceding regimes in some of the top democratic countries of the world. The Communist China which was vying with erstwhile Soviet Union sometime back has been given a prominent place in the book, portraying its considerably liberalised and substantially modernised socialistic infrastructure. The Swiss Constitution, the only direct democracy in the world, which is a judicious combination of presidential and parliamentary forms of democracy has been analytically presented. An incisive and comparative study of these constitutions will enable the reader to obtain an unbiased and dispassionate view of their working. Where necessary, eminent authorities on the subject have been quoted copiously. The book has been updated by incorporating the latest amendments to the constitutions. The Constitution of the Russian Federation has also been included while giving a synoptic reference to former Soviet Union, which was once a super power to reckon with.
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Comparative Legal Traditions

Text, Materials, and Cases on Western Law

Author: Mary Ann Glendon,Paolo G. Carozza,Michael W. Gordon,Colin B. Picker,Christopher Osakwe

Publisher: West Academic

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 990

View: 2613

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This new edition includes some significant revisions since the last edition was published in 1994. The new edition includes: A greater emphasis on Public Law in the Continental and Common law traditions; More coverage of the impact of the regional European law (EC/EU and ECHR) on the legal traditions; Some updated "Problems" (including one concerning Mixed Jurisdictions); and Numerous updates to the Common Law Tradition materials in light of the many significant reforms in England over the last ten years.
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Principles of Legislative and Regulatory Drafting

Author: Ian McLeod

Publisher: Hart Pub Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 209

View: 598

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Principles of Legislative and Regulatory Drafting provides a succinct guide to an area of law and practice which has previously been poorly served by English textbooks. It explains how drafters can convert legislative and regulatory policy into a form which has the desired effect in the most direct and accessible way.On the basis that those who seek to communicate must be conscious of how their words will be read, it includes a chapter on interpretation. Other chapters include the nature of drafting instructions (including ethical considerations), the general principles of drafting, the protection of human rights, the creation of statutory corporations and schemes of licensing, subordinate legislation, and the creation of criminal offences.The principles and skills of drafting are very largely common to both the legislative and regulatory fields, but the book draws attention to areas in which significant differences arise.Extracts from the Interpretation Act 1978 and the European Convention on Human Rights are included as Appendices.The book provides an invaluable introduction for those engaged in legislative and regulatory drafting, while also being useful to anyone who is interested in the creation and interpretation of legislative and regulatory texts.
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Constitutional property clauses

a comparative analysis

Author: A. J. Van der Walt

Publisher: Kluwer Law Intl

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 630

View: 4022

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The constitutional entrenchment and protection of property rights has always been a difficult and controversial issue. This new and unique work is more than a collection of cases on constitutional property law, it is an in-depth comparison of constitutional property clauses in jurisdictions around the world. The book consists of three parts: The first chapter contains a general discussion of comparative, theoretical, and analytical issues. The second part consists of eighteen chapters on jurisdictions where the property clause has generated substantial case law and jurisprudence, meriting extensive analysis and discussion. Among the countries discussed are Australia, Japan, Canada, Germany, Switzerland and South Africa. For easy reference the structure of these country-by-country chapters is identical. These chapters not only contain practical, useful legal information but also a normative interpretation of constitutional property clauses in their national and international context. The third and final part of the book contains a collection of 86 property clauses from jurisdictions not included in the country reports. The focus of the book is on comparison, and cross-references assist the reader in finding related cases and issues in other jurisdictions. The book will be of interest to private and public lawyers engaged in international trade and business practices, As well as to scholars of comparative (constitutional) law.
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The American Legal System

Perspectives, Politics, Processes, and Policies

Author: Albert P. Melone,Allan Karnes

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742547537

Category: Law

Page: 685

View: 9040

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Firmly anchored in social science concepts, the second edition of The American Legal System demonstrates the relationships among private law, the business legal environment, and public law issues, as well as related subjects of interest. This fifteen-chapter book is divided into three parts. Part I places the legal system in a political perspective centering on the origins of the law, schools of jurisprudence, branches and functions of law, legitimacy of law, how the judiciary functions in the federal system of government, and judicial interpretation and decision making. Part II contrasts legal processes: civil suits for money damages, criminal processes, equity justice, administrative processes, and alternative dispute resolution. Part III centers on the legal norms or rules governing both civil and criminal conduct, property law, family law, contract law, and government regulation of business. Throughout, the text features edited court opinions many new to this edition illustrating lively and thought-provoking controversies that are certain to spark student interest. Among the many compelling issues addressed are the legal and constitutional controversies surrounding the Bush Administration's "War on Terror," and the socially explosive developments concerning same-sex marriage. In addition, each chapter includes at least three comparative notes showing how other legal cultures in different nation-states treat legal matters. A wealth of pedagogical features chapter-opening objectives; key terms, names, and concepts; a glossary, discussion questions, and appendices are included to aid student comprehension. The authors have prepared an Instructor's Manual and Test Bank to facilitate the book's use in the classroom."
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