International Stability in a Multipolar World

International Stability in a Multipolar World

"Proceedings of a Scientific Symposium on Problems of International Stability in a Multipolar World, held 23-25 November 1992 at the Universiteat der Bundeswehr Meunchen, Germany, sponsored by the VW Foundation"--T.p. verso.

Author: Reiner K. Huber

Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft

ISBN: STANFORD:36105008909165

Category: Europe

Page: 312

View: 419

"Proceedings of a Scientific Symposium on Problems of International Stability in a Multipolar World, held 23-25 November 1992 at the Universiteat der Bundeswehr Meunchen, Germany, sponsored by the VW Foundation"--T.p. verso.
Categories: Europe

Global Stability Through Disarmament Metropolis And Population Ozone Hole Carbon Dioxide Balance Global Warming Renewable And Nuclear Energy International Seminar On Nuclear War And Planetary Emergencies 18th Session

Global Stability Through Disarmament  Metropolis And Population  Ozone Hole  Carbon Dioxide Balance  Global Warming  Renewable And Nuclear Energy   International Seminar On Nuclear War And Planetary Emergencies    18th Session

Thus defined stability index S is really increased by deployment of the ... From the point of view of potential conflicts the multipolar world breaks down ...

Author: Goebel Klaus

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814550567

Category:

Page: 456

View: 992

Global Stability Through Disarmament, Metropolis and Population, Ozone Hole, Carbon Dioxide Balance, Global Warming, Renewable and Nuclear Energy
Categories:

Primacy and Its Discontents

Primacy and Its Discontents

Primacy and Its Discontents explores the sources of American primacy, including the uses of U.S. military power, and the likely duration of unipolarity.

Author: Michael E. Brown

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262524551

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 185

Experts consider whether American primacy will endure or if the future holds a multipolar world of several great powers. The unprecedented military, economic, and political power of the United States has led some observers to declare that we live in a unipolar world in which America enjoys primacy or even hegemony. At the same time public opinion polls abroad reveal high levels of anti-Americanism, and many foreign governments criticize U.S. policies. Primacy and Its Discontents explores the sources of American primacy, including the uses of U.S. military power, and the likely duration of unipolarity. It offers theoretical arguments for why the rest of the world will—or will not—align against the United States. Several chapters argue that the United States is not immune to the long-standing tendency of states to balance against power, while others contend that wise U.S. policies, the growing role of international institutions, and the spread of liberal democracy can limit anti-American balancing. The final chapters debate whether countries are already engaging in "soft balancing" against the United States. The contributors offer alternative prescriptions for U.S. foreign policy, ranging from vigorous efforts to maintain American primacy to acceptance of a multipolar world of several great powers. Contributors Gerard Alexander, Stephen Brooks, John G. Ikenberry, Christopher Layne, Keir Lieber, John Owen IV, Robert Pape, T. V. Paul, Barry Posen, Kenneth Waltz, William Wohlforth
Categories: Political Science

International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies

International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies

In: Huber and Avenhaus (Eds.): International Stability in a Multipolar World: Issues and Models for Analysis. Baden-Baden 1993, Nomos, pp. 217-222.

Author: Richard C. Ragaini

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812776945

Category: Electronic books

Page: 527

View: 210

Contents: Opening Session (A Zichichi, T D Lee, D R Scott & R G Will); AIDS and Infectious Diseases OCo Medication or Vaccination for Developing Countries (G Gray, P Van De Perre, G Biberfeld, A A Lindberg, M Klein & G De Th(r)); Missile Proliferation and Defense (A Piontovsky, G H Canavan, R K Huber & V J Sundaram); Tchernobyl OCo Mathematics and Democracy (V Kukhar & Z R Rudzikas); Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy (D Heim, H Budka & A Smith); Floods and Extreme Weather Events OCo Coastal Zone Problems (D Scavia, D Dorogan, D Danut, D Boesch & P M Douglas); Science and Technology for Developing Countries (H Alper, G Knies, T J Gilmartin, W A Barletta & D W Mulenex); Water OCo Transboundary Water Conflicts (A T Wolf, K C Sivaramakrishnan, D S Brookshire, J Chermak & M Ewers); Climatic Changes OCo Global Monitoring of the Planet (G Marland, T Boden, K Gurney, J Orear, B L Myers, E Teller, C Leith, G Canavan & L Wood); Information Security (A Lehman, A Kroutskikh, D S Chereshkin & T L Thomas); Pollution in the Caspian Sea (I Salihoglu, H Ghaffarzadeh, E uzsoy, I V Mitrofanov, A Vasiliev & R Ajalov); Permament Monitoring Panel Reports (S Sorooshian, R A Clark, G De Th(r), J M Greenberg, W F Huebner, A Piontovsky, H Wegener, R C Ragaini, V P Kukhar, G I Palshin, H Schubert & W Sprigg); Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy Workshop (P Piccardo, B Ghetti, F Tagliavini, O Bugiani & R G Will); AIDS and Infectious Diseases Workshop (G Biberfeld, A A Lindbergh & S Tlou); Pollution Workshop (R Ragaini, I Salihoglu, H Ghaffarzadeh, L Shabanova, E uzsoy, Y N Zhimbey, I V Mitrofanov, R Ajalov, A Korshenko & A Vasiliev). Readership: AIDS researchers, immunologists, ecologists, meteorologists, physicists and social scientists."
Categories: Electronic books

AIDS and Infectious Diseases

AIDS and Infectious Diseases

In: Huber and Avenhaus (Eds.): International Stability in a Multipolar World: Issues and Models for Analysis. Baden-Baden 1993, Nomos, pp. 217-222.

Author: R Ragaini

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814487955

Category: Medical

Page: 544

View: 652

Contents:Opening Session (A Zichichi, T D Lee, D R Scott & R G Will)AIDS and Infectious Diseases — Medication or Vaccination for Developing Countries (G Gray, P Van De Perre, G Biberfeld, A A Lindberg, M Klein & G De Thé)Missile Proliferation and Defense (A Piontovsky, G H Canavan, R K Huber & V J Sundaram)Tchernobyl — Mathematics and Democracy (V Kukhar & Z R Rudzikas)Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy (D Heim, H Budka & A Smith)Floods and Extreme Weather Events — Coastal Zone Problems (D Scavia, D Dorogan, D Danut, D Boesch & P M Douglas)Science and Technology for Developing Countries (H Alper, G Knies, T J Gilmartin, W A Barletta & D W Mulenex)Water — Transboundary Water Conflicts (A T Wolf, K C Sivaramakrishnan, D S Brookshire, J Chermak & M Ewers)Climatic Changes — Global Monitoring of the Planet (G Marland, T Boden, K Gurney, J Orear, B L Myers, E Teller, C Leith, G Canavan & L Wood)Information Security (A Lehman, A Kroutskikh, D S Chereshkin & T L Thomas)Pollution in the Caspian Sea (I Salihoglu, H Ghaffarzadeh, E Özsoy, I V Mitrofanov, A Vasiliev & R Ajalov)Permament Monitoring Panel Reports (S Sorooshian, R A Clark, G De Thé, J M Greenberg, W F Huebner, A Piontovsky, H Wegener, R C Ragaini, V P Kukhar, G I Palshin, H Schubert & W Sprigg)Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy Workshop (P Piccardo, B Ghetti, F Tagliavini, O Bugiani & R G Will)AIDS and Infectious Diseases Workshop (G Biberfeld, A A Lindbergh & S Tlou)Pollution Workshop (R Ragaini, I Salihoglu, H Ghaffarzadeh, L Shabanova, E Özsoy, Y N Zhimbey, I V Mitrofanov, R Ajalov, A Korshenko & A Vasiliev) Readership: AIDS researchers, immunologists, ecologists, meteorologists, physicists and social scientists. Keywords:
Categories: Medical

NIDS Security Reports

NIDS Security Reports

The stability of the multi-polar international system has been discussed by ... The future world is speculated to experience the multi-polar system where ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105115046711

Category: East Asia

Page:

View: 794

Categories: East Asia

Technology and International Stability SWIIS 2003

Technology and International Stability  SWIIS 2003

However , as control engineers and colleagues seek to enhance global stability in ... from a bipolar political standoff through a period of multipolarity .

Author: Peter Kopacek

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080442900

Category: Science

Page: 104

View: 798

A proceedings in the volume from the IFAC workshop Waterford, Republic of Ireland, 3-5 July 2003
Categories: Science

Strategic Stability in the Post Cold War World and the Future of Nuclear Disarmament

Strategic Stability in the Post Cold War World and the Future of Nuclear Disarmament

... of international agenda and contribute to global stability through the ... to stability in multipolar world - Correlation between nuclear and global ...

Author: Melvin L. Best, Jr.

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401583961

Category: Social Science

Page: 330

View: 563

This Report contains a Consensus Report and the papers submitted to the April 6 -10, 1995 NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Strategic Stability In The Post-Cold War World And The Future Of Nuclear Disarmament, held in Washington D. C. , United States Of America of at The Airlie Conference Center. The workshop was sponsored by the NATO Division Scientific and Environmental Affairs as part of its ongoing outreach programme to widen and deepen scientific contacts between NATO member countries and the Cooperation Partner countries of the former Warsaw Treaty Organization. The participants recognize that the collapse of the former Soviet Union has left a conceptual vacuum in the definition of a new world order. Never before have the components of world order all changed so rapidly, so deeply, or so globally. As Henry Kissinger points out, the emergence of the new world order will have answered three fundamental questions:" What are the basic units of the international order? What are their means of interacting? and What are the goals on behalf of which they interact? " The main question is whether the establishment and maintenance of an international system will turn out to be a conscious design, or the outgrowth of a test of strength. The concept of a planning framework that could shape or govern these interactions is emerging and may now be at hand. Capturing this emerging framework is the thrust of this NATO-sponsored Advanced Research Workshop.
Categories: Social Science

Military Operations Research

Military Operations Research

REFERENCES Bonder, Seth, Impact of the New Global Environment on the US National ... in Problems of International Stability in a Multipolar World, (eds.) ...

Author: N.K. Jaiswal

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461562757

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 388

View: 709

Operations Research (OR) emerged in an effort to improve the effectiveness of newly inducted weapons and equipment during World War II. While rapid growth ofOR led to its becoming an important aid to decision making in all sectors including defense, its contribution in defense remained largely confined to classified reports. Very few books dealing with applications of quantitative decision making techniques in military have been published presumably due to limited availability ofrelevant information. The situation changed rapidly during the last few years. The recognition of the subject of Military Operations Research (MOR) gave tremendous boost to its development. Books and journals on MOR started appearing. The number of sessions on MOR at national and international conferences also registered an increase. The volume of teaching, training and research activities in the field of MOR at military schools and non-military schools enhanced considerably. Military executives and commanders started taking increasing interest in getting scientific answers to questions pertaining to weapon acquisition, threat perception and quantification, assessment of damage or casualties, evaluation of chance of winning a battle, force mix, deployment and targeting of weapons against enemy targets, war games and scenario evaluation. Most of these problems were being tackled on the basis of intuition, judgment and experience or analysis under very simple assumptions. In an increasingly sophisticated and complex defense scenario resulting in advances in equipment and communications, the need for supplementing these practices by scientific research in MOR became imperative.
Categories: Business & Economics

Handbook of Game Theory with Economic Applications

Handbook of Game Theory with Economic Applications

International Stability in a Multipolar World: Issues and Models for Analysis. Baden-Baden: NOMOS, pp. 223-254. Best, M. and J. Bracken (1993b) ...

Author: R.J. Aumann

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444894276

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 818

View: 649

This is the second of three volumes surveying the state of the art in Game Theory and its applications to many and varied fields, in particular to economics. The chapters in the present volume are contributed by outstanding authorities, and provide comprehensive coverage and precise statements of the main results in each area. The applications include empirical evidence. The following topics are covered: communication and correlated equilibria, coalitional games and coalition structures, utility and subjective probability, common knowledge, bargaining, zero-sum games, differential games, and applications of game theory to signalling, moral hazard, search, evolutionary biology, international relations, voting procedures, social choice, public economics, politics, and cost allocation. This handbook will be of interest to scholars in economics, political science, psychology, mathematics and biology. For more information on the Handbooks in Economics series, please see our home page on http://www.elsevier.nl/locate/hes
Categories: Business & Economics

International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies

International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies

101-123 [Hub 96] Huber, Reiner K.: Military Stability of Multipolar ... In: International Stability in a Multipolar World: Issues and Models for Analysis ...

Author: Antonino Zichichi

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812702753

Category: AIDS

Page: 571

View: 712

Anniversary Celebrations: The Pontifical Academy of Sciences 400th OCo The OC Ettore MajoranaOCO Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture 40th OCo H H John Paul II Apostolate 25th OCo Climate/Global Warming: The Cosmic Ray Effect; Effects on Species and Biodiversity; Human Effects; Paleoclimate Implications Evidence for Global Warming OCo Pollution: Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals; Hazardous Material; Legacy Wastes and Radioactive Waste Management in USA, Europe, Southeast Asia and Japan OCo The Cultural Planetary Emergency: Role of the Media; Intolerance; Terrorism; Iraqi Perspective; Open Forum Debate OCo AIDS and Infectious Diseases: Ethics in Medicine; AIDS Vaccine Strategies OCo Water: Water Conflicts in the Middle East OCo Energy: Developing Countries; Mitigation of Greenhouse Warming OCo Permanent Monitoring Panels Reports OCo Workshops: Long-Term Stewardship of Hazardous Material; AIDS Vaccine Strategies and Ethics. Fourth Centenary of the Foundation of the First Academy of Sciences: OC Academia LynceorumOCO by Federico Cesi and Pope Clemente VIII. Erice, Italy 18 OCo 26 August 2003. edited by R Ragaini (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, USA)."
Categories: AIDS

International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies 30th Session

International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies        30th Session

101-123 [Hub 96] Huber, Reiner K.: Military Stability of Multipolar ... In: International Stability in a Multipolar World: Issues and Models for Analysis ...

Author: R Ragaini

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814482868

Category: Political Science

Page: 592

View: 201

The proceedings have been selected for coverage in: • Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings® (ISTP® / ISI Proceedings) • Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings (ISTP CDROM version / ISI Proceedings) • Index to Social Sciences & Humanities Proceedings® (ISSHP® / ISI Proceedings) • Index to Social Sciences & Humanities Proceedings (ISSHP CDROM version / ISI Proceedings) • CC Proceedings — Biomedical, Biological & Agricultural Sciences Contents:The Pontifical Academy of Sciences (M S Sorondo)Climate Change and the Cosmic Ray Connection (N J Shaviv)The Emerging Science of Endocrine Disruption (J P Myers et al.)Hazardous Waste Management in Southeast Asia (B Gurusamy)Spin in War and Peace (M Sturmer)War on Terrorism: A Search for Focus (V Kremenyuk)Ethics, Justice and Statistics (J L Hutton)Pre-clinical Primate Vaccine Studies (R Thorstensson)The Politics of Water (F Mehr)The Italian Civil Protection Response to Planetary Emergencies and the Co-operation with the International Scientific Community (Video) (G Bertolaso)Report of the Open Forum Debate on Terrorism (A Kamal)Energy in Developing Countries — Is It a Special Case? (H Khatib)Risk Analysis Permanent Monitoring Panel (T Taylor)Desertification Permanent Monitoring Panel (A Warren)Contamination and Vulnerability of Groundwater Resources in Russia (I S Zektser)and other papers Readership: Researchers and practitioners in environmental management, meteorology, sociology, psychology, international relations and political science. Keywords:Terrorism;Cultural Emergency;Information Security;Long-Term Stewardship of Hazardous Material;Water Conflicts;AIDS Vaccine Strategies;Ethics in Infectious Diseases;Energy
Categories: Political Science

Russia in a Changing World

Russia in a Changing World

This book analyzes how Russia interprets these developments and its ability to implement the appropriate responses. "This wide-ranging volume presents a range of views from Russia, provided by some of the leading scholars from the region.

Author: Glenn Diesen

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811518959

Category: Political Science

Page: 196

View: 804

This book explores Russia’s efforts towards both adapting to and shaping a world in transformation. Russia has been largely marginalized in the post-Cold War era and has struggled to find its place in the world, which means that the chaotic changes in the world present Russia with both threats and opportunities. The rapid shift in the international distribution of power and emergence of a multipolar world disrupts the existing order, although it also enables Russia to diversify it partnerships and restore balance. Adapting to these changes involves restructuring its economy and evolving the foreign policy. The crises in liberalism, environmental degradation, and challenge to state sovereignty undermine political and economic stability while also widening Russia’s room for diplomatic maneuvering. This book analyzes how Russia interprets these developments and its ability to implement the appropriate responses.
Categories: Political Science

International Law in a Multipolar World

International Law in a Multipolar World

And it may be, moreover, that a multipolar system has perhaps unappreciated advantages in terms of safeguarding international stability and the ability ...

Author: Matthew Happold

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136631580

Category: Law

Page: 352

View: 435

"Since the creation of the United Nations in 1945, international law has sought to configure itself as a universal system. And yet, despite the best efforts of international institutions, scholars and others to assert the universal application of international law, its relevance and applicability has been influenced, if not directed, by political power. Over the past decade, discourse has tended to focus on the implications for international law of a unipolar world, characterised by US hegemony. However, that the international system may now be experiencing a tendency towards multipolarity, with various sites of power able to exert a telling influence on international relations and international law. Recent events such as Russia's excursion into Georgia, the breakdown of the Doha round of trade negotiations, the USA's questionable actions in the War on Terror, the prominence of emerging nuclear powers, China's assertions of its own interests on a global scale, and the rise of regional trading blocs, all pose significant questions for international law and the international legal order. International Law in a Multipolar World features contributions from a range of contributors including Nigel White, Michael Schmitt, Richard Burchill, Alexander Orakhelashvili and Christian Pippan, addressing some of the questions that multipolarity poses for the international legal system. The contributions to the volume explore issues including the use of force, governance, sovereign equality, regionalism and the relevance of the United Nations in a multipolar world, considering the overarching theme of the relationship between power and law"--
Categories: Law

Polarity Balance of Power and International Relations Theory

Polarity  Balance of Power and International Relations Theory

This book discusses the rise of polarity as a key concept in International Relations Theory.

Author: Goedele De Keersmaeker

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319426525

Category: Political Science

Page: 247

View: 816

This book discusses the rise of polarity as a key concept in International Relations Theory. Since the end of the Cold War, until at least the end of 2010, there has been a wide consensus shared by American academics, political commentators and policy makers: the world was unipolar and would remain so for some time. By contrast, outside the US, a multipolar interpretation prevailed. This volume explores this contradiction and questions the Neorealist claim that polarity is the central structuring element of the international system. Here, the author analyses different historic eras through a polarity lens, compares the way polarity is used in the French and US public discourses, and through careful examination, reaches the conclusion that polarity terminology as a theoretical concept is highly influenced by the Cold War context in which it emerged. This volume is an important resource for students and researchers with a critical approach to Neorealism, and to those interested in the defining shifts the world went through during the last twenty five years.
Categories: Political Science

Essays on Strategy 12

Essays on Strategy 12

An early example of this thinking is found in "The International ... Debate over the relative stability of a multipolar world versus a bipolar world goes ...

Author: John N. Petrie

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780788128974

Category:

Page: 415

View: 821

Spans a broad horizon of strategic topics: the use of sanctions, the relationship with the U.N., and the more subtle changes and responsibilities facing our Operational Commanders. Contents: failed U.S. China Policy, America's Asia Policy, U.S. Post-Cold War Policy, U.S. Security in the 21st Century, Deficits: Restructuring the Military, Planning for War Termination, Planning for CNN Wars, expanding our vision of jointness, military theory and peace operations, the U.S. dilemma in peace operations and change and the operation commander.
Categories:

Independent Management and Financial Review

Independent Management and Financial Review

An early example of this thinking is found in " The International ... Debate over the relative stability of a multipolar world versus a bipolar world goes ...

Author: DIANE Publishing Company

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 0788128477

Category:

Page: 450

View: 437

This report represents the Independent Management & Financial Review of the Yucca Mountain Project, which is part of the Department of Energy's Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Program. The goal of the program is to site the nation's first geologic repository for the permanent disposal of high-level nuclear waste, generated by the nuclear power industry & a smaller quantity of Government radioactive waste. This report focuses exclusively on the Yucca Mountain Project in Nevada. Tables & figures.
Categories:

Civilizations and World Order

Civilizations and World Order

The Global Transformation: History, Modernity, and the Making of ... 'Multipolar Power Systems and International Stability', World Politics 16, no.

Author: Elena Chebankova

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000464498

Category: Political Science

Page: 182

View: 359

This timely and original volume fills the gaps in the existing theoretical and philosophical literature on international relations by problematizing civilization as a new unit of research in global politics. It interrogates to what extent and in what ways civilization is becoming a strategic frame of reference in the current world order. The book complements and advances the existing field of study previously dominated by other approaches – economic, national, class-based, racial, and colonial – and tests its key philosophical suppositions against countries that exhibit civilizational ambitions. The authors are all leading international scholars in the fields of political theory, IR, cultural analysis, and area studies who deal with various aspects of the civilizational arena. Offering key chapters on ideology, multipolarity, modernity, liberal democracy, and capitalism, this book extends the existing methodological, theoretical, and empirical debates for IR and area studies scholars globally. It will be of great interest to politicians, public opinion makers, and all those concerned with the evolution of world affairs.
Categories: Political Science

Principles of International Politics

Principles of International Politics

Stability in a multipolar world is not limited to the situation of exact power ... contrast to the bipolar world, in which stability can be achieved only A ...

Author: Bruce Bueno de Mesquita

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 9781483300436

Category: Political Science

Page: 600

View: 525

Bruce Bueno de Mesquita, who set the standard for the scientific approach to international relations, has returned with a reformulated fifth edition of Principles of International Politics, based on extensive reviewer feedback and newly guided by an emphasis on questions about the causes and consequences of war, peace, and world order. More than ever, the strategic perspective in international relations is examined with complete clarity, precision, and accessibility. What hasn't changed is Principles' coverage of the fundamentals of IR. The foundational topics are given sustained treatment: the major theories of war, the domestic sources of international politics, the democratic peace, the problems of terrorism, the role of foreign aid, democratization, international political economy, globalization, international organizations and law, human rights, and the global environment. No other introductory text delivers such an easily-understood contemporary explanation of international politics, while truly enabling students to learn to mobilize the key concepts and models.
Categories: Political Science

Russia in a Changing World

Russia in a Changing World

This book analyzes how Russia interprets these developments and its ability to implement the appropriate responses. "This wide-ranging volume presents a range of views from Russia, provided by some of the leading scholars from the region.

Author: Glenn Diesen

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9811518971

Category: Political Science

Page: 196

View: 784

This book explores Russia’s efforts towards both adapting to and shaping a world in transformation. Russia has been largely marginalized in the post-Cold War era and has struggled to find its place in the world, which means that the chaotic changes in the world present Russia with both threats and opportunities. The rapid shift in the international distribution of power and emergence of a multipolar world disrupts the existing order, although it also enables Russia to diversify it partnerships and restore balance. Adapting to these changes involves restructuring its economy and evolving the foreign policy. The crises in liberalism, environmental degradation, and challenge to state sovereignty undermine political and economic stability while also widening Russia’s room for diplomatic maneuvering. This book analyzes how Russia interprets these developments and its ability to implement the appropriate responses.
Categories: Political Science