International Collaborations in Behavioral and Social Sciences

Report of a Workshop

Author: National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on International Scientific Organizations,U.S. National Committee for the International Union of Psychological Science,Committee on International Collaborations in Social and Behavioral Sciences Research

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309114152

Category: Social Science

Page: 102

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Based on the outcomes of a workshop convened by the U.S. National Committee for Psychological Science and informed by a survey of social scientists who have led cross-national projects, this National Science Foundation-funded report addresses the multiple benefits of research extending across national boundaries and describes factors common among successful collaborations. Workshop participants identified the obstacles frequently encountered and suggested ways of dealing with these challenges to enhance international collaborative research in the behavioral and social sciences. Several dimensions of collaborative processes, such as research planning, methodological issues, organizational concerns, varied training approaches, and funding needs receive critical attention in this book.
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Measuring the Risks and Causes of Premature Death

Summary of Workshops

Author: National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Population

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309367093

Category: Social Science

Page: 74

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Measuring the Risks and Causes of Premature Death is the summary of two workshops conducted by The Committee on Population of the National Research Council at the National Academies to address the data sources, science and future research needs to understand the causes of premature mortality in the United States. The workshops reviewed previous work in the field in light of new data generated as part of the work of the NRC Panel on Understanding Divergent Trends in Longevity in High-Income Countries (NRC, 2011) and the NRC/IOM Panel on Understanding Cross-National Differences Among High-Income Countries (NRC/IOM, 2013). The workshop presentations considered the state of the science of measuring the determinants of the causes of premature death, assessed the availability and quality of data sources, and charted future courses of action to improve the understanding of the causes of premature death. Presenters shared their approaches to and results of measuring premature mortality and specific risk factors, with a particular focus on those factors most amenable to improvement through public health policy. This report summarizes the presentations and discussion of both workshops.
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Planning for Two Transformations in Education and Learning Technology

Report of a Workshop

Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Center for Education,Committee on Improving Learning with Information Technology

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309089549

Category: Education

Page: 144

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In response to concerns about the continued unrealized potential of IT in K-12 education, the National Research Council’s Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Center for Education (CFE), Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences (BBCSS), and Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (CSTB) undertook a collaborative project to help the IT, education research, and practitioner communities work together to find ways of improving the use of IT in K-12 education for the benefit of all students.
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Describing Socioeconomic Futures for Climate Change Research and Assessment

Report of a Workshop

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change,Panel on Socioeconomic Scenarios for Climate Change Research and Assessment

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309186865

Category: Science

Page: 76

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The implications of climate change for the environment and society depend on the rate and magnitude of climate change, but also on changes in technology, economics, lifestyles, and policy that will affect the capacity both for limiting and adapting to climate change. Describing Socioeconomic Futures for Climate Change Research and Assessment reviews the state of science for considering socioeconomic changes over long time frames and clarifies definitions and concepts to facilitate communication across research communities. The book also explores driving forces and key uncertainties that will affect impacts, adaptation, vulnerability and mitigation in the future. Furthermore, it considers research needs and the elements of a strategy for describing socioeconomic and environmental futures for climate change research and assessment. Describing Socioeconomic Futures for Climate Change Research and Assessment explores the current state of science in scenario development and application, asserting that while little attention has been given to preparing quantitative and narrative socioeconomic information, advances in computing capacity are making development of such probabilistic scenarios a reality. It also addresses a number of specific methodological challenges and opportunities and discusses opportunities for a next round of assessments.
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Social Computing, Behavioral-Cultural Modeling and Prediction

5th International Conference, SBP 2012, College Park, MD, USA, April 3-5, 2012, Proceedings

Author: Shanchieh Jay Yang,Ariel M. Greenberg,Mica Endsley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642290469

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 366

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Social Computing, Behavioral-Cultural Modeling and Prediction, held in College Park, MD, USA, in April 2012. The 43 revised papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 76 submissions. The papers cover a wide range of topics including economics, public health, and terrorist activities, as well as utilize a broad variety of methodologies, e.g., machine learning, cultural modeling and cognitive modeling.
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Soviet-American Dialogue in the Social Sciences

Research Workshops on Interdependence Among Nations

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Office of International Affairs,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Contributions of Behavioral and Social Science to the Prevention of Nuclear War

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309042895

Category: Social Science

Page: 84

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Behavior and Social Computing

International Workshop on Behavior and Social Informatics, BSI 2013, Gold Coast, Australia, April 14-17, and International Workshop on Behavior and Social Informatics and Computing, BSIC 2013, Beijing, China, August 3-9, 2013, Revised Selected Papers

Author: Longbing Cao,Hiroshi Motoda,Jaideep Srivastava,Ee-peng Lim,Irwin King,Philip S. Yu,Wolfgang Nejdl,Guandong Xu,Gang Li,Ya Zhang

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319040480

Category: Computers

Page: 265

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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the International Workshops on Behavior and Social Informatics and Computing, BSIC 2013, held as collocated event of IJCAI 2013, in Beijing, China in August 2013 and the International Workshop on Behavior and Social Informatics, BSI 2013, held as satellite workshop of PAKDD 2013, in Gold Coast, Australia, in April 2013. The 23 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 58 submissions. The papers study a wide range of techniques and methods for behavior/social-oriented analyses including behavioral and social interaction and network, behavioral/social patterns, behavioral/social impacts, the formation of behavioral/social-oriented groups and collective intelligence and behavioral/social intelligence emergence.
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The Knowledge Economy and Postsecondary Education

Report of a Workshop

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Center for Education,Committee on the Impact of the Changing Economy on the Education System

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309170222

Category: Education

Page: 216

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The Workshop on the Knowledge Economy and Postsecondary Education documents changes seen in the postsecondary education system. In her report Lisa Hudson focuses on who is participating in postsecondary education; Tom Bailey concentrates on community colleges as the most responsive institutions to employer needs; Carol Twigg surveys the ways that four-year institutions are attempting to modify their curricular offerings and pedagogy to adapt those that will be more useful; and Brian Pusser emphasizes the public’s broader interests in higher education and challenges the acceptance of the primacy of job preparation for the individual and of "market" metaphors as an appropriate descriptor of American higher education. An example of a for-profit company providing necessary instruction for workers is also examined. Richard Murnane, Nancy Sharkey, and Frank Levy investigate the experience of Cisco high school and community college students need to testify to their information technology skills to earn certificates. Finally, John Bransford, Nancy Vye, and Helen Bateman address the ways learning occurs and how these can be encouraged, particularly in cyberspace.
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Leveraging Longitudinal Data in Developing Countries

Report of a Workshop

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Population,Workshop on Leveraging Longitudinal Data in Developing Countries Committee

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309084504

Category: Social Science

Page: 114

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Longitudinal data collection and analysis are critical to social, demographic, and health research, policy, and practice. They are regularly used to address questions of demographic and health trends, policy and program evaluation, and causality. Panel studies, cohort studies, and longitudinal community studies have proved particularly important in developing countries that lack vital registration systems and comprehensive sources of information on the demographic and health situation of their populations. Research using data from such studies has led to scientific advances and improvements in the well-being of individuals in developing countries. Yet questions remain about the usefulness of these studies relative to their expense (and relative to cross-sectional surveys) and about the appropriate choice of alternative longitudinal strategies in different contexts. For these reasons, the Committee on Population convened a workshop to examine the comparative strengths and weaknesses of various longitudinal approaches in addressing demographic and health questions in developing countries and to consider ways to strengthen longitudinal data collection and analysis. This report summarizes the discussion and opinions voiced at that workshop.
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Implementing Randomized Field Trials in Education

Report of a Workshop

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Center for Education,Committee on Research in Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309091926

Category: Education

Page: 62

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The central idea of evidence-based education-that education policy and practice ought to be fashioned based on what is known from rigorous research-offers a compelling way to approach reform efforts. Recent federal trends reflect a growing enthusiasm for such change. Most visibly, the 2002 No Child Left Behind Act requires that "scientifically based [education] research" drive the use of federal education funds at the state and local levels. This emphasis is also reflected in a number of government and nongovernment initiatives across the country. As consensus builds around the goals of evidence-based education, consideration of what it will take to make it a reality becomes the crucial next step. In this context, the Center for Education of the National Research Council (NRC) has undertaken a series of activities to address issues related to the quality of scientific education research. In 2002, the NRC released Scientific Research in Education (National Research Council, 2002), a report designed to articulate the nature of scientific education research and to guide efforts aimed at improving its quality. Building on this work, the Committee on Research in Education was convened to advance an improved understanding of a scientific approach to addressing education problems; to engage the field of education research in action-oriented dialogue about how to further the accumulation of scientific knowledge; and to coordinate, support, and promote cross-fertilization among NRC efforts in education research. The main locus of activity undertaken to meet these objectives was a year-long series of workshops. This report is a summary of the third workshop in the series, on the implementation and implications of randomized field trials in education.
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