Integrated Management of Insect Pests on Canola and Other Brassica Oilseed Crops

Author: Gadi V P Reddy

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780648200

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 408

View: 1235


This book comprehensively reviews current pest management practices and explores novel integrated pest management strategies in Brassica oilseed crops. It is essential reading for pest management practitioners and researchers working on pest management in canola and other Brassica crops worldwide. Canola, mustard, camelina and crambe are the most important oilseed crops in the world. Canola is the second largest oilseed crop in the world providing 13% of the world's supply. Seeds of these species commonly contain 40% or more oil and produce meals with 35 to 40% protein. However, its production has declined significantly in recent years due to insect pest problems. The canola pest complexes are responsible for high insecticide applications on canola. Many growers rely on calendar-based spraying schedules for insecticide applications. The diamondback moth Plutella xylostella and flea beetles Phyllotreta spp. (P. cruciferae and P. striolata)cause serious damage to canola. In the Northern Great Plains, USA, for instance, P. xylostella is now recorded everywhere that canola is grown. Severe damage to canola plants can be caused by overwintering populations of flea beetles feeding on newly emerged seedlings. Cabbage seed pod weevil (Ceutorhynchus obstrictus), swede midge (Contarinia nasturtii), and tarnished plant bug (Lygus lineolaris) are also severe pests on canola. Minor pests include aphids (cabbage aphid, Brevicoryne brassicae and turnip aphid, Hyadaphis erysimi) and grasshopper, Melanoplus sanguinipes.

Handbook of Vegetable Pests

Author: John Capinera

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128144890

Category: Science

Page: 816

View: 7740


Handbook of Vegetable Pests, Second Edition, provides two types of diagnostic aids: the easy-to-use "guides to pests of vegetable crops", which guides the reader to the most likely pests of each vegetable crop based on the portion of the plant attacked and the category of pest; and the more technical dichotomous keys for identification of many of the difficult-to-identify species. It includes over 300 common and occasional pest species, detailing the geographic distribution of vegetable pests, host plant relationships, natural enemies, damage, life history, and methods of control and damage prevention. Presents a current and comprehensive synthesis of vetted information for the support of both commercial and home vegetable production Includes over 300 common and occasional pest species, or species complexes, known to affect vegetables grown in the United States and Canada Summarizes the important findings of the last 150 years Provides citations to the original literature

Biocontrol-Based Integrated Management of Oilseed Rape Pests

Author: Ingrid H. Williams

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048139835

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 461

View: 5119


Oilseed rape is a major arable crop in both Europe and North America. It is attacked by unique complexes of insect pests still largely controlled through the application of chemical insecticides. Crop management systems for the future must combine sustainability with environmental acceptability to satisfy both social and economic demands. This book, in its 17 chapters each led by a world expert, reviews research progress towards developing integrated pest management systems for the crop that enhance conservation biocontrol. This approach is particularly timely because of the development in Europe of insecticide resistance in the pollen beetle, a major pest of the crop. The past decade has seen considerable progress in our knowledge of the parasitoids and predators that contribute to biocontrol, of their distribution patterns, and their behavioural ecology, both within and without the crop. There is potential for natural enemy conservation through modification of within-field crop husbandry practices, as well as, on the landscape scale, through habitat manipulation to encourage vegetational diversity. This book will prove invaluable as a text for researchers, university teachers, graduate scientists, extension workers and growers involved in integrated pest management.

Insect Pest Management

Field and Protected Crops

Author: A. Rami Horowitz,Isaac Ishaaya

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540207559

Category: Nature

Page: 344

View: 1372


In the middle of the twentieth century, new insecticides were being con stantly developed and it seemed that pesticides would be able to control insect pests indefinitely. In fact, from the 1950s to the 1980s, pest control was mostly based on conventional insecticides such as organochlorines, organo phosphates, carbamates and pyrethroids. However, the severe adverse effects of pesticides on the environment, the resistance problems reaching crisis pro portions and public protests led to stricter regulations and legislation aimed at reducing the use of pesticides. Consequently, other ways to manage insects have been suggested, such as the use of biorational pesticides with minimal adverse effects on the environment, biological control, host-plant resistance to pests, mating disruption with pheromones, and cultural and physical con trol. The ideas behind "integrated control" were published at the end of the 1950s by groups of entomologists from California, and served as a basis for initiating integrated pest management (IPM) in the 1970s. Since the 1980s, insecticide resistant management (IRM) programs have been introduced as a result of increasing problems of resistance to pesticides. IPM programs were strengthened as the awareness of environmental fragility intensified. Since the late 1990s, advanced approaches to manage insect pests have been devel oped. One of the novel and exciting innovations in the study of plant resis tance to pests has been the introduction of genetically engineered or trans genic plants.

Technological Innovations in Integrated Pest Management Biorational and Ecological Perspective

Author: D.P. Abrol

Publisher: Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 9387869938

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 454

View: 4886


Human population is growing rapidly, disproportionate to food supply, which necessitate production of more volume of food in the near future. The reliance on insecticides for quick and dramatic results was not totally free from adverse effects. This book intends to fill the gap by providing a critical analysis of different management strategies that have a bearing on agriculture, sustainability, and environmental protection. This book emphasizes the management strategies with evaluation of each strategy in the bigger picture of ecologically driven pest management. This book includes 24 chapters, which cover ecological and biorational basis of pest management, integrated pest and disease management, crop breeding for resistance, use of entomopathogenic nematodes and other agents, remote sensing, biosecurity issues, risk to biodiversity by exotic species, new and emerging pests of horticultural crops, saffron and stored grains, the role of extension technologies in dissemination of IPM and, future challenges and strategies. The book is aimed to serve as reference book for teachers, researchers, extension officers, and policy makers associated with IPM. This book can also be used as supplementary reading material in undergraduate and postgraduate courses. This book provides a multidisciplinary IPM perspective to entomologists, plant pathologists, extension educationists, anthropologist and economists.

Research Branch Report, 1986

Author: Canada. Agriculture Canada. Research Branch

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780662552789


Page: N.A

View: 3565


Annual report for 1986 of the Research Branch, presenting information on Headquarters, the Program Coordination Directorate, the Central Experimental Farm, and the regional offices. Research programs encompass all components of the industry, including natural resources, animal and crop production, protection, food processing, nutrition, and food safety. Basic research is also conducted in such areas as biotechnology and toxic chemicals. The organization development of each region is presented, with a listing of staff and the programs for which they are responsible, as well as visiting scientists and other personnel from various agencies.