Inside the Machine

An Illustrated Introduction to Microprocessors and Computer Architecture

Author: Jon Stokes

Publisher: No Starch Press

ISBN: 1593271042

Category: Computers

Page: 320

View: 7524

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Om hvordan mikroprocessorer fungerer, med undersøgelse af de nyeste mikroprocessorer fra Intel, IBM og Motorola.
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A Practical Introduction to Computer Architecture

Author: Daniel Page

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1848822553

Category: Computers

Page: 642

View: 4619

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It is a great pleasure to write a preface to this book. In my view, the content is unique in that it blends traditional teaching approaches with the use of mathematics and a mainstream Hardware Design Language (HDL) as formalisms to describe key concepts. The book keeps the “machine” separate from the “application” by strictly following a bottom-up approach: it starts with transistors and logic gates and only introduces assembly language programs once their execution by a processor is clearly de ned. Using a HDL, Verilog in this case, rather than static circuit diagrams is a big deviation from traditional books on computer architecture. Static circuit diagrams cannot be explored in a hands-on way like the corresponding Verilog model can. In order to understand why I consider this shift so important, one must consider how computer architecture, a subject that has been studied for more than 50 years, has evolved. In the pioneering days computers were constructed by hand. An entire computer could (just about) be described by drawing a circuit diagram. Initially, such d- grams consisted mostly of analogue components before later moving toward d- ital logic gates. The advent of digital electronics led to more complex cells, such as half-adders, ip- ops, and decoders being recognised as useful building blocks.
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Encyclopedia of Parallel Computing

Author: David Padua

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387097651

Category: Computers

Page: 2175

View: 6871

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Containing over 300 entries in an A-Z format, the Encyclopedia of Parallel Computing provides easy, intuitive access to relevant information for professionals and researchers seeking access to any aspect within the broad field of parallel computing. Topics for this comprehensive reference were selected, written, and peer-reviewed by an international pool of distinguished researchers in the field. The Encyclopedia is broad in scope, covering machine organization, programming languages, algorithms, and applications. Within each area, concepts, designs, and specific implementations are presented. The highly-structured essays in this work comprise synonyms, a definition and discussion of the topic, bibliographies, and links to related literature. Extensive cross-references to other entries within the Encyclopedia support efficient, user-friendly searchers for immediate access to useful information. Key concepts presented in the Encyclopedia of Parallel Computing include; laws and metrics; specific numerical and non-numerical algorithms; asynchronous algorithms; libraries of subroutines; benchmark suites; applications; sequential consistency and cache coherency; machine classes such as clusters, shared-memory multiprocessors, special-purpose machines and dataflow machines; specific machines such as Cray supercomputers, IBM’s cell processor and Intel’s multicore machines; race detection and auto parallelization; parallel programming languages, synchronization primitives, collective operations, message passing libraries, checkpointing, and operating systems. Topics covered: Speedup, Efficiency, Isoefficiency, Redundancy, Amdahls law, Computer Architecture Concepts, Parallel Machine Designs, Benmarks, Parallel Programming concepts & design, Algorithms, Parallel applications. This authoritative reference will be published in two formats: print and online. The online edition features hyperlinks to cross-references and to additional significant research. Related Subjects: supercomputing, high-performance computing, distributed computing
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The Intel Microprocessor Family

Hardware and Software Principles and Applications

Author: James L. Antonakos

Publisher: Delmar Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 618

View: 6057

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Readers will be able to build and program their own 8088 single-board computer by applying the interfacing concepts and techniques presented in this book. Coverage begins with the software architecture of the 80x86 family, including the software model, instruction set and flags, and addressing modes. Abundant examples illustrate basic programming concepts such as the use of data structures, numeric conversion, string handling, and arithmetic. Hardware details of the entire 80x86 family are then examined, from pin and signal descriptions to memory and input/output system design. Advanced topics, including protected mode, WIN32 and Linux programming, and MMX technology are also introduced. Readers will be able to build and program their own 8088 single-board computer by applying the interfacing concepts and techniques presented in this book. Coverage begins with the software architecture of the 80x86 family, including the software model, instruction set and flags, and addressing modes. Abundant examples illustrate basic programming concepts such as the use of data structures, numeric conversion, string handling, and arithmetic. Hardware details of the entire 80x86 family are then examined, from pin and signal descriptions to memory and input/output system design. Advanced topics, including protected mode, WIN32 and Linux programming, and MMX technology are also introduced.
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Advanced Computer Architectures

A Design Space Approach

Author: Desző Sima,Terry J. Fountain

Publisher: Addison Wesley Longman

ISBN: 9780201422917

Category: Computers

Page: 766

View: 2792

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This book is aimed at upper-division courses on architecture. It does not focus solely on parallel architectures like similar titles.
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Real-Time Systems Design and Analysis

Tools for the Practitioner

Author: Phillip A. Laplante,Seppo J. Ovaska

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118136594

Category: Science

Page: 584

View: 9528

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The leading text in the field explains step by step how to writesoftware that responds in real time From power plants to medicine to avionics, the worldincreasingly depends on computer systems that can compute andrespond to various excitations in real time. The Fourth Editionof Real-Time Systems Design and Analysis gives softwaredesigners the knowledge and the tools needed to create real-timesoftware using a holistic, systems-based approach. The text coverscomputer architecture and organization, operating systems, softwareengineering, programming languages, and compiler theory, all fromthe perspective of real-time systems design. The Fourth Edition of this renowned text brings itthoroughly up to date with the latest technological advances andapplications. This fully updated edition includes coverage of thefollowing concepts: Multidisciplinary design challenges Time-triggered architectures Architectural advancements Automatic code generation Peripheral interfacing Life-cycle processes The final chapter of the text offers an expert perspective onthe future of real-time systems and their applications. The text is self-contained, enabling instructors and readers tofocus on the material that is most important to their needs andinterests. Suggestions for additional readings guide readers tomore in-depth discussions on each individual topic. In addition,each chapter features exercises ranging from simple to challengingto help readers progressively build and fine-tune their ability todesign their own real-time software programs. Now fully up to date with the latest technological advances andapplications in the field, Real-Time Systems Design andAnalysis remains the top choice for students and softwareengineers who want to design better and faster real-time systems atminimum cost.
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A Balanced Introduction to Computer Science

Author: David Reed

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 0136017223

Category: Computers

Page: 380

View: 6387

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Using HTML and the programming language JavaScript, students develop problem-solving skills as they design and implement interactive Web pages."--BOOK JACKET.
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