Informal Labor, Formal Politics, and Dignified Discontent in India

Author: Rina Agarwala

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107025729

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 250

View: 2344

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Since the 1980s, the world's governments have decreased state welfare and thus increased the number of unprotected 'informal' or 'precarious' workers. As a result, more and more workers do not receive secure wages or benefits from either employers or the state. This book offers a fresh and provocative look into the alternative social movements informal workers in India are launching. It also offers a unique analysis of the conditions under which these movements succeed or fail. Drawing from 300 interviews with informal workers, government officials and union leaders, Rina Agarwala argues that Indian informal workers are using their power as voters to demand welfare benefits from the state, rather than demanding traditional work benefits from employers. In addition, they are organizing at the neighborhood level, rather than the shop floor, and appealing to 'citizenship', rather than labor rights.
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Youth Movements and Elections in Eastern Europe

Author: Olena Nikolayenko

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108267831

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 2496

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At the turn of the twenty-first century, a tide of nonviolent youth movements swept across Eastern Europe. Young people demanded political change in repressive political regimes that emerged since the collapse of communism. The Serbian social movement Otpor (Resistance) played a vital role in bringing down Slobodan Milosevic in 2000. Inspired by Otpor's example, similar challenger organizations were formed in Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, and Ukraine. The youth movements, however, differed in the extent to which they could mobilize citizens against the authoritarian governments on the eve of national elections. This book argues that the movement's tactics and state countermoves explain, in no small degree, divergent social movement outcomes. Using data from semi-structured interviews with former movement participants, public opinion polls, government publications, non-governmental organization (NGO) reports, and newspaper articles, the book traces state-movement interactions in five post-communist societies: Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Serbia, and Ukraine.
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Street Citizens

Protest Politics and Social Movement Activism in the Age of Globalization

Author: Marco Giugni,Maria T. Grasso

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108475906

Category: Political Science

Page: 235

View: 3892

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Explains the character of contemporary protest politics through a micro-mobilization analysis of participation in street demonstrations.
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